MacBook_13inch_Aluminum_Late2008 - Manuels - Apple Apple sur FNAC.COM

 

 

 

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http://manuals.info.apple.com/MANUALS/0/MA656/en_US/MacBook_13inch_Aluminum_Late2008.pdf

 

 

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Congratulations, you and your MacBook were made for each other.finder trackpad Say hello to your MacBook. www.apple.com/macbook Pinch and expand Click anywhere Rotate Scroll Swipe Multi-Touch trackpad Scroll through files, adjust images, and enlarge text using just your fingers. Mac Help Built-in iSight camera and iChat Video chat with friends and family anywhere in the world. Mac Help Finder Browse your files like you browse your music with Cover Flow. Mac Help isight MacBookMac OS X Leopard www.apple.com/macosx iLife ’08 www.apple.com/ilife iPhoto Share photos on the web or create books, cards, and calendars. iPhoto Help GarageBand Create your own song with musicians on a virtual stage. GarageBand Help iWeb Build websites with photos, movies, blogs, and podcasts. iWeb Help iMovie Make a movie and share it on the web with ease. iMovie Help Time Machine Automatically back up and restore your files. Mac Help Spotlight Find anything on your Mac instantly. Mac Help photos movie record website time machine spotlight Safari Experience the web with the fastest browser in the world. Mac Help safari Quick Look Instantly preview your files. Mac Help quick look Contents 5 Contents Chapter 1: Ready, Set Up, Go 9 What’s in the Box 9 Setting Up Your MacBook 15 Putting Your MacBook to Sleep or Shutting It Down Chapter 2: Life with Your MacBook 18 Basic Features of Your MacBook 20 Keyboard Features of Your MacBook 22 Ports on Your MacBook 24 Using the Multi-Touch Trackpad 28 Using the MacBook Battery 29 Getting Answers Chapter 3: Boost Your MacBook 34 Removing and Replacing the Battery 38 Replacing the Hard Disk Drive 42 Installing Additional Memory Chapter 4: Problem, Meet Solution 52 Problems That Prevent You from Using Your MacBook 6 Contents 56 Using Apple Hardware Test 57 Problems with Your Internet Connection 60 Problems with AirPort Extreme Wireless Communication 61 Keeping Your Software Up to Date 61 Reinstalling the Software That Came with Your MacBook 63 Learning More, Service, and Support 65 Locating Your Product Serial Number Chapter 5: Last, but Not Least 68 Important Safety Information 71 Important Handling Information 73 Understanding Ergonomics 75 Apple and the Environment 76 Regulatory Compliance Information Looking for Something? 82 Index 1 1 Ready, Set Up, Go www.apple.com/macbook Mac Help Migration Assistant 8 Chapter 1 Ready, Set Up, Go Your MacBook is designed so that you can set it up quickly and start using it right away. If you have never used a MacBook or are new to Macintosh computers, read this chapter for help getting started. Important: Read all the installation instructions (and the safety information starting on page 67) carefully before you first use your computer. If you are an experienced user, you may already know enough to get started. Make sure you look over the information in Chapter 2, “Life with Your MacBook,” to find out about the new features of this MacBook. Many answers to questions can be found on your computer in Mac Help. For information about getting Mac Help, see “Getting Answers” on page 29. Apple may release new versions and updates to its system software, so the images shown in this book may be slightly different from what you see onscreen. Chapter 1 Ready, Set Up, Go 9 What’s in the Box Setting Up Your MacBook Your MacBook is designed so that you can set it up quickly and start using it right away. The following pages take you through the setup process, including these tasks:  Plugging in the 60W MagSafe Power Adapter  Connecting cables and accessing a network  Turning on your MacBook and using the trackpad  Configuring a user account and other settings using Setup Assistant  Setting up the Mac OS X desktop and preferences 60W MagSafe Power Adapter AC power cord ® 10 Chapter 1 Ready, Set Up, Go Important: Remove the protective film around the 60W MagSafe Power Adapter before setting up your MacBook. Step 1: Plug in the 60W MagSafe Power Adapter to provide power to the MacBook and charge the battery. Make sure the AC plug is fully inserted into the power adapter and the electrical prongs on your AC plug are in their completely extended position. Insert the AC plug of your power adapter into a power outlet and the MagSafe connector into the MagSafe power port. As the MagSafe connector gets close to the port, you’ll feel a magnetic pull drawing it in. To extend the reach of your power adapter, replace the AC plug with the AC power cord. First pull the AC plug up to remove it from the adapter, and then attach the included AC power cord to the adapter, making sure it is seated firmly. When disconnecting the power adapter from an outlet or from the computer, pull the plug, not the cord. ® MagSafe connector AC power cord AC plug ¯ MagSafe power port Chapter 1 Ready, Set Up, Go 11 Note: When you first connect the power adapter to your MacBook, an indicator light on the MagSafe connector starts to glow. An amber light indicates that the battery is charging. A green light indicates that the battery is fully charged. If you don’t see a light, make sure the connector is seated properly and the power adapter is plugged in. Step 2: Connect to a wireless or wired network.  To use a wireless network with the built-in AirPort Extreme technology, make sure the wireless base station is turned on and that you know the name of the network. After you turn on your MacBook, Setup Assistant guides you through the connection process. For troubleshooting tips, see page 60.  To use a wired connection, connect one end of an Ethernet cable to your MacBook and the other end to a cable modem, DSL modem, or network. ® Ethernet cable Gigabit Ethernet port (10/100/1000Base-T) G 12 Chapter 1 Ready, Set Up, Go  To use a dial-up connection, you need the external Apple USB Modem, available from the online Apple Store at www.apple.com/store or from an Apple Authorized Reseller. Plug the Apple USB Modem into a USB port on your MacBook, and then connect a phone cord (not included) from the modem into a phone wall jack. Step 3: Press the power (® ) button briefly to turn on your MacBook. You hear a tone when you turn on the computer. It takes the computer a few moments to start up. After it starts up, Setup Assistant opens automatically. If your computer doesn’t turn on, see “If your MacBook doesn’t turn on or start up” on page 54. ® ® Power button Chapter 1 Ready, Set Up, Go 13 Step 4: Configure your MacBook with Setup Assistant. The first time you turn on your MacBook, Setup Assistant starts. Setup Assistant helps you enter your Internet and email information and set up a user account on your MacBook. If you already have a Mac, Setup Assistant can help you automatically transfer files, applications, and other information from your previous Mac using an Ethernet or a wireless connection. If you don’t intend to keep or use your other Mac, it’s best to deauthorize it from playing music, videos, or audiobooks that you’ve purchased from the iTunes Store. Deauthorizing a computer prevents any songs, videos, or audiobooks you’ve purchased from being played by someone else and frees up another authorization for use. For information about deauthorizing, in iTunes, open Help > iTunes Help. If you don’t use Setup Assistant to transfer information when you first start up, you can do it later using Migration Assistant. Go to the Applications folder, open Utilities, and double-click Migration Assistant. 14 Chapter 1 Ready, Set Up, Go Step 5: Customize the Mac OS X desktop and set preferences. Menu bar Dock System Preferences icon Help menu Spotlight search icon Finder icon Chapter 1 Ready, Set Up, Go 15 You can quickly customize the desktop using System Preferences. Choose Apple ( ) > System Preferences from the menu bar or click the System Preferences icon in the Dock. System Preferences is your command center for most settings on your MacBook. For more information, open Mac Help and search for “System Preferences” or for the specific preference you want to change. Putting Your MacBook to Sleep or Shutting It Down When you finish working with your MacBook, you can put it to sleep or shut it down. Putting Your MacBook to Sleep If you’ll be away from your MacBook for only a short time, put it to sleep. When the computer is in sleep, you can quickly wake it and bypass the startup process. To put your MacBook to sleep, do one of the following:  Close the display.  Choose Apple ( ) > Sleep from the menu bar.  Press the power (® ) button and click Sleep in the dialog that appears.  Choose Apple ( ) > System Preferences, click Energy Saver, and set a sleep timer. NOTICE: Wait a few seconds until the sleep indicator light starts pulsing (indicating that the computer is in sleep and the hard disk has stopped spinning) before you move your MacBook. Moving your computer while the hard disk is spinning can damage it, causing loss of data or the inability to start up from the hard disk. 16 Chapter 1 Ready, Set Up, Go To wake your MacBook:  If the display is closed, simply open it to wake your MacBook.  If the display is already open, press the power (® ) button or any key on the keyboard. When your MacBook wakes from sleep, your applications, documents, and computer settings are exactly as you left them. Shutting Down Your MacBook If you aren’t going to use your MacBook for a couple of days or longer, it’s best to shut it down. The sleep indicator light goes on briefly during the shutdown process. To shut down your MacBook, do one of the following:  Choose Apple ( ) > Shut Down from the menu bar.  Press the power (® ) button and click Shut Down in the dialog that appears. If you plan to store your MacBook for an extended period of time, see “Important Handling Information” on page 71 for information about how to prevent your battery from draining completely. 2 2 Life with Your MacBook www.apple.com/macosx Mac Help Mac OS X 18 Chapter 2 Life with Your MacBook Basic Features of Your MacBook ® ® Power button Camera indicator light iSight camera Built-in stereo speakers Battery indicator lights (side) Microphone Sleep indicator light Infrared (IR) receiver Trackpad Battery (underneath) Slot-loading SuperDrive Chapter 2 Life with Your MacBook 19 Built-in iSight camera and camera indicator light Videoconference with others using iChat, take pictures with Photo Booth, or capture video with iMovie. The indicator light glows when the iSight camera is operating. Built-in microphone Capture sounds with the microphone (located above the Esc key on your keyboard) or talk with friends live over broadband using the included iChat application. Built-in stereo speakers Listen to music, movies, games, and multimedia files. Battery and battery indicator lights Use battery power when you’re away from a power outlet. Press the battery button to activate indicator lights that show the remaining battery charge. Trackpad Click or double-click anywhere on the trackpad. Touch the trackpad with one or more fingers to move the pointer and use Multi-Touch gestures (described on page 24). Sleep indicator light A white light pulses when the MacBook is in sleep. Infrared (IR) receiver Use an optional Apple Remote (available separately) with the IR receiver to control Front Row and Keynote on your MacBook from up to 30 feet (9.1 meters) away. Slot-loading optical drive This optical drive reads and writes to standard-size CDs and DVDs. ® Power button Turn your MacBook on or off, or put it to sleep. 20 Chapter 2 Life with Your MacBook Keyboard Features of Your MacBook ® Function (fn) key esc F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12 — C -Volume keys Brightness keys Media Eject key Mute key Exposé Dashboard Media keys Keyboard illumination keys (on select models) ’ Chapter 2 Life with Your MacBook 21 Function (fn) key Hold down this key to activate customized actions assigned to the function keys (F1 to F12). To learn how to customize function keys, choose Help > Mac Help from the menu bar and search for “function keys.” Brightness keys (F1, F2) Increase ( ) or decrease ( ) the brightness of the screen. Exposé All Windows key (F3) Open Exposé for quick access to all your open windows. Dashboard key (F4) Open Dashboard to access your widgets. o Keyboard illumination keys (F5, F6) Increase (o ) or decrease (ø ) the brightness of the keyboard illumination. Available on select models. ’ Media keys (F7, F8, F9) Rewind (]), play or pause (’), or fast-forward (‘) a song, movie, or slideshow. — Mute key (F10) Mute the sound coming from the built-in speakers and headphone port. - Volume keys (F11, F12) Increase (-) or decrease (–) the volume of the sound coming from the built-in speakers or headphone port. C Media Eject key Hold down this key to eject a disc that’s not in use. You can also eject a disc by dragging its desktop icon to the Trash. 22 Chapter 2 Life with Your MacBook Ports on Your MacBook ® ¯ Gigabit Ethernet port (10/100/ 1000Base-T) G Security slot Headphone out/optical digital audio out port f Audio in/ optical digital audio in port , Mini DisplayPort USB 2.0 £ ports MagSafe d power port Chapter 2 Life with Your MacBook 23 Note: Adapters and other accessories are sold separately at www.apple.com/store. ¯ MagSafe power port Plug in the included 60W MagSafe Power Adapter to recharge the MacBook battery. G Gigabit Ethernet port (10/100/1000Base-T) Connect to a high-speed Ethernet network, a DSL or cable modem, or another computer. The Ethernet port automatically detects Ethernet devices and doesn’t require an Ethernet crossover cable. d Two USB (Universal Serial Bus) 2.0 ports Connect an iPod, iPhone, mouse, keyboard, printer, digital camera, modem, and more to your MacBook. You can connect one high-powered external USB device. You can also connect USB 1.1 devices. £ Mini DisplayPort (video out) Connect to an external display or projection system that uses a DVI or VGA connector. You can purchase adapters for supported video formats. , Audio in/optical digital audio in port Connect your MacBook to a line-level microphone or digital audio equipment. f Headphone out/optical digital audio out port Connect external speakers, headphones (including iPhone), or digital audio equipment. Security slot Attach a lock and cable (available separately) to prevent theft. 24 Chapter 2 Life with Your MacBook Using the Multi-Touch Trackpad Use the trackpad to move the cursor and to perform a variety of Multi-Touch gestures. Unlike typical trackpads, the entire MacBook trackpad is a button, and you can click anywhere on the trackpad. To enable gestures and set other trackpad options, choose Apple () > System Preferences, and then click Trackpad. Here are ways to use your MacBook trackpad:  Two-finger scrolling lets you drag to scroll quickly up, down, or sideways in the active window. This option is on by default. Chapter 2 Life with Your MacBook 25  Secondary clicking or “right-clicking” lets you access shortcut menu commands.  To set up a one-finger secondary-click zone in the bottom left or right corner of the trackpad, select Secondary Click under the One Finger option in Trackpad preferences.  To set up two-finger secondary-clicking anywhere on the trackpad, select Secondary Click under the Two Fingers option in Trackpad preferences. Note: You can also secondary click by holding down the Control key while you click. Secondary click zone 26 Chapter 2 Life with Your MacBook The following trackpad gestures work in certain applications. When you perform these gestures, slide your fingers lightly on the surface of the trackpad. For more information, see Trackpad preferences or choose Help > Mac Help and search for “trackpad.”  Two-finger pinching lets you zoom in or out on PDFs, images, photos, and more.  Two-finger rotating lets you rotate photos, pages, and more. Chapter 2 Life with Your MacBook 27  Three-finger swipe lets you rapidly page through documents, move to the previous or next photo, and more.  Four-finger swipe works in the Finder and all applications. Swiping four fingers to the left or right activates Application Switcher so you can cycle through open applications. Swiping four fingers up or down causes Exposé to show the desktop or display all open windows. 28 Chapter 2 Life with Your MacBook Using the MacBook Battery When the MagSafe power adapter isn’t connected, your MacBook draws power from its battery. The length of time that you can run your MacBook varies, depending on the applications you use and the external devices connected to your MacBook. Turning off features such as AirPort Extreme or Bluetooth® wireless technology and reducing screen brightness can help conserve battery charge, for example, when you’re traveling by air. Many of your system preferences are automatically set to optimize battery life. You can determine the charge remaining in the battery by looking at the eight battery level indicator lights on the left side of your MacBook. Press the button next to the lights, and the lights glow briefly to show how much charge remains in the battery. Important: If only one indicator light is on, very little charge is left. If no lights illuminate, the battery is completely drained and the MacBook won’t start up unless the power adapter is connected. Plug in the power adapter to let the battery recharge, or replace the drained battery with a fully charged battery (see page 34). For more information about battery indicator lights, see page 56. You can also check the amount of battery charge remaining by viewing the Battery ( ) status icon in the menu bar. The battery charge level displayed is based on the amount of power left in the battery with the applications, peripheral devices, and system settings you are currently using. To conserve battery power, close applications and disconnect peripheral devices not in use, and adjust your Energy Saver settings. For more information about battery conservation and performance tips, go to www.apple.com/batteries/notebooks.html. Chapter 2 Life with Your MacBook 29 Charging the Battery When the power adapter that came with your MacBook is connected, the battery recharges whether the computer is on, off, or in sleep. The battery recharges more quickly, however, when the computer is off or in sleep. Getting Answers Much more information about using your MacBook is available in Mac Help on your computer and on the Internet at www.apple.com/support/macbook. To get Mac Help: 1 Click the Finder icon in the Dock (the bar of icons along the edge of the screen). 2 Click the Help menu in the menu bar and do one of the following: a Type a question or term in the Search field, and select a topic from the list of results or select Show All Results to see all topics. bChoose Mac Help to open the Mac Help window, where you can click links or type a search question. 30 Chapter 2 Life with Your MacBook More Information For more information about using your MacBook, see the following: To learn about See Installing memory Chapter 3, “Boost Your MacBook,” on page 33. Troubleshooting your MacBook if you have a problem Chapter 4, “Problem, Meet Solution,” on page 51. Finding service and support for your MacBook “Learning More, Service, and Support” on page 63. Or see the Apple Support website at www.apple.com/support/macbook. Using Mac OS X The Mac OS X website at www.apple.com/macosx. Or search for “Mac OS X” in Mac Help. Moving from a PC to a Mac “How to move to Mac” at www.apple.com/getamac/movetomac. Using iLife applications The iLife website at www.apple.com/ilife. Or open an iLife application, open Help for the application, and then type a question in the search field. Changing system preferences System Preferences by choosing Apple (K) > System Preferences. Or search for “system preferences” in Mac Help. Using the trackpad Mac Help and search for “trackpad.” Or open System Preferences and click Trackpad. Using the keyboard Mac Help and search for “keyboard.” Using the iSight camera Mac Help and search for “iSight.” Using AirPort Extreme wireless technology The AirPort Support page at www.apple.com/support/airport. Chapter 2 Life with Your MacBook 31 Using Bluetooth wireless technology The Bluetooth Support page at www.apple.com/support/ bluetooth. Or open the Bluetooth File Exchange application, located in the Utilities folder within the Applications folder, and choose Help > Bluetooth Help. Caring for the battery Mac Help and search for “battery.” Connecting a printer Mac Help and search for “printing.” USB connections Mac Help and search for “USB.” Connecting to the Internet Mac Help and search for “Internet.” Connecting an external display Mac Help and search for “displayport.” Apple Remote Mac Help and search for “remote.” Front Row Mac Help and search for “Front Row.” Burning a CD or DVD Mac Help and search for “burn disc.” Specifications The Specifications page at www.apple.com/support/specs. Or open System Profiler by choosing Apple (K) > About This Mac from the menu bar, and then click More Info. Apple news, free downloads, and online catalogs of software and hardware The Apple website at www.apple.com. Instructions, technical support, and manuals for Apple products The Apple Support website at www.apple.com/support. To learn about See3 3 Boost Your MacBook www.apple.com/store Mac Help RAM 34 Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook This chapter provides information and instructions for replacing the battery, upgrading the hard disk drive, and installing additional memory in your MacBook. Removing and Replacing the Battery You can replace your battery if you need a new one. You also need to know how to remove the battery if you want to replace the hard disk drive or install memory. To remove and replace the battery: 1 Shut down your MacBook. Disconnect the power adapter, Ethernet cable, security lock, and any other cords connected to the MacBook to prevent damaging the computer. WARNING: Apple recommends that you have an Apple-certified technician install replacement drives and memory. Consult the service and support information that came with your computer for information about how to contact Apple for service. If you attempt to install a replacement drive or memory and damage your equipment, such damage is not covered by the limited warranty on your computer. WARNING: The internal components of your MacBook can be warm. If you have been using your MacBook, wait 10 minutes after shutting down to let the internal components cool before continuing. Use care when handling the battery. See the battery safety information on page 70. Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook 35 2 Turn over your MacBook and locate the latch. Push down to release the latch, and remove the access door that covers the battery and hard disk drive. Note: The latch must be in its released, open position to remove and replace the battery and access door. 36 Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook 3 With the latch still in its open position, gently pull up on the battery tab to remove the battery. You now have access to the serial number, the hard disk drive, and other components of your MacBook. 4 To replace the battery, make sure the latch is in its open position. Hold the battery at an angle and slide the lipped edge of the battery below the brackets on the outside edge of the battery bay. Gently press the battery down. Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook 37 5 Replace the access door, making sure it is level with the bottom case of your MacBook, and press the latch into place. Reconnect the power adapter and any other cables that were attached. 38 Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook Replacing the Hard Disk Drive You can upgrade the hard disk drive in your MacBook. The hard disk drive is located to the left of the battery when you open the back of your MacBook. The replacement drive must be a 2.5-inch drive with a Serial ATA (SATA) connector. To replace the hard disk drive in your MacBook: 1 Follow the instructions for removing the battery on page 34. 2 Touch a metal surface inside the computer to discharge any static electricity from your body. Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook 39 3 Locate the bracket at the top of the drive. Use a Phillips-head screwdriver to loosen the captive screw that holds the bracket in place. 4 Using the pull tab, gently lift the drive out of the bay. The bracket detaches from the drive. Put it aside in a safe place. Bracket Pull tab 40 Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook 5 Hold the drive by its sides while you gently pull the connector on the left side of the drive to disconnect it. The connector is attached to a cable and remains in the hard disk drive bay. Important: There are four (4) mounting screws on the sides of your hard disk drive. If your replacement drive doesn’t include these mounting screws, remove the ones from your old drive and mount them on the replacement drive before you install it. 6 Attach the connector to the left side of the replacement drive. Mounting screws Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook 41 7 Insert the replacement drive at an angle, making sure the mounting screws are seated properly. 8 Replace the bracket and tighten the screw. 9 Follow the instructions for replacing the battery on page 36. For information about installing Mac OS X and bundled applications, see “Reinstalling the Software That Came with Your MacBook” on page 61. 42 Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook Installing Additional Memory Your computer has two memory slots that you access by removing the battery and bottom case. Your MacBook comes with a minimum of 2 gigabytes (GB) of 1066 MHz Double Data Rate (DDR3) Synchronous Dynamic Random-Access Memory (SDRAM) installed. Each memory slot can accept an SDRAM module that meets the following specifications:  Double Data Rate Small Outline Dual Inline Memory Module (DDR3) format  1.25 inch (3.18 cm)  1 GB or 2 GB  200-pin  PC3-8500 DDR3 1066 MHz Type RAM You can add two 2 GB memory modules for a maximum of 4 GB of memory. For best performance, fill both memory slots and install an identical memory module in each slot. To install memory in your MacBook: 1 Follow the instructions for removing the battery on page 34. 2 Remove the eight (8) screws that secure the bottom case of your MacBook, and then remove the bottom case. Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook 43 Important: Because the screws are different lengths, note the screw lengths and locations so you can replace the screws correctly. Put them aside in a safe place. Short Long 44 Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook Important: When you remove the bottom case, you expose sensitive internal components. Avoid touching anything other than the memory assembly when you remove and replace memory. 3 Touch a metal surface inside the computer to discharge any static electricity from your body. Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook 45 4 Push the ejection levers on the sides of the memory module in an outward direction to release the module from the memory card slot. The memory pops up at an angle. Before removing it, make sure you see the half-circle notches. If you don’t, try pressing the ejection levers outward again. 5 Hold the memory module by its notches and remove it from the slot. 6 Remove the other memory module. Important: Hold the memory modules by their edges, and do not touch the gold connectors. 46 Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook 7 Insert the new memory module in the slot: a Align the notch on the gold edge of the module with the notch in the lower memory slot. bTilt the card and push the memory into the slot. c Use two fingers with firm, even pressure to push down on the memory module. You should hear a click when the memory is inserted correctly. dRepeat to install an additional memory module in the top slot. Press down on the module to make sure it is level. Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook 47 Notches 48 Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook 8 Replace the bottom case. Replace and tighten the eight screws, making sure to put the different length screws in their proper locations. 9 Follow the instructions for replacing the battery on page 36. Short Long Chapter 3 Boost Your MacBook 49 Making Sure Your MacBook Recognizes the New Memory After installing additional memory in your MacBook, check whether the computer recognizes the new memory. To check the computer’s memory: 1 Start up your MacBook. 2 When you see the Mac OS X desktop, choose Apple () > About This Mac. For a detailed breakdown of the memory installed in your computer, open System Profiler by clicking More Info and then Memory. If your MacBook doesn’t recognize the memory or doesn’t start up correctly, confirm that the memory you installed is compatible with your MacBook and that it is installed correctly.4 4 Problem, Meet Solution www.apple.com/support Mac Help help 52 Chapter 4 Problem, Meet Solution Occasionally you may have problems while working with your MacBook. Read on for troubleshooting tips to try when you have a problem. You can also find more troubleshooting information in Mac Help and on the MacBook Support website at www.apple.com/support/macbook. If you experience a problem with your MacBook, there is usually a simple and quick solution. Think about the conditions that led up to the problem. Making a note of things you did before the problem occurred will help you narrow down possible causes and find the answers you need. Things to note include:  The applications you were using when the problem occurred. Problems that occur only with a specific application might indicate that the application is not compatible with the version of the Mac OS installed on your computer.  Any new software that you installed, especially software that added items to the System folder.  Any hardware that you installed, such as additional memory or a peripheral. Problems That Prevent You from Using Your MacBook If your MacBook doesn’t respond or the pointer doesn’t move On rare occasions, an application might “freeze” on the screen. Mac OS X provides a way to quit a frozen application without restarting your computer. To force an application to quit: 1 Press Command (x)-Option-Esc or choose Apple () > Force Quit from the menu bar. The Force Quit Applications dialog appears with the application selected. Chapter 4 Problem, Meet Solution 53 2 Click Force Quit. The application quits, leaving all other applications open. If you need to, you can also restart the Finder from this dialog. Next, save your work in any open applications and restart the computer to make sure the problem is entirely cleared up. If the problem occurs frequently, choose Help > Mac Help from the menu bar at the top of the screen. Search for the word “freeze” to get help for times when the computer freezes or doesn’t respond. If the problem occurs only when you use a particular application, check with the application’s manufacturer to see if it is compatible with your computer. To get support and contact information for the software that came with your MacBook, go to www.apple.com/guide. If you know an application is compatible, you might need to reinstall your computer’s system software. See “Reinstalling the Software That Came with Your MacBook” on page 61. If your MacBook freezes during startup, or you see a flashing question mark, or the screen is dark and the sleep indicator light is glowing steadily (not in sleep) The flashing question mark usually means that the computer can’t find the system software on the hard disk or any disks attached to the computer. 54 Chapter 4 Problem, Meet Solution  Wait a few seconds. If the computer doesn’t soon start up, shut it down by holding down the power (®) button for about 8 to 10 seconds. Disconnect all external peripherals and try restarting by pressing the power (®) button while holding down the Option key. When your computer starts up, click the hard disk icon, and then click the right arrow. After the computer starts up, open System Preferences and click Startup Disk. Select a local Mac OS X System folder.  If that doesn’t work, try using Disk Utility to repair the disk:  Insert the Mac OS X Install DVD into your computer.  Restart your computer and hold down the C key as it starts up.  Choose Installer > Open Disk Utility. When Disk Utility opens, follow the instructions in the First Aid pane to see if Disk Utility can repair the disk. If using Disk Utility doesn’t help, you might need to reinstall your computer’s system software. See “Reinstalling the Software That Came with Your MacBook” on page 61. If your MacBook doesn’t turn on or start up Try the following suggestions in order until your computer turns on:  Make sure the power adapter is plugged into the computer and into a functioning power outlet. Be sure to use the 60W MagSafe Power Adapter that came with your MacBook. If the power adapter stops charging and you don’t see the indicator light on the power adapter turn on when you plug in the power cord, try unplugging and replugging the power cord to reseat it.  Check whether the battery needs to be recharged. Press the small button on the left side of your computer. You should see one to eight lights indicating the battery’s level of charge. If a single indicator light is on, connect your power adapter to recharge. For more information about battery indicator lights, see page 56. Chapter 4 Problem, Meet Solution 55  If the problem persists, return the computer to its factory settings by disconnecting the power adapter, removing the battery, and holding down the power (®) button for at least 5 seconds.  If you recently installed additional memory, make sure that it is correctly installed and is compatible with your computer. See whether removing it and reinstalling the old memory allows the computer to start up (see page 42).  Press the power (®) button and immediately hold down the Command (x), Option, P, and R keys simultaneously until you hear the startup sound a second time. This resets the parameter RAM (PRAM).  If you still can’t start up your MacBook, see “Learning More, Service, and Support” on page 63 for information about contacting Apple for service. If the screen suddenly goes black or your MacBook freezes Try restarting your MacBook. 1 Unplug any devices that are connected to your MacBook, except the power adapter. 2 Press the power (®) button to restart the system. 3 Let the battery charge to at least 10 percent before plugging in any external devices and resuming your work. To see how much the battery has charged, look at the Battery ( ) status icon in the menu bar. The screen might also darken if you have energy saver features set for the battery. 56 Chapter 4 Problem, Meet Solution If you press the battery button, and all battery indicator lights flash five times quickly Your battery needs to be replaced. Contact an Apple Retail Store or an Apple Authorized Service Provider (AASP). If you press the battery button, and the battery indicator lights flash from left to right and then from right to left, five times in a row Your battery is not recognized. Check that your battery is installed properly in your computer. If you forget your password You can reset your administrator password and passwords for all other accounts. 1 Insert the Mac OS X Install DVD. Then restart your computer and hold down the C key as it starts up. 2 Choose Utilities > Reset Password from the menu bar. Follow the onscreen instructions. If you have trouble ejecting a disc Quit any applications that might be using the disc and try again. If that doesn’t work, restart the computer and then immediately press and hold the trackpad button. Using Apple Hardware Test If you suspect a problem with the MacBook hardware, you can use the Apple Hardware Test application to help determine if there is a problem with one of the computer’s components, such as the memory or processor. Chapter 4 Problem, Meet Solution 57 To use Apple Hardware Test: 1 Disconnect all external devices from your computer except the power adapter. If you have an Ethernet cable connected, disconnect it. 2 Restart your MacBook while holding down the D key. 3 When the Apple Hardware Test chooser screen appears, select the language you want to use. 4 Press the Return key or click the right arrow button. 5 When the Apple Hardware Test main screen appears (after about 45 seconds), follow the onscreen instructions. 6 If Apple Hardware Test detects a problem, it displays an error code. Make a note of the error code before pursuing support options. If Apple Hardware Test doesn’t detect a hardware failure, the problem may be software related. If this procedure doesn’t work, you can insert the Applications Install DVD to use Apple Hardware Test. For more information, see the Apple Hardware Test Read Me file on the Applications Install DVD that came with your computer. Problems with Your Internet Connection Your MacBook has the Network Setup Assistant application to help walk you through setting up an Internet connection. Open System Preferences and click Network. Click the “Assist me” button to open Network Setup Assistant. If you have trouble with your Internet connection, you can try the steps in this section starting with Network Diagnostics. 58 Chapter 4 Problem, Meet Solution To use Network Diagnostics: 1 Choose Apple () > System Preferences. 2 Click Network and then click “Assist me.” 3 Click Diagnostics to open Network Diagnostics. 4 Follow the onscreen instructions. If Network Diagnostics can’t resolve the problem, there may be a problem with the Internet service provider (ISP) you are trying to connect to, with an external device you are using to connect to your ISP, or with the server you are trying to access. You can try the following steps. Cable Modem, DSL, and LAN Internet Connections Make sure all modem cables are fully plugged in. Check the modem power cord, the cable from the modem to the computer, and the cable from the modem to the wall jack. Also check the cables and power supplies for Ethernet hubs and routers. Turn the modem off and on to reset the modem hardware Turn off your DSL or cable modem for a few minutes, and then turn it back on. Some ISPs recommend that you unplug the modem’s power cord. If your modem has a reset button, you can press it either before or after you turn the power off and on. Important: Instructions that refer to modems do not apply to LAN users. LAN users might have hubs, switches, routers, or connection pods that DSL and cable modem users do not have. LAN users should contact their network administrator rather than an ISP. Chapter 4 Problem, Meet Solution 59 PPPoE Connections If you are unable to connect to your Internet service provider using PPPoE (Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet), make sure you have entered the correct information in Network preferences. To check PPPoE settings: 1 Choose Apple () > System Preferences. 2 Click Network. 3 Click Add (+) at the bottom of the network connection services list, and choose PPPoE from the Interface pop-up menu. 4 Choose an interface for the PPPoE service from the Ethernet pop-up menu. Choose Ethernet if you are connecting to a wired network, or AirPort if you are connecting to a wireless network. 5 Enter the information you received from your service provider, such as the account name, password, and PPPoE service name (if your service provider requires it). 6 Click Apply to make the settings active. Network Connections Make sure the Ethernet cable is plugged into your MacBook and into the network. Check the cables and power supplies to your Ethernet hubs and routers. If you have two or more computers sharing an Internet connection, be sure that your network is set up properly. You need to know if your ISP provides only one IP address or if it provides multiple IP addresses, one for each computer. 60 Chapter 4 Problem, Meet Solution If only one IP address is provided, then you must have a router capable of sharing the connection, also known as network address translation (NAT) or “IP masquerading.” For setup information, check the documentation provided with your router or ask the person who set up your network. You can use an AirPort Base Station to share one IP address among multiple computers. For information about using an AirPort Base Station, check Mac Help or go to the Apple AirPort website at www.apple.com/support/airport. If you cannot resolve the issue using these steps, contact your ISP or network administrator. Problems with AirPort Extreme Wireless Communication If you have trouble using AirPort Extreme wireless communication:  Make sure the computer or network you are trying to connect to is running and has a wireless access point.  Make sure you have properly configured the software according to the instructions that came with your base station or access point.  Make sure you are within antenna range of the other computer or the network’s access point. Nearby electronic devices or metal structures can interfere with wireless communication and reduce this range. Repositioning or rotating the computer might improve reception.  Check the AirPort (Z) status icon in the menu bar. Up to four bars appear, indicating signal strength. If the signal strength is weak, try changing your location. Chapter 4 Problem, Meet Solution 61  See AirPort Help (choose Help > Mac Help, and then choose Library > AirPort Help from the menu bar). Also see the instructions that came with the wireless device for more information. Keeping Your Software Up to Date You can connect to the Internet and automatically download and install the latest free software versions, drivers, and other enhancements from Apple. When you are connected to the Internet, Software Update checks to see if any updates are available for your computer. You can set your MacBook to check for updates periodically, and then you can download and install updated software. To check for updated software: 1 Open System Preferences. 2 Click the Software Update icon and follow the onscreen instructions.  For more information, search for “Software Update” in Mac Help.  For the latest information about Mac OS X, go to www.apple.com/macosx. Reinstalling the Software That Came with Your MacBook You can use the software installation discs that came with your computer to reinstall Mac OS X and any applications that came with your computer. You can choose “Archive and Install,” which saves your existing files and settings, or “Erase and Install,” which erases all your data. 62 Chapter 4 Problem, Meet Solution Important: Apple recommends that you back up the data on your hard disk before restoring software. Because the “Erase and Install” option erases your hard disk, you should back up your essential files before installing Mac OS X and other applications. Apple is not responsible for any lost data. Installing Mac OS X To install Mac OS X: 1 Back up your essential files. 2 Make sure your power adapter is connected and plugged in. 3 Insert the Mac OS X Install DVD that came with your computer. 4 Double-click Install Mac OS X. 5 Follow the onscreen instructions. Note: To restore Mac OS X on your computer to the original factory settings, click Options in the “Select a Destination” pane of the Installer, and then select “Erase and Install.” If you choose “Erase and Install,” you’ll see a message reminding you to use the Applications Install DVD to reinstall the bundled applications that came with your computer. 6 When the installation is complete, click Restart to restart your computer. 7 Follow the prompts in the Setup Assistant to set up your user account. Installing Applications If you reinstall Mac OS X on your computer and select the “Erase and Install” option, you must reinstall the applications that came with your computer, such as the iLife applications. Chapter 4 Problem, Meet Solution 63 To install the applications that came with your computer: 1 Make sure your power adapter is connected and plugged in. 2 Insert the Applications Install DVD that came with your computer. 3 Double-click Install Bundled Software. 4 Follow the onscreen instructions. 5 When the installation is complete, click Close. Learning More, Service, and Support Your MacBook does not have any user-serviceable parts, except the hard drive and the memory. If you need service, contact Apple or take your MacBook to an Apple Authorized Service Provider. You can find more information about the MacBook through online resources, onscreen help, System Profiler, or Apple Hardware Test. Online Resources For online service and support information, go to www.apple.com/support. Choose your country from the pop-up menu. You can search the AppleCare Knowledge Base, check for software updates, or get help from Apple’s discussion forums. Onscreen Help You can look for answers to your questions, as well as instructions and troubleshooting information, in Mac Help. Choose Help > Mac Help. 64 Chapter 4 Problem, Meet Solution System Profiler To get information about your MacBook, use System Profiler. It shows you what hardware and software is installed, the serial number and operating system version, how much memory is installed, and more. To open System Profiler, choose Apple () > About This Mac from the menu bar and then click More Info. AppleCare Service and Support Your MacBook comes with 90 days of technical support and one year of hardware repair warranty coverage at an Apple Store retail location or an Apple-authorized repair center, such as an Apple Authorized Service Provider (AASP). You can extend your coverage by purchasing the AppleCare Protection Plan. For information, go to www.apple.com/support/products or the website for your country listed below. If you need assistance, AppleCare telephone support representatives can help you with installing and opening applications, and basic troubleshooting. Call the support center number nearest you (the first 90 days are complimentary). Have the purchase date and your MacBook serial number ready when you call. Note: Your 90 days of complimentary telephone support begins on the date of purchase. Telephone fees may apply. Country Phone Website United States 1-800-275-2273 www.apple.com/support Australia (61) 1-300-321-456 www.apple.com/au/support Canada (English) (French) 1-800-263-3394 www.apple.com/ca/support www.apple.com/ca/fr/support Ireland (353) 1850 946 191 www.apple.com/ie/support Chapter 4 Problem, Meet Solution 65 Telephone numbers are subject to change, and local and national telephone rates may apply. A complete list is available on the web: Locating Your Product Serial Number Use one of these methods to find your computer’s serial number:  Choose Apple () > About This Mac, and then click the version number beneath the words “Mac OS X” to cycle through the Mac OS X version number, the build version, and the serial number.  Open System Profiler (in /Applications/Utilities/) and click Hardware.  Remove the battery and view the serial number for your MacBook on the front wall of the battery bay. For information about removing the battery, see page 34. New Zealand 00800-7666-7666 www.apple.com/nz/support United Kingdom (44) 0870 876 0753 www.apple.com/uk/support Country Phone Website www.apple.com/contact/phone_contacts.html5 5 Last, but Not Least www.apple.com/environment Mac Help ergonomics 68 Chapter 5 Last, but Not Least For your safety and that of your equipment, follow these rules for handling and cleaning your MacBook and for working more comfortably. Keep these instructions handy for reference by you and others. Important Safety Information Proper handling Set up your MacBook on a stable work surface that allows for adequate air circulation under and around the computer. Do not operate your MacBook on a pillow or other soft material, as the material can block the airflow vents. Never place anything over the keyboard when operating your MacBook. Never push objects into the ventilation openings. The bottom of your MacBook may become very warm during normal use. If your MacBook is on your lap and gets uncomfortably warm, remove it from your lap and place it on a stable work surface. Water and wet locations Keep your MacBook away from sources of liquid, such as drinks, washbasins, bathtubs, shower stalls, and so on. Protect your MacBook from dampness or wet weather, such as rain, snow, and fog. WARNING: Failure to follow these safety instructions could result in fire, electric shock, or other injury or damage. Chapter 5 Last, but Not Least 69 60W MagSafe Power Adapter Make sure the AC plug or AC power cord is fully inserted into the power adapter before plugging the adapter into a power outlet. Use only the power adapter that came with your MacBook, or an Apple-authorized power adapter that is compatible with this product. The power adapter may become very warm during normal use. Always put the power adapter directly into a power outlet, or place it on the floor in a well-ventilated location. Disconnect the power adapter, remove the battery, and disconnect any other cables if any of the following conditions exists:  You want to add memory or upgrade the hard disk drive.  You want to clean the case (use only the recommended procedure described on page 72).  The power cord or plug becomes frayed or otherwise damaged.  Your MacBook or power adapter is exposed to rain, excessive moisture, or liquid spilled into the case.  Your MacBook or power adapter has been dropped, the case has been damaged, or you suspect that service or repair is required. The MagSafe power port contains a magnet that can erase data on a credit card, iPod, or other device. To preserve your data, do not place these or other magnetically sensitive material or devices within 1 inch (25 mm) of this port. If debris gets into the MagSafe power port, remove it gently with a dry cotton swab. 70 Chapter 5 Last, but Not Least Battery Do not disassemble, drop, crush, or expose the battery to fire or temperatures above 212° F (100° C). Stop using the battery if it appears damaged in any way. Replace the battery only with an Apple-authorized battery for this product. Dispose of used batteries promptly according to your local environmental guidelines. Hearing damage Permanent hearing loss may occur if earbuds or headphones are used at high volume. You can adapt over time to a higher volume of sound that may sound normal but can be damaging to your hearing. If you experience ringing in your ears or muffled speech, stop listening and have your hearing checked. The louder the volume, the less time is required before your hearing could be affected. Hearing experts suggest that to protect your hearing:  Limit the amount of time you use earbuds or headphones at high volume.  Avoid turning up the volume to block out noisy surroundings.  Turn the volume down if you can’t hear people speaking near you. High-risk activities This computer is not intended for use in the operation of nuclear facilities, aircraft navigation or communications systems, air traffic control systems, or for any other uses where the failure of the computer could lead to death, personal injury, or severe environmental damage. Chapter 5 Last, but Not Least 71 Laser Information for Optical Disc Drives The optical disc drive in your computer contains a laser that is safe in normal use but that may be harmful to your eyes if disassembled. For your safety, have this equipment serviced only by an Apple Authorized Service Provider. Important Handling Information Turning on your MacBook Never turn on your MacBook unless all of its internal and external parts are in place. Operating the computer when parts are missing may be dangerous and may damage your computer. Carrying your MacBook If you carry your MacBook in a bag or briefcase, make sure that there are no loose items (such as paper clips or coins) that could accidentally get inside the computer through vent openings or the optical drive slot or get stuck inside a port. Also, keep magnetically sensitive items away from the MagSafe power port. Using connectors and ports Never force a connector into a port. When connecting a device, make sure the port is free of debris, that the connector matches the port, and that you have positioned the connector correctly in relation to the port. WARNING: Making adjustments or performing procedures other than those specified in your equipment’s manual may result in hazardous radiation exposure. NOTICE: Failure to follow these handling instructions could result in damage to your MacBook or other property. 72 Chapter 5 Last, but Not Least Using the optical drive The optical drive in your MacBook supports standard 12 cm (4.7 inch) discs. Irregularly shaped discs or discs smaller than 12 cm (4.7 inches) are not supported and can become lodged in the drive. Handling glass parts Your MacBook contains glass components, including the display and trackpad. If they are damaged, don't use your MacBook until it has been repaired by an Apple Authorized Service Provider. Storing your MacBook If you are going to store your MacBook for an extended period of time, keep it in a cool location (ideally, 71° F or 22° C) and discharge the battery to 50 percent. When storing your computer for longer than five months, discharge the battery to approximately 50 percent and then remove it from your MacBook. To maintain the capacity of the battery, recharge the battery to 50 percent every six months or so. Cleaning your MacBook When cleaning the outside of your MacBook and its components, first shut down your MacBook, unplug the power adapter, and remove the battery. Then use a damp, soft, lint-free cloth to clean the computer’s exterior. Avoid getting moisture in any openings. Do not spray liquid directly on the computer. Do not use aerosol sprays, solvents, or abrasives that might damage the finish. Cleaning the MacBook screen To clean the MacBook screen, first shut down your MacBook, unplug the power adapter, and remove the battery. Then use the included cleaning cloth to wipe the screen. Dampen the cloth with water if necessary. Do not spray liquid directly on the screen. Chapter 5 Last, but Not Least 73 Understanding Ergonomics Here are some tips for setting up a healthy work environment. Keyboard and Trackpad When you use the keyboard and trackpad, your shoulders should be relaxed. Your upper arm and forearm should form an angle that is slightly greater than a right angle, with your wrist and hand in roughly a straight line. This Not this 74 Chapter 5 Last, but Not Least Use a light touch when typing or using the trackpad and keep your hands and fingers relaxed. Avoid rolling your thumbs under your palms. Change hand positions often to avoid fatigue. Some computer users might develop discomfort in their hands, wrists, or arms after intensive work without breaks. If you begin to develop chronic pain or discomfort in your hands, wrists, or arms, consult a qualified health specialist. External Mouse If you use an external mouse, position the mouse at the same height as the keyboard and within comfortable reach. Chair An adjustable chair that provides firm, comfortable support is best. Adjust the height of the chair so your thighs are horizontal and your feet are flat on the floor. The back of the chair should support your lower back (lumbar region). Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for adjusting the backrest to fit your body properly. This Not this Chapter 5 Last, but Not Least 75 You might have to raise your chair so that your forearms and hands are at the proper angle to the keyboard. If this makes it impossible to rest your feet flat on the floor, you can use a footrest with adjustable height and tilt to make up for any gap between the floor and your feet. Or you can lower the desktop to eliminate the need for a footrest. Another option is to use a desk with a keyboard tray that’s lower than the regular work surface. Built-in Display Adjust the angle of the display to minimize glare and reflections from overhead lights and windows. Do not force the display if you meet resistance. The display is not meant to open past 130 degrees. You can adjust the brightness of the screen when you take the computer from one work location to another, or if the lighting in your work area changes. More information about ergonomics is available on the web: Apple and the Environment Apple Inc. recognizes its responsibility to minimize the environmental impacts of its operations and products. More information is available on the web: www.apple.com/about/ergonomics www.apple.com/environment76 Regulatory Compliance Information FCC Compliance Statement This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. See instructions if interference to radio or television reception is suspected. L‘utilisation de ce dispositif est autorisée seulement aux conditions suivantes: (1) il ne doit pas produire de brouillage et (2) l’utilisateur du dispositif doit étre prêt à accepter tout brouillage radioélectrique reçu, même si ce brouillage est susceptible de compromettre le fonctionnement du dispositif. Radio and Television Interference This computer equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio-frequency energy. If it is not installed and used properly—that is, in strict accordance with Apple’s instructions—it may cause interference with radio and television reception. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device in accordance with the specifications in Part 15 of FCC rules. These specifications are designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. You can determine whether your computer system is causing interference by turning it off. If the interference stops, it was probably caused by the computer or one of the peripheral devices. If your computer system does cause interference to radio or television reception, try to correct the interference by using one or more of the following measures:  Turn the television or radio antenna until the interference stops.  Move the computer to one side or the other of the television or radio.  Move the computer farther away from the television or radio.  Plug the computer in to an outlet that is on a different circuit from the television or radio. (That is, make certain the computer and the television or radio are on circuits controlled by different circuit breakers or fuses.) If necessary, consult an Apple Authorized Service Provider or Apple. See the service and support information that came with your Apple product. Or, consult an experienced radio/television technician for additional suggestions. Important: Changes or modifications to this product not authorized by Apple Inc., could void the EMC compliance and negate your authority to operate the product. This product has demonstrated EMC compliance under conditions that included the use of compliant peripheral devices and shielded cables (including Ethernet network cables) between system components. It is important that you use compliant peripheral devices and shielded cables between system components to reduce the possibility of causing interference to radios, television sets, and other electronic devices.77 Responsible party (contact for FCC matters only): Apple Inc. Corporate Compliance 1 Infinite Loop, M/S 26-A Cupertino, CA 95014-2084 Wireless Radio Use This device is restricted to indoor use when operating in the 5.15 to 5.25 GHz frequency band. Cet appareil doit être utilisé à l’intérieur. Exposure to Radio Frequency Energy The radiated output power of the AirPort Extreme technology is below the FCC radio frequency exposure limits. Nevertheless, it is advised to use the wireless equipment in such a manner that the potential for human contact during normal operation is minimized. FCC Bluetooth Wireless Compliance The antenna used with this transmitter must not be colocated or operated in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter subject to the conditions of the FCC Grant. Bluetooth Industry Canada Statement This Class B device meets all requirements of the Canadian interference-causing equipment regulations. Cet appareil numérique de la Class B respecte toutes les exigences du Règlement sur le matériel brouilleur du Canada. Industry Canada Statement Complies with the Canadian ICES-003 Class B specifications. Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada. This device complies with RSS 210 of Industry Canada. Bluetooth Europe—EU Declaration of Conformity This wireless device complies with the R&TTE Directive. Europe—EU Declaration of Conformity The equipment complies with the RF Exposure Requirement 1999/519/EC, Council Recommendation of 12 July 1999 on the limitation of exposure of the general public to electromagnetic fields (0 Hz to 300 GHz). Hereby, Apple Inc. declares that this 802.11a/b/g/n Mini-PCIe card is in compliance with the R&TTE Directive. Complies with European Low Voltage and EMC Directives. See: www.apple.com/euro/compliance Korea Warning Statements Singapore Wireless Certification Taiwan Wireless Statements78 Taiwan Class B Statement VCCI Class B Statement Russia External USB Modem Information When connecting your MacBook to the phone line using an external USB modem, refer to the telecommunications agency information in the documentation that came with your modem. ENERGY STAR® Compliance As an ENERGY STAR® partner, Apple has determined that standard configurations of this product meet the ENERGY STAR® guidelines for energy efficiency. The ENERGY STAR® program is a partnership with electronic equipment manufacturers to promote energy-efficient products. Reducing energy consumption of products saves money and helps conserve valuable resources. This computer is shipped with power management enabled with the computer set to sleep after 10 minutes of user inactivity. To wake your computer, click the mouse or trackpad button or press any key on the keyboard. For more information about ENERGY STAR®, visit: www.energystar.gov79 Disposal and Recycling Information This symbol indicates that your product must be disposed of properly according to local laws and regulations. When your product reaches its end of life, contact Apple or your local authorities to learn about recycling options. For information about Apple’s recycling program, go to www.apple.com/environment/recycling. Battery Disposal Information Dispose of batteries according to your local environmental laws and guidelines. California: The coin cell battery in the optional Apple Remote contains perchlorates. Special handling and disposal may apply. Refer to: www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/perchlorate Deutschland: Das Gerät enthält Batterien. Diese gehören nicht in den Hausmüll. Sie können verbrauchte Batterien beim Handel oder bei den Kommunen unentgeltlich abgeben. Um Kurzschlüsse zu vermeiden, kleben Sie die Pole der Batterien vorsorglich mit einem Klebestreifen ab. Nederlands: Gebruikte batterijen kunnen worden ingeleverd bij de chemokar of in een speciale batterijcontainer voor klein chemisch afval (kca) worden gedeponeerd.80 Taiwan: European Union—Disposal Information: The symbol above means that according to local laws and regulations your product should be disposed of separately from household waste. When this product reaches its end of life, take it to a collection point designated by local authorities. Some collection points accept products for free. The separate collection and recycling of your product at the time of disposal will help conserve natural resources and ensure that it is recycled in a manner that protects human health and the environment.Looking for Something?82 Looking for Something? Index A AC plug 10 AC power adapter. See power adapter AC power cord 10 adapter, power. See power adapter AirPort Extreme connecting wirelessly 11 troubleshooting 60 using 30 AppleCare 64 Apple Hardware Test 56 Apple Remote 19, 31 application freeze 52 applications Front Row 19, 31 iChat 19 iLife 30 Keynote 19 Photo Booth 19 audio in port 23 B battery disposal 79 general information 28 indicator lights 28 location 19 performance 28 removing 34 replacing 36 storing 72 battery indicator lights 28, 56 blinking question mark 53 brightness keys 21 built-in speakers 19 button, power 12, 19 C cable modem 11 camera. See iSight video camera carrying your computer 71 changing the desktop 15 password 56 System Preferences 15 checking memory 49 cleaning the screen 72 your computer 72 computer disposal 79 freezes 53 inventory 9 putting to sleep 15 shutting down 16 turning on 12 won’t turn on 54 connecting to a network 11 Control-click 25 controls. See keys cord, AC power 10 D Dashboard 21 desktop, customizing 15 discs ejecting 56 software installation 61 supported 72 display external 23 See also screen disposing of your computer 79 Dock 29 downloading software 61 drive, optical 19 DSL modem 11Looking for Something? 83 E ejecting a disc 56 Energy Saver preferences 28 environmental impact 75 ergonomics 73 Ethernet connecting to 11 port 23 Exposé All Windows key 21 external display port 23 external modem 12 F F1 to F12 function keys 21 factory settings 62 Fast-forward key 21 flashing question mark 53 Force Quit 52 forward delete 25 four-finger swiping 27 Front Row application 19, 31 frozen application 52 function (fn) key 21 H hand positions 73 headphone port 23 Help, finding answers 29 high-speed USB 23 I iChat application 19 iLife applications 30 infrared receiver (IR) 19 installation instructions memory 42 overview 8 Internet connecting to 11 connection problems 60 inventory of items 9 iSight video camera 19 K keyboard ergonomics 73 features 20 illumination keys 21 media keys 21 shortcuts 25 See also keys Keynote application 19 keys brightness 21 Dashboard 21 Exposé 21 function (fn) 21 keyboard illumination 21 media 21 Media Eject 21 mute 21 volume 21 L lights battery 28, 56 sleep indicator 19 M Mac Help 29 Mac OS X reinstalling 62 website 30 MagSafe power adapter. See power adapter MagSafe power port 23 Media Eject key 21 media keys 21 memory checking 49 installing 42 microphone 19 Mini DisplayPort 23 modem 11 mouse 23, 74 See also trackpad Multi-Touch gestures 19 mute key 21 N network connections 59 Network Diagnostics 57 Network Setup Assistant 57 number, serial 6584 Looking for Something? O online resources 63 optical digital audio ports 23 optical drive about 19 supported disc size 72 P paging through documents using trackpad 27 password, resetting 56 Photo Booth 19 pinching to zoom 26 Play/pause key 21 plug, AC 10 ports Mini DisplayPort 23 on MacBook 23 power adapter plugging in 69 port 23 using 10 power button 12, 19 problems computer freezes 53 computer won’t turn on 54 pointer won’t move 52 screen goes black 55 trouble ejecting a disc 56 trouble using AirPort 60 putting your computer to sleep 15 Q question mark, flashing 53 R RAM. See memory reinstalling Mac OS X 62 removing the battery 34 replacing the battery 36 resetting your password 56 Rewind key 21 right click 25 rotating objects using trackpad 26 S safety general safety instructions 68 power adapter 69 screen cleaning 72 goes black 55 setting brightness 21 scrolling with two fingers 24 SDRAM specifications 42 secondary click 25 secondary click zone 25 security slot 23 Serial ATA (SATA) hard drive 38 serial number, locating 65 service and support 64 Setup Assistant 13 shutting down 16 sleep mode indicator light 19 putting computer to sleep 15 software installation discs 61 updating 61 Software Update preferences 61 speakers 19 specifications 31 stopping an application 52 the computer 16 storing your computer 72 SuperDrive about 19 SuperDrive, supported disc sizes 72 support 64 swiping to move quickly through documents 27 System Preferences customizing the desktop 15 Energy Saver 15 Software Update 61 System Profiler 64Looking for Something? 85 T three-finger swiping 27 trackpad location 19 shortcuts 25 trackpad gestures 19 troubleshooting AirPort 60 AppleCare 64 battery indicator lights 56 computer freezes 53 computer won’t turn on 54 ejecting a disc 56 hardware problems 56 pointer won’t move 52 screen goes black 55 service and support 63 using Mac Help 63 See also problems turning on your MacBook 12 two-finger pinching 26 two-finger rotating 26 typing position 73 U updating software 61 USB connections 31 ports 23 V video camera indicator light 19 Mini DisplayPort 23 volume keys 21 W waking your computer 16 Z zooming using the trackpad 26K Apple Inc. © 2008 Apple Inc. All rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written consent of Apple. Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate. Apple is not responsible for printing or clerical errors. Apple 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, CA 95014-2084 408-996-1010 www.apple.com Apple, the Apple logo, AirPort, AirPort Extreme, Cover Flow, Exposé, FileVault, GarageBand, iCal, iChat, iLife, iMovie, iPhoto, iPod, iSight, iTunes, Keynote, Mac, MacBook, Macintosh, Mac OS, MagSafe, Photo Booth, Safari, Spaces, and SuperDrive are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Finder, iPhone, iWeb, Multi-Touch, Spotlight, and Time Machine are trademarks of Apple Inc. AppleCare, Apple Store, and iTunes Store are service marks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. ENERGY STAR® is a U.S. registered trademark. Intel, Intel Core, and Xeon are trademarks of Intel Corp. in the U.S. and other countries. The Bluetooth® word mark and logos are registered trademarks owned by the Bluetooth SIG, Inc. and any use of such marks by Apple Inc. is under license. Other company and product names mentioned herein are trademarks of their respective companies. Mention of third-party products is for informational purposes only and constitutes neither an endorsement nor a recommendation. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the performance or use of these products. Manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories. “Dolby,” “Pro Logic,” and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories. Confidential Unpublished Works, © 1992–1997 Dolby Laboratories, Inc. All rights reserved. The product described in this manual incorporates copyright protection technology that is protected by method claims of certain U.S. patents and other intellectual property rights owned by Macrovision Corporation and other rights owners. Use of this copyright protection technology must be authorized by Macrovision Corporation and is intended for home and other limited viewing uses only unless otherwise authorized by Macrovision Corporation. Reverse engineering or disassembly is prohibited. Apparatus Claims of U.S. Patent Nos. 4,631,603, 4,577,216, 4,819,098 and 4,907,093 licensed for limited viewing uses only. Simultaneously published in the United States and Canada. Power Macintosh User’s Guide Includes setup, troubleshooting, and important health-related information for Power Macintosh 7500 series computers K Apple Computer, Inc. © 1995 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written consent of Apple. Your rights to the software are governed by the accompanying software license agreement. The Apple logo is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Use of the “keyboard” Apple logo (Option-Shift-K) for commercial purposes without the prior written consent of Apple may constitute trademark infringement and unfair competition in violation of federal and state laws. Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate. Apple is not responsible for printing or clerical errors. Apple Computer, Inc. 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, CA 95014-2084 (408) 996-1010 Apple, the Apple logo, AppleShare, AppleTalk, GeoPort, ImageWriter, Inter•Poll, LaserWriter, LocalTalk, Macintosh, MacTerminal, PlainTalk, QuickTime, and StyleWriter are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. AppleCD, Apple Desktop Bus, AppleScript, At Ease, AudioVision, Balloon Help, Chicago, Disk First Aid, eWorld, Finder, GeoPort, Macintosh PC Exchange, Power Macintosh, PowerTalk, and QuickDraw are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. Adobe, Adobe Illustrator, and PostScript are trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated, registered in the United States. Adobe Photoshop is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated. America Online is a service mark of Quantum Computer Services, Inc. CompuServe is a registered trademark of CompuServe, Inc. The Energy Star logo is a service mark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. ExposurePro is a registered trademark of Baseline Publishing, Inc. Helvetica and Times are registered trademarks of Linotype-Hell AG and/or its subsidiaries. IBM is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation. Internet is a trademark of Digital Equipment Corporation. Motorola is a registered trademark of Motorola Corporation. NuBus is a trademark of Texas Instruments. PowerPC and the PowerPC logo are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation, used under license therefrom. QMS is a registered trademark and ColorScript is a trademark of QMS, Inc. QuarkXPress is a registered trademark of Quark, Inc. SuperPaint is a registered trademark of Aldus Corporation. Tektronix is a registered trademark and Phaser is a trademark of Tektronix, Inc. Simultaneously published in the United States and Canada. Mention of third-party products is for informational purposes only and constitutes neither an endorsement nor a recommendation. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the performance or use of these products. iii Communications regulation information vi Preface Welcome to Power Macintosh ix Part I 1 Getting Started 1 Plugging in the computer 3 Installing an expansion card 7 Connecting a monitor 7 Connecting the mouse and keyboard 10 Connecting other equipment 12 Turning the computer on 12 Problems turning your computer on? 15 What’s next? 16 Learning the basics 17 Reviewing the basics 19 Saving energy with the Energy Saver control panel 21 Turning the computer off 23 Where to find answers 25 Contents 2 Getting Help 27 Getting answers to your questions 28 Identifying objects on the screen 36 Learning useful shortcuts 37 3 Connecting Additional Equipment 39 Your computer at a glance 39 About your computer’s A/V panel 42 Connecting audio equipment 42 Connecting video equipment 48 Connecting external SCSI devices 54 Expanding memory 57 Installing internal drives 58 Connecting network cables 59 4 Installing and Using Application Programs 61 Installing application programs 61 Working with several programs at a time 63 Backing up your files 65 Using Power Macintosh application programs 65 5 Using the Optional CD-ROM Drive 67 Inserting a CD-ROM disc 68 Ejecting a CD-ROM disc 69 Playing audio CDs 70 Working with Photo CDs 71 Sharing a CD-ROM disc over a network 72 iv Contents Part II 6 Troubleshooting 75 When you have questions 75 If you have trouble 75 Solutions to common problems 79 Solutions to CD-ROM problems 91 If your computer’s performance decreases 97 Solving printer problems 98 Obtaining updated Apple software 98 Initializing a hard disk 103 Repairing a damaged disk 106 Installing or reinstalling system software 110 Installing or reinstalling CD-ROM software 119 Part III A Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips 123 Health-related information about computer use 123 Safety instructions 128 Handling your computer equipment 129 Cleaning your equipment 135 Locking and unlocking the mouse 137 B Installing an Expansion Card 139 Expansion card power requirements 140 Card installation 140 Upgrading the processor 150 C Special Keys on Your Keyboard 151 Typing special characters and symbols 153 Special key combinations 155 Index 157 Contents v vi Communications Regulation Information Communications regulation information FCC statement This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device in accordance with the specifications in Part 15 of FCC rules. See instructions if interference to radio or television reception is suspected. Radio and television interference The equipment described in this manual generates, uses, and can radiate radio-frequency energy. If it is not installed and used properly—that is, in strict accordance with Apple’s instructions—it may cause interference with radio and television reception. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device in accordance with the specifications in Part 15 of FCC rules. These specifications are designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. Note: If a 10BASE-T Ethernet connector is used, the system complies only with the FCC Part 15, Class A limits and the CISPR 22, Class A limits, and may not be used in a residential area. You can determine whether your computer system is causing interference by turning it off. If the interference stops, it was probably caused by the computer or one of the peripheral devices. If your computer system does cause interference to radio or television reception, try to correct the interference by using one or more of the following measures: m Turn the television or radio antenna until the interference stops. m Move the computer to one side or the other of the television or radio. m Move the computer farther away from the television or radio. m Plug the computer into an outlet that is on a different circuit from the television or radio. (That is, make certain the computer and the television or radio are on circuits controlled by different circuit breakers or fuses.) If necessary, consult an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple. See the service and support information that came with your Apple product. Or, consult an experienced radio/television technician for additional suggestions. You may find the following booklet helpful: Interference Handbook (stock number 004-000-00493-1). This booklet, prepared by the Federal Communications Commission, is available from the U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. IMPORTANT Changes or modifications to this product not authorized by Apple Computer, Inc., could void the FCC Certification and negate your authority to operate the product. This product was tested for FCC compliance under conditions that included the use of Apple peripheral devices and Apple shielded cables and connectors between system components. It is important that you use Apple peripheral devices and shielded cables and connectors between system components to reduce the possibility of causing interference to radios, television sets, and other electronic devices. You can obtain Apple peripheral devices and the proper shielded cables and connectors through an Apple-authorized dealer. For non-Apple peripheral devices, contact the manufacturer or dealer for assistance. DOC statement DOC Class B Compliance This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the interference-causing equipment standard entitled “Digital Apparatus,” ICES-003 of the Department of Communications. Observation des normes—Classe B Cet appareil numérique respecte les limites de bruits radioélectriques applicables aux appareils numériques de Classe B prescrites dans la norme sur le matériel brouilleur : “Appareils Numériques”, NMB-003 édictée par le ministre des Communications. VCCI statement CD-ROM drive WARNING Making adjustments or performing procedures other than those specified in your equipment’s manual may result in hazardous exposure. WARNING Do not attempt to disassemble the cabinet containing the laser. The laser beam used in this product is harmful to the eyes. The use of optical instruments, such as magnifying lenses, with this product increases the potential hazard to your eyes. For your safety, have this equipment serviced only by an Apple-authorized service provider. If you have an internal Apple CD-ROM drive in your computer, your computer is a Class 1 laser product. The Class 1 label, located in a user-accessible area, indicates that the drive meets minimum safety requirements. A service warning label is located in a service-accessible area. The labels on your product may differ slightly from the ones shown here. Class 1 label Service warning label Communications Regulation Information vii Congratulations on the purchase of your new Macintosh. Your computer is designed to give you the highest performance combined with real ease of use—it’s easy to set up, easy to use, and easy to expand. This book will guide you through the setup procedure, tell you how to expand your Macintosh, and provide many tips on using your new system. Your Macintosh computer is powered by the new  microprocessor (or “chip”). This microprocessor was designed by Apple Computer, Inc., Motorola, Inc., and IBM Corporation. The  microprocessor uses Reduced Instruction Set Computing (RISC) technology to deliver very high performance at the lowest possible cost. The  RISC microprocessor represents the state of the art in microprocessor design. Your new Macintosh will run almost all your existing Macintosh software, but for best performance and greatest speed, look for the new software programs designed especially for Power Macintosh computers. You’ll find Power Macintosh programs at any software store that carries products for Macintosh. ix Welcome to Power Macintosh Ipart Chapter 1 Getting Started Chapter 2 Getting Help Chapter 3 Connecting Additional Equipment Chapter 4 Installing and Using Application Programs Chapter 5 Using the Optional CD-ROM Drive The illustration on the next page shows all the equipment you will need to set up your computer and begin using it. (Note that your monitor and keyboard may look slightly different depending on what you purchased.) Place your equipment on a sturdy, flat surface near a grounded wall outlet. (Your Power Macintosh was designed to be used and carried in the horizontal position, as shown on the next page—it should not be used tipped on its side.) You may place monitors weighing up to 52.3 pounds on top of the computer. Before following the setup instructions in this chapter, you may want to read “Arranging Your Office” in Appendix A (in the section on health-related information) for tips on adjusting your work furniture so that you’re comfortable when using the computer. 1 1 Getting Started Follow the instructions in this chapter to set up your computer and learn the basics. Monitor power cord Computer power cord (sometimes built into the monitor) Monitor cable (sometimes built into the monitor) Keyboard Apple PlainTalk Microphone (optional) Mouse Keyboard cable (sometimes built into the keyboard as shown here) Monitor Macintosh computer Getting Started 3 IMPORTANT When picking up your computer, be sure to grasp it by the sides. Grasping it by the front or back can cause the computer’s cover to lift off. Plugging in the computer Before you plug your Macintosh into a wall socket, carefully read all the setup instructions in this chapter. Then, before you connect anything to your Macintosh, follow the instructions in this section to plug it in. The plug grounds the computer and protects it from electrical damage while you are setting up. When you are ready to begin, follow these steps: 1 Make sure the voltage switch on the back of the computer is set for the kind of voltage system to which you will be connecting. The voltage switch must be set correctly to avoid damaging your computer. If you don’t know the voltage used in the country you’re in, refer to the table “Voltages for Different Locations” later in this chapter. When lifting or carrying the computer, always grasp it by the sides, as shown. Do not lift or carry the computer by grasping the front and back. Set the switch to show “115” for voltages in the 100–130V range. Set the switch to show “230” for voltages in the 220–270V range. Check to see that the voltage switch on the back of your computer is properly set before you plug it in. If you need to change the setting, insert a small screwdriver here and slide the switch. WARNING Setting the correct voltage for your computer does not set the voltage for your monitor even if the monitor’s power cord is connected directly to your computer. To protect your monitor, be sure to use the appropriate adapter or voltage converter, if one is necessary. 4 Chapter 1 Voltages for different locations Country Single voltage Japan 100 South Korea 100/220 Jamaica, Taiwan 110 Peru 110/220 Brazil, Lebanon 110–220 Philippines 115 Bermuda, Canada, Puerto Rico, United States, Venezuela 120 Mexico 127 Saudi Arabia 127/220 Hong Kong 200 India, South Africa 220–250 Israel, Pakistan, Singapore 230 Australia, Kuwait, Malta, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Papua New Guinea, Oman, Qatar, United Kingdom 240 Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland 220–230 Bahrain, Chile, China (People’s Republic), Czechoslovakia, Egypt, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Liechtenstein, Nepal, Paraguay, Poland, Romania, United Arab Emirates, Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Yemen, Yugoslavia 220 Getting Started 5 2 Plug the socket end of the computer’s power cord into the recessed power socket (marked with the symbol ²) on the back of the computer. 3 Plug the other end of the power cord into a three-hole grounded outlet or power strip. IMPORTANT The only way to disconnect power completely is to unplug the power cord. Make sure that at least one end of the power cord is within easy reach so that you can unplug the computer when you need to. Power cord plug Power cord socket WARNING Be sure to set the voltage switch on the back of your computer for the voltage system to which you’re connecting the computer. This equipment is intended to be electrically grounded. Your Macintosh is equipped with a three-wire grounding plug—a plug that has a third (grounding) pin. This plug will fit only a grounded AC outlet. This is a safety feature. If you are unable to insert the plug into the outlet, contact a licensed electrician to replace the outlet with a properly grounded outlet. Do not defeat the purpose of the grounding plug! 6 Chapter 1 Installing an expansion card If you purchased a PCI expansion card for your Macintosh, install it now. (See Appendix B, “Installing an Expansion Card,” for instructions.) If you don’t have to install an expansion card, go on to the next section, “Connecting a Monitor.” Connecting a monitor You can connect many types of monitors to your Macintosh computer, including most standard monitors. See the Technical Information booklet that came with your computer for a complete list. This section contains instructions on connecting most types of monitors. Monitors from manufacturers other than Apple may require adapters for their monitor cables and power cords. If you are connecting a non-Apple monitor, also refer to the instructions that came with the monitor. Connecting the monitor power cord Monitors have two cords to connect: a power cord and a monitor cable. To connect the monitor power cord, follow these steps: 1 Place the monitor on top of the computer. Keep these considerations in mind: m You can place monitors weighing up to 52.3 lbs. (23.72 kg) on top of the computer. m Allow a few inches for air circulation around the computer and monitor. m Make sure that the top of the screen is slightly below eye level when you’re sitting at the keyboard. m Position the monitor to minimize glare and reflections on the screen from overhead lights and windows. For further suggestions about locating your computer equipment, consult “Arranging Your Office” in Appendix A (in the section on health-related information). Getting Started 7 8 Chapter 1 2 Connect the monitor power cord to the monitor. On some monitors, the cord is already attached. 3 Plug in the monitor power cord. Some monitor power cords are designed to plug into the back of your computer. Some monitor power cords must be connected to a grounded electrical outlet, not to the computer. Check the information that came with the monitor. Monitor power cord Monitor power socket Monitor power socket WARNING Setting the correct voltage for your computer does not set the voltage for your monitor even if the monitor’s power cord is connected directly to your computer. To protect your monitor, be sure to use the appropriate adapter or voltage converter, if one is necessary. Getting Started 9 Connecting the monitor cable After you plug in the monitor power cord, you connect the monitor cable to the computer’s monitor port. To connect the monitor cable, follow these steps: 1 Attach the monitor cable to the monitor. On some monitors, the cable is already attached. 2 Attach the monitor cable to the monitor port on the back panel of the computer. See the information that came with the monitor to use its special features. Monitor cable ª Monitor port Connecting the mouse and keyboard You have a choice of several keyboards for your Macintosh. The way you connect the mouse and keyboard depends on whether the keyboard has a separate cable or a built-in cable. Connecting a keyboard with a built-in cable 1 Plug the mouse cable into the recessed port on the back of the keyboard. The plug and the port are marked with the × icon (symbol). The positions of the port and icon on your keyboard may be different from those pictured. By the way: A port marked with the × icon is called an Apple Desktop Bus (ADB) port. 2 Plug the keyboard cable into the port marked with the × icon on the back of the computer. Some monitors have a port to which you can connect the keyboard or mouse. See the information that came with your monitor. This cable plugs into the Apple Desktop Bus (ADB) port, marked with the × icon, on the back of the computer. Plug the mouse cable into the recessed port on the keyboard. The flat part of the plug should be pointing down, as shown here. 10 Chapter 1 Connecting a keyboard with a separate cable 1 Plug the mouse cable into the port on either side of the keyboard. Most right-handed people prefer to use the mouse with their right hand; most left-handed people prefer to use their left hand. Plug the mouse into the port on the side you prefer. The plug and the port are marked with the × icon (symbol). Align the symbols before you insert the plug. (The positions of the port and icon on your keyboard may be different from those pictured here.) By the way: A port marked with the × icon is called an Apple Desktop Bus (ADB) port. 2 Plug the keyboard cable (both ends are the same) into the other port on the keyboard. If you plugged the mouse cable in on the right, for example, plug the keyboard cable in on the left. 3 Plug the keyboard cable into the port marked with the × icon on the back of the computer. Some monitors have a port to which you can connect the keyboard or mouse. See the information that came with your monitor. ADB icon Getting Started 11 Connecting other equipment If you are new to the Macintosh, it’s a good idea to get some experience using your computer before you connect other equipment, such as a printer or scanner. To learn basic Macintosh skills, continue with the instructions in this chapter. When you’re ready to connect other equipment to your Macintosh, see the instructions in Chapter 3. Turning the computer on To turn on the computer for the first time, follow these steps: 1 Turn on your monitor. See the information that came with your monitor for the location of the power switch. On Apple monitors, the power switch is usually located on the front of the unit. By the way: When the monitor is plugged into the computer, you only need to turn on the monitor once. From now on, the monitor will turn off automatically when you shut down the computer, and it will turn on automatically when you start up the computer. (If the monitor is not plugged into the computer, it must be turned on separately each time you turn on the computer.) WARNING Setting the correct voltage for your computer does not set the voltage for your monitor even if the monitor’s power cord is connected directly to your computer. To protect your monitor, be sure to use the appropriate adapter or voltage converter, if one is necessary. 12 Chapter 1 2 Turn on your computer by pressing the Power key on the keyboard. The Power key is marked with a triangle. Its location depends on which keyboard you have. You hear a tone from the computer as it starts up. Getting Started 13 3 Check to see what’s on your screen. You’ll see a sequence of messages describing what is happening, followed by the Energy Star dialog box. m If you’re a beginning Macintosh user, press the Return key. m If you’re an experienced Macintosh user, you may want to set your energysaving options now (refer to the “Power & Energy Saving” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu, and “Saving Energy With the Energy Saver Control Panel” later in this chapter). m If, when you press Return, you see the Macintosh desktop (shown here), your system software is already set up correctly. 14 Chapter 1 Macintosh desktop Hard disk icon Skip now to “What’s Next?” m If you see a blinking question mark, see “Solutions to Common Problems” in Chapter 6. m If you see anything else on your screen, or if you see nothing at all, see the section “Problems Turning Your Computer On?” later in this chapter. Note: To save energy, your computer is automatically set to put itself to sleep if you haven’t used it for 30 minutes or more (the screen dims). If your computer attempts to go to sleep while you’re setting it up, simply press a key on the keyboard to “wake it up.” Problems turning your computer on? If you don’t see anything on the screen, check these items to see if you can identify the problem: m Is the computer plugged into a power source? If it is plugged into a power strip, is the power strip turned on? m Is the computer turned on? The power-on light on the front panel should be on. If it isn’t on, press the power button (marked with the symbol I), also on the front panel. m Are the keyboard and mouse cables connected correctly? (Don’t connect or disconnect the keyboard or mouse cable while the computer is on. You could damage your equipment.) m Is the monitor power cord plugged in? m Is the monitor cable attached firmly to both the monitor and computer? m Is the monitor turned on? (Check the power-on light on the front of the monitor.) m Is the brightness control on the monitor adjusted correctly? (On most monitors, the brightness control is marked with the symbol Û.) m Is the computer asleep? (Press a key on the keyboard to wake the computer. It may take a moment or two for the computer to wake up.) Getting Started 15 What’s next? You’ve finished setting up your computer. Continue with one of the following steps: m If you are new to the Macintosh, turn to the next section, “Learning the Basics.” When you’ve learned the basic Macintosh skills, turn to the section “Saving Energy With the Energy Saver Control Panel” to learn how to set energy-saving options for your computer. m If you are an experienced Macintosh user, turn to the section “Saving Energy With the Energy Saver Control Panel” later in this chapter to learn how to set energy-saving options for your computer. Then turn to Chapter 2, “Getting Help,” to learn about Macintosh Guide, your main source of information when you’re working with the Macintosh. m If you want to connect additional equipment, such as a microphone, to your computer, see Chapter 3, “Connecting Additional Equipment,” for instructions. m If you want to install application software on your computer, see Chapter 4, “Installing and Using Application Programs,” for information on setting up your programs. You’ll need this information to properly set up any software programs specifically designed for Power Macintosh computers. IMPORTANT If you need to turn off your computer at any point, please see “Turning the Computer Off” later in this chapter. It is very important to use the correct procedure for shutting down your Macintosh before turning it off. 16 Chapter 1 Learning the basics If you are new to the Macintosh, you should begin by looking at the easy-to-use program called the Macintosh Tutorial. The tutorial teaches you the basic skills you’ll need to use your computer. To start the tutorial, follow these steps: 1 Slide your mouse along your mouse pad or desk. Hold the mouse as shown, with the cable pointing away from you. Rest the heel of your palm on the desk and grasp the sides of the mouse between your thumb and fingers. Use your wrist and fingers to slide the mouse around with the index finger resting on the mouse button. Don’t press the mouse button (under your index finger). Notice that the arrow (8) on the screen moves in the same direction that you move the mouse. If the arrow doesn’t move, make sure that the cables connecting the mouse and keyboard are secure and that your mouse is positioned as shown in the illustration. Mouse button Getting Started 17 2 Move the tip of the arrow (8) to the question mark (h) in the upper-right portion of the screen. If you run out of room on your mouse pad or desk while moving the mouse, pick up the mouse and place it where there’s more room. (The arrow on the screen moves only when the mouse is in contact with the mouse pad or desk.) 3 With the tip of the arrow on the question mark, press and hold down the mouse button. A list of choices (called a menu) appears. This is the Guide (h) menu, which is the place to go when you have a question about how to use your computer. 4 While holding down the mouse button, move the arrow until the words “Macintosh Tutorial” are highlighted, then release the mouse button. A window appears welcoming you to the tutorial. You can set this book aside for now and follow the instructions on the screen. When you have completed the tutorial, return to this book. 18 Chapter 1 Reviewing the basics You can use the following illustrations to review the elements you use on your screen to do work with your computer. Menus The strip across the top of the screen is called the menu bar. The symbols and words in it represent menus of commands. To open a menu, place the pointer on the symbol or word for the menu and press the mouse button. Getting Started 19 Menu Window Icons Application menu You can have several application programs open at once. To see which program is active or to switch from one program to another, use this menu (called the Application menu). Guide menu To find an answer to a question, look in the Guide (h) menu. Icons Icons are small pictures that represent disks, programs, documents and folders. You can double-click any icon to open it and see what it contains. This icon represents your computer’s internal hard disk. Icons like this one represent application programs, which you use to create documents and do other work. Icons like this one represent documents, which you can create and edit. Icons like this one represent folders. A folder contains other icons. To throw away an item you no longer want, drag it to the Trash icon and choose Empty Trash from the Special menu. Windows Windows are boxes that display text, graphics, or icons. To change the shape or position of a window, or to close the window, use the elements shown here. 20 Chapter 1 Scroll arrow To bring hidden portions of a window’s contents into view, click one of the four scroll arrows. Close box To close a window, click the close box. Title bar To move a window, drag it by the middle of the title bar (anywhere in the bar except the small boxes). Size box To change the shape or size of a window, drag the size box. To bring a partially covered window to the front, click anywhere in it. Saving energy with the Energy Saver control panel When you save energy, you save natural resources and reduce pollution. Your Power Macintosh contains features that automatically save energy. You can increase the energy savings by using the Energy Saver control panel to turn your computer off if you won’t be using it for a while—for example, overnight or over the weekend. The Energy Star dialog box (shown in step 3 of “Turning the Computer On” earlier in this chapter) appears every time you start your computer until you open the Energy Saver control panel. Once you you open the control panel, you can accept the pre-set options shown there, or set your own energy-saving options. If you do not want to set your energy-saving options when the Energy Star dialog box is displayed, you can click Close Message or press Return (the Energy Star dialog box continues to appear when you start your computer). Setting energy-saving options You can get to the Energy Saver control panel by clicking Specify Settings in the Energy Star dialog box that appears when you start your computer or by choosing Control Panels in the Apple (K) menu. The Energy Saver control panel has pre-set options you can accept or you can specify different settings. For more information on using the Energy Saver control panel, refer to the “Power & Energy Saving” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. Getting Started 21 Putting your computer to sleep Your Power Macintosh is pre-set to put itself to sleep after 30 minutes of inactivity. When your computer goes to sleep, the screen dims to save energy and to prevent images from “burning” into the screen. You do not lose any of the information you were working on even if you did not save it before the computer went to sleep. To put your computer to sleep immediately, press the Power key on the keyboard or choose the Sleep command from the Special menu. You can set sleep options using the Energy Saver control panel, available under Control Panels in the Apple (K) menu. Waking your computer from sleep To wake the computer from sleep, press a key on the keyboard. (It may take a moment or two for the computer to awaken.) The documents and application programs you had open when the computer went into sleep are still open and unsaved changes are preserved. Accessing a sleeping computer over a network If your computer is being used as a server, other users can still access it over a network while it is asleep. (The network connection does not have to be established before the computer goes to sleep.) You can set server options in the Energy Saver control panel. Scheduling automatic startup and shutdown You can set your computer to start up and shut down at specified times using the Energy Saver control panel. For information on using the Energy Saver control panel, refer to the “Power & Energy Saving” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. 22 Chapter 1 Turning the computer off Using the Power key To turn the computer off using the Power key on the keyboard, follow these instructions: 1 If the computer is in sleep, press the Power key (or any other key on the keyboard except Caps Lock) to wake it. For information on the sleep feature of your Macintosh see “Saving Energy With the Energy Saver Control Panel” earlier in this chapter. 2 Press and hold the Power key on the keyboard for about 2 seconds. The following dialog box appears on the screen: 3 Press the Return key on the keyboard (or click the Shut Down button in the dialog box). Using the Shut Down command You can also turn your computer off by using the Shut Down command in the Special menu. Follow these steps: 1 If the computer is in sleep, press the Power key (or any key on the keyboard except Caps Lock) to wake it. 2 Move the tip of the arrow to the word “Special” at the top center of the screen. If the word “Special” does not appear in the menu bar at the top of the screen, you’re not working in the Finder, the program you need to be in when you shut down your computer. Choose Finder from the Application menu (at the far right of the menu bar). Then try step 2 again. Getting Started 23 3 With the tip of the arrow on the word Special, press and hold down the mouse button. 4 While holding down the mouse button, move the arrow until the words “Shut Down” are highlighted, then release the button. Trouble? If a problem with the computer prevents you from using the Power key on the keyboard or choosing Shut Down—for example, if the computer “freezes” so that the pointer does not respond to the mouse—you can turn off the computer by pressing the power button (marked with an I) on the front of the computer. Use this method only if you cannot choose Shut Down or Restart (when you press the Power key on the keyboard, or when you open the Special menu). IMPORTANT You could lose unsaved work if you use the power button on the front of the computer to turn off your computer. Only use the power button when there is a problem that prevents the computer from being turned off with the Power key on the keyboard or the Shut Down command. To make sure your work is saved, use the Power key on the keyboard or the Shut Down command. To turn the computer on again, just press the Power key on the keyboard. 24 Chapter 1 Where to find answers When you have questions about using your Macintosh, there are several places you can look for answers. In this book Use this book to help you set up your computer and learn about it, or to find solutions to problems with your equipment. In the Guide menu The Guide menu (marked with the hicon) is your main source of information about the Macintosh. To learn how to get different kinds of help from the Guide menu, see Chapter 2 in this book. In other manuals For answers to questions about other equipment or about application programs you have purchased, see the manuals that came with the equipment or programs. In the About Apple Extras file The Apple Extras folder on your hard disk contains a SimpleText document called About Apple Extras (often called a “Read Me” file) with important information about some of the application programs included with your computer. Read Me files can also be found inside application folders. From Apple’s customer support hotline If you can’t find an answer in any of the materials provided, call the customer support hotline. (The phone number for the hotline is in the service and support information that came with your computer.) If you have problems with a particular application program, contact the manufacturer of the program. Refer to the section “Obtaining Updated Apple Software,” in Chapter 6 for information about getting updated Apple software. Refer to “Ask Apple Online Technical Support,” in the same section of Chapter 6 for information about getting answers to your computer questions using eWorld. User’s Guide Power Macintosh Getting Started 25 27 The Guide menu is your main source of information when you’re working with your computer. The menu is identified by a question mark (h) in the upper-right corner of the screen. 2 Getting Help Use the instructions in this chapter to learn about the help available to you in the Guide menu. Getting answers to your questions When you have a question while working with your computer, you can get the answer by choosing Macintosh Guide from the Guide (h) menu. 1 Pull down the Application menu (in the upper-right corner of the screen) and choose Finder to make it the active application program. A checkmark in the menu indicates that the Finder is the active program. 2 Pull down the Guide menu (marked with the hicon) and choose Macintosh Guide. The Macintosh Guide window appears. Whenever you use Macintosh Guide, its window remains in front of other windows. If the window gets in your way, you can move it by dragging its title bar (the gray bar across the top of the window). 28 Chapter 2 3 Notice the three buttons at the top of the window: Topics, Index, and Look For. Macintosh Guide gives you three ways of finding information: m Topics lets you choose from a list of general subjects; it is like the table of contents in a book. m Index lets you choose from an alphabetical list of more specific subjects; it is like the index in a book. m Look For lets you search for information related to a specific word or phrase that you type. In the following sections you will practice using each method. If you have problems while using Macintosh Guide, see “Tips for Using Macintosh Guide,” at the end of this section. Getting answers with the Topics button 1 In the Macintosh Guide window, click the Topics button. A list of general topics appears on the left side of the Macintosh Guide window. (Depending on the hardware and software you have, the list of topics may look different.) Getting Help 29 2 Click “Setting Options” in the list of topics. When you click any topic area, a list of related questions appears on the right side of the Macintosh Guide window. 3 Click the question “How do I set the time and date?” and then click OK. Or double-click the question. A small window appears with instructions for you to follow. 4 Read and follow the instructions in this window. Macintosh Guide provides step-by-step instructions to answer the question you selected. When you have completed each step, click the right arrow in the lower-right corner to see the next step. 5 When you have completed all the steps, click the Topics (or h) button in the lower-left corner to return to the main Macintosh Guide window. Now continue with the next section. 30 Chapter 2 Click here to see the next step (if there is one). To get instructions, click a question… …and then click OK. If you want to return to the main Macintosh Guide window, click this Topics button. (On some computers, it says “Topics.”) Getting answers with the Index button 1 In the Macintosh Guide window, click the Index button. An alphabetical list of subjects appears on the left side of the window. 2 Scroll through the alphabetical list until the phrase “background pattern” is visible. You can scroll through the list either by dragging the slider to the letter B or by using the scroll bar at the right of the list. 3 Click the phrase “background pattern” in the alphabetical list. When you click any index entry, a list of related questions appears on the right side of the Macintosh Guide window. Getting Help 31 Scroll bar Slider To get instructions, click a question… …and then click OK. 4 Click the question “How do I change the background pattern?” and then click OK. Or double-click the question. A small window appears with instructions for you to follow. 5 Read and follow the instructions in the window. Macintosh Guide provides step-by-step instructions to answer the question you selected. When you have completed each step, click the right arrow in the lower-right corner to see the next step. 6 When you have completed all the steps, click the Topics (or h) button in the lower-left corner to return to the main Macintosh Guide window. Now continue with the next section. 32 Chapter 2 Click here to see the next step (if there is one). If you want to return to the main Macintosh Guide window, click this Topics button. (On some computers, it says “Topics.”) Getting answers with the Look For button 1 In the Macintosh Guide window, click the Look For button. A small box appears on the left side of the window, where you can type text. 2 Click the arrow button to activate the text box. 3 Type “trash” in the text box and then click Search. When you click Search, a list of questions related to the word or phrase you typed appears on the right side of the Macintosh Guide window. Getting Help 33 To get instructions, click a question… …and then click OK. To activate the text box, click here. Type a word or phrase …and then click here. 4 Click the question “How do I turn off the Empty Trash warning?” and then click OK. Or double-click the question. A small window appears with instructions for you to follow. 5 Read and follow the instructions in the window. Macintosh Guide provides step-by-step instructions to answer the question you selected. When you have completed each step, click the right arrow in the lower-right corner to display the next step. 6 When you have completed all the steps, click the close box in the upper-left corner to close Macintosh Guide. 34 Chapter 2 If you want to close Macintosh Guide, click here. Click here to see the next step (if there is one). Getting Help 35 Tips for using Macintosh Guide Here are a few tips for using Macintosh Guide effectively: m Macintosh Guide is available only when you are in the Finder—the desktop area where you can see the icons of disks, folders, and files. (Other programs may also have help available in the Guide menu, however.) If you don’t see Macintosh Guide in the Guide menu, pull down the Application menu (to the right of the Guide menu) and choose Finder. m Follow the steps when you’re instructed to; don’t skip ahead or read ahead. That way the computer can check to make sure you’ve done a step correctly. m Unlike most windows, the Macintosh Guide window stays in front of other windows on the screen so that your instructions are never covered. If you need to move the Guide window out of the way, drag it by the title bar at the top of the window. You can also move the window out of the way by clicking the zoom box. Click the box once to shrink the window; click it a second time to expand the window to its original size. m If you need more information about an instruction or a term, click the button labeled “Huh?” to get further explanation. (The “Huh?” button is dimmed when no additional information is available.) m If you want to return to the main Macintosh Guide window, click the Topics (or h) button in the lower-left corner of the Guide window. m When you’re finished using Macintosh Guide, click the close box in the upper-left corner of the window. Close box Title bar Zoom box Right arrow Topics button (On some computers, it says “Topics.”) “Huh?” button 36 Chapter 2 Identifying objects on the screen Sometimes you’ll see an unfamiliar item on the screen and ask yourself, “What’s that?” You can get an answer by using a Macintosh feature known as Balloon Help. Balloon Help explains the function of icons, menus, commands, and other items on the Macintosh screen in balloons like those you see in comic strips. Follow these steps to use Balloon Help: 1 Pull down the Guide menu (marked with the hicon) and choose Show Balloons. 2 Point to any object on the screen that you want to identify. A balloon appears next to the object. In the following illustration, for example, pointing to the Trash displays a balloon that explains how to use the Trash to throw items away. Although balloons appear next to items when you point to them, the way you work does not change; you can still select icons, choose commands, and so on. 3 When you’re finished using Balloon Help, choose Hide Balloons from the Guide menu. Learning useful shortcuts You can perform many tasks in the Finder more quickly if you use keyboard or mouse shortcuts. For example, instead of clicking an icon and choosing Open from the File menu, you can simply double-click the icon to open it. Follow these steps to learn keyboard and mouse shortcuts: 1 Pull down the Guide menu (marked with the hicon) and choose Shortcuts. The main Macintosh Shortcuts window appears. 2 Click one of the category buttons. Another window appears, describing shortcuts for that category. Getting Help 37 If you want to close the window, click here. Click here to see the next window (if there is one). Click the Topics button to return to the main Macintosh Shortcuts window for more categories. (On some computers, it says “Topics.”) 3 Read about the shortcuts available for the category you selected. Click the right arrow in the lower-right corner of the window to display the next window (if there is one). 4 When you finish reading about the shortcuts for your category, click the Topics (or h) button in the lower-left corner to return to the main Macintosh Shortcuts window. Or click the close box in the upper-left corner to close the window. 38 Chapter 2 Your computer at a glance The illustration on the next page shows a basic Power Macintosh system, ready to use. (Remember that your monitor and keyboard may appear slightly different from the ones pictured here, depending on what you purchased.) You can also expand your computer system by connecting other equipment to it. The illustration of your Power Macintosh system shows where equipment should be connected to your Macintosh. For instructions on connecting audio equipment or SCSI devices, refer to the next two sections of this chapter. For instructions on connecting other equipment, such as a CD-ROM drive, see the manual that came with the equipment. IMPORTANT Make sure each device you add is compatible with your computer and does not exceed the maximum power allowance for that device. If it is a SCSI or ADB device, make sure to turn off your computer before connecting the device. For further information, consult your Apple-authorized dealer, the manufacturer of the component you want to add, or the Technical Information booklet that came with your computer. 39 3 Connecting Additional Equipment Read this chapter for information on expanding your computer system with additional hardware. Your computer’s ports and connectors Printer port (GeoPort) [ Connects your Macintosh to a printer, LocalTalk network, or GeoPort Adapter. Modem port (GeoPort) W Connects an external modem, GeoPort Adapter, or LocalTalk cable to your Macintosh. SCSI port g Connects your Macintosh to SCSI equipment such as external hard disk drives and scanners. Security lock ports F You can attach a security lock to your Macintosh. See your computer products retailer for security lock devices that work with your computer. Ethernet port (AAUI) G Connects your Macintosh to a high-speed Ethernet network using an adapter. Ethernet port (10BASE-T) G Connects your Macintosh to a high-speed 10BASE-T Ethernet network. Monitor port ª Connects a monitor to your Macintosh. Apple Desktop Bus V Connects your Macintosh to an input device, such as a (ADB) port keyboard or a trackball. Keyboard Mouse CD-ROM drive (optional) Monitor (AppleVision AV Display with built-in microphone and stereo speakers shown here) Hard disk drive (internal) Speaker Floppy disk drive Computer Power-on light A green light indicates that the computer is on. IPower button ¹ CD-ROM drive Open/Close button Power key Use this key to turn your computer on and off. Expansion bay Behind the front panel there is an expansion bay for an optional 3-1/2" storage device (1.60" high). 40 Chapter 3 Audio input ports - Connects your Macintosh to the RCA-type audio output ports (left & right) of video or audio equipment such as VCRs and tape decks. Audio output ports - Connects your Macintosh to the RCA-type audio input ports (left & right) of video or audio equipment such as VCRs and tape decks. Composite video ÷ Connects your Macintosh to most VCRs, laserdisc players, input port video cameras, and other video input equipment. Access covers for Your Macintosh supports up to three Peripheral Component expansion slots (3) Interconnect (PCI) cards. S-video input port ¾ Connects your Macintosh to VCRs, laserdisc players, video cameras, or other video input equipment that uses an S-video connector. Sound output port - Connects your Macintosh to headphones, externally powered (amplified) speakers, or other audio output equipment. Sound input port Å Connects your Macintosh to an Apple PlainTalk microphone or other audio input equipment. Monitor power socket Monitor port SCSI port Ethernet port (AAUI) Sound output port Apple Desktop Bus (ADB) port Sound input port Power socket Security lock ports Modem port (GeoPort) Printer port (GeoPort) g G G Ethernet port (10BASE-T) W [ ª ¾ S-video input port Composite video input port ÷ ² V Å Audio input ports (right & left) - - F Access covers for expansion slots (3) Audio output ports (right & left) - Connecting Additional Equipment 41 About your computer’s A/V panel The back of your computer has an A/V panel with ports that allow you to connect a variety of audio input and output and video input devices. Connecting audio equipment Your Macintosh can play and record stereo sound from a variety of sources. You can listen to or reproduce stereo sound by connecting audio equipment to the sound input and output ports on the computer. If you have an internal CD-ROM drive, you can also use your computer to play and record sound from audio compact discs (CDs). For information on using Macintosh system software to choose audio input and output options, record an alert sound, or play audio CDs, see the “Sound” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. S-video input port Connects your Macintosh to the S-video Out port of VCRs, laserdisc players, video cameras, or other video input equipment that uses an S-video connector Composite video input port ¾ Connects your Macintosh to the RCA-type Video Out port of most VCRs, laserdisc players, video cameras, and other video input equipment ÷ Audio input ports (right & left) Connect your Macintosh to the RCA-type Audio Out ports of video or audio equipment such as VCRs and tape decks - Audio output ports (right & left) Connect your Macintosh to the RCA-type Audio In ports of video or audio equipment such as VCRs and tape decks - 42 Chapter 3 Connecting Additional Equipment 43 About your computer’s sound ports The sound input port is marked with an icon of a microphone. The sound output port is marked with an icon of a speaker. The computer’s sound ports accept these 3.5 mm connectors: The smaller connector (a “stereo miniplug”) is found most often on stereo equipment. The slightly longer connector is found on the Apple PlainTalk Microphone and other voice quality microphones. If your equipment has a different type of connector, you can purchase an adapter at an electronics supply store. Stereo miniplug Extended miniplug Sound input port Sound output port Your computer also has ports that accept left and right audio input and output through RCA-type connectors. These connectors are found on devices like VCRs and tape decks (see the previous section, “About Your Computer’s A/V Panel,” for more information on the types of equipment you can attach to these ports). Connecting most audio equipment To play or record sound with your Macintosh, you can attach a microphone, amplifier, tape recorder, headphones, or a pair of speakers. (When you have headphones connected, you don’t hear beeps or other computer noises through the built-in speaker.) For specific instructions on connecting a microphone, skip to the next section, “Connecting and Positioning the Microphone.” For specific instructions on connecting speakers, see “Connecting External Stereo Speakers,” later in this chapter. Follow these steps to connect most audio equipment Macintosh: 1 Make sure that the audio equipment has a cable with a stereo miniplug connector or two RCA-type connectors. 2 Place the audio equipment near the Macintosh. 3 Shut down the Macintosh and turn off the audio equipment. RCA RCA Stereo miniplug RCA RCA-type plug 44 Chapter 3 4 Attach the cable to the audio equipment and to the appropriate sound port on the Macintosh. To hear or record incoming sound on the computer using a cable with a stereo miniplug, connect the audio equipment to the sound input port (X). If you’re using a cable with two RCA-type connectors, connect the audio equipment to the right and left audio input ports (-). To record the sound produced by the computer or play that sound through external speakers using a cable with a stereo miniplug, connect the audio equipment to the sound output port (-). If you’re using a cable with two RCA-type connectors, connect the audio equipment to the right and left audio output ports (-). 5 Turn on the computer and the audio equipment. You’re now ready to begin listening to and working with sound. For more information on working with sound, see the “Sound” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. Connecting and positioning a microphone With appropriate software, you can use the Apple PlainTalk Microphone that comes with some Macintosh computers (or a compatible line-level microphone) to give spoken commands to your Macintosh and to record your voice or other sounds. Do not use the round omnidirectional microphone supplied with some other Macintosh models. Apple PlainTalk Microphone Connecting Additional Equipment 45 Follow these steps to connect and position the microphone: 1 Shut down the Macintosh. 2 Plug the microphone’s connector into the sound input port (X) on the back of the computer. 3 Place the microphone at the top center of the monitor, so that the microphone’s Apple (K) icon is facing you. If you can’t place the microphone on top of the monitor, position the microphone according to these guidelines: m The microphone should be between 1 and 3 feet away from you. m The microphone should be directly in front of you to minimize the effect of background noises. 4 Turn on the computer. You’re now ready to begin using your microphone. To install software that enables you to give spoken commands to the computer, get computer-voice feedback to your spoken commands, and have the computer read text to you, see Chapter 4. For further instructions on how to use speech software, see the “Speech” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. 46 Chapter 3 Connecting external stereo speakers You can take advantage of your computer’s stereo sound output by attaching externally powered (amplified) speakers. 1 Assemble the speakers and the cable you need. You need a cable with stereo miniplugs at each end to connect one or both speakers to the computer. (Some speakers require a dual-plug adapter. Others, like those shown in the next illustration, accept a single stereo miniplug and are joined by standard speaker wires.) You can also use a cable with RCA-style connectors. 2 Turn off the Macintosh. 3 Plug a stereo miniplug into the sound output port (-) on the Macintosh. If you’re using a cable with RCA-style connectors, you should plug them into the left and right audio output ports on the A/V panel instead. 4 Plug a stereo miniplug into the Sound In port on one of the speakers. If the speakers take a dual-plug cable, connect both plugs. 5 Connect the speakers together with speaker wires, if necessary. Your finished connections should look something like this: Audio In port -Sound output port Externally powered speakers Connecting Additional Equipment 47 6 Turn on the computer. Now you hear the computer’s sound through the external speakers. (You may also need to set options in the Video & Sound control panel in order to hear sound through your speakers. Refer to the “Sound” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide [h] menu for more information.) Note: To control the volume of your external speakers, use the Video &Sound control panel to control volume and to set other options for playing sound through the external speakers. If you are playing an audio CD, you may also need to adjust the volume control in the program you’re using to play CDs. Connecting video equipment You can connect video equipment to your Power Macintosh so that you can work with video images on the computer. With your Power Macintosh, you can view video on your monitor, capture single video images, and save digitized video in files. Your Power Macintosh can display and use video images from a variety of sources. To view video on your monitor, you connect video equipment to the video input port on the computer. Your Macintosh can work with two video formats: m S-video m composite video S-video is a high-quality video format used by many video cameras and VCRs. Most televisions, most VCRs, and laserdisc players use the composite format. To find out which format your equipment uses, check the manual that came with your equipment. 48 Chapter 3 S-video connectors The S-video connector is a round plug with several small metal pins. You can plug this type of connector into your computer’s S-video input port. IMPORTANT The S-video connector resembles other Macintosh connectors, such as those for a printer, modem, mouse, or keyboard. Don’t confuse the connectors; they’re not interchangeable. Composite video connectors Many video devices use composite video format instead of S-video. The cables for these devices have RCA-type connectors (plugs). RCA-type plug S-video connector Connecting Additional Equipment 49 Connecting video equipment for input to the computer When you connect video equipment to the Power Macintosh, you can view video on the computer, capture video frames, and hear the sound from the video equipment through the computer’s speaker. The instructions that follow are for connecting a stereo VCR or video camera, but you can use them as a model for connecting your computer to any video equipment. Before you start, do the following: m Make sure that the VCR or camera has either a composite (RCA plug) port or an S-video port. m Place the VCR or video camera near the Macintosh. m Shut down the Macintosh and turn off the VCR or video camera. Then follow these steps: 1 Assemble the cables you need to connect the VCR or camera to the Macintosh. Depending on what kind of ports your VCR or camera has, you’ll need different cables (available at an electronics supply store). m If your equipment has S-video ports, you’ll need the following cables: Video cable with S-video connectors at each end. Audio cable with dual RCA plugs at each end. m If your equipment has composite video ports (RCA-type ports), you’ll need an all-in-one cable with one video and two audio RCA-type plugs at each end. (The red connector is for the right audio port, the white connector is for the left audio port, and the yellow connector is for composite video.) RCA RCA RCA RCA S-video S-video 50 Chapter 3 2 Attach one end of the video cable to the Video Out port on the VCR or camera. Follow the directions that came with the VCR or camera. 3 Plug the other end of the video cable into either the S-video input port (¾) or the composite video input port (÷) on the Macintosh. If the connector doesn’t slide easily into the port, realign it and try again. Don’t use force, which could damage the computer or cable. 4 Plug the RCA connectors on the audio cable into the left and right Audio Out ports on the VCR or camera. 5 Plug the RCA connectors on the audio cable into the left and right audio input ports (-) on the computer. Composite video connection for input from a VCR Composite video input port Audio input ports (left and right) Video Out port Audio Out ports (left and right) Triple RCA-plug cable (available at most electronics supply stores) VCR - ÷ Connecting Additional Equipment 51 S-video connection for input from a VCR Composite video connection for input from a camera Composite video input port Audio Out ports Video Out port (left and right) Triple RCA-plug cable (available at most electronics supply stores) ÷ Audio input ports (left and right) - S-video input port S-video Out port S-video cable VCR ¾ Audio input ports (left and right) Audio Out ports (left and right) - Dual RCA-plug cable (available at most electronics supply stores) 52 Chapter 3 S-video connection for input from a camera 6 Turn on the computer and the VCR or video camera. You can now begin working with the video equipment connected to your Macintosh. For instructions on how to view video, capture single images, and use video in other ways, see the “Video” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. S-video input port S-video Out port S-video cable ¾ Audio input ports (left and right) Audio Out ports (left and right) - Dual RCA-plug cable (available at most electronics supply stores) Connecting Additional Equipment 53 Connecting external SCSI devices Your computer has a port for connecting devices that use the Small Computer System Interface (SCSI, pronounced “skuh-zee”). The SCSI port permits high-speed communication between the computer and the device. The SCSI icon appears above the port on the computer’s back panel. You can connect SCSI devices to the SCSI port in a chain. The first device in the chain plugs into the SCSI port; the second device plugs into the first device, and so on. SCSI devices commonly used with the Macintosh include hard disk drives, CD-ROM drives, scanners, some printers, and tape or cartridge backup drives. You can attach up to seven external SCSI devices to the SCSI port. However, if you have a second internal hard disk connected to this SCSI chain you can attach only six external SCSI devices to the port. All SCSI devices connected to this chain must have their own unique ID number. Note: In addition to the external SCSI port, your computer has a second, internal SCSI connection. The internal hard disk drive that came with the computer is connected to this internal SCSI interface. If your computer came with a CD-ROM player, it is also attached to the internal SCSI interface. An authorized Apple dealer or service provider can attach additional devices to the internal SCSI interface. For more information about the SCSI interfaces, see the Technical Information booklet that came with your computer. All devices on the same SCSI chain must have unique ID numbers, but devices on different SCSI chains may use the same SCSI ID number. (For example, you could have a CD-ROM player with ID number 3 connected to the internal SCSI chain and a tape drive with ID number 3 connected to the external SCSI chain.) IMPORTANT “Before You Connect a Device” and “Connecting a SCSI Device,” both later in this section, contain general instructions for attaching SCSI devices to your computer. Be sure also to follow the specific instructions that came with your external hard disk drive or other SCSI device when connecting the device to your Macintosh. SCSI port SCSI icon 54 Chapter 3 Before you connect a device Before you connect a SCSI device to your Macintosh, be sure to complete these tasks: m Make sure each SCSI device connected to your Macintosh has its own, unique ID number from 0 to 6 (or from 1 to 6 if you have a second internal hard disk installed). See the instructions that came with each SCSI device for information on checking and setting its SCSI ID number. IMPORTANT If you use two or more devices attached to the same SCSI interface with the same ID number, your equipment could malfunction and you could lose data as a result. m Make sure you have the appropriate cable for attaching the SCSI device to your Macintosh. If the device is the first or only one you’re connecting, use a SCSI system cable to connect it to the computer’s SCSI port: If the device is not the first one, use a SCSI peripheral interface cable to connect it to the last device in the chain: SCSI peripheral interface cable SCSI system cable Connecting Additional Equipment 55 IMPORTANT The total length of the cables in a SCSI chain should not exceed 6 meters (20 feet). SCSI cables must have a 110-ohm impedance. For best results, use SCSI cables manufactured by Apple Computer. m Make sure that the last (or only) device in the SCSI chain has a terminator. Make sure that no other external SCSI device has a terminator. To ensure accurate transmission of information, a terminator must be at each end of a SCSI chain. Your internal hard disk, which is the first device in the chain, has a built-in terminator. Some external SCSI devices from manufacturers other than Apple have built-in terminators. (Check the information that came with the device.) If the device at the end of the SCSI chain does not have a built-in terminator, you need to attach an external terminator. If your SCSI device has a built-in terminator, you may choose to use it as your first or last device in the chain, or you may have your Apple-authorized service provider remove any extra built-in terminators. You can attach or remove external terminators yourself. SCSI terminator 56 Chapter 3 Connecting a SCSI device Use these general instructions in conjunction with the instructions that came with your SCSI device: 1 Turn off your Macintosh. 2 Make sure the SCSI device is switched off. 3 Use a SCSI cable to connect the device either to the computer’s SCSI port or to the last SCSI device already in the chain. 4 Turn on all devices in your SCSI chain. IMPORTANT Always turn on any external SCSI devices connected to your Macintosh before turning on the computer itself. Otherwise, your computer won’t be able to recognize that the SCSI devices are connected to it and your computer may not be able to start. 5 Install any necessary device drivers (software that makes a device work with your computer). Drivers needed for a SCSI device usually come on a floppy disk with the device. (If no drivers come with the device, contact the device manufacturer.) Note: If you experience problems after connecting a SCSI device, see the troubleshooting information in Chapter 6 for possible solutions. Expanding memory The random-access memory (RAM) in your computer can be expanded. Installing additional RAM adds more memory chips to your computer and expands its capabilities. The Technical Information booklet that came with your computer describes how additional memory can be installed in your Power Macintosh. WARNING Do not connect or disconnect any device while the device or your Macintosh is turned on. Doing so could damage the device, your computer, or both. Connecting Additional Equipment 57 Memory for your computer is provided in packages called Dual Inline Memory Modules (DIMMs). Adding dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) DIMMs increases your computer’s memory. The DIMMs must be the correct type for your computer, and can be installed one-at-a-time. For best performance, however, the DIMMs should be installed in pairs of the same size into paired slots in your computer. Installing a cache DIMM can also increase your computer’s performance. The memory used to display images on the screen (called video RAM, or VRAM) can also be expanded by installing DIMMs. It is very important that the DIMMs be correctly installed in your Power Macintosh, because incorrect installation can result in errors, unpredictable results, and damage to your equipment and data. Installing internal drives Your Macintosh can hold up to four internal storage devices. Possible configurations could include a floppy disk drive, a CD-ROM drive, and two hard disk drives (several capacities are available) or a CD-ROM drive, a floppy disk drive, a removable cartridge drive, and a digital audio tape (DAT) drive. Depending on the configuration you purchased, these drives may already be installed. If you want to add an internal drive to your Macintosh, see your Apple-authorized dealer. For more information about internal drives, see the Technical Information booklet that came with your Macintosh. WARNING Although instructions for installing DIMMs are provided in the Technical Information booklet that came with your computer, Apple Computer recommends that you have an Apple-certified technician install additional DRAM, VRAM, or cache DIMMs. Consult the service and support information that came with your computer for instructions on how to contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for service. If you install additional DIMMs yourself, you risk damaging your equipment and this damage is not covered by the limited warranty on your computer. See an Apple-authorized dealer or service provider for additional information about this or any other warranty question. 58 Chapter 3 Connecting network cables Your Macintosh can be connected to a high-speed Ethernet network via an AAUI Ethernet connector or a high-speed 10BASE-T Ethernet connector. You can also connect to a LocalTalk network. It is possible to be physically connected to more than one kind of network at the same time, but you can use only one of your connections at one time. If both 10BASE-T and AAUI networks are connected, your Macintosh automatically uses the 10BASE-T connection. If 10BASE-T and LocalTalk are connected, your Macintosh uses the 10BASE-T connection. If AAUI and LocalTalk are connected, your Macintosh uses the AAUI connection. About Macintosh networking Your Power Macintosh can connect to a network that consists of as few as two computers or as many as thousands or even millions of computers and other devices. The network allows you and the other people connected to it to share information, access remote services, and share computing resources such as printers and modems. A network extends the features of your Macintosh by extending your reach to the services and resources provided on the network. For example, your computer alone lets you store, retrieve, and modify information on floppy disks, hard disks, and CD-ROM discs. On a network, however, you can also store and retrieve information on the hard disks and CD-ROM discs of other computers, access information that other people have stored for you, or use mail or other network services. Your computer comes equipped with two built-in network interfaces: LocalTalk and Ethernet. You can also purchase additional Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) cards for alternative networks such as TokenRing, ISDN, or FDDI. To connect your computer to a network you need to do two things: connect your computer to the network using the appropriate cable, and set up your network configuration in the AppleTalk control panel, the TCP/IP control panel, or both. Connecting Additional Equipment 59 To set up your network configuration, open the AppleTalk control panel to choose the physical network interface you are using. (The AppleTalk control panel also contains zone information—a default zone is chosen for you.) If you plan to use TCP/IP on your Power Macintosh, you also need to choose settings in the TCP/IP control panel. You can set up your connection in two ways: manually, by entering a static Internet address, or automatically by using a network service to connect with a dynamic Internet address. Refer to the “Networking & Communications” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide [h] menu for more information on setting up network configurations. If you’re using a static Internet address, you’ll need the following information before configuring your system (your network administrator or Internet access provider can provide this information): m Internet (IP) address: for example, 192.3.232.55 m Domain name and domain name server address: A domain connects an Internet address to a name for your site, for example, apple.com. Enter your Domain name or type a period (.). m Gateway address: This address provides the path the information will take through the network at your site to reach the Internet. m Subnet mask: A subnet mask further defines the location of your machine. You don’t need to change the default unless instructed to do so by your network administrator. If you’re using a server on the network that will be issuing you an Internet address using a technique called bootstrapping, then you need to decide what protocol you will use: BOOTP (BOOTstrap Protocol), or DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol). Your network administrator will tell you which to choose. If you see an error message after configuring your AppleTalk and TCP/IP control panels, such as, “Unable to locate host,” or “Could not create a socket,” your software is unable to reach the Internet. This indicates a problem in the TCP/IP configuration. Contact your network administrator for additional assistance. 60 Chapter 3 61 Read this chapter for information on installing and working with application programs on your computer. Installing application programs Your computer has several application programs already installed, as well as some programs that need to be installed before you can use them. The programs that come with your computer include m AppleScript, which allows you to automate any actions you perform repeatedly on your Macintosh m Drive Setup, which enables you to initialize, test, and update hard disks and other storage media. Drive Setup lets you partition very large disks (up to 2 terabytes). m PowerTalk, which provides built-in mail and collaboration services m eWorld, a program that lets you send and receive electronic mail and gives you access to a range of online information and services m text-to-speech software that allows your Macintosh to speak typed text in compatible applications such as SimpleText m Speakable Items, speech recognition software that lets you give spoken commands to the computer and have the computer respond by executing the commands and giving computer-voice feedback You’ll find these and other programs in the Apple Extras folder on your hard disk. (However, eWorld is in its own folder on your hard disk, and Drive Setup is in the Utilities folder.) To find out if a program needs to be installed, look inside the program’s folder for an icon labeled Installer. If you find an Installer icon and want to use that program, double-click the Installer and follow the instructions on the screen. 4 Installing and Using Application Programs If you have questions about installing and using an application program, refer to Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu and the Read Me files for the program. (Read Me files are text files that contain additional information about application programs. They are usually found inside the program’s folder.) IMPORTANT If your computer did not come with a CD-ROM drive and you did not get the CD-ROM disc that contains system software, be sure to make a backup copy of the programs in the Apple Extras folder. Backup copies allow you to restore your software if anything should go wrong. It is a good idea to always make backup copies of application programs and other software. You’ll probably want to buy and install additional programs. See the manuals you receive with your programs for instructions on installing and using them. In most cases, you’ll install an application program on your internal hard disk from a CD-ROM disc that contains the program. The illustration shows how to insert a CD-ROM disc into your computer’s CD-ROM drive, the disc lying flat with the label side up. For instructions on how to eject CD-ROM discs, see “Ejecting a CD-ROM Disc” in Chapter 5. Some application programs come on floppy disks. See the “Disks” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu, for information on inserting and ejecting floppy disks. 62 Chapter 4 To use your programs most effectively, follow these guidelines: m To avoid installation problems, turn off virus protection programs and use Apple Extensions Manager to turn off system extensions (except for Macintosh Easy Open) before you install any software. To start Apple Extensions Manager, restart your computer while holding down the Space bar. Use Apple Extensions Manager to turn off all system extensions except Macintosh Easy Open (this extension is needed to rebuild the desktop correctly). To turn extensions back on, use Apple Extensions Manager to turn them on, then restart your computer. m Put only one copy of each program on your hard disk. Having more than one copy can cause errors. m Whenever you copy a program disk to your hard disk, be careful not to copy a System Folder. Always check to see what you’ve copied, and drag any extra System Folders to the Trash. m If a program malfunctions consistently, try installing a fresh copy. If that doesn’t help, find out from the software manufacturer whether your version of the program is compatible with the hardware and system software you’re using. Working with several programs at a time You can open as many application programs and desk accessories as your computer’s memory allows. All open programs are listed in the Application menu at the right end of the menu bar. The name of the active program (the one you’re using right now) has a checkmark next to it, and its icon appears in the menu bar. Installing and Using Application Programs 63 A checkmark indicates the active program. Commands to hide or display open windows Open programs The Finder icon Finding out which programs are open If you have several programs and windows open, you can find out which program is active and which other programs are open by pulling down the Application menu. Switching programs You can switch to another open program or desk accessory by choosing its name from the Application menu. If a program’s icon is dimmed in the menu, that means its windows are hidden. Choosing the program from the Application menu displays its windows. You can also switch to another program by clicking in a window that belongs to an open program or by double-clicking a program icon (or the icon of a document that was created with the program). Hiding and showing windows on the desktop You can hide all windows except those of the active program by choosing Hide Others from the Application menu. The other programs remain open even though their windows are hidden. When you switch to another program, its windows become visible again. If you want to see all the open windows, choose Show All from the Application menu. 64 Chapter 4 Backing up your files Making backup copies of important files is good protection against possible damage to the originals. m You can back up files stored on your hard disk by copying them to floppy disks. m You can back up an entire floppy disk by copying it to another floppy disk of the same capacity or larger, or by copying it to a hard disk. m You can use a commercial backup program to copy new and changed files from a hard disk to another hard disk, to a tape drive, or to a series of floppy disks. m If your computer is on a network, you may be able to back up files by copying them to a shared disk on the network. Using Power Macintosh application programs Your Power Macintosh is compatible with most application programs intended for use with Macintosh computers. But certain programs are designed especially for Power Macintosh computers. (These are sometimes called “native” applications.) You’ll find that these programs take best advantage of your computer’s speed. Special memory requirements Some Power Macintosh programs may be slightly larger than other programs and may take up more memory. If you find that you are running out of memory when you use your Power Macintosh programs, you can use space on your computer’s hard disk as additional memory (called “virtual memory”). For instructions on how to use hard disk space as memory, see the “Memory” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. You can also add more memory to your computer, as described in “Expanding Memory” in Chapter 3. Installing and Using Application Programs 65 Shared libraries Power Macintosh programs use special files called shared libraries. These files help Power Macintosh programs to run more efficiently, and can be used by more than one Power Macintosh program simultaneously. Any necessary shared libraries are installed automatically in the System Folder when you install Power Macintosh programs. If a Power Macintosh program requires a shared library and there is not enough memory available for the shared library, you’ll see a message that the program could not be opened because of insufficient system memory. If this happens, see the “Memory” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu, for instructions on increasing available memory. If a required shared library is missing, you’ll see a message that the program could not be opened because the shared library could not be found. If this happens, follow the directions that came with your program to reinstall the program. If the shared library is still missing, contact the program’s manufacturer for assistance. 66 Chapter 4 67 Read this chapter for information on using the optional internal CD-ROM (Compact Disc Read-Only Memory) drive, if your computer has one. (CD-ROM drives are also sometimes called CD-ROM players.) Refer to Appendix A, “Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips,” for information on the proper handling of CD-ROM discs. Your internal CD-ROM drive works with CD-ROM discs, standard audio compact discs (CDs), and single-session or multisession Photo CDs. Your CD-ROM drive provides access to large amounts of information. However, you cannot save information on CD-ROM discs. ROM stands for read-only memory, meaning that the player cannot “write” information onto CD-ROM discs. A wide selection of CD-ROM discs is available for entertainment, education, and business. A typical disc can hold over 650 megabytes (MB) of information—the equivalent of 270,000 pages of text, up to 8 hours of speech or music (depending on the sound quality), hundreds of highresolution images, or any combination of text, sound, and graphics. 5 Using the Optional CD-ROM Drive Read this chapter for information on using the internal CD-ROM drive, if your computer has one. Chapter 5 Inserting a CD-ROM disc Follow these instructions to insert a CD-ROM disc into your CD-ROM drive. Then follow the instructions provided with your disc, as well as the instructions in this manual. 1 Start up your Macintosh computer, if it’s not already on. 2 Press the Open/Close button to open the tray of the CD-ROM drive. The tray opens. 3 Place a CD-ROM disc in the tray, with the disc label facing up. Make sure the disc is lying flat and centered in the tray. If you are using a small (8 cm) disc, make sure it is centered within the inside ring on the tray. 4 Push the tray in, or press the Open/Close button, to close the tray. In a few moments, an icon for the CD-ROM disc appears on your screen. Open/Close button 68 Using the Optional CD-ROM Drive Ejecting a CD-ROM disc Follow these instructions to open the tray and eject a CD-ROM disc from your computer. IMPORTANT You may not be able to eject a disc if it is being shared. To turn off file sharing, use the Sharing Setup control panel. 1 Open the tray. There are several ways to open the tray of your CD-ROM drive. If a CD-ROM disc icon appears on your screen: m Select the disc icon on your screen and drag the icon to the Trash. m Click the disc icon, then choose the Put Away command in the File menu. m While the AppleCD Audio Player window is active, choose Eject CD from the File menu, or simultaneously press the x and E keys. (AppleCD Audio Player is a program that allows you to control your CD-ROM drive and is available in the Apple [K] menu.) If no CD-ROM disc icon appears on your screen: m Press the Open/Close button for your CD-ROM drive. 2 Take the CD-ROM disc out of the tray. Store your disc in a safe place, away from heat, dust, and moisture. 3 Push the tray in, or press the Open/Close button, to close the tray. To avoid possible damage to the tray or the CD-ROM drive, keep the tray closed when you are not using it. 69 Playing audio CDs With your CD-ROM drive and your computer’s built-in speaker, you can play audio compact discs (CDs) or audio tracks on CD-ROM discs. You can also attach headphones or speakers to the computer to listen to audio CDs and audio tracks. See Chapter 3, “Connecting Additional Equipment,” for information on connecting sound equipment to your computer. Note that you may need to set control panel options in order to play audio CD-ROM discs. Refer to the “Sound” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. To start, stop, and otherwise control audio discs, use the AppleCD Audio Player program, available in the Apple (K) menu. Your audio CD software will only play tracks that contain audio information. You can listen to an audio CD or audio tracks in the background while you do other work on your computer. For more information about playing audio CDs, see the “CD-ROM Discs” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. 70 Chapter 5 Using the Optional CD-ROM Drive Working with Photo CDs You can use your CD-ROM drive to open Photo CD images stored on Photo CDs. A Photo CD image is a digitized version of a standard photograph that you can open and view on your computer screen. You can do many things with the images on your Photo CDs: m Open and view the images individually on your computer screen. m View the images on your computer screen in a series, as you would view a slide presentation. m Copy and save the images, print them, paste them into word-processing documents or other documents that accept graphics, and edit them with a graphics application program. Photo CD images are an excellent source of graphics for desktop publishing, multimedia presentations, business documents, and professional-quality graphic design. For more information on working with Photo CD images, see the “CD-ROM Discs” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. 71 Sharing a CD-ROM disc over a network You can share a CD-ROM disc using the file-sharing feature of System 7.5.2. If the disc has audio portions, you will be able to hear the audio yourself, but other people on the network will not. Likewise, you cannot hear the audio portions of discs you access over a network. For further information about file sharing in System 7.5.2, see the “Networks & Telecommunications” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. 72 Chapter 5 IpaIrt Chapter 6 Troubleshooting 75 Consult this chapter if you experience problems using your computer. When you have questions If you want to know how to do a particular task with your computer, refer to Macintosh Guide in the Guide (h) menu. For instructions on using Macintosh Guide, see “Getting Help,” Chapter 2 of this manual. If you have trouble While you’re using your computer, you may occasionally see a bomb icon or an error message, or the pointer (8) may “freeze” on the screen. If you have trouble with your computer, take a few minutes to read the information in this chapter. If your problem is related to a particular procedure, you should also look for information on that procedure in Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. For additional troubleshooting information and a list of common questions relating to your system software, see the “Troubleshooting” topic of Macintosh Guide. 6 Troubleshooting If you are unable to access Macintosh Guide (for example, if your screen is “frozen”), refer to this chapter to see if you can resolve the problem. Take your time When you see an error message, you don’t have to take action immediately. The message stays on the screen until you click the OK button (or Restart) or turn off the computer. To help diagnose and correct the problem, gather as much information on the situation as you can. Then follow the instructions in the next section, “Start Over.” m Make a note of exactly what you were doing when the problem occurred. Write down the message on the screen and its ID number (if any). Also list the programs you were using and the names of any items you know have been added to the System Folder since the system software was installed. This information will help a service person diagnose the problem. (It is helpful to keep a printed copy of the items in your System Folder. For instructions on printing the contents of a folder, see the “Printing & Fonts” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide [h] menu.) m Check the screen for any clues. Is a menu selected? What programs and document icons are open? Note anything else that seems relevant. m If you were typing text and were not able to save it before the problem occurred, you can write down the parts of the text still visible on the screen so that some of your work will be easy to replace. m Ask other Macintosh users about the problem you’re having; they may have a solution for it. WARNING If you have a problem with your computer and nothing presented in this chapter solves it, consult the service and support information that came with your computer for instructions on how to contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for assistance. If you attempt to repair the computer yourself, any damage you may cause to the computer will not be covered by the limited warranty on your computer. Contact an Apple-authorized dealer or service provider for additional information about this or any other warranty question. 76 Chapter 6 If you need repair service, consult the service and support information that came with your computer for instructions on how to contact an Appleauthorized service provider or Apple for assistance. If you know that the problem is with a particular application program, contact the manufacturer of that software for assistance. Start over Often you can eliminate a problem simply by clearing the computer’s memory and starting over. If you can, save any open documents before restarting the Macintosh. If your system is frozen and does not respond to anything you do, or if you have a “bomb” message on the screen, saving may not be possible. You can try pressing x-Option-Esc to quit the program in use when the problem occurred; if this works, you can then save the documents open in other programs before restarting. (Be sure to restart the computer immediately after you save your documents—quitting a program using x-Option-Esc may leave corrupted data in the computer’s memory. This corrupted data is erased when you restart the computer.) To restart your Macintosh, try the following solutions: m If you can, choose Restart from the Special menu or from the dialog box that’s on the screen. Dialog boxes contain messages from the computer. If something goes wrong, a message may appear on the screen, asking you to restart the computer. m If you can’t choose Restart, press the Power key on the keyboard. Select Restart from the dialog box that appears. m If the Power key on the keyboard doesn’t work, hold down the x and Control keys while you press the Power key on the keyboard (marked with a triangle). This key combination restarts the computer. (Use this key combination only when you can’t choose Restart from the Special menu.) Troubleshooting 77 m Turn off your computer with the power button on the front panel of the computer, wait at least 10 seconds, and then turn it on again. If the computer does not turn off, try pressing and holding down the power button for 3 to 4 seconds. m If the power button doesn’t turn off the computer, unplug your Macintosh. m If you suspect that the problem is with other equipment, such as a printer or an external hard disk that’s attached to your computer, turn that equipment off and restart the Macintosh. Rebuild your desktop regularly A process known as “rebuilding the desktop” helps your Macintosh keep track of data on your startup disks. Although you usually use the hard disk in your computer as a startup disk, you can also start up from any other disk that has system software installed. It’s a good idea to rebuild the desktop of your startup disks once a month or so. To rebuild the desktop of a startup disk, follow these steps: 1 While holding down the Space bar, restart your computer. Do not release the Space bar until you see the Extensions Manager control panel. 2 Use the Extensions Manager control panel to turn off all extensions except Macintosh Easy Open. 3 While holding down the x and Option keys, close the Extensions Manager control panel. The desktop is rebuilt. 4 Open the Extensions Manager control panel again and turn back on all the extensions you turned off. 78 Chapter 6 Solutions to common problems This section contains descriptions of problems you could experience with your computer. Some problems may be caused by your CD-ROM drive, so if you don’t find your problem here, be sure to check the section “Solutions to CD-ROM Problems” later in this chapter. The computer is turned on but the screen is dark. One of the following is probably the cause: m The computer is in sleep mode. Press a key on the keyboard. m You have a screen saver program that darkens the screen when the computer has not been used for a certain period. Press a key or move the mouse to turn off the screen saver. m The monitor’s brightness control (Û) is not adjusted properly. Check the monitor’s brightness control and turn it up if necessary. m The Macintosh or the monitor is not getting power. If you have a separate monitor, check that the monitor is plugged in and turned on and that the monitor cable is firmly connected to both the computer and the monitor. Check that the computer’s power cord is firmly connected to the computer and plugged into a grounded electrical outlet and that the outlet has power. If you have more than one monitor, and only one is dark, check that it is set up correctly in the Monitors control panel. For information on using more than one monitor, see the “Monitors” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. m If none of these steps solves the problem, you may need to reset your computer’s parameter RAM (PRAM). Reset PRAM by turning off the computer and disconnecting all external SCSI devices. Next, restart the Macintosh while holding down the key combination x-Option-p-r. Wait for the second startup chime, then release the keys. (Note that the “caps lock” key must be in the up position. This procedure won’t work with the upper case “P” and “R” keys.) Troubleshooting 79 The computer’s clock keeps time inaccurately. Your computer has a clock that runs continuously. When the computer is turned off, a battery keeps the clock running. If your clock begins to keep time inaccurately, have an Apple-authorized service provider replace the battery. Consult the service and support information that came with your computer for instructions on how to contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for assistance. When you start up, a disk icon with a blinking question mark appears in the middle of the screen. This icon indicates that your Macintosh cannot find the system software it needs to start up. One of the following is probably the cause: m Your computer may be having a problem recognizing external equipment that uses the Small Computer System Interface (SCSI). Shut down the computer, turn off all external SCSI equipment, and disconnect the first SCSI device in the chain from your computer’s SCSI port. Then restart the computer. If the computer starts up after you disconnect your SCSI equipment, refer to the manuals that came with the equipment for information on the proper way to connect SCSI equipment and assign SCSI ID numbers. If you have a printer connected to your computer’s SCSI port, make sure your printer is not supposed to be connected to the printer port instead. Check the manuals that came with your printer for information on how to connect it properly. 80 Chapter 6 m System software may not be installed on the startup hard disk, the system software may be damaged, or the hard disk may not be working properly. Start up your computer using the Disk Tools floppy disk or (if you have a built-in CD-ROM drive) with the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. (For instructions on how to start up your computer from the CD-ROM disc, see “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” later in this chapter.) Then follow the instructions in “Repairing a Damaged Disk” later in this chapter to test your startup hard disk and repair any damage. If repairing the disk doesn’t help, follow the instructions in “Installing or Reinstalling System Software” later in this chapter to reinstall system software on your startup hard disk. When you try to start up from a floppy disk, a disk icon with an X appears in the middle of the screen, and the floppy disk is ejected. This icon indicates that the floppy disk you tried to start up from is not a startup disk. Wait a few seconds. The computer should start up from its internal hard disk. Make sure you insert floppy disks only after the computer has begun starting up. Troubleshooting 81 A “sad Macintosh” icon appears, and the computer won’t start up. This icon indicates that your Macintosh cannot start up because of a problem with the system software or the computer hardware. Eject any floppy disks by turning off the computer and then holding down the mouse button while you turn the computer on again. Try starting up with the Disk Tools floppy disk or (if you have a built-in CD-ROM drive) with the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. (For instructions on how to start up your computer from the CD-ROM disc, see “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” later in this chapter.) If the “sad Macintosh” icon appears again, consult the service and support information that came with your computer for information on contacting an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for assistance. The hard disk icon does not appear on the desktop. If you don’t see a hard disk icon on the desktop, try the following: m Use the Drive Setup program to make the disk available. Drive Setup is located in the Apple Extras folder. For instructions, start Drive Setup, then choose Drive Setup Guide from the Guide (h) menu. m If the hard disk is internal, shut down your computer, wait at least 10 seconds, and then turn it on again. m If the hard disk is external, make sure that it is turned on and that its cable is connected firmly; then restart the Macintosh. m Check the ID numbers of all SCSI equipment connected to your computer. No two SCSI devices on the same SCSI chain can have the same ID number. In addition, there are special requirements for assigning SCSI ID numbers that don’t conflict with your computer or its internal storage devices. See Chapter 3 and the manuals that came with your SCSI equipment for information on setting SCSI ID numbers. 82 Chapter 6 m If the hard disk is your startup disk, start your computer using the Disk Tools floppy disk or (if you have a built-in CD-ROM drive) with the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. (For instructions on how to start up your computer from the CD-ROM disc, see “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” later in this chapter.) Then follow the instructions in “Repairing a Damaged Disk” later in this chapter to test your startup hard disk and repair any damage. If repairing the disk doesn’t help, follow the instructions in “Installing or Reinstalling System Software” later in this chapter to reinstall system software on your startup hard disk. Icons do not appear correctly on your screen. You need to rebuild the desktop—a process that helps your Macintosh keep track of files and folders on your hard disk. For instructions, see “Rebuild Your Desktop Regularly” in the section “If You Have Trouble” earlier in this chapter. Your Macintosh can’t read a floppy disk. If you see a message that a floppy disk is unreadable, try one of the following: m If the disk has never been used, you may simply need to initialize it. For instructions, see the “Disks” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. m The disk may be damaged. See “Repairing a Damaged Disk” later in this chapter for information on testing and repairing disks. m If the disk is a high-density disk previously used on another computer, the disk may have been formatted incorrectly as an 800K disk rather than as a 1440K (high-density) disk. If so, use the other computer to copy the disk’s contents onto a properly formatted disk. m The disk may have been formatted for use on another kind of computer. You may be able to use a program that lets you work with such disks on your Macintosh. You can’t eject a floppy disk. If you can’t eject a floppy disk in the usual way, try the following in order: m Hold down the x and Shift keys and press the number 1 key on your keyboard to eject a disk in the internal disk drive. Troubleshooting 83 m Turn off the computer. If the disk isn’t ejected, then hold down the button on your mouse or other pointing device while you turn the computer on again. m Locate the small hole near the disk drive’s opening, and carefully insert the end of a large straightened paper clip into it. Push gently until the disk is ejected. Do not use excessive force. If none of these solutions works, take the computer or disk drive to your Apple-authorized service provider to have the disk removed. You installed a CD-ROM drive after you bought your computer and your computer won’t restart after you’ve copied software for your CD-ROM drive to the System Folder. m If you attempt to install software for your CD-ROM drive without using the Installer, you may not be able to restart your computer. Restart the computer while holding down the Shift key (to turn off system extensions) and then remove any CD-ROM software files you copied by dragging them to the Trash. Reinstall the software according to the instructions that came with the drive. If this procedure doesn’t solve the problem, restart your computer using the Disk Tools floppy disk or the CD-ROM disc containing system software that came with your computer. (For instructions on starting your computer using a floppy disk, see “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” later in this chapter.) Your computer won’t restart, and a CD-ROM disc is in the CD-ROM drive. m Your computer may be trying to start up from the CD-ROM disc. Press the Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive to open the tray and remove the CD-ROM disc. Close the tray, then restart your computer. 84 Chapter 6 You can’t start an application program, or it quits unexpectedly. Or, when you try to open a program, you see a message that not enough memory is available. One of the following is probably the cause: m The Macintosh ran out of memory. Quit the programs that you have open and then open the program you want to use, or restart your Macintosh. Make sure virtual memory is turned on (unless you changed the memory setting, virtual memory was already turned on for you at the factory). If it isn’t, use the Memory control panel to turn on virtual memory. For more information on virtual memory, see the “Memory” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. m The program needs more memory. Use the program’s Info window to give it more memory. For more information on increasing a program’s memory, see the “Memory” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. m The program is a non-Power Macintosh application program running in emulation mode that requires a separate floating-point unit (FPU). It cannot use the built-in FPU on your computer’s microprocessor. Check the documentation that came with the program or contact the program’s manufacturer to find out if the program requires the FPU found in a non-Power Macintosh chip. If it does, you may need to upgrade to a Power Macintosh version of the program, or install software that emulates a non-Power Macintosh FPU. (See your dealer for this software.) m Sometimes incompatible system extensions or control panels can cause software problems. Restart while holding down the Shift key to temporarily turn off all system extensions. If your program works normally after you do this, use the Extensions Manager control panel to turn off individual extensions and control panels. For detailed instructions, see the “Setting Options” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. If your program performs better when a particular extension or control panel is turned off, contact the software’s manufacturer for information or an upgrade. Troubleshooting 85 A dialog box with a bomb appears. Your system has a software problem. m Write down what you were doing when the message appeared and write down the message. m Restart your Macintosh. (See “Start Over” in the section “If You Have Trouble” earlier in this chapter for instructions.) Most software problems are temporary, and restarting usually corrects the problem. m Check the startup disk and application program you were using when the dialog box appeared. Make sure that all programs, desk accessories, and system extensions you’re using are compatible with the system software. Reinstalling the system software may correct the problem. m If the bomb only occurs in one application program, try reinstalling the program from the original disks. If reinstalling doesn’t solve the problem, contact the manufacturer of the program. m Sometimes incompatible system extensions or control panels can cause system software problems. Restart while holding down the Shift key to temporarily turn off all system extensions. If your computer works normally after you do this, use the Extensions Manager control panel to turn off individual extensions and control panels. For detailed instructions, see the “Setting Options” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. If your computer performs better when a particular extension or control panel is turned off, contact the extension’s or control panel’s manufacturer for information or an upgrade. m If the problem recurs, you may need to reinstall system software. See “Installing or Reinstalling System Software” later in this chapter for instructions. 86 Chapter 6 The pointer (8) doesn’t move when you move the mouse. One of the following situations is probably the cause: m Your system has a software problem. Press x-Option-Esc to quit the application program in use when the problem occurred. If this works, you can save the documents open in other programs before restarting. Restart your Macintosh. See “Start Over” in the section “If You Have Trouble” earlier in this chapter for instructions. Check the startup disk and program you were using when the problem occurred. Make sure that all programs, desk accessories, and system extensions you’re using are compatible with the system software. Try starting up the computer from the Disk Tools disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. (For instructions on how to start up your computer from the CD-ROM disc, see “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” later in this chapter.) If your computer starts up normally, there may be an extension conflict. If the problem recurs, you may need to reinstall system software. See “Installing or Reinstalling System Software” later in this chapter for instructions. m The mouse is not connected properly. Turn the computer off using the power button on the front of the computer, check that the mouse and keyboard cables are connected properly, and then restart the computer. IMPORTANT Do not connect the mouse while the computer is turned on. You may damage your computer. m Signals from the mouse are not reaching the computer, either because the mouse needs cleaning or because there is something wrong with the mouse. Clean the mouse according to the instructions in Appendix A of this book. If you have another mouse or pointing device, try connecting and using it. (Turn the computer off before connecting it.) If the new device works, there is probably something wrong with the mouse you replaced. If none of these procedures solves the problem, consult the service and support information that came with your computer for instructions on how to contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for assistance. Troubleshooting 87 Typing on the keyboard produces nothing on the screen. One of the following is probably the cause: m Your system has a software problem. Restart your Macintosh. For instructions, see “Start Over” in the section “If You Have Trouble” earlier in this chapter. Check the startup disk and application program you were using when the problem occurred. Make sure that all programs, desk accessories, and system extensions you’re using are compatible with the system software. If the problem recurs, try restarting the computer with system extensions turned off. (To turn system extension off, hold down the Shift key while restarting the computer.) If that doesn’t work, you may need to reinstall system software. See “Installing or Reinstalling System Software” later in this chapter for instructions. m The computer beeps every time you press a key. Easy Access is probably turned on. Open Easy Access from the control panels listed under the Apple (K) menu and turn it off. m You haven’t selected any text or set the insertion point (i). Make sure the program you want to type in is the active program. Then place the pointer (8) in the active window and click to set an insertion point (i) or drag to select text (if you want to replace the text with your typing). m The keyboard is not connected properly. Turn off the computer using the power button on the front of the computer, then check that the keyboard cable is connected properly at both ends. If you have a keyboard with an ADB port (marked with the × icon) on each end, turn off the Macintosh using the power button and plug the keyboard cable into the other ADB port on the keyboard. (You may have to unplug the mouse to do this.) Then restart the computer. 88 Chapter 6 m The keyboard is damaged. If you have access to another keyboard, try using it instead. (Turn the computer off before connecting it.) If the new keyboard works, there is probably something wrong with the one you replaced. If none of these procedures solves the problem, consult the service and support information that came with your computer for instructions on how to contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for assistance. You can’t open a document, or you see a message that an application program can’t be found. m Some documents can be opened by more than one application program. Try starting a program that you think might be able to open the document, then choose Open from the program’s File menu to try to open the document. m Purchase and install the correct software to use the document, or find out if the creator of the document can convert it to a form that one of your programs can use. m Don’t try to open the files in your System Folder. Most of the files in your System Folder are used by your computer for internal purposes and are not intended to be opened. m Rebuild your desktop (refer to “Rebuild Your Desktop Regularly” in the section “If You Have Trouble” earlier in this chapter). m If the document is from a DOS computer, use the PC Exchange control panel to specify which Macintosh program will open the document. For information about working with DOS documents on your Macintosh, see the “Using DOS Files & Disks” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. Troubleshooting 89 You experience problems using a document from a DOS computer. If you can’t open a DOS document using a Macintosh program, try the following: m Open the document from within the program by choosing Open in the program’s File menu. m Use the PC Exchange control panel to specify which Macintosh program will open the document. If a DOS document is displayed incorrectly, or you see strange codes or characters in the document, try one of the following: m Your application program may have special procedures for opening and saving documents with different file formats. See the information that came with your program. m Try opening the document in another program. Note: Some characters that can be displayed on the Macintosh are not accurately displayed on DOS computers, and vice versa. For more information about working with DOS documents on your Macintosh, see the “Using DOS Files & Disks” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. You see a message that your application program can’t be opened because a file can’t be found. Power Macintosh programs use special files called shared libraries. Any necessary shared libraries should be installed automatically when you install Power Macintosh programs. Follow the directions that came with your program to reinstall the program. If the shared library is still missing, contact the software program’s manufacturer for assistance. You experience problems using an older Macintosh program. Some older Macintosh programs are not completely compatible with Power Macintosh computers. Check with the program’s manufacturer for compatibility and upgrade information. Open the Memory control panel and turn off Modern Memory Manager. For more detailed instructions, see the “Working with Programs” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. 90 Chapter 6 Solutions to CD-ROM problems Problems using the CD-ROM drive The CD-ROM drive icon does not appear on screen. m If you have other internal SCSI devices installed in your computer, make sure that each device has a unique SCSI ID number. (If your CD-ROM drive was installed in your computer at the factory, it has SCSI ID 3.) Refer to the documentation that came with your SCSI devices if you need to reset SCSI ID numbers. Note: Your computer also has an external SCSI connector. All devices on the same SCSI chain must have unique ID numbers, but devices on different SCSI chains may use the same SCSI ID number. (For example, you could have a CD-ROM drive with ID number 3 connected to the internal SCSI chain and a tape drive with ID number 3 connected to the external SCSI chain. m If you installed a CD-ROM drive after you bought your computer, make sure the CD-ROM software that came with the drive is installed. See the manual that came with the CD-ROM drive for software installation instructions. m If you reinstall the CD-ROM software, make sure to restart your computer after you reinstall the software. You installed a CD-ROM drive after you bought your computer and your computer won’t restart after you’ve copied software for your CD-ROM drive to the System Folder. m If you attempt to install software for your CD-ROM drive without using the Installer, you may not be able to restart your computer. Restart the computer while holding down the Shift key (to turn off system extensions), and then remove any CD-ROM software files you copied by dragging them to the Trash. Reinstall the software according to the instructions that came with the drive. If this procedure doesn’t solve the problem, restart your computer using the Disk Tools floppy disk. (For instructions on starting your computer using a floppy disk, see “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk,” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” later in this chapter.) Troubleshooting 91 Your computer starts up and you see large folder-shaped areas, containing labeled pictorial buttons, instead of the usual Macintosh desktop. m Your computer may have started up from a CD-ROM disc containing At Ease, an alternative to the Macintosh desktop. You need to have the Macintosh desktop on your screen before you can use any of the installation instructions in this manual. To return to the Macintosh desktop, choose Shut Down from the Special menu. When your computer is off, press the Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive to open the tray, then remove the CD-ROM disc. Close the tray. Then start up your computer again. To avoid having the computer start up from a CD-ROM disc, remember to remove any disc in the drive before you shut down your computer. The tray of your CD-ROM drive won’t open. If a CD-ROM disc icon appears on your screen: m Drag the disc icon to the Trash, or select it and choose Put Away from the File menu. If the AppleCD Audio Player program is active, choose Eject CD from the File menu. If you see a message that a disc can’t be put away because it is being shared, turn off file sharing, then try again to put away the disc. If no CD-ROM disc icon appears on your screen: m Press the Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive. m The signal to open the tray may not be reaching the computer. Turn off your computer and locate the small pinhole to the lower right of the CD-ROM tray opening. Insert the end of a large, straightened paper clip firmly and horizontally into the pinhole. Push gently until the tray is released, then carefully pull the tray open. Do not force the tray open; wait until the paper clip has dislodged it, or you may break the front of the tray. If neither of these suggestions works, your CD-ROM drive may be damaged. Contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for further assistance. WARNING Turn off your computer before you attempt to eject the tray using a paper clip. If you don’t, you may damage the CD-ROM drive. 92 Chapter 6 Your computer won’t restart, and a CD-ROM disc is in the CD-ROM drive. m Your computer may be trying to start up from the CD-ROM disc. Press the Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive to open the tray, and remove the CD-ROM disc. Close the tray, then restart your computer. Problems using CD-ROM discs You insert a CD-ROM disc, but its icon doesn’t appear on the Macintosh desktop. m Make sure that the disc label is facing up and the disc is centered in the tray. If you’re using a small (8 cm) disc, make sure it is within the tray’s inner ring. m Make sure the tray is closed all the way. m Try restarting your computer. m Try starting your computer from the CD-ROM disc that contains system software while holding the “c” key down. If only the hard drive icon appears on the desktop, then there may be a hardware problem with your CD-ROM drive. If the CD-ROM icon appears above the hard drive icon, try reinstalling your CD-ROM software following the instructions in “Installing or Reinstalling CD-ROM Software” later in this chapter. m If you installed the CD-ROM drive after you bought your computer, make sure the CD-ROM software is installed. (Refer to the documentation that came with the CD-ROM drive.) CD-ROM software is already installed on Macintosh computers that come with CD-ROM drives. You can reinstall it by following the procedure in “Installing or Reinstalling CD-ROM Software” later in this chapter. Troubleshooting 93 Your computer displays the message “This is not a Macintosh disk: Do you want to initialize it?” when you insert a CD-ROM disc in the CD-ROM drive. m Make sure that Foreign File Access and Audio CD Access CD-ROM extensions are installed in your Extensions Folder and are turned on. (If they are not turned on, use the Extensions Manager control panel to turn them on and then restart your computer.) m Make sure the CD-ROM software is installed. (The CD-ROM software is already installed on Macintosh computers that come with CD-ROM drives.) If you installed a CD-ROM drive after buying your computer, see the manual that came with your drive. m The disc may use a format that the Macintosh cannot recognize. Your computer ejects a CD-ROM disc without giving you any error message. m Make sure the disc is flat in the tray and the disc label is facing up. If you’re using a small (8 cm) disc, make sure it’s centered within the tray’s inner ring. m The disc may need to be cleaned. (See “Handling CD-ROM Discs” in Appendix A.) If there are visible scratches on the shiny side of the disc, you may be able to remove them with a CD polishing kit (available from your audio CD dealer). If the scratches can’t be removed, you’ll need to replace the disc. m The disc may be damaged. Try another disc in the drive, and try the original disc in another drive. If the original drive reads other discs or if the original disc doesn’t work in another drive, the disc is probably damaged. You’ll need to replace the disc. You can’t open a document on a CD-ROM disc. m Try opening the application program first; then open the document. m Read the manual that came with your CD-ROM disc. Some discs come with software that you need to install on your computer before using the disc. You can’t save changes you make to information on a CD-ROM disc. m CD-ROM is a read-only medium. This means that information can be read (retrieved) from it, but not written (stored) on it. You can save the changed information on a hard disk or floppy disk. 94 Chapter 6 Problems using ISO 9660 or High Sierra discs You cannot access files on a CD-ROM disc that uses the ISO 9660 or High Sierra format. m Discs in the ISO 9660 and High Sierra disc formats have version numbers attached to filenames. Some application programs need these version numbers in order to work with files. To make the version numbers available to programs on your computer, follow these instructions: Drag the CD icon to the Trash. When the tray opens, hold down the Option key and push the tray back in, continuing to hold down the Option key until the disc is fully in the drive. The program you are using should now be able to locate filenames on that CD-ROM disc. m Make sure that Foreign File Access, ISO 9660 File Access and High Sierra File Access are present in the Extensions folder in your System Folder. Problems playing audio CDs You don’t hear any sound when you play an audio CD or an audio track on a CD-ROM disc using the AppleCD Audio Player. m If your CD-ROM drive was installed after you bought your computer, make sure the audio cable is properly connected. See the documentation that came with the CD-ROM drive for more information. m If you have headphones or speakers connected to the computer, adjust the connector to make sure they are firmly connected. Make sure the volume control on your headphones or speakers is not turned down too low. m Some programs change the sound options to suit their needs. You may need to reset the sound options in the Sound & Displays control panel. Refer to the “Sound” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. m If you are using a CD-ROM disc over a network, you won’t be able to hear the audio portion. m Make sure the volume is turned up in the AppleCD Audio Player. With the Audio Player open, drag the volume control slider up or press the Up Arrow key on your keyboard. m The CD may have been paused. Click the Play/Pause button in the AppleCD Audio Player once or twice. Troubleshooting 95 While playing an audio track on a CD-ROM disc that combines audio tracks and data, you double-click the disc icon and the audio track stops playing. m You can’t open data files on a CD-ROM disc and listen to audio tracks on that disc at the same time. You are unable to record sound from an audio CD. m Check your computer’s sound input port to see if a microphone or other device is connected. m You may need to reset the sound options in the Sound & Displays control panel. Refer to the “Sound” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. Problems using Photo CDs Your CD-ROM drive will not open Photo CDs. m Reinstall the CD-ROM software (available through the “Multimedia Software” option in Custom Install when you reinstall system software). Your computer does not display color icons for individual images on a Photo CD. m Your computer may be low on memory. To view color icons, restart your computer and then reopen the Photos folder. See the “Memory” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu, for more information on managing memory. After you open an image on a Photo CD, the image is scrambled, colors are displayed incorrectly, or no image appears in the window. m The program you are using may not be designed to work with large (highresolution) image files. You can open the image with another program or you can assign more memory to the program. (For more information on managing memory, see the “Memory” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide [h] menu.) After you open an image on a Photo CD, your system is “frozen” and does not respond to any input, or you have a “bomb” message on your screen. m Restart your Macintosh. The program you are using may not be designed to work with large (high-resolution) image files. You can open the image with another program, or you can assign more memory to the program (see the “Memory” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide [h] menu, for more information on managing memory). 96 Chapter 6 If your computer’s performance decreases If you notice a decrease in your computer’s speed and general performance after you add special software like a control panel, system extension, or custom utility, it may be because this software does not work well with Power Macintosh computers. m To find out if a system extension or control panel is the problem, use the Extensions Manager control panel to turn off system extensions. Next, use the Extensions Manager control panel to turn the system extensions and control panels back on one at a time, restarting and checking your computer’s performance each time until you identify the software that is causing problems. Contact the software’s manufacturer for information or an upgrade. m To find out if a custom utility you’ve added is the problem, drag it out of the System Folder. (This software may be in the Control Panels folder or elsewhere inside the System Folder.) Next, restart your computer and check its performance. If there’s an improvement, the new software was probably the cause of the problem. Contact the software’s manufacturer for information or an upgrade. If you still do not notice an improvement, follow the instructions in “Installing or Reinstalling System Software” later in this chapter to reinstall system software on your startup hard disk. Troubleshooting 97 Solving printer problems The following suggestions should work for all printers. m Check your printer settings in the Chooser, making sure you have selected the correct printer. m Next, turn off the computer and printer and check the printer cable connections. m If neither of these suggestions solves the problem, reinstall your printer driver. If your printer is an older model, do not use the driver that came with the printer. Instead, use the updated printer drivers provided on the system software CD-ROM that came with your Power Macintosh. These drivers are created especially for use with the Power Macintosh. Obtaining updated Apple software Apple software updates include all of the latest versions of Apple software, including most printer drivers, system enablers, and updates to utilities, networking, and communication software. IMPORTANT Be sure to read the posted Apple Software License Agreement before installing any software. Currently, Apple’s Customer Service Division (CSD) posts Apple software updates to the following online services: m AppleLink m eWorld m CompuServe m Internet: Apple Computer Higher Education gopher server m Internet: ftp.info.apple.com (formerly ftp.austin.apple.com) m Internet: ftp.support.apple.com Specific paths and details for each service follow. 98 Chapter 6 AppleLink Apple software updates are posted to the APPLE SW UPDATES board located in the following path: AppleLink Services (main window) Software Sampler Apple Software Updates eWorld Apple software updates are posted to the Apple Software Updates board located in the following path: Computer Center Apple Customer Center Apple Software Updates Ask Apple Online Technical Support You can also get your questions answered through “Ask Apple Online Technical Support,” available through eWorld. You can expect a response to your posted question the next business day after posting it. To use Ask Apple Online Technical Support, log on to eWorld and go to the Computer Center building in the Town Square. Use the following path: Apple Customer Center (shortcut:APPLE) Apple Technical Support (formerly Quick Answers shortcut SUPPORT) How Do I Use This Area? or Ask Apple USA. Inside “How Do I Use This Area,” you can choose among the following folders to learn more about how to use Ask Apple Online Technical Support: m What’s New in Tech Support m How to Use Tech Support m All About Apple Software Updates m Ask Apple, USA FAQs m Who Maintains What m Support Professional Series m If You Need to Call Troubleshooting 99 Inside the Ask Apple USA area, you have a choice of the following 10 bulletin board areas: m Power Macintosh—All Power Macintosh computers, A/V and GeoPort. m Performa—All Macintosh Performa computers. m PowerBook—All PowerBook computers, Mobile Computing and Telecom. m Quadra and Centris—All Macintosh Centris and Quadra computers. m Apple Software—Mac OS system software, utilities, and application programs from Apple. m Peripherals—Printers, scanners, monitors and multimedia hardware. m Servers, Networks & Comm—Workgroup servers, AppleShare, networking and communications. m Newton—Apple MessagePad models and Apple accessories. m Other Macintosh Computers—Compact and modular Macintosh models. m DOS & Windows Products—DOS compatibility cards from Apple. Ask Apple Online Technical Support does not arrange for service or send products. It is available only to Apple US customers with full subscriptions to eWorld. You cannot post questions from the Internet or from outside the United States. 100 Chapter 6 CompuServe Apple software updates are posted to two separate areas on CompuServe: Apple Support Forum and Apple New Updates. All updates are posted simultaneously to both areas. Updates are removed from the Apple New Updates area after three weeks. Apple Support Forum (GO APLSUP) contains all software and information libraries. Software is organized by category into separate libraries, including: m System Software m Apple II m Newton m System Enablers m Printing m Display & Peripheral Software m Networking & Communications m DOS & Windows Apple New Updates (GO APLNEW) contains all recently published Apple software updates, allowing you to download the latest and most popular Apple software updates quickly and easily. Internet: Apple Computer Higher Education gopher server Apple recommends using TurboGopher client software to access the Apple Computer Higher Education Gopher server. The “Apple Support Area” folder is located in the following path: Home Gopher Server Computer Information Apple Computer Higher Education gopher server Apple Support Area Apple SW Updates TurboGopher Client software is available via anonymous file transfer protocol (ftp) to boombox.micro.umn.edu in the /pub/gopher directory. m Host name: info.hed.apple.com Troubleshooting 101 Internet: ftp.info.apple.com This is a file transfer protocol (ftp) server with all of the latest Apple software updates. (This ftp site was formerly called ftp.austin.apple.com.) m Host name: ftp.info.apple.com, IP number is: 204.96.16.4 m Path: ftp/Apple.Support.Area/Apple.SW.Updates You can also download Apple software updates via our Worldwide Web server, www.info.apple.com. The Apple web site allows you an easy way to download Apple software updates from ftp.info.apple.com. m URL for the Apple web site is: http://www.info.apple.com m IP number for the Web site is: 204.96.16.2 Internet: ftp.support.apple.com This is a file transfer protocol (ftp) server with all of the latest Apple software updates. m Host name: ftp.support.apple.com m IP number: 130.43.6.3 m Path: /pub/Apple SW Updates America Online: ftp.info.apple.com gateway You can log onto Apple’s ftp.info.apple.com server via the America Online file transfer protocol (ftp) gateway. To do this, you'll need an America Online account. Once you’re online, follow these steps: 1 Use the keyword ftp to take you to the ftp area. 2 Click the FTP button (disk with sunglasses icon). 3 In the favorite sites list, double-click ftp.info.apple.com A dialog box will appear with the ftp.info.apple.com welcome screen. 4 Click the OK button. 5 Double-click the Apple.Support.Area folder to open it. 6 Double-click the Apple.Software.Updates folder to open it. Each time you open a folder, a new Macintosh window opens. 102 Chapter 6 Initializing a hard disk Before you can use a new disk, the disk must be prepared so that the computer knows where to store information on the disk. This preparation is called initializing (or formatting) the disk. When do you need to initialize a hard disk? The hard disk inside your computer was initialized at the factory, so you shouldn’t need to initialize it. You need to initialize a hard disk only if one of the following is true: m You purchase a hard disk that has not been initialized at the factory. m Your hard disk is damaged. If a hard disk needs to be initialized, the disk’s icon does not appear on the desktop when you start up the computer using another disk. If the hard disk you want to initialize is not the startup disk, you can use the Drive Setup program to initialize it. Drive Setup is located on the floppy disk labeled Disk Tools that came with your computer. If your computer came with a CD-ROM drive and you didn’t receive floppy disks, you can find Drive Setup on the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. For instructions, start Drive Setup and choose Drive Setup Guide from the Guide (h) menu. If the hard disk you want to initialize is the startup disk, follow the instructions in this chapter. (First, start up from a CD-ROM disc or a floppy disk. Then follow the instructions in “How to Initialize a Hard Disk” later in this section.) WARNING Initializing a disk erases any information that may be on it. Before you initialize a damaged disk, try to repair it as described in “Repairing a Damaged Disk” later in this chapter. Troubleshooting 103 Starting up from a CD-ROM disc To initialize, test, or repair a hard disk, or to install system software on a hard disk, you need to start up your computer from another disk. If your computer has a CD-ROM drive, you can start up your computer using the CD-ROM disc containing system software that came with the computer. To start up the computer using the CD-ROM disc, follow these steps: 1 Turn your computer on. 2 When you see the desktop on your screen, press the Open/Close button on your CD-ROM drive, and insert the CD-ROM disc containing system software into the drive. 3 Turn your computer off. The CD-ROM disc will remain in the CD-ROM drive. 4 Hold down the “c” key on your keyboard and restart your computer. Continue to hold down the key until you see the “Welcome to Macintosh” message. Starting up from a floppy disk To initialize, test, or repair a hard disk, or to install system software or CD-ROM software on a hard disk, you need to start up your computer from another disk. If you don’t have a built-in CD-ROM drive, you can start up the computer using one of these floppy disks—Disk Tools or System Backup Disk 1 that came with your computer. To start up your computer using a floppy disk, follow these steps: 1 Shut down your computer. 2 Insert the floppy disk into the disk drive. If you want to initialize, test, or repair your hard disk, use the Disk Tools disk to start up your computer. If you want to install system software, use the System Backup Disk 1 disk. 3 Turn on the computer. 104 Chapter 6 How to initialize a hard disk You initialize an Apple SCSI hard disk by using a program called Drive Setup, which is on the floppy disk labeled Disk Tools that came with your computer. If your computer came with a CD-ROM drive and you didn’t receive floppy disks, you can find Drive Setup on the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. (To initialize a hard disk from another manufacturer, use the utility software that came with the hard disk.) 1 Start up your computer from the Disk Tools disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. See “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” or “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” earlier in this section. 2 Open the Drive Setup icon. You may need to look in a folder called Utilities to find Drive Setup. 3 In the list of drives, click the disk you want to initialize. 4 Click Initialize to initialize the hard disk. 5 Click Quit when you see a message reporting that initialization was successful. If a message reports that initialization failed, try again. If initialization fails a second time, take the disk to your Apple-authorized service provider for repair. Troubleshooting 105 Select the drive you want to initialize. Repairing a damaged disk Disks can become damaged by repeated use and handling. When do you need to repair a disk? If you see a message reporting that a disk is damaged or unreadable, you may need to repair the disk. Try these suggestions first If you can’t start up from a hard disk or you don’t see the hard disk icon on the desktop, try the following: m If the hard disk is internal, shut down your Macintosh, wait at least 10 seconds, and then turn it on again. m If the hard disk is external, make sure that it is turned on and that its cable is connected firmly; then restart the Macintosh. m If the hard disk is your startup disk, start up with a different startup disk. If the hard disk’s icon appears on your desktop, reinstall system software on the hard disk. See “Installing or Reinstalling System Software” later in this chapter. m Check the ID numbers of all SCSI equipment connected to your computer. Your computer has two SCSI chains, an internal one and an external one. All devices on the same SCSI chain must have unique ID numbers, but devices on different SCSI chains may use the same SCSI ID number. (For example, you can have a CD-ROM drive with ID number 3 connected to the internal SCSI chain and a tape drive with ID number 3 connected to the external SCSI chain. You cannot have two SCSI devices connected to the external SCSI chain that both use ID number 3.) On the internal SCSI chain, the computer itself has the ID number 7, and the factory-installed hard disk has the number 0. If your computer came with a CD-ROM drive installed, it is also connected to the internal SCSI chain and has ID number 3. On the external SCSI chain, SCSI devices are numbered from 0 to 6, or 1 to 6 if you have an additional hard drive installed (its number is 0). 106 Chapter 6 Check that both chains of devices are terminated properly. For information on setting SCSI ID numbers and terminating a SCSI chain, see Chapter 3 of this manual and the manuals that came with your SCSI equipment. m Test the disk following the instructions that come next. How to test a hard disk You can test an Apple SCSI hard disk with the Drive Setup program, which is on the floppy disk labeled Disk Tools that came with your computer. If your computer has a built-in CD-ROM drive, and you didn’t receive floppy disks, you can find the Drive Setup program on the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. 1 Start up your computer from the Disk Tools disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. See “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” or “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter. 2 Open the Drive Setup icon. You may need to look in a folder called Utilities to find Drive Setup. 3 In the list of drives, click the disk you want to test. Troubleshooting 107 4 Open the Functions menu and choose Test Disk. 5 When a message tells you that testing is complete, click Quit. If the test reveals a problem, you may be able to correct it by using Disk First Aid or another disk repair program (see the instructions in the next section), or you may need to reinitialize the disk (see “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter). Consult an Apple-authorized service provider for assistance if necessary. If you had a hard disk from another manufacturer installed after you bought your computer, use the software that came with the disk or contact the disk vendor to get the latest version of software. How to repair a hard disk or floppy disk You can repair some types of disk damage by using the Disk First Aid program, which is included either on the Disk Tools floppy disk or on the CD-ROM disc containing system software that came with your computer. 1 Start up your computer from the Disk Tools disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. See “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” or “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter. 2 Open the Disk First Aid icon. You may need to look in a folder called Utilities to find Disk First Aid. 108 Chapter 6 3 Click the icon of the disk you want to test. Disk icons appear in a box at the top of the Disk First Aid window. 4 Click Repair to begin testing and repairing the disk. You can’t repair the startup disk or the disk that contains the Disk First Aid program, but you can test these disks by clicking Verify. If the program reveals a problem with either of these disks, start up the computer from another disk so that you can repair the damaged disk. If you want to test and repair another disk, click its icon and then click Repair. 5 When testing and repair are finished, choose Quit from the File menu. If Disk First Aid cannot correct the problem m Try repairing the disk again. Sometimes repeating the process corrects the problem. m Use another disk repair or recovery program. Some disk repair programs let you recover information from a damaged disk. m Consult a computer repair specialist for help. m Once you have recovered all the information you can, erase (reinitialize) the disk. If initialization doesn’t work, discard the damaged disk (if it’s a floppy disk), or take it to your Apple-authorized service provider for repair (if it’s a hard disk). Troubleshooting 109 Installing or reinstalling system software System software is the set of programs and other files that your computer uses to start itself up, keep track of your files, and run the application programs you use. System software is kept in the folder called the System Folder. When you turn on your computer, it looks for a startup disk, which is a disk that contains the system software. The startup disk is usually the hard disk that’s inside your computer, though another hard disk or a floppy disk can also be a startup disk. The accessory kit that came with your Macintosh provides system software on either a set of floppy disks or a CD-ROM disc. You can use the floppy disks or the CD-ROM disc to install the system software on your Macintosh if you need to do so. When should you install system software? Your Macintosh came with all the necessary system software installed on its internal hard disk, so you don’t need to install system software on that disk unless you encounter software problems. If you have a new hard disk or a newly initialized hard disk that doesn’t contain system software, or if you want to upgrade to a more recent version of system software on a hard disk, follow the instructions in “Installing System Software” later in this section. When should you reinstall system software? If you have a problem with your system software, you may see this icon in the middle of the screen: If this icon appears, follow the instructions in “Repairing a Damaged Disk” earlier in this chapter to test your startup hard disk and repair any damage. If repairing the disk doesn’t help, follow the instructions in the next section, “Installing System Software,” to reinstall system software on your startup hard disk. 110 Chapter 6 Installing system software Follow the steps in this section to do what is commonly called a “normal” installation of system software. If you’re installing system software on a hard disk for the first time, make sure that your hard disk has been initialized, a process that prepares the disk to store information. If you see the hard disk’s icon on the desktop when you start up the computer, the disk has been initialized. If no disk icon appears when you start up, see “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter for instructions. To do a normal installation, follow these steps: 1 Start up your computer from the Disk Tools disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. See “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” or “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter. 2 Find and open the Disk First Aid icon. You may need to look in a folder called Utilities to find Disk First Aid. After Disk First Aid starts, follow the instructions on the screen. Disk First Aid checks your hard disk for any problems. 3 When Disk First Aid has finished checking your hard disk, choose Quit from the File menu. 4 Open the Drive Setup program. You use the Drive Setup program to update your hard disk. 5 In the list of drives, click your startup disk. 6 Open the Functions menu and choose Update Driver. 7 When the update process is finished, quit Drive Setup. Troubleshooting 111 8 Shut down your computer. 9 Start up your computer from the System Backup Disk 1 disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. See “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” or “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter. The Installer’s Welcome screen may appear or you may have to double-click the System Software Installer icon to open the Installer program. 10 Click OK. The Easy Install dialog box appears. 11 Make sure that the hard disk named in the box is the one on which you want to install system software. If it isn’t, click Switch Disk until the correct disk name appears. 12 Click Install. 13 Follow the instructions that appear on the screen. If you’re installing system software from floppy disks, you see messages asking you to insert different disks. 112 Chapter 6 Disk on which system software will be installed You click here to install the software you need. To install the software on a different disk, you click here. 14 When you see a message reporting that the installation was successful, click Restart. Don’t forget to eject the CD-ROM disc or floppy disk containing system software. If a message reports that installation was not successful, try installing again. (Follow the instructions on the screen.) If, after reinstalling system software by doing a normal installation, you still experience problems with your computer, follow the steps in the next section for doing a “clean” installation of system software. IMPORTANT Certain system extensions or application programs that were originally on your hard disk may not be installed with the Installer program. If you notice that a certain extension or program was not installed, you may need to install it separately. You can find these additional extensions and programs on the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. (Application programs from other vendors can be reinstalled from backup copies you made.) If you don’t have a CD-ROM drive, see the service and support information that came with your computer for information on how to contact Apple directly for assistance. Doing a clean installation of system software The steps in this section outline what is commonly called a “clean” installation of system software. A clean installation allows you to discover which item in your System Folder is causing a problem. A clean installation creates a brand new System Folder and saves everything in your original System Folder in a different location. You can then follow the instructions in “Replacing Special Software,” later in this chapter, to reinstall system extensions, control panels, and other special software one at a time from the old System Folder to the new System Folder. This procedure allows you to determine which item in the old System Folder was the source of the problem. Do a clean installation if you can’t determine what is damaged in your System Folder (especially if you think any special software, such as control panels, system extensions, or custom utilities, may be causing the problems you’re experiencing). You should also do a clean installation if you’re still having problems with your computer after you’ve reinstalled system software by doing a normal installation. Troubleshooting 113 To do a clean installation, follow these steps: 1 Start up your computer from the Disk Tools disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. See “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” or “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter. 2 Find and open the Disk First Aid icon. You may need to look in a folder called Utilities to find Disk First Aid. After Disk First Aid starts, follow the instructions on the screen. Disk First Aid checks your hard disk for any problems. 3 When Disk First Aid has finished checking your hard disk, choose Quit from the File menu. 4 Open the Drive Setup program. You use the Drive Setup program to update your hard disk. 5 In the list of drives, click your startup disk. 6 Open the Functions menu and choose Update Driver. 7 When the update process is finished, quit Drive Setup. 8 Shut down your computer. 9 Start up your computer from the System Backup Disk 1 disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. See “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” or “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter. The Installer’s Welcome screen may appear or you may have to double-click the System Software Installer icon to open the Installer program. 114 Chapter 6 10 Click OK. The Easy Install dialog box appears. 11 Make sure that the hard disk named in the Destination Disk box is the one on which you want to install system software. If it isn’t, click Switch Disk until the correct disk name appears. 12 Hold down Shift–x–K to start the clean installation. The following dialog box appears. 13 Click the Install New System Folder button and click OK. The Easy Install dialog box appears. The Install button has changed to Clean Install, and the contents of your old System Folder have been moved to a new folder named Previous System Folder. Troubleshooting 115 Disk on which system software will be installed For a clean installation, DO NOT click the Install button. To install the software on a different disk, you click this button. 14 Click Clean Install. 15 Follow the instructions that appear on the screen. It takes a few minutes to complete the installation. 16 When you see a message reporting that the installation was successful, you may need to click Restart. You need to click Restart only if you installed software onto the startup disk. If a message reports that installation was not successful, try repeating the clean installation procedure. IMPORTANT Certain system extensions or application programs that were originally on your hard disk may not be installed with the Installer program. If you notice that a certain extension or program was not installed, you may need to install it separately. (Application programs from other vendors can be reinstalled from backup copies you made.) You can find these additional extensions and programs on the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. If you don’t have a CD-ROM drive, see the service and support information that came with your computer for information on how to contact Apple directly for assistance. 116 Chapter 6 Click here to install the software you need. Replacing special software Special software consists of items such as control panels, system extensions, custom utilities, fonts, or Apple menu items that you may have added to your old System Folder. To make sure that special software does not create any conflicts with other programs on your computer, follow this procedure to safely replace these items in your new System Folder: 1 Copy any special software items from the Previous System Folder back to your System Folder one item at a time, restarting the computer after copying each item. IMPORTANT Be very careful not to replace (copy over) any of the files in the System Folder with files from the Previous System Folder. 2 Check after each restart to make sure your computer is not having any software problems. If any of your special software items cause software problems, contact the software manufacturer for assistance or an upgrade. Doing a custom installation For most Macintosh users, the Easy Install procedure described in the previous sections is appropriate, because it automatically installs all the items you need. However, if you’d like to select a combination of system software files for your specific needs, you can customize your system software installation. You use custom installation to install or update one or more specific files, or to save space on your hard disk by installing only the files you want. To install customized system software, follow these steps: 1 Start up your computer from the System Backup Disk 1 disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains system software. See “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” or “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter. The Installer’s Welcome screen may appear or you may have to double-click the System Software Installer icon to open the Installer program. Troubleshooting 117 2 Click OK. The Easy Install dialog box appears. 3 Choose Custom Install from the pop-up menu. The Custom Install dialog box appears, listing all available system software components. 4 Scroll through the list of components, clicking the checkbox next to each component you want to install. You can see and select individual items within each component by clicking the arrow to the left of the component, then clicking the item you want to install. To get additional information about each component listed, click the box with the letter i in it to the right of the component. 5 Click Install. 6 Follow the instructions that appear on the screen. 7 When you see a message reporting that the installation was successful, click Quit. If a message reports that installation was not successful, try installing again. (Follow the instructions on the screen.) 118 Chapter 6 8 Restart your Macintosh. The system software is installed and your computer is ready to use. Don’t forget to eject the CD-ROM disc or floppy disk containing system software when you are finished Installing or reinstalling CD-ROM software CD-ROM software is a set of programs and files that allow your CD-ROM drive to work correctly with your computer and allow it to play different kinds of CDs, like Photo CDs or audio CDs If your computer came with a CD-ROM drive installed, the CD-ROM software is part of system software and was preinstalled for you on your computer’s hard disk. (It is also available on floppy disks and a CD-ROM disc that came with your Macintosh.) If you added a CD-ROM drive after you bought your computer, the CD-ROM software is probably on floppy disks that came with the drive. When should you install or reinstall CD-ROM software? If your Macintosh came with the CD-ROM drive already installed, you don’t need to install the CD-ROM software unless you encounter problems. (See “Solutions to CD-ROM Problems” earlier in this chapter for descriptions of the kinds of problems you might encounter.) If you added a CD-ROM drive after you bought your computer, you should install the CD-ROM software before you attempt to use the CD-ROM drive. Installing or reinstalling CD-ROM software 1 Start up your computer from the System Backup Disk 1 disk or the CD-ROM disc that contains your system software. See “Starting Up From a Floppy Disk” or “Starting Up From a CD-ROM Disc” in the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter. The Installer’s Welcome screen may appear. Or, you may have to double-click the System Software Installer icon to open the Installer program. 2 Click OK. The Easy Install dialog box appears. Troubleshooting 119 3 Choose Custom Install from the pop-up menu. The Custom Install dialog box appears, listing all available system software components. 4 Select Multimedia Software by clicking the checkbox next to it. To get additional information about each component listed, click the box with the letter i in it to the right of the component. 5 Click Install. 6 Follow the instructions that appear on the screen. 7 When you see a message reporting that the installation was successful, click Quit. If a message reports that installation was not successful, try installing again. (Follow the instructions on the screen.) 8 Restart your Macintosh. The CD-ROM software is reinstalled and your computer is ready to use. Don’t forget to eject the CD-ROM disc or floppy disk containing system software when you are finished. 120 Chapter 6 IpIarIt Appendix A Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips Appendix B Installing an Expansion Card Appendix C Special Keys on Your Keyboard For your own safety and that of your equipment, follow all the instructions in this chapter. Keep these instructions available for reference by you and others. Health-related information about computer use Muscle soreness, eye fatigue, and other discomforts and injuries sometimes associated with using computers can occur from performing any number of activities. In fact, misuse of the same muscles during multiple activities can create a problem that might not otherwise exist. For example, if you engage in nonwork activities that involve repetitive stress on the wrist—such as bicycling—and also use your computer’s keyboard improperly, you may increase your likelihood of developing wrist problems. Some individuals are at greater risk of developing these problems because of their health, physiology, lifestyle, and general exposure to stress. Work organization and conditions, such as workstation setup and lighting, also play a part in your overall health and comfort. Preventing health problems is a multifaceted task that requires careful attention to the way you use your body every hour of every day. The most common health effects associated with using a computer are musculoskeletal discomfort and eye fatigue. We’ll discuss each area of concern. 123 Appendix A Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips Read this appendix for important health and safety instructions, as well as tips on keeping your computer in good working order. Musculoskeletal discomfort As with any activity that involves sitting for long periods of time, using a computer can make your muscles sore and stiff. To minimize these effects, set up your work environment carefully, using the guidelines that follow, and take frequent breaks to rest tired muscles. To make working with your computer more comfortable, allow enough space in your work area so that you can change position frequently and maintain a relaxed posture. Another type of musculoskeletal concern is repetitive stress injuries (RSIs), also known as cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs). These problems can occur when a certain muscle or tendon is repeatedly overused and forced into an unnatural position. The exact causes of RSIs are not totally understood, but in addition to awkward posture, such factors as the amount of repetition, the force used in the activity, the individual’s physiology, workplace stress level, and lifestyle may affect the likelihood of experiencing an RSI. RSIs did not suddenly arise when computers were invented; tennis elbow and writer’s cramp, for example, are two RSIs that have been with us for a long time. Although less common than other RSIs, one serious RSI discussed more often today is a wrist problem called carpal tunnel syndrome, which may be aggravated by improper use of computer keyboards. This nerve disorder results from excessive pressure on the median nerve as it passes through the wrist to the hand. This section offers advice on setting up your work area to enhance your comfort while you use your computer. Since the effects of repetitive movements associated with using a computer can be compounded by those of other work and leisure activities to produce or aggravate physical problems, proper use of your computer system must be considered as just one element of a healthy lifestyle. No one, of course, can guarantee that you won’t have problems even when you follow the most expert advice on using computer equipment. You should always check with a qualified health specialist if muscle, joint, or eye problems occur. 124 Appendix A Eye fatigue Eye fatigue can occur whenever the eyes are focused on a nearby object for a long time. This problem occurs because the eye muscles must work harder to view an object that’s closer than about 20 feet (6 meters). Improper lighting can hasten the development of eye fatigue. Although eye fatigue is annoying, there’s no evidence that it leads to permanent damage. Whenever you’re engaged in an activity that involves close-up work—such as reading a magazine, doing craft work, or using a computer—be sure to have sufficient glare-free lighting and give your eyes frequent rest breaks by looking up and focusing on distant objects. Remember to have your eyes examined regularly. To prevent discomfort and eye fatigue: m Arrange your work space so that the furniture is properly adjusted for you and doesn’t contribute to an awkward working posture. m Take frequent short breaks to give your muscles and eyes a chance to rest. Arranging your office Here are some guidelines for adjusting the furniture in your office to accommodate your physical size and shape. m An adjustable chair that provides firm, comfortable support is best. Adjust the height of the chair so your thighs are horizontal and your feet flat on the floor. The back of the chair should support your lower back (lumbar region). Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for adjusting the backrest to fit your body properly. m When you use the computer keyboard, your shoulders should be relaxed. Your upper arm and forearm should form an approximate right angle, with your wrist and hand in roughly a straight line. Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips 125 You may have to raise your chair so your forearms and hands are at the proper angle to the keyboard. If this makes it impossible to rest your feet flat on the floor, you can use a footrest with adjustable height and tilt to make up for any gap between the floor and your feet. Or you may lower the desktop to eliminate the need for a footrest. Another option is to use a desk with a keyboard tray that’s lower than the regular work surface. m Position the mouse at the same height as your keyboard. Allow adequate space to use the mouse comfortably. m Arrange the monitor so the top of the screen is slightly below your eye level when you’re sitting at the keyboard. The best distance from your eyes to the screen is up to you, although most people seem to prefer 18 to 28 inches (45 to 70 cm). m Position the monitor to minimize glare and reflections on the screen from overhead lights and windows. You may want to use a tiltable monitor stand. The stand lets you set the monitor at the best angle for viewing, helping to reduce or eliminate glare from lighting sources you can’t move. Thighs horizontal Shoulders relaxed Screen positioned to avoid reflected glare Forearms and hands in a straight line Forearms level or tilted up slightly Lower back supported Feet flat on the floor Top of the screen at or slightly below eye level (You may need to adjust the height of your monitor by placing something under it or by raising your work surface.) Clearance under work surface 45–70 cm (18–28 in.) 126 Appendix A Avoiding fatigue m Change your seated position, stand up, or stretch whenever you start to feel tired. Frequent short breaks are helpful in reducing fatigue. m Use a light touch when typing or using a mouse and keep your hands and fingers relaxed. m Some computer users may develop discomfort in their hands, wrists, or arms after intensive work without breaks. If you begin to develop chronic pain or discomfort in your hands, wrists, or arms, consult a qualified health specialist. m Allow adequate work space so that you can use your keyboard and mouse comfortably. Place papers or other items so you can view them easily while using your computer. A document stand may make reading papers more comfortable. m Eye muscles must work harder to focus on nearby objects. Occasionally focus your eyes on a distant object, and blink often while you work. m Clean your screen regularly. Keeping the screen clean helps reduce unwanted reflections. What about electromagnetic emissions? There has been recent public discussion of the possible health effects of prolonged exposure to extremely low frequency (ELF) and very low frequency (VLF) electromagnetic fields. Such fields are associated with electromagnetic sources such as television sets, electrical wiring, and some household appliances—as well as computer monitors. Apple has reviewed scientific reports and sought the counsel of government regulatory agencies and respected health organizations. Based on the prevailing evidence and opinions, Apple believes that the electric and magnetic fields produced by computer monitors do not pose a health risk. In response to those customers who wish to reduce their exposure to electromagnetic fields, Apple has lowered the emission levels of our products. We are also actively encouraging further scientific research so we can continue to promote the health and safety of our customers and employees. Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips 127 Safety instructions For your own safety and that of your equipment, always take the following precautions. Turn off the computer completely and disconnect the power plug (by pulling the plug, not the cord) if any of the following conditions exists: m the power cord or plug becomes frayed or otherwise damaged m you spill something into the case m your Macintosh is exposed to rain or any other excess moisture m your Macintosh has been dropped or the case has been otherwise damaged m you suspect that your Macintosh needs service or repair m you want to clean the case (use only the recommended procedure described later in this chapter) Be sure that you always do the following: m Keep your Macintosh away from sources of liquids, such as wash basins, bathtubs, shower stalls, and so on. m Protect your Macintosh from dampness or wet weather, such as rain, snow, and so on. m Read all the installation instructions carefully before you plug your Macintosh into a wall socket. m Keep these instructions handy for reference by you and others. m Follow all instructions and warnings dealing with your system. WARNING Electrical equipment may be hazardous if misused. Operation of this product, or similar products, must always be supervised by an adult. Do not allow children access to the interior of any electrical product and do not permit them to handle any cables. 128 Appendix A Handling your computer equipment Follow these guidelines for handling your computer and its components: m When setting up your computer, place components on a sturdy, flat surface, and carefully follow all setup instructions. m When connecting or disconnecting a cable, always hold the cable by its connector (the plug, not the cord). m Turn off your computer and all its components before connecting or disconnecting any cables to add or remove any component. Failure to do so could seriously damage your equipment. m Never force a connector into a port. If the connector and port do not join with reasonable ease, they probably don’t match. Make sure that the connector matches the port and that you have positioned the connector correctly in relation to the port. m Take care not to spill any food or liquid on the computer, keyboard, mouse, or other components. If you do, turn your computer off immediately and unplug it before cleaning up the spill. Depending on what you spilled and how much of it got into your equipment, you may have to bring your equipment to an Apple-authorized service provider. m Protect the computer and its components from direct sunlight and rain or other moisture. m Keep all ventilation openings clear and unobstructed. Without proper air circulation, components can overheat, causing damage or unreliable operation. WARNING This equipment is intended to be electrically grounded. Your Macintosh is equipped with a three-wire grounding plug—a plug that has a third (grounding) pin. This plug will fit only a grounded AC outlet. This is a safety feature. If you are unable to insert the plug into the outlet, contact a licensed electrician to replace the outlet with a properly grounded outlet. Do not defeat the purpose of the grounding plug! Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips 129 Handling the monitor Follow these procedures for handling a monitor: m Your Macintosh comes with an energy-saving feature that dims the screen and puts the computer to “sleep” when it hasn’t been used in a specified length of time. (By default, the time setting is 30 minutes, but you may have changed the time setting using the Energy Saver control panel.) You can also turn down the screen brightness control if you leave the computer turned on for extended periods. If the brightness is not turned down, the image on the screen could “burn in” and damage the screen. Another alternative is to use a “screen saver” program, which dims or varies the image on the screen when the computer has been idle for a specified period of time. These programs are available from independent suppliers and user groups. m Make sure that the ventilation openings on the computer and the monitor are clear and unobstructed. m Some large monitors cannot safely be placed on top of the computer. Check the instructions that came with the monitor for setup information. m If there is interference on the monitor’s screen or on a television or radio near your computer, move the affected equipment farther away. Handling the keyboard Take care not to spill any liquid on the keyboard. If you do, turn off your computer immediately. m If you spill liquid that is thin and clear, unplug the keyboard, turn it upside down to let the liquid drain out, and let it dry for 24 hours at room temperature. If, after you take these steps, the keyboard doesn’t work, take it to an Apple-authorized service provider for repair. m If you spill liquid that is greasy, sweet, or sticky, unplug the keyboard and take it to an Apple-authorized service provider for repair. 130 Appendix A Handling floppy disks 125° F (52° C) 50° F (10° C) Keep disks dry. Do not use a pencil or an eraser on a disk or disk label. Store disks at temperatures between 50° F and 125° F. Do not touch the exposed part of the disk behind the metal shutter. Keep disks away from magnets. Avoid exposing disks to extremely hot temperatures. Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips 131 Handling CD-ROM discs Keep these important safety instructions in mind as you use CD-ROM discs: m Hold a disc by the edges or by one edge and the center hole. Do not touch the disc surface. m To clean discs, wipe the shiny surface with a soft damp cloth, working in straight lines from center to edge. Do not use any form of cleaning agent. m To avoid damage to your discs, keep these points in mind: Do not put tape on discs. Do not scratch discs. Do not write on discs. Do not spill liquids on discs. Do not get dust on discs. Do not expose discs to direct sunlight. 132 Appendix A Other important safety instructions to keep in mind as you use your CD-ROM drive. m Position your computer so that when the tray opens, it doesn’t bump into anything. m Do not leave the disc tray open. If dust gets on the lens of the CD-ROM drive, the drive may have problems reading your compact discs. m Do not put anything (for instance, a cup) on top of the tray when it is open. m Do not force the tray open by hand. m Do not wipe the lens with a paper towel or other abrasive surface. If you need to clean the lens, see an Apple-authorized service provider for a lens cleaner. m Never transport your computer with a disc inside the CD-ROM drive. m Keep your computer equipment away from any source of liquid (such as wash basins, bathtubs, and shower stalls). If you drink coffee or other beverages while you’re at your computer, take care not to spill. m Avoid exposing your equipment to damp or wet weather. If your system is near a window, be sure the window is closed in rainy weather. The tray on your CD-ROM drive automatically closes when you shut down your computer. You may want to open the tray and take out your CD-ROM disc before shutting down. Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips 133 Ejecting a disk For instructions on ejecting a floppy disk or a removable media disk, see the “Disks” topic of Macintosh Guide, available in the Guide (h) menu. If you can’t eject a floppy disk If you can’t eject a floppy disk in the usual way, try the following in order: m Hold down the x and Shift keys and press the number 1 key at the upper left of your keyboard to eject a disk in the internal disk drive. m Turn off the computer. If the disk isn’t ejected, then hold down the button on your mouse or other pointing device while you turn the computer on again. m Locate the small hole near the disk drive’s opening, and carefully insert the end of a large straightened paper clip into it. Push gently until the disk is ejected. Do not use excessive force. If nothing works, take the computer or disk drive to your Apple-authorized service provider to have the disk removed. Power supply The power supply in your computer is a high-voltage component and should not be opened for any reason, even when the computer is off. If the power supply needs service, contact your Apple-authorized dealer or service provider. WARNING To protect the power supply from damage, make sure the voltage switch on the back of the computer is set correctly before you plug the computer into a power outlet. Refer to Chapter 1 for instructions on setting the voltage switch. 134 Appendix A Cleaning your equipment Follow these general rules when cleaning the outside of your computer and its components: m Use a damp, soft, lint-free cloth to clean the computer’s exterior. Avoid getting moisture in any openings. m Don’t use aerosol sprays, solvents, or abrasives. Cleaning the computer case To clean the case, do the following: 1 Turn off the computer completely and then disconnect the power plug. (Pull the plug, not the cord.) 2 Wipe the surfaces lightly with a clean, soft cloth dampened with water. Cleaning the monitor To clean the screen, put household glass cleaner on a soft cloth and wipe the screen. Don’t spray the cleaner directly on the screen, because the liquid might drip into the monitor or computer. Cleaning the mouse The mouse contains a small ball that must roll smoothly for the mouse to work properly. You can keep this ball free of dirt and grease by using the mouse on a clean, lint-free surface and cleaning it occasionally. You need a few cotton swabs and a clean, soft, lint-free cloth. 1 Turn off your computer. Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips 135 2 Turn the mouse upside-down and turn the plastic ring on the bottom counterclockwise to disengage it. On some mouse devices, you may need to press the plastic ring (rather than turn it) to disengage it. If the mouse is locked, see the next section, “Locking and Unlocking the Mouse,” for instructions on how to unlock it. 3 Turn the mouse right-side up with one hand and catch the ring and the ball with your other hand. 4 Clean the three small rollers inside the mouse with a cotton swab moistened with water. Rotate the rollers to clean all around them. 5 Wipe the mouse ball with a clean, soft, dry, and lint-free cloth. 6 If necessary, wash the mouse ball with warm soapy water (use a mild soap such as a dishwashing liquid) and then dry the mouse ball thoroughly. 7 Gently blow into the mouse case to remove any dust that has collected there. 136 Appendix A 8 Put the ball and the ring back in place. Your mouse should roll smoothly across your mouse pad or desk. If it doesn’t, repeat these instructions carefully. Locking and unlocking the mouse Some mouse devices can be locked so that the ball can’t be removed. A locking mouse has a small hole on the plastic ring. To lock the mouse, follow these steps: 1 Insert a straightened paper clip into the hole on the plastic ring. 2 Press down on the paper clip while you turn the ring clockwise. Turn the ring a very short distance, until it stops. When the recessed area on the ring is not lined up with the recessed area surrounding the ring, the mouse is locked. The mouse ring is locked when the recessed area on the ring does not line up with the recessed area surrounding the ring. Recessed area on ring Recessed area surrounding ring Insert a straightened paper clip into this hole. (The hole may be located here on your mouse.) Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips 137 To unlock the mouse, follow these steps: 1 Insert a straightened paper clip into the hole on the plastic ring. 2 Press down on the paper clip while you turn the ring counterclockwise. Turn the ring a very short distance. When the recessed area on the ring is lined up with the recessed area surrounding the ring, the mouse is unlocked. The mouse ring is unlocked when the recessed area on the ring lines up with the recessed area surrounding the ring. Recessed area on ring Recessed area surrounding ring Insert a straightened paper clip into this hole. (The hole may be located here on your mouse.) 138 Appendix A You can install printed circuit boards (called cards) for video and graphics applications, networking and communications, additional processing power, or other purposes. The cards fit into connectors, called expansion slots, inside the computer. Your Macintosh has three expansion slots, each designed to accept a Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) card. Install only expansion cards that come with Macintosh drivers and are compliant with the PCI 2.0 standard. NuBus™ cards cannot be used in these expansion slots. There is also an expansion slot that contains the computer’s processor card. (The processor card can be upgraded by replacing it with a more powerful processor card.) WARNING To avoid damaging your computer and expansion card, do not attempt to install any expansion card without first checking the documentation for that card. If the documentation specifies that an Apple-certified technician must install the card (usually because the installation requires special training or tools), consult the service and support information that came with your computer for instructions on how to contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for assistance. If you attempt to install the card yourself, any damage you may cause to the computer or card will not be covered by the limited warranty on your computer. If the card is not an Apple-labeled product, check with an Apple-authorized dealer or service provider to see if you can install it yourself. 139 Appendix B Installing an Expansion Card Read this appendix for instructions on installing an expansion card in your computer. Expansion card power requirements The combined power consumption of expansion cards must not exceed the limits specified for your Macintosh model. If you have more than one expansion card installed, check the information that came with your cards to make sure that their power consumption is within the limits specified in the Technical Information booklet. Card installation 1 Turn off the computer. Leave the computer plugged in to ground it and protect its components from static electricity damage. 140 Appendix B 2 Press the two release buttons under the front panel and slide the cover toward you approximately two inches. While pressing the release buttons, pull the top cover forward approximately two inches to release it from the chassis. Locate the two release buttons under the front panel ledge with your fingertips. Installing an Expansion Card 141 3 Remove the cover from the computer. After you’ve slid the cover forward about two inches, lift it straight up and off the computer. 142 Appendix B 4 Touch the metal part of the power supply case inside the computer to discharge static electricity. Always do this before you touch any parts, or install any components, inside the computer. Power supply Installing an Expansion Card 143 5 Flip the expansion card cover open. Flip the expansion card cover open. 144 Appendix B 6 Being careful not to touch the sharp edges, pull out the port access cover behind the expansion slot you want to use, and set the access port cover aside. 7 Remove the card from its static-proof bag. Hold the card by its edges to avoid touching the connector. Connector (back of computer) Push the port access cover in gently with the finger of one hand while pulling it straight up with the other hand. Installing an Expansion Card 145 8 Align the connector end of the card with the expansion slot. Port access opening As you lower the card, you may find it helpful to hold the card slightly forward of its final position until you actually fit the card into its slot. Install the PCI card in any of the three PCI slots. (front of computer) 146 Appendix B 9 Press the card gently but firmly until the connector is fully inserted. m Don’t force the card. If you meet a lot of resistance, pull the card out and try again. m To see if the card is properly connected, pull it gently. If it resists and stays in place, it’s connected. (Make sure you don’t pull the card so much that you accidentally disconnect it.) If you have other cards to install, put them in now by repeating steps 6 through 9. If the PCI card you are installing is full-length, then be sure that it fits in one of the three card guides toward the front of the computer. (back of computer) Installing an Expansion Card 147 10 Flip the expansion card cover up and snap it back into place. (Be sure to snap the cover back down on both ends.) Flip the expansion card cover closed and snap it into place. (front of computer) 148 Appendix B 11 Replace the cover on the computer. Lower the cover all the way down onto the case, leaving a 2-inch gap. Push the cover back until it snaps into place. You are now finished installing the card. You may turn on the computer and start using the new card. WARNING Never turn on your computer unless all of its internal and external parts are in place. Operating the computer when it is open or missing parts can be dangerous, and can damage your computer. Slide the top cover all the way back until it snaps into place. Set the top cover down so that there is about a two-inch gap between the back of the top cover and the back of the chassis. Installing an Expansion Card 149 Upgrading the processor Your computer’s processor can be upgraded with the installation of a processor upgrade card. To upgrade the processor, remove the old processor card following the instructions in this chapter for opening the computer safely. Then, the new processor card can be installed following the procedure in this chapter for installing expansion cards. (Note that an access port cover does not need to be removed as described in step 6 of “Card Installation” earlier in this chapter.) IMPORTANT The processor card can be damaged by static electricity. To avoid damaging the card, hold it only by the edges—do not touch the connectors or the components on the card. Refer to the documentation that came with the processor upgrade card for important installation instructions specific to the card. Processor card 150 Appendix B 151 Your computer keyboard contains certain special keys that typewriter keyboards don’t have. Many of these keys allow you to give commands to the computer without using the mouse. For example, in many application programs, you can press the x (Command) key at the same time as the Q key to quit a program. The following table describes what you can do with the special keys on your keyboard. The special keys on your keyboard depend on the model of keyboard you have; some keyboards do not have all the keys listed here. Special keys on Apple keyboards Arrow keys Use to move the insertion point, as an alternative to using the pointer. In some programs, the arrow keys have other functions. Caps Lock key Use to capitalize a series of letters (numbers and symbols aren’t affected). Clear key Use to delete the current selection (or use the Delete key). In some programs, Clear has other functions. x (Command) key Use in combination with other keys as an alternative to choosing a menu command. continued . num lock clear caps lock Read this appendix to learn how to use the special keys on your keyboard. Appendix C Special Keys on Your Keyboard Special keys on Apple keyboards (continued) Control key In combination with other keys, this key provides shortcuts or modifies other actions. Delete key Use to delete selected material, or the character to the left of the insertion point. Enter key In a dialog box, pressing Enter is the same as clicking the outlined button. In some programs, pressing this key confirms information you have provided. Escape key The function of this key depends on the program you’re using. Function keys Some programs allow you to use the 12 function keys to give commands. You can assign commands or action sequences to function keys with special utility programs. Option key Use in combination with other keys to produce special characters or modify actions. Numeric keys Use to produce numbers and mathematical symbols; some programs use these keys as function keys to initiate actions. Power key On some models, press to turn on the computer. Also press to shut down the computer, to put the computer to sleep, or to restart the computer. Return key Use to move the insertion point to the beginning of the next line. In a dialog box, pressing Return is the same as clicking the outlined button. Shift key Use to produce capital letters (or the upper character on the key). Tab key Use to move the insertion point to the next stopping place (such as a tab stop or field in a dialog box or program). Other special keys The function of these keys depends on the operating system and program you’re using. help home end ins del page up page down tab shift return num lock clear = / * 7 4 0 8 5 2 9 6 3 enter 1 . option alt F1 esc enter delete control 152 Appendix C Typing special characters and symbols You can type a variety of international and other special symbols and characters (including characters with diacritical marks, such as accents) by pressing combinations of keys. The Key Caps program, which is installed with your system software, shows you the characters produced when you type certain keys and key combinations in the fonts available on your computer. Choose Key Caps from the Apple (K) menu, then choose the font from the Key Caps menu. To have Key Caps show more options for special characters, press each of these keys or key combinations: Option, Shift, Shift-Option, Shift-x, and Option-x. If you press the Option key, Key Caps outlines lightly the keys that you can use in combination with letter keys to type letters with accents or other diacritical marks. Special Keys on Your Keyboard 153 Characters available in the Chicago font Characters appear here when you press keys on the keyboard or click them in the window. Characters available in the Chicago font when the Option key is pressed The highlighted key represents the key held down on the keyboard— in this case, the Option key. If you see rectangles: If you see rectangles instead of diacritical marks on some of the pictures of keys in Key Caps, try pressing Option-x to see the diacritical marks. However, you only need to use the Option key (not Option-x) in combination with the other keys to type letters with diacritical marks. If you press the Option key at the same time as a key for a specific diacritical mark and then release both keys, Key Caps outlines in bold the keys for letters that can be typed with that mark. (You’ll see that most key combinations for diacritical marks can be used with the Space bar as well as letter keys—producing the mark without a letter.) The most common diacritical marks and how to create them are summarized next. Diacritical mark Key combination Grave accent ( ` ) Option-`, then type the character Acute accent ( ´ ) Option-e, then type the character Circumflex (^) Option-i, then type the character Tilde (~) Option-n, then type the character Umlaut ( ¨ ) Option-u, then type the character The letter “c” with a cedilla (ç) Option-c m To type a letter or a space with a specific diacritical mark, press the Option key and the key for the mark simultaneously. Then type the letter that needs the mark. If you are having trouble getting a mark and letter to appear together, try again. Be sure to press the Option key before (or at the same time as) the key for the mark; then, after you release both keys, type the letter to be marked. 154 Appendix C Special key combinations If difficulties with your mouse or computer don’t allow you to use standard methods of quitting a program or restarting your computer, you can try using these special key combinations. To do this... …press this key combination Force a program to quit x-Option-Esc Force the computer to restart x–Control–Power key Here are other key combinations you may find useful: To do this… …press this key combination Start a “debugging” program used by software programmers* x-Power key Start the computer from a CD-ROM disc C key (at startup) Ignore SCSI ID 0 (zero) x-Option-Shift-Delete Turn off system extensions Shift key (while starting up) Rebuild the desktop Option-x (while starting up) *If you do not have a debugging program installed, your screen displays a caret prompt (>). To return to the desktop, type “G.” Special Keys on Your Keyboard 155 A AAUI Ethernet connector 59 AAUI Ethernet port 40, 41 About Apple Extras file 25 accent marks, typing 153–154 access covers for expansion slots 41, 145 active program 19, 63–64 acute accent (´), typing 154 ADB ports 10, 11, 40, 41, 88 air circulation around computer components 129 America Online, obtaining Apple software updates from 102 Apple-authorized service providers adding internal drives 58 attaching devices to the internal SCSI interface 54 damaged equipment 87, 89, 92 ejecting floppy disks 84, 134 hard disk initialization failure 105, 109 installing additional memory 58 installing expansion cards 139 interference with radio or television reception vi liquid spills on keyboard 130 removing extra built-in SCSI terminators 56 repair service 76, 77 replacing the clock battery 80 “sad Macintosh” icon on screen 82 servicing the power supply 134 AppleCD Audio Player program 69, |70, 92 Apple Desktop Bus (ADB) ports 10, 11, 40, 41, 88 Apple Extensions Manager 63 AppleLink, obtaining Apple software updates from 99 Apple PlainTalk Microphone, connecting 2, 45–46 AppleScript program 61 Apple software updates, obtaining 98–102 AppleTalk control panel 60 Application menu activating the Finder 28, 35 Hide Others/Show All commands 64 identifying the active program 19, 63–64 switching programs 19, 64 157 Index If you can’t find what you’re looking for in this index, look in Macintosh Guide— available in the Guide (h) menu on your computer. application programs active and open 63–64 “can’t be found” message 66, 89 “can’t be opened because a file can’t found” message 66, 90 compatibility with older Macintosh programs 90 installing 61–63 memory problems 85 not installed with the Installer program 113, 116 opening 19 Power Macintosh “native” applications 65–66 switching 64 won’t start or quit unexpectedly 85 arrow keys 151 arrow pointer “freezes” and won’t move 24, 75–76, 87, 96 moving 17–18 Ask Apple Online Technical Support service 99–100 At Ease 92 audio cables 50–53 audio CDs adjusting volume control 48, 95 playing 70 troubleshooting 95–96 audio equipment, connecting 42–48 Audio File Access CD-ROM extension 94 Audio In port (on stereo speakers) 47 audio input/output ports (on computer) 41, 42, 45, 51–53 Audio Out ports (on video equipment) 51–53 automatic startup/shutdown 22 A/V panel 42 B backing up files and disks 65 programs 62 Balloon Help 36 battery in computer’s clock, replacing 80 blinking question mark icon, troubleshooting 80–81, 110 “bomb” icon/message, troubleshooting 75, 77, 86, 96 BOOTP bootstrapping protocol 60 brightness control on monitor 15, 79, 130 C cables audio 45, 50–53 checking connections 79, 87 keyboard 2, 10–11 monitor 2, 9 mouse 10–11, 87 network 59 safety instructions for 129 SCSI 55–57 stereo speaker 47 video 50–53 Caps Lock key 151 carpal tunnel syndrome 124 CD-ROM discs can’t open a document on 94 damaged 94 ejecting 69 eject unexpectedly 94 icon doesn’t appear on desktop 93 inserting 62, 68 overview 67 playing audio CDs 70 problems using ISO 9660 or High Sierra discs 95 removing scratches on 94 safety instructions for 132–133 158 Index saving changed information 94 starting At Ease from 92 “This is not a Macintosh disk: Do you want to initialize it” message 94 using Photo CDs 71 CD-ROM disc that contains system software, starting the computer from 103–104 CD-ROM drive computer won’t restart after copying software to System Folder 84, 91 computer won’t restart with a disc in the drive 80, 84 icon doesn’t appear on screen 91 illustration 40 opening/closing the tray 68, 69, 92 safety instructions for vii, 133 software problems 84, 91 CD-ROM software, installing 119–120 cedilla (ç), typing 154 chair, adjusting for optimal support and comfort 125 circumflex (^), typing 154 C key (at startup), to start from a CD-ROM disc 155 cleaning computer equipment 135–137. See also safety instructions clean installation of system software 113–117 Clear key 151 clock in computer keeps time inaccurately 80 close box 20 in Macintosh Guide 34, 35 closing the cover on the computer 149 x (Command)-Control-Power keys, to restart the computer 74, 155 x (Command)-E keys, to eject a CDROM disc 69 x (Command) key 151 x (Command)-Option-Esc keys, to quit a program 77, 87, 155 x (Command)-Option keys, to rebuild the desktop 78, 155 x (Command)-Option-p-r keys, to restart the computer 79 x (Command)-Option-Shift-Delete keys, to ignore SCSI ID 0 (zero) 155 x (Command)-Power keys, to start a debugging program 155 x (Command)-Shift-1 keys, to eject a floppy disk 83, 134 x (Command)-Shift-K keys, to start a clean installation of system software 115 composite video connections for input from a camera 52 for input from a VCR 51 composite video connectors 49, 50. See also RCA-type connectors composite video input port (on computer) 41, 42, 51–52 CompuServe, obtaining Apple software updates from 101 computer components. See equipment computer power cord 2, 6 connecting audio equipment 42–48 the computer 3–6 external stereo speakers 47–48 a microphone 45–46 a monitor 7–9 the mouse and keyboard 10–11 to a network 59–60 SCSI devices 54–57 video equipment 48–53 connectors AAUI Ethernet 59 miniplug 43, 44, 47 RCA-type 44, 49, 50–53 safety instructions for 129 S-video 49, 50 Control key 152 Index 159 control panels AppleTalk 60 Energy Saver 21–22, 130 Extensions Manager 78, 85, 86, 94, 97 Memory 85, 90 Monitors 79 PC Exchange 89, 90 TCP/IP 60 turning off 85, 86 Video & Sound 48 cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) 124 customer service obtaining Apple software updates 98–102 support hotline 25 custom installation of system software 117–119 Custom Install dialog box 118, 120 D Delete key 152 desktop At Ease and 92 rebuilding 78, 83, 89 device drivers, SCSI 57 DHCP bootstrapping protocol 60 diacritical marks, typing 153–154 diagnosing problems. See Appleauthorized service providers; error messages; troubleshooting dialog boxes Custom Install 118, 120 Easy Install 112, 115–116 Energy Star 14, 21 DIMMs. See Dual Inline Memory Modules (DIMMs) dim screen 22, 79, 130 disconnecting the computer 6, 128 Disk First Aid program installing system software 111, 120 repairing damaged disks 108–109 disks. See CD-ROM discs; floppy disks; hard disk Disk Tools disk, starting the computer from 104 disk with an X icon 81 display. See monitor; screen documents. See also files can’t open 89 opening DOS documents on the Macintosh 89, 90 DRAM. See dynamic RAM drivers printer 98 SCSI device 57 Drive Setup program hard disk icon doesn’t appear 82 initializing a hard disk 103, 105 overview 61 testing a hard disk 107–108 updating the hard disk 111, 114 Dual Inline Memory Modules (DIMMs) 58 dual RCA-type connectors 44, 50, 52, 53 dynamic RAM, adding 58 E Easy Access, turning off 88 Easy Install dialog box 112, 115–116 Eject CD command (AppleCD Audio Player File menu) 69, 92 ejecting CD-ROM discs 69, 92 floppy disks 83–84, 134 electromagnetic emissions from computer monitors 127 Energy Saver control panel 21–22, 130 energy-saving options, setting 14, 21, 130 Energy Star dialog box 14, 21 Enter key 152 160 Index equipment arranging to prevent discomfort 125–126 cleaning 135–137 guidelines for handling 129–133 illustration 2, 40–41 setting up 1–8 error messages. See also troubleshooting “Application program can’t be found” 66, 89 “Application program can’t be opened because a file can’t be found” 66, 90 blinking question mark icon 80–81, 110 “bomb” icon/message 75, 77, 86, 96 “Can’t open a document...” 89 “Could not create a socket” 60 disk with an X icon 81 “Not enough memory” 66, 85 “sad Macintosh” icon 82 “This is not a Macintosh disk: Do you want to initialize it?” 94 “Unable to locate host” 60 what to do about 75, 76–77, 86 Escape key 152 Ethernet network, connecting to 59–60 Ethernet ports 40, 41 eWorld program 61, 99–100 expansion bay, illustration 40 expansion card installing 139–149 power requirements of 140 expansion card cover 144, 148 expansion slots 139, 145–147 access covers for 41, 145 extended miniplugs 43 Extensions Manager control panel 78, 85, 86, 94, 97 external stereo speakers, connecting 47–48 eye fatigue from computer use 123, 125, 127 F fatigue, tips for avoiding 127 FDDI networks 59 File menu Eject CD command (AppleCD Audio Player program) 69, 92 Put Away command 69, 92 files. See also documents backing up 65 file sharing, CD-ROM discs and 72 Finder, activating 28, 35 floating-point unit (FPU) 85 floppy disk drive, illustration 40 floppy disks backing up 65 can’t eject 83–84, 134 computer can’t read 83 repairing 108–109 safety instructions for 131 folders. See System Folder; Utilities folder Foreign File Access extension 94, 95 formatting a hard disk 103–105 frozen pointer 87 Function keys 152 furniture, arranging to prevent discomfort 125–126 G graphics, using Photo CDs 71 grave accent (`), typing 154 grounding the computer 6, 129 Guide menu. See also Macintosh Guide Shortcuts command 37–38 Show/Hide Balloons command 36 using 18, 19, 25, 27–28 Index 161 H hard disk backing up files on 65 can’t start up from 106–107 icon doesn’t appear on screen 82–83, 106–107 initializing 103–105 repairing 106–109 testing 107–108 using space as virtual memory 65 hard disk drive, illustration 40 health-related information about computer use 123–127 help. See Apple-authorized service providers; Balloon Help; customer service; Macintosh Guide; troubleshooting Hide Balloons command (Guide menu) 36 Hide Others command (Application menu) 64 hiding/showing windows on the desktop 64 High Sierra CD-ROM discs, problems using 95 “Huh?” button, Macintosh Guide 35 I, J icons ADB 10, 11 application program 20 blinking question mark 80–81, 110 “bomb” 75, 77, 86, 96 defined 20 Disk First Aid 108, 111, 114 disk with an X 81 document 20 don’t appear correctly on screen 82–83, 92–93 Drive Setup 105, 107 folder 20 hard disk 14, 19, 20, 82–83 “sad Macintosh” 82 SCSI 54 sound input/output ports 43 Trash 14, 19, 20 ID numbers. See SCSI ID numbers Index button, Macintosh Guide 29, 31–32 initializing a hard disk 103–105 inserting CD-ROM discs 62, 68 insertion point, setting 88 Installer program 112, 114 installing additional RAM 57–58 application programs 61–63 CD-ROM software 119–120 expansion card 139–149 internal drives 58 system software 110–119 interference with radio or television reception vi, 130 internal drives, installing 58 international characters and symbols, typing 153–154 Internet configuring your system for 60 obtaining Apple software updates from 101–102 ISDN networks 59 ISO 9660 CD-ROM discs, problems using 95 K keyboard connecting 10–11 illustration 2, 40 positioning 125–126 safety instructions for 130 special keys on 151–152 typing produces nothing on screen 88–89 162 Index keyboard cable checking connections 87, 88 connecting 10–11 illustration 2 keyboard shortcuts 37–38 keyboard tray 126 Key Caps program 153–154 L learning the basics 17–18 lifting the computer 3 liquid spills on the computer equipment 128, 129, 130, 132, 133 LocalTalk network, connecting to 59–60 locking/unlocking the mouse 137–138 Look For button, Macintosh Guide 29, 33–34 M Macintosh Guide activating the text box 33 closing 34, 35 going to the next step 30, 32, 34 “Huh?” button 35 Index button 29, 31–32 Look For button 29, 33–34 moving the window out of the way 35 returning to the main window 30, 32, 35 Topics button 29–30 using the scroll bar 31 using the slider 31 using the zoom box 35 Macintosh Shortcuts 37–38 Macintosh Tutorial 17–18 memory. See also RAM expanding 57–58 “not enough memory” message 66, 85 shared libraries and 66, 90 virtual 65 Memory control panel 85, 90 menu bar 19 menu, opening 18, 19 microphone, connecting 2, 45–46 miniplugs 43, 44, 47 modem port (GeoPort) 40, 41 moisture or wetness, computer exposure to 128, 129, 133 monitor. See also screen brightness control 15, 79, 130 cleaning 135 connecting 7–9 electromagnetic emissions from 127 illustration 2, 40 positioning 7, 126 safety instructions for 130 turning on 12 monitor cable 2, 9 monitor port 9, 40, 41 monitor power cord 2, 7–8 monitor power socket 41 Monitors control panel 79 mouse cleaning 135–137 connecting 10–11 illustration 2, 40 learning to use 17–18 locking/unlocking 137–138 proper positioning of 126 troubleshooting 87 mouse button 17–18 mouse cable checking connections 87 connecting 10–11 mouse pad 17 mouse shortcuts 37–38 musculoskeletal discomfort from computer use 123, 124, 127 Index 163 N network cables, connecting 59 networks backing up files on 65 connecting to 59–60 sharing a CD-ROM disc on 72 network server options, sleep state and 22 normal installation of system software 111–113 Numeric keys 152 O office furniture, arranging to prevent discomfort 125–126 online help. See Balloon Help; Guide menu; Macintosh Guide online services, obtaining Apple software updates from 98–102 Open/Close button on CD-ROM drive 40, 68, 69, 92 opening the computer 141–142 Option key 152 Key Caps program and 153–154 P parameter RAM 79 PC Exchange control panel 89, 90 PCI. See Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) cards performance decreases after adding software, troubleshooting 97 Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) cards 59, 139, 146–147 Photo CDs 71, 96 pointer. See arrow pointer ports AAUI Ethernet 40, 41 ADB 10, 11, 40, 41, 88 Audio In (on stereo speakers) 47 audio input/output (on computer) 41, 42, 45, 51–53 Audio Out (on video equipment) 51–53 composite video input 41, 42, 51–52 illustration 40–41 monitor 9, 41 SCSI 40, 41, 54, 57 sound input/output 40–41, 43, 45–47 S-video input (on computer) 41, 42, 52–53 S-video Out (on video equipment) 52–53 Video Out (on video equipment) 51–52 power button 15, 24, 40, 78 power cords checking connections 79 frayed 128 illustration 2, 6, 8 plugging in 3–6, 8 Power key illustration 13, 40, 152 putting the computer to sleep 22, 152 restarting the computer 77, 152 starting the computer 13, 152 turning the computer off 23, 24, 152 Power Macintosh “native” application programs 65–66 power-on light 15, 40 PowerPC microprocessor ix power sockets 41 power supply 134, 143 PowerTalk program 61 PRAM. See parameter RAM Previous System Folder 115, 117 printer port (GeoPort) 40, 41 printer problems 98 164 Index problems. See Apple-authorized service providers; customer service; error messages; troubleshooting processor card, upgrading 139, 150 programs. See application programs Put Away command (File menu) 69, 92 Q question mark icon, troubleshooting 80–81, 110 quitting a program if you’re having trouble 77 R radio or television reception, interference with vi, 130 RAM. See also memory expanding 57–58 resetting parameter RAM 79 RCA-type connectors 44, 49, 50–53 Read Me files 25, 62 read-only memory, defined 67 rebuilding the desktop 78, 83, 89 reinstalling CD-ROM software 119–120 system software 110–119 release buttons on computer 141 repairing damaged disks 106–109 repetitive stress injuries (RSIs) 124 Restart command (Special menu) 77 restarting the computer 79, 152, 155 Return key 152 S “sad Macintosh” icon on screen, troubleshooting 82 safety instructions CD-ROM drive vii cleaning equipment 135–137 connecting additional equipment 39 connecting a SCSI device 57 ejecting CDs using a paper clip 92 ejecting floppy disks using a paper clip 84, 134 general precautions 128–129 grounding the computer 6, 129 handling and care of equipment 129–133 installing additional memory 58 installing an expansion card 139 liquid spills on computer equipment 128, 129, 130, 132, 133 locking/unlocking the mouse 137–138 operating the computer when open or when parts are missing 149 setting the voltage 3–6, 8, 12 saving documents if you’re having trouble 77 screen. See also monitor dark, troubleshooting 79 dimming 22, 130 minimizing glare and reflections 126, 127 positioning 7, 126 screen saver programs 79, 130 scroll arrows 20 scroll bar, Macintosh Guide 31 SCSI cables 55–57 SCSI devices computer doesn’t recognize 80, 91 connecting 54–57 SCSI ID numbers setting 55 troubleshooting and 82, 91, 106–107 SCSI internal interface 54 SCSI port 40, 41, 54, 57 SCSI terminator 56 security lock ports 40, 41 shared disks 65, 69, 72 shared libraries 66, 90 Shift key 152, 155 Shortcuts command (Guide menu) 37–38 Show All command (Application menu) 64 Index 165 Show Balloons command (Guide menu) 36 showing/hiding windows on the desktop 64 Shut Down command (Special menu) 23–24 shutting down the computer 22, 23–24 size box 20 Sleep command (Special menu) 22 sleep state 15, 22 slider, Macintosh Guide 31 Small Computer System Interface. See SCSI software updates, obtaining 98–102 sound input/output ports (on computer) 41, 43, 45–47 speaker on computer, illustration 40 speakers, connecting external stereo speakers 47–48 special characters and symbols, typing 153–154 special keys 151–152, 155 Special menu Restart command 77 Shut Down command 23–24 Sleep command 22 starting the computer 22, 77–78 startup disks initializing 103–105 rebuilding the desktop and 78 troubleshooting 81, 83 static electricity discharging 143 handling the processor card 150 stereo miniplugs 43, 44, 47 stereo speakers 47–48 sunlight, computer exposure to 129 S-video connections for input from a camera 53 for input from a VCR 52 S-video connectors 49, 50 S-video input port (on computer) 41, 42, 52–53 S-video Out port (on video equipment) 52–53 switching programs 19 symbols and international characters, typing 153–154 System Backup Disk 1 disk, starting the computer from 104 system extensions not installed with the Installer program 113, 116 turning off 63, 85, 86 System Folder clean installation of system software and 113, 115, 117 dragging extras to the Trash 63 replacing special software 117 shared libraries 66 system software installing/reinstalling 110–119 troubleshooting 80–82, 86–88, 110 T Tab key 152 TCP/IP control panel 60 television or radio reception, interference with vi, 130 temperature limits for floppy disks 131 10BASE-T Ethernet connector 59 10BASE-T Ethernet port 40, 41 terminators, SCSI 56 text box, Macintosh Guide 33 Text-to-speech software 61 tilde (~), typing 154 title bar of a window 20 TokenRing networks 59 Topics button Macintosh Guide 29–30 Macintosh Shortcuts window 37, 38 Trash 20 triple RCA-type connectors 50, 51, 52 166 Index troubleshooting. See also error messages application program problems 63, 85, 89–90 arrow pointer “freezes” on screen 24, 75–76, 87, 96 audio CD problems 95–96 CD-ROM disc problems 93–94 CD-ROM drive problems 84, 91–93, 119 computer’s clock keeps time inaccurately 80 desktop looks unusual 92 diagnosing problems 76–77, 86 floppy disk problems 83–84, 134 hard disk problems 82–83, 103–108 icons don’t appear correctly on desktop 82–83, 92–93 interference with radio or television reception vi, 130 keyboard problems 88–89 memory problems 65, 66, 85, 90 mouse problems 87 network configuration problems 60 opening DOS documents on the Macintosh 89, 90 performance decreases after adding software 97 Photo CD problems 96 printer problems 98 problems turning on the computer 15 screen is dark 79 SCSI devices not recognized 80, 91 shared library problems 66, 90 startup disk problems 81, 83 system software problems 80–82, 86–88, 110 typing produces nothing on screen 88–89 turning off the computer 23–24 control panels 85, 86 Easy Access 88 system extensions 63, 85, 86, 97 virus detection programs 63 turning on the computer 12–15 external SCSI devices 57 Foreign File Access/Audio File Access CD-ROM extensions 94 the monitor 12 system extensions 63, 97 virtual memory 85 tutorial 15–18 typing produces nothing on screen, troubleshooting 88–89 U umlaut (ü), typing 154 unlocking/locking the mouse 137–138 unsaved work, losing 24 updated software, obtaining 98–102 upgrading the processor 139, 150 Utilities folder Disk First Aid 108, 111 Drive Setup 105, 107 V ventilation around computer components 129 ventilation openings on computer and monitor 130 Video & Sound control panel 48 video cables 50–53 video camera, connecting for input 50–53 videocassette recorder (VCR), connecting for input 50–53 video formats 48 video Out ports (on video equipment) 51–52 video RAM, expanding 58 virtual memory 65, 85 virus detection programs 63 Index 167 voltage setting for your computer 3–6, 12 setting for your monitor 8 voltage converter for monitor 4, 8 voltages for different countries 5 voltage switch 3–4, 6, 12 volume control for AppleCD Audio Player 96 for external speakers 48, 96 VRAM. See video RAM W, X, Y waking the computer 15, 22 warranty on computer 76, 139 wetness or moisture, computer exposure to 128, 129, 133 windows hiding and showing 64 working with 20 work space, arranging to prevent discomfort 125–126 Worldwide Web server (Internet), obtaining Apple software updates from 102 Z zoom box, Macintosh Guide 35 168 Index Apple Computer, Inc. 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, California 95014-2084 408.996.1010 030-6731-A Printed in U.S.A. Time Capsule Installationshandbuch 3 Inhalt 5 Kapitel 1: Einführung 7 Informationen zu Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation 9 Die AirPort-Software 10 Systemvoraussetzungen 12 Die Statusanzeigen der Time Capsule-Basisstation 15 Kapitel 2: Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation 16 Verwenden der Time Capsule-Basisstation zum Erstellen eines drahtlosen Netzwerks 19 Verwenden des AirPort-Dienstprogramms 21 Einrichten eines neuen drahtlosen Netzwerks 22 Konfigurieren und Freigeben des Internetzugangs 24 Festlegen erweiterter Optionen 25 Ermöglichen des Netzwerkzugriffs durch drahtlose Clients ohne Eingabe eines Kennworts 27 Verwenden von Time Machine mit Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation 29 Kapitel 3: Tipps zur Fehlerbeseitigung 29 Sie können keine Verbindung zum Internet herstellen 29 Sie haben Ihr Netzwerk- oder Time Capsule-Kennwort vergessen 31 Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation reagiert nicht 4 Inhalt 32 Die Statusanzeige der Time Capsule-Basisstation blinkt gelb 33 Ihr Drucker reagiert nicht 34 Aktualisieren der AirPort-Software 35 Überlegungen zur Platzierung der Time Capsule-Basisstation 36 Mögliche Störquellen, die Interferenzen mit AirPort verursachen können 37 Kapitel 4: Weitere Informationen, Service und Support 39 Anhang: Time Capsule – Technische Daten und Sicherheitsinformationen 43 Regulatory Compliance Information 1 5 1 Einführung Herzlichen Glückwunsch zum Kauf von Time Capsule. Bitte lesen Sie dieses Handbuch, um die Basisstation in Betrieb zu nehmen. Die neue Time Capsule-Basisstation ermöglicht eine vollständig automatisierte Datensicherung über Ihr Wi-Fi-Netzwerk. Mit dem Programm „Time Machine“ unter Mac OS X 10.5.2 Leopard (oder neuer) lassen sich ganz einfach und automatisch Sicherungskopien der Daten aller Computer in Ihrem Netzwerk auf einer einzigen Time Capsule-Basisstation anlegen. Gleichzeitig dient Time Capsule auch als eine AirPort Extreme-Basisstation, die einen gleichzeitigen drahtlosen Dualband-Netzwerkbetrieb ermöglicht. Bei der Konfiguration Ihrer Time Capsule richtet diese zwei High-Speed-Wi-Fi-Netzwerke ein:  Ein 2,4 Gigahertz- (GHz) Netzwerk für 802.11b-, 802.11g- und 802.11n-Geräte wie iPhone, iPod touch und ältere Computer  Ein 5 GHz-Netzwerk für 802.11n- und 802.11a-Geräte wie neuere Computer und Apple TV 6 Kapitel 1 Einführung Geräte für die drahtlose Kommunikation können das Netzwerk nutzen, das ihnen eine optimale Leistung und Kompatibilität bietet. Die Time Capsule-Basisstation stellt den Computern und Geräten in Ihrem Netzwerk eine Breitband-Internetverbindung für die gemeinsame Nutzung bereit. Mit Time Capsule haben Sie folgende Möglichkeiten:  Verwenden des Programms „Time Machine“ unter Mac OS X 10.5.2 (oder neuer) zum Ausführen einer Datensicherung aller Computer in Ihrem drahtlosen Netzwerk sowie von Computern, die via Ethernet mit Ihrer Time Capsule verbunden sind. Hinweis: Abhängig davon, wie viele Daten Sie sichern wollen, kann die erste Datensicherung mit Time Capsule und Time Machine relativ lange dauern, etwa über Nacht oder sogar länger. Sie können die erste Datensicherung beschleunigen, indem Sie Ihren Computer über ein Ethernetkabel mit dem LAN-Anschluss der Time Capsule verbinden. Weitere Informationen zum Verwenden von Time Machine finden Sie im Abschnitt „Verwenden von Time Machine mit Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation“ auf Seite 27.  Erstellen eines durch Kennwort geschützten drahtlosen privaten Netzwerks, Herstellen einer Verbindung zum Internet und Freigeben der Verbindung für andere Computer oder Wi-Fi-Geräte wie iPhone, iPod touch und Apple TV. Sie können Daten mit anderen mit dem Netzwerk verbundenen Computern gemeinsam nutzen.  Einrichten eines Gastnetzwerks mit oder ohne Kennwortschutz, um drahtlosen Geräten wie Computern, iPhone, iPod touch und Apple TV nur den Internetzugang bereitzustellen. Kapitel 1 Einführung 7  Verbinden der Time Capsule-Basisstation mit Ihrem Ethernetnetzwerk. Macintosh- Computer, Windows XP- oder Windows Vista-Computer, die für die drahtlose Kommunikation konfiguriert sind, können dann auf ein komplettes Netzwerk zugreifen, ohne durch Kabel verbunden zu sein.  Anschließen eines kompatiblen USB-Druckers an Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation. Kompatible Computer in Ihrem AirPort-Netzwerk können diesen Drucker dann drahtlos oder via Kabel verwenden.  Verbinden einer zusätzlichen USB-Festplatte mit der Time Capsule-Basisstation. Kompatible Computer in Ihrem AirPort-Netzwerk können dann drahtlos oder per Kabel auf Informationen auf der Festplatte zugreifen.  Verbinden eines USB-Hub mit der Time Capsule-Basisstation und Anschließen mehrerer USB-Geräte wie Drucker oder Festplatten. Alle Computer im Netzwerk können danach auf diese Geräte zugreifen. Wichtig: Installieren Sie das AirPort-Dienstprogramm 5.4 von der CD, die Sie mit Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation erhalten haben. Oder laden Sie das Dienstprogramm mithilfe der Softwareaktualisierung. Vorherige Versionen des AirPort-Assistenten und des AirPort Admin-Dienstprogramms sind mit dieser Time Capsule-Basisstation nicht kompatibel. Informationen zu Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation ist mit fünf Anschlüssen an der Rückseite ausgestattet:  Einem 10/100/1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet-WAN-Anschluss (Wide Area Network) für die Anbindung eines DSL- oder Kabelmodems oder für den Anschluss an ein vorhandenes Ethernetnetzwerk 8 Kapitel 1 Einführung  Drei 10/100/1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet-LAN-Anschlüsse (Local Area Network) für die Anbindung von Ethernetgeräten wie Druckern oder Computern oder für den Anschluss an ein vorhandenes Ethernetnetzwerk  Einem USB-Anschluss für die Anbindung eines kompatiblen USB-Druckers, einer USB-Festplatte oder eines USB-Hubs für den Anschluss verschiedener Geräte Die Reset-Taste neben den Anschlüssen wird für die Fehlerbeseitigung Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation verwendet. Die Statusanzeige vorne am Gerät zeigt den aktuellen Status an. Statusanzeige Internet-WAN-Anschluss Netzanschluss Netzkabel USB-Anschluss Reset-Taste Ethernetanschlüsse Anschluss für Diebstahlsicherung Anzeige für Ethernetaktivität Kapitel 1 Einführung 9 Die AirPort-Software Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation funktioniert mit dem AirPort-Dienstprogramm, das auf der Time Capsule-CD enthalten ist. Installieren Sie das AirPort-Dienstprogramm und befolgen Sie die Anleitungen auf den folgenden Seiten, um die Time Capsule-Basisstation und Ihr drahtloses AirPort-Netzwerk zu konfigurieren. Hinweis: Für die Konfiguration von Time Capsule ist das AirPort-Dienstprogramm Version 5.4 erforderlich. Mit älteren Versionen der AirPort-Software ist diese Time Capsule- Basisstation nicht kompatibel. AirPort-Dienstprogramm Verwenden Sie das AirPort-Dienstprogramm für die Konfiguration Ihrer Time Capsule- Basisstation, sodass Sie ein drahtloses Netzwerk einrichten, die Verbindung zum Internet herstellen und kompatible USB-Drucker und USB-Festplatten gemeinsam verwenden können. Sie können Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation auch mit einem vorhandenen drahtlosen AirPort Extreme-Netzwerk verbinden. Das AirPort-Dienstprogramm eignet sich auch für die Konfiguration und Verwaltung von Time Capsule-, AirPort Extreme- und AirPort Express-Basisstationen. Verwenden Sie das Dienstprogramm, um die Einstellungen für Netzwerk, Datenweiterleitung und Sicherheit sowie weitere Optionen manuell festzulegen. Z AirPort-Symbol in der Menüleiste Mithilfe des AirPort-Symbols in der Menüleiste können Sie schnell zwischen AirPort- Netzwerken wechseln, die Signalqualität des derzeit ausgewählten Netzwerks überwachen, ein Computer-zu-Computer-Netzwerk einrichten und die AirPort-Kommunikation aktivieren oder deaktivieren. Das AirPort-Symbol wird bei Computern mit Mac OS X in der Menüleiste angezeigt. 10 Kapitel 1 Einführung Systemvoraussetzungen Für die Verwendung von Time Capsule benötigen Sie einen Computer, der drahtlos arbeiten kann und mit den Standards IEEE 802.11a, 802.11b oder 802.11g oder mit einer Entwurfsversion des IEEE 802.11n-Standards konform ist. Damit Sie die Time Capsule- Basisstation konfigurieren können, muss Ihr Computer die unten genannten Systemvoraussetzungen erfüllen. Hinweis: Sie benötigen Mac OS X 10.5.2 (oder neuer), um die Time Capsule-Basisstation mit Time Machine von Mac OS X Leopard nutzen zu können. Zum Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation mit einem Macintosh-Computer benötigen Sie Folgendes:  Einen Macintosh-Computer mit einer installierten AirPort- oder AirPort Extreme-Karte für die drahtlose Konfiguration oder einen Macintosh-Computer, der für die Konfiguration via Ethernet über ein Ethernetkabel mit der Time Capsule-Basisstation verbunden ist  Mac OS X 10.4 (oder neuer)  AirPort-Dienstprogramm 5.4 (oder neuer) Zum Konfigurieren der Time Capsule-Basisstation mit einem Windows-PC benötigen Sie Folgendes:  Einen Windows-PC mit einer Prozessorgeschwindigkeit von mindestens 300 MHz und einer kompatiblen 802.11a-, 802.11b- oder 802.11g-Karte für die drahtlose Kommunikation oder einer Karte für die drahtlose Kommunikation, die mit einer Entwurfsversion des Standards IEEE 802.11n konform ist  Windows XP Home oder Professional (mit installiertem Service Pack 2) oder Windows Vista Kapitel 1 Einführung 11  AirPort-Dienstprogramm 5.4 (oder neuer) Anschließen der Time Capsule-Basisstation an das Stromnetz Bevor Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation an das Stromnetz anschließen, verbinden Sie zuerst die jeweiligen Kabel mit den Anschlüssen, die Sie verwenden wollen:  Verbinden Sie das an Ihr DSL- oder Kabelmodem angeschlossene Ethernetkabel (sofern Sie auf das Internet zugreifen werden) mit dem Ethernet-WAN-Anschluss (< ).  Verbinden Sie ein USB-Kabel mit dem USB-Anschluss (d ) der Time Capsule-Basisstation und einem kompatiblen USB-Drucker (sofern Sie über einen USB-Drucker drucken werden), einer Festplatte oder einem Hub.  Verbinden Sie ein Ethernetkabel mit einem Ethernetgerät und den Ethernet-LANAnschlüssen (G ). Nachdem Sie die Kabel für alle vorgesehenen Geräte angeschlossen haben, verbinden Sie das Netzkabel mit dem Netzanschluss der Time Capsule-Basisstation und dann die Basisstation mit dem Stromnetz. Ein Ein-/Ausschalter ist nicht vorhanden. Wichtig: Verwenden Sie nur das mit der Time Capsule-Basisstation gelieferte Netzkabel. Nachdem Sie die Time Capsule-Basisstation mit dem Stromnetz verbunden haben, blinkt die Statusanzeige eine Sekunde lang grün und leuchtet dann während des Startvorgangs gelb. Nach Abschluss des Startvorgangs blinkt die Statusanzeige gelb, bis die Time Capsule-Basisstation mit den korrekten Einstellungen aktualisiert wurde. Nachdem die Time Capsule-Basisstation korrekt konfiguriert und mit dem Internet bzw. einem Netzwerk verbunden ist, leuchtet die Statusanzeige grün. Wenn Sie Ethernetkabel mit den Ethernetanschlüssen verbinden, leuchten die Statusanzeigen über den Anschlüssen permanent grün. 12 Kapitel 1 Einführung Die Statusanzeigen der Time Capsule-Basisstation In der folgenden Tabelle werden die Modi der Statusanzeigen der Time Capsule- Basisstation und deren Bedeutung erläutert. Anzeige Status/Beschreibung Aus Die Time Capsule-Basisstation ist nicht am Stromnetz angeschlossen. Leuchtet gelb Die Time Capsule-Basisstation beendet gerade den Startvorgang. Blinkt gelb Die Time Capsule-Basisstation kann keine Verbindung zum Netzwerk oder dem Internet herstellen oder hat ein Problem festgestellt. Vergewissern Sie sich, dass Sie das AirPort-Dienstprogramm installiert haben. Stellen Sie mithilfe des Dienstprogramms die Ursache für das Blinken der gelben Statusanzeige fest. Vgl. „Die Statusanzeige der Time Capsule-Basisstation blinkt gelb“ auf Seite 32. Leuchtet grün Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation ist eingeschaltet und funktioniert ordnungsgemäß. Wenn Sie „Aufblinken bei Aktivität“ aus dem Einblendmenü „Statusanzeige“ im Bereich „Basisstation“ der AirPort-Einstellungen im AirPort-Dienstprogramm auswählen, blinkt die Statusanzeige ggf. grün, um normale Aktivität anzuzeigen. Blinkt gelb und grün Beim Starten ist möglicherweise ein Problem aufgetreten. Die Time Capsule-Basisstation wird neu gestartet. Leuchtet blau Die Time Capsule-Basisstation ist bereit, einem drahtlosen Client- Computer den Zugriff auf das Netzwerk zu ermöglichen (vgl. „Ermöglichen des Netzwerkzugriffs durch drahtlose Clients ohne Eingabe eines Kennworts“ auf Seite 25). Kapitel 1 Einführung 13 Nächste Schritte Nachdem Sie die Time Capsule-Basisstation angeschlossen haben, konfigurieren Sie sie mithilfe des AirPort-Dienstprogramms für Ihre Internetverbindung, den USB-Drucker oder die USB-Festplatte oder für ein vorhandenes Netzwerk. Das AirPort-Dienstprogramm befindet sich auf einem Computer mit Mac OS X im Ordner „Dienstprogramme“ innerhalb des Ordner „Programme“. Auf einem Computer mit Windows XP oder Windows Vista finden Sie das Dienstprogramm unter „Start“ > „Programme“ > „AirPort“. 2 15 2 Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule- Basisstation Dieses Kapitel enthält Informationen und Anleitungen dazu, wie Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation mit dem Internet verbinden und mit dem AirPort-Dienstprogramm konfigurieren, um ein drahtloses Netzwerk zu erstellen oder auf ein solches Netzwerk zuzugreifen. Das vorliegende Kapitel erläutert, wie Sie die Time Capsule mit dem Internet verbinden und den Assistenten des AirPort-Dienstprogramms für die Konfiguration Ihres Netzwerks und anderer Funktionen Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation verwenden. Weitere Informationen zu drahtlosen Netzwerken sowie zu den erweiterten Funktionen des AirPort-Dienstprogramms finden Sie im Dokument „Konzipieren von AirPort-Netzwerken – Verwenden des AirPort-Dienstprogramms (Mac OS X 10.5 + Windows)“, das auf folgender Webseite verfügbar ist: www.apple.com/de/support/airport. Nachdem Sie das AirPort-Dienstprogramm von der mit der Time Capsule-Basisstation gelieferten CD installiert haben, können Sie einen Großteil Ihrer Netzwerkkonfigurationsaufgaben mithilfe des Assistenten des AirPort-Dienstprogramms ausführen. Zum Festlegen erweiterter Optionen wählen Sie „Manuelle Konfiguration“ aus dem Menü „Basisstation“ des AirPort-Dienstprogramms aus (vgl. „Festlegen erweiterter Optionen“ auf Seite 24). 16 Kapitel 2 Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation Verwenden der Time Capsule-Basisstation zum Erstellen eines drahtlosen Netzwerks Wenn Sie Time Capsule für den Netzwerk- und Internetzugang einrichten, können die folgenden Computer und Geräte auf das drahtlose AirPort-Netzwerk zugreifen, um Dateien bereitzustellen, Computerspiele zu spielen und Internetprogramme wie Webbrowser und E-Mail-Programme zu verwenden:  Macintosh-Computer mit AirPort- oder AirPort Extreme-Karten  Computer, die mit den Standards 802.11a, 802.11b und 802.11g sowie der Entwurfsversion des IEEE 802.11n-Standards konform sind  Andere Wi-Fi-Geräte Die via Ethernet mit der Time Capsule-Basisstation verbundenen Computer können ebenfalls auf das Netzwerk zugreifen, um Dateien gemeinsam zu nutzen und eine Verbindung zum Internet herzustellen. Mit Mac OS X 10.5.2 (oder neuer) können Sie Time Machine so konfigurieren, dass auf der Time Capsule-Basisstation eine Datensicherung aller Computer im Netzwerk erstellt wird. Weitere Informationen hierzu finden Sie im Abschnitt „Verwenden von Time Machine mit Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation“ auf Seite 27. Wenn Sie einen kompatiblen USB-Drucker an Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation anschließen, können unterstützte Computer im Netzwerk (drahtlos oder per Kabel verbunden) auf diesen Drucker zugreifen. Kapitel 2 Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation 17 Verwenden der Time Capsule-Basisstation zum Erstellen eines drahtlosen Netzwerks Gehen Sie wie folgt vor, um das drahtlose Netzwerk zu konfigurieren: 1 Schließen Sie Ihr DSL- oder Kabelmodem an Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation an. Verwenden Sie hierzu den Ethernet-WAN-Anschluss (< ). zum Internet DSL- oder Kabelmodem „Programme“ > „AirPort“ auf einem Computer mit Windows), wählen Sie die Time Capsule- Basisstation aus und klicken Sie dann auf „Fortfahren“. 4 Befolgen Sie die auf dem Bildschirm angezeigten Anweisungen zum Erstellen eines neuen Netzwerks. Gehen Sie wie folgt vor, um von einem Computer mit Mac OS X 10.5 zu drucken: 1 Wählen Sie „Apple“ > „Systemeinstellungen“ und klicken Sie dann auf „Drucken & Faxen“. 2 Klicken Sie auf „Hinzufügen“ (+) und wählen Sie Ihren Drucker aus der Liste aus. 3 Klicken Sie auf die Taste „Hinzufügen“. Wird Ihr Drucker nicht in der Liste aufgeführt, suchen Sie mithilfe der Symbole in der Symbolleiste danach. Gehen Sie wie folgt vor, um von einem Computer mit Mac OS X 10.3 oder 10.4 zu drucken: 1 Öffnen Sie das Drucker-Dienstprogramm (im Ordner „Dienstprogramme“ innerhalb des Ordners „Programme“). 2 Wählen Sie den Drucker aus der Liste aus. Wenn der Drucker nicht in der Liste enthalten ist, klicken Sie auf „Hinzufügen“ und wählen Sie „Bonjour“ aus dem Einblendmenü aus. Wählen Sie anschließend den Drucker aus der Liste aus. Kapitel 2 Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation 19 Gehen Sie wie folgt vor, um von einem Computer mit Windows XP oder Windows Vista zu drucken: 1 Installieren Sie das Programm „Bonjour für Windows“, das sich auf der mit der Time Capsule-Basisstation gelieferten CD befindet. 2 Befolgen Sie die Anweisungen auf dem Bildschirm, um Ihren Drucker anzuschließen. AirPort-fähige Computer oder Computer, die mit anderen Karten oder Adaptern für die drahtlose Kommunikation ausgestattet sind, können über Time Capsule die Verbindung zum Internet herstellen. Die mit den Time Capsule-Ethernetanschlüssen verbundenen Computer können ebenfalls auf das Netzwerk und das Internet zugreifen. Drahtlose Computer und mit den Ethernetanschlüssen verbundene Computer können über Time Capsule auch untereinander kommunizieren. Verwenden des AirPort-Dienstprogramms Verwenden Sie den Assistenten des AirPort-Dienstprogramms, um Ihre Time Capsule- Basisstation zu konfigurieren. Das AirPort-Dienstprogramm wird auf Ihrem Computer installiert, wenn Sie die Software von der Time Capsule-CD installieren. Macintosh-Computer mit Mac OS X 10.4 oder neuer: 1 Öffnen Sie das AirPort-Dienstprogramm (im Ordner „Dienstprogramme“ innerhalb des Ordners „Programme“). 2 Wählen Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation aus und klicken Sie auf „Fortfahren“. Wird die Time Capsule nicht angezeigt, die Sie konfigurieren wollen, klicken Sie auf „Erneut suchen“, um nach verfügbaren drahtlosen Geräten zu suchen. Wählen Sie dann die gewünschte Basisstation aus der Liste aus. 20 Kapitel 2 Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation 3 Befolgen Sie die angezeigten Anleitungen, um Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation und Ihr drahtloses Netzwerk zu konfigurieren. Computer mit Windows XP (mit Service Pack 2) oder Windows Vista: 1 Öffnen Sie das AirPort-Dienstprogramm, das sich unter „Start“ > „Programme“ > „AirPort“ befindet. 2 Wählen Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation aus und klicken Sie auf „Fortfahren“. 3 Befolgen Sie die angezeigten Anleitungen, um Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation und Ihr drahtloses Netzwerk zu konfigurieren. Beantworten Sie anschließend die Fragen des Assistenten des AirPort-Dienstprogramms zur Art des Netzwerks, das Sie verwenden möchten, und zu den Diensten, die konfiguriert werden sollen. Der Assistent unterstützt Sie auch bei der Eingabe der passenden Einstellungen. Kapitel 2 Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation 21 Wenn Sie mit Time Capsule auf das Internet zugreifen, müssen Sie bei einem Internetanbieter für einen Breitband-Account (DSL- oder Kabelmodem) registriert sein oder eine Verbindung zum Internet über ein vorhandenes Ethernetnetzwerk besitzen. Wenn Sie von Ihrem Internetanbieter zusätzliche Informationen erhalten haben (zum Beispiel eine statische IP-Adresse oder eine DHCP-Client-ID), müssen Sie diese Informationen möglicherweise im AirPort-Dienstprogramm eingeben. Legen Sie diese Informationen bereit, bevor Sie mit der Konfiguration von Time Capsule beginnen. Einrichten eines neuen drahtlosen Netzwerks Sie können den Assistenten des AirPort-Dienstprogramms auch zum Erstellen eines neuen drahtlosen Netzwerks verwenden. Der Assistent führt Sie durch die Schritte, die zum Benennen Ihres Netzwerks, zum Schützen Ihres Netzwerks durch ein Kennwort und zum Festlegen anderer Optionen erforderlich sind. Gehen Sie wie folgt vor, wenn Sie einen USB-Drucker oder eine USB-Festplatte in Ihrem Netzwerk gemeinsam nutzen möchten: 1 Schließen Sie den Drucker oder die Festplatte an den USB-Anschluss (d ) der Time Capsule-Basisstation an. 2 Öffnen Sie das AirPort-Dienstprogramm, das sich auf einem Macintosh-Computer im Ordner „Dienstprogramme“ innerhalb des Ordners „Programme“ oder auf einem Computer mit Windows XP unter „Start“ > „Programme“ > „AirPort“ befindet. 3 Wählen Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation aus und klicken Sie auf „Fortfahren“. Wird die Time Capsule nicht angezeigt, die Sie konfigurieren wollen, klicken Sie auf „Erneut suchen“, um nach verfügbaren drahtlosen Geräten zu suchen. Wählen Sie dann die gewünschte Basisstation aus der Liste aus. 22 Kapitel 2 Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation 4 Befolgen Sie die auf dem Bildschirm angezeigten Anweisungen zum Erstellen eines neuen Netzwerks. Konfigurieren und Freigeben des Internetzugangs Wenn Sie Ihren Internetzugang mit anderen für die drahtlose Kommunikation ausgelegten Computern im Netzwerk oder mit Computern, die mit den Ethernetanschlüssen verbunden sind, gemeinsam nutzen möchten, müssen Sie die Time Capsule als AirPort- Basisstation einrichten. Nach der Konfiguration Ihrer Time Capsule können Computer über das AirPort-Netzwerk auf das Internet zugreifen. Die Time Capsule-Basisstation stellt die Verbindung zum Internet her und verteilt Informationen an die Computer. Schließen Sie Ihr DSL- oder Kabelmodem an den Ethernet-WAN-Anschluss (<) der Time Capsule-Basisstation an, bevor Sie das AirPort-Dienstprogramm zum Konfigurieren Ihrer Basisstation verwenden. Wird die Time Capsule-Basisstation an ein Ethernetnetzwerk mit Internetzugriff angeschlossen, empfiehlt es sich, die Internetverbindung via Ethernet bereitzustellen. Verwenden Sie den Assistenten des AirPort-Dienstprogramms, um die Einstellungen Ihres Internetanbieters einzugeben und zu konfigurieren, wie Time Capsule die Einstellungen für andere Computer bereitstellt. 1 Öffnen Sie das AirPort-Dienstprogramm, das sich auf einem Computer mit Mac OS X im Ordner „Dienstprogramme“ innerhalb des Ordner „Programme“ befindet. Auf einem Computer mit Windows XP oder Windows Vista finden Sie das Dienstprogramm unter „Start“ > „Programme“ > „AirPort“. Kapitel 2 Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation 23 2 Wählen Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation aus und klicken Sie auf „Fortfahren“. Wenn Sie Änderungen an einer Time Capsule-Basisstation vornehmen, die bereits konfiguriert wurde, müssen Sie ggf. eine Verbindung zum vorhandenen Netzwerk herstellen, bevor Sie Einstellungen der Time Capsule-Basisstation ändern. Verwenden Sie auf einem Macintosh das AirPort-Symbol in der Menüleiste, um das drahtlose Netzwerk auszuwählen, das Sie ändern möchten. Bewegen Sie auf einem Computer mit Windows XP den Mauszeiger auf das Symbol für die drahtlose Verbindung und warten Sie, bis der Name des AirPort-Netzwerks (SSID) angezeigt wird. Wählen Sie anschließend dieses Netzwerk aus der Liste aus, wenn mehrere Netzwerke verfügbar sind. 3 Befolgen Sie die Anweisungen auf dem Bildschirm, um Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation zu konfigurieren und den Internetzugang freizugeben. Mit dem AirPort-Dienstprogramm können Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation und Ihr Netzwerk schnell und einfach konfigurieren. Wenn Sie weitere Optionen wie eine Zugriffsbeschränkung für Ihr Netzwerk festlegen oder erweiterte DHCP-Optionen einstellen wollen, wählen Sie „Manuelle Konfiguration“ aus dem Menü „Basisstation“ des AirPort-Dienstprogramms aus. 24 Kapitel 2 Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation Festlegen erweiterter Optionen Konfigurieren Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation mit dem AirPort-Dienstprogramm manuell, wenn Sie erweiterte Time Capsule-Optionen wie zusätzliche Sicherheitsoptionen, geschlossene Netzwerke, DHCP-Lease-Dauer, Zugriffssteuerung, Signalstärke, Benutzer-Accounts und mehr festlegen möchten. Gehen Sie wie folgt vor, um erweiterte Optionen festzulegen: 1 Öffnen Sie das AirPort-Dienstprogramm, das sich auf einem Macintosh-Computer im Ordner „Dienstprogramme“ innerhalb des Ordners „Programme“ oder auf einem Computer mit Windows XP unter „Start“ > „Programme“ > „AirPort“ befindet. 2 Sind in der Liste mehrere drahtlose Geräte enthalten, wählen Sie das Gerät aus, das Sie konfigurieren möchten. Wird die Time Capsule nicht angezeigt, die Sie konfigurieren wollen, klicken Sie auf „Erneut suchen“, um nach verfügbaren drahtlosen Geräten zu suchen. Wählen Sie dann die gewünschte Basisstation aus der Liste aus. Wenn Sie Änderungen an einer Time Capsule-Basisstation vornehmen, die bereits konfiguriert wurde, müssen Sie ggf. eine Verbindung zum vorhandenen Netzwerk herstellen, bevor Sie Einstellungen der Time Capsule-Basisstation ändern. Verwenden Sie auf einem Macintosh das AirPort-Symbol in der Menüleiste, um das drahtlose Netzwerk auszuwählen, das Sie ändern möchten. Bewegen Sie auf einem Computer mit Windows XP den Mauszeiger auf das Symbol für die drahtlose Verbindung und warten Sie, bis der Name des AirPort-Netzwerks (SSID) angezeigt wird. Wählen Sie anschließend dieses Netzwerk aus der Liste aus, wenn mehrere Netzwerke verfügbar sind. Kapitel 2 Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation 25 3 Wählen Sie „Manuelle Konfiguration“ aus dem Menü „Basisstation“ aus. Werden Sie zur Eingabe eines Kennworts aufgefordert, geben Sie dieses ein. Weitere Informationen zu den Funktionen für die manuelle Konfiguration im AirPort- Dienstprogramm finden Sie im Dokument „Konzipieren von AirPort-Netzwerken – Verwenden des AirPort-Dienstprogramms (Mac OS X 10.5 + Windows)“ auf folgender Webseite: www.apple.com/de/support/airport. Ermöglichen des Netzwerkzugriffs durch drahtlose Clients ohne Eingabe eines Kennworts Wenn das Netzwerk mit einem WPA Personal- oder WPA/WPA2 Personal-Kennwort geschützt ist, können Sie Clients den drahtlosen Zugriff auf Ihr Netzwerk erlauben, ohne dass das Netzwerkkennwort eingegeben werden muss. Wenn Sie einem Client den Zugriff auf Ihr Netzwerk erlauben, werden Name und MACAdresse für die drahtlose Kommunikation (oder AirPort-ID) des Clients in der Zugriffsliste im AirPort-Dienstprogramm gespeichert, bis Sie den Client wieder aus der Liste entfernen. Sie können auch eine 24-Stunden-Zugriffsberechtigung festlegen, sodass der Client nach Ablauf dieser Zeit nicht mehr auf das Netzwerk zugreifen kann. Wenn Sie den Zugriff auf Ihr drahtloses Netzwerk freigeben, muss der Client kein Netzwerkkennwort eingeben. 26 Kapitel 2 Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation Gehen Sie wie folgt vor, um einem Client Zugriff auf Ihr Netzwerk ohne Eingabe eines Netzwerkkennworts zu erlauben: 1 Öffnen Sie das AirPort-Dienstprogramm, wählen Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation aus und wählen Sie dann „Manuelle Konfiguration“ aus dem Menü „Basisstation“ aus. Geben Sie bei Bedarf das Kennwort ein. 2 Wählen Sie „Drahtlose Clients hinzufügen“ aus dem Menü „Basisstation“ aus. 3 Legen Sie fest, auf welche Weise die Clients auf das Netzwerk zugreifen dürfen:  Wählen Sie „PIN“, damit eine vorgegebene achtstellige Nummer vor dem Client- Zugriff eingegeben werden muss.  Wählen Sie „Erster Versuch“, damit der erste Client, der versucht, auf das Netzwerk zuzugreifen, die Netzwerkverbindung herstellen kann. Während die Time Capsule darauf wartet, dass der Client die Verbindung zum Netzwerk herstellt, leuchtet die Statusanzeige blau. Wählen Sie „Zugriff für Client auf 24 Stunden beschränken“, wenn Sie Ihr Netzwerk nur einen Tag lang für den Zugriff durch andere freigeben wollen. Wird diese Option nicht ausgewählt, kann der Client so lange auf das Netzwerk zugreifen, bis Sie ihn aus der Zugriffsliste entfernen. Kapitel 2 Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation 27 Verwenden von Time Machine mit Ihrer Time Capsule- Basisstation Mit Time Machine von Mac OS X Leopard können Sie Sicherungskopien aller Daten auf Ihrem Computer anlegen, u. a. von Fotos, Musik, Filmen und Dokumenten. Nachdem Sie Time Machine konfiguriert haben, wird in regelmäßigen Abständen automatisch eine Datensicherung Ihres Computers ausgeführt. Wenn Sie Mac OS X 10.5.2 (oder neuer) verwenden, werden Sie beim ersten Verbindungsaufbau zur Time Capsule-Basisstation von Time Machine gefragt, ob Sie die Basisstation als Speicherort für Ihre Sicherungskopien verwenden möchten. Klicken Sie auf „Als Backup-Volume verwenden“. Time Machine übernimmt dann alle weiteren Schritte für Sie. Verwenden Sie die Systemeinstellung „Time Machine“ von Mac OS X Leopard, um automatische Datensicherungen festzulegen, ein anderes Sicherungsvolume auszuwählen oder sonstige Einstellungen anzupassen. Gehen Sie wie folgt vor, um Time Machine auf einem Computer mit Mac OS X Leopard zu konfigurieren oder anzupassen: 1 Wählen Sie „Apple“ > „Systemeinstellungen“ und klicken Sie dann auf „Time Machine“. 2 Stellen Sie den Schalter auf „Ein“. 3 Klicken Sie auf „Volume wechseln“. 4 Wählen Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation aus und klicken Sie auf „Für Backup verwenden“. 28 Kapitel 2 Konfigurieren Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation Abhängig davon, wie viele Daten Sie sichern wollen, kann die erste Datensicherung mit Time Capsule und Time Machine relativ lange dauern, etwa über Nacht oder sogar länger. Zum Beschleunigen der ersten Datensicherung verbinden Sie die Time Capsule über Ethernet mit Ihrem Computer. Bei allen folgenden Datensicherungen sichert Time Machine nur die Dateien, die sich seit der letzten Sicherung geändert haben. Daher dauern die folgenden Sicherung auch nicht mehr so lange. Die Time Capsule ist eine hervorragende Sicherungslösung für Mobilcomputer. Da die erste Datensicherung relativ lange dauern kann, sollten Sie das Netzteil an Ihren Mobilcomputer anschließen. Hierdurch wird Batteriestrom eingespart und zudem ist sichergestellt, dass die Datensicherung nicht unterbrochen wird. Ferner empfiehlt es sich, den Mobilcomputer im selben Raum wie die Time Capsule zu platzieren, um eine optimale drahtlose Kommunikation zu gewährleisten. Wenn Sie Ihren Mac während einer Datensicherung ausschalten oder den Ruhezustand aktivieren, stoppt Time Machine die Sicherung und setzt sie nach dem Einschalten des Mac oder Beenden des Ruhezustands an der Stelle fort, an der sie unterbrochen wurde. Weitere Informationen zu Time Machine erhalten Sie, indem Sie auf einem Computer mit Mac OS X Leopard „Hilfe“ > „Mac-Hilfe“ aus dem Menü „Finder“ auswählen und dann den Begriff „Time Machine“ in das Suchfeld eingeben. 3 29 3 Tipps zur Fehlerbeseitigung Anhand der Tipps in diesem Kapitel können Sie die meisten Probleme mit Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation schnell beheben. Sie können keine Verbindung zum Internet herstellen  Versuchen Sie, von Ihrem Computer direkt eine Verbindung zum Internet herzustellen. Ist dies nicht möglich, überprüfen Sie, ob Ihre Netzwerkeinstellungen korrekt sind. Wenn die Netzwerkeinstellungen Ihrer Meinung nach korrekt sind und dennoch keine Verbindung aufgebaut wird, wenden Sie sich an Ihren Internetanbieter (ISP).  Vergewissern Sie sich, dass Sie die Verbindung zum korrekten Netzwerk herstellen. Sie haben Ihr Netzwerk- oder Time Capsule-Kennwort vergessen Sie können das Kennwort für das AirPort-Netzwerk oder für die Time Capsule- Basisstation löschen, indem Sie die Time Capsule-Basisstation zurücksetzen. Gehen Sie wie folgt vor, um das Time Capsule-Kennwort zurückzusetzen: 1 Drücken Sie mit einem spitzen Gegenstand (etwa einem Kugelschreiber) auf die Reset-Taste und halten Sie die Taste ca. eine (1) Sekunde gedrückt. Wichtig: Wenn Sie die Reset-Taste länger als eine Sekunde gedrückt halten, gehen Ihre Netzwerkeinstellungen möglicherweise verloren. 30 Kapitel 3 Tipps zur Fehlerbeseitigung 2 Wählen Sie Ihr AirPort-Netzwerk aus.  Verwenden Sie auf einem Macintosh-Computer das AirPort-Symbol in der Menüleiste, um das von Time Capsule eingerichtete Netzwerk auszuwählen. (Der Netzwerkname ändert sich nicht.)  Bewegen Sie auf einem Computer mit Windows XP den Mauszeiger auf das Symbol für die drahtlose Verbindung und warten Sie, bis der Name des AirPort-Netzwerks (SSID) angezeigt wird. Wählen Sie diesen aus der Liste aus, wenn mehrere Netzwerke verfügbar sind. 3 Öffnen Sie das AirPort-Dienstprogramm (das auf einem Macintosh-Computer im Ordner „Dienstprogramme“ innerhalb des Ordners „Programme“ oder auf einem Computer mit Windows XP unter „Start“ > „Programme“ > „AirPort“ befindet). 4 Wählen Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation aus und wählen Sie dann „Manuelle Konfiguration“ aus dem Menü „Basisstation“ aus. 5 Klicken Sie in der Symbolleiste auf „AirPort“ und klicken Sie dann auf „Basisstation“. 6 Geben Sie ein neues Kennwort für Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation ein. 7 Klicken Sie auf „Drahtlos“ und wählen Sie eine Verschlüsselungsmethode aus dem Einblendmenü „Schutz“ aus, um die Verschlüsselung und den Kennwortschutz für Ihr AirPort-Netzwerk zu aktivieren. Wenn Sie die Verschlüsselung aktiviert haben, geben Sie ein neues Kennwort für Ihr AirPort-Netzwerk ein. 8 Klicken Sie auf „Aktualisieren“, um die Time Capsule-Basisstation neu zu starten und die neuen Einstellungen zu laden. Kapitel 3 Tipps zur Fehlerbeseitigung 31 Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation reagiert nicht Trennen Sie die Basisstation vom Stromnetz und schließen Sie sie dann wieder an das Stromnetz an. Wenn Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation gar nicht mehr reagiert, müssen Sie sie möglicherweise auf die Werkseinstellungen zurücksetzen. Wichtig: Durch das Zurücksetzen Ihrer Time Capsule, werden alle aktuellen Einstellungen gelöscht und die Originaleinstellungen der Time Capsule-Basisstation wiederhergestellt. Gehen Sie wie folgt vor, um die Werkseinstellungen der Time Capsule-Basisstation wiederherzustellen: m Drücken Sie mit einem spitzen Gegenstand (etwa einem Kugelschreiber) auf die Reset- Taste und halten Sie die Taste gedrückt, bis die Statusanzeige rasch hintereinander blinkt (etwa 5 Sekunden). Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation wird auf die folgenden Einstellungen zurückgesetzt:  Die Time Capsule-Basisstation empfängt die IP-Adresse über DHCP.  Der Netzwerkname wird auf „Apple Network XXXXXX“ zurückgesetzt (wobei XXXXXX durch die letzten sechs Stellen der AirPort-ID ersetzt wird).  Das Time Capsule-Kennwort wird auf public zurückgesetzt. Reagiert die Time Capsule-Basisstation auch weiterhin nicht, versuchen Sie Folgendes: 1 Trennen Sie die Time Capsule-Basisstation vom Stromnetz. 2 Drücken Sie mit einem spitzen Gegenstand auf die Reset-Taste und halten Sie die Taste gedrückt, während Sie die Time Capsule-Basisstation mit dem Stromnetz verbinden. 32 Kapitel 3 Tipps zur Fehlerbeseitigung Die Statusanzeige der Time Capsule-Basisstation blinkt gelb Möglicherweise ist das Ethernetkabel nicht korrekt angeschlossen, die Time Capsule- Basisstation befindet sich nicht in Reichweite eines AirPort-Netzwerks oder es besteht ein Problem bei Ihrem Internetanbieter. Wenn Sie über ein DSL- oder Kabelmodem mit dem Internet verbunden sind, wurde die Verbindung des Modems mit dem Netzwerk oder dem Internet möglicherweise unterbrochen. Trennen Sie das Modem vom Stromnetz, auch wenn es korrekt zu arbeiten scheint. Warten Sie einige Sekunden und schließen Sie es dann erneut an. Vergewissern Sie sich, dass die Time Capsule-Basisstation via Ethernet direkt mit dem Modem verbunden ist, bevor Sie die Stromversorgung des Modems wiederherstellen. Weitere Informationen zu den Gründen für das Blinken der Statusanzeige erhalten Sie, indem Sie das AirPort-Dienstprogramm öffnen, Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation auswählen und dann „Manuelle Konfiguration“ aus dem Menü „Basisstation“ auswählen. Klicken Sie auf „Basisstation-Status“, um Informationen über die blinkende Statusanzeige einzublenden. Sie können auch die Option „Basisstation überwachen – Probleme melden“ in den AirPort-Einstellungen auswählen. Tritt an der Basisstation ein Problem auf, wird das AirPort-Dienstprogramm geöffnet und zeigt ausführliche Anleitungen zur Fehlerbeseitigung an. Kapitel 3 Tipps zur Fehlerbeseitigung 33 Ihr Drucker reagiert nicht Wenn Sie einen Drucker an den USB-Anschluss der Time Capsule-Basisstation angeschlossen haben und die Computer im AirPort-Netzwerk nicht drucken können, versuchen Sie, das Problem wie folgt zu beheben: 1 Vergewissern Sie sich, dass der Drucker am Stromnetz angeschlossen und eingeschaltet ist. 2 Vergewissern Sie sich, dass die Kabel korrekt am Drucker und am USB-Anschluss der Time Capsule-Basisstation angeschlossen sind. 3 Vergewissern Sie sich, dass der Drucker im Wartelistenfenster auf den Client- Computern ausgewählt ist. Macintosh-Computer mit Mac OS X 10.5 oder neuer:  Wählen Sie „Apple“ > „Systemeinstellungen“ und klicken Sie dann auf „Drucken & Faxen“.  Klicken Sie auf „Hinzufügen“ (+) und wählen Sie Ihren Drucker aus der Liste aus. Klicken Sie dann auf die Taste „Hinzufügen“. Macintosh-Computer mit Mac OS X 10.2.7 oder neuer:  Öffnen Sie das Drucker-Dienstprogramm (im Ordner „Dienstprogramme“ innerhalb des Ordners „Programme“).  Klicken Sie auf „Hinzufügen“, wenn der Drucker nicht in der Liste angezeigt wird.  Wählen Sie „Bonjour“ aus dem Einblendmenü aus. Wählen Sie den Drucker aus und klicken Sie auf „Hinzufügen“ (+). 34 Kapitel 3 Tipps zur Fehlerbeseitigung Computer mit Windows XP:  Wählen Sie „Einstellungen“ > „Drucker und Faxgeräte“ aus dem Menü „Start“.  Wählen Sie den Drucker aus. Ist der Drucker nicht in der Liste enthalten, klicken Sie auf „Drucker hinzufügen“ und folgen Sie den Anweisungen auf dem Bildschirm. 4 Schalten Sie den Drucker aus, warten Sie einige Sekunden und schalten Sie den Drucker dann erneut ein. Aktualisieren der AirPort-Software Die AirPort-Software wird von Apple regelmäßig aktualisiert. Es wird empfohlen, die Time Capsule-Basisstation regelmäßig zu aktualisieren, damit sie immer mit der neusten Software arbeitet. Sie können das Feld „Beim Öffnen des AirPort-Dienstprogramms nach Updates suchen“ oder „Nach Updates suchen“ in den AirPort-Einstellungen markieren. Wenn Sie das Feld „Nach Updates suchen“ markieren, wählen Sie ein Zeitintervall wie „wöchentlich“ aus dem Einblendmenü aus, damit automatisch nach Aktualisierungen gesucht wird. Kapitel 3 Tipps zur Fehlerbeseitigung 35 Überlegungen zur Platzierung der Time Capsule-Basisstation Die folgenden Empfehlungen sollen Ihnen helfen, die maximale Reichweite und eine optimale Netzwerkabdeckung mit Time Capsule zu erreichen.  Platzieren Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation in einem offenen Bereich, in dem keine Hindernisse wie Möbel oder Wände die Signalübertragung stören können. Das Gerät sollte wenn möglich nicht in der Nähe von Metallflächen platziert werden.  Wenn Sie die Time Capsule-Basisstation hinter Möbelstücken platzieren, halten Sie einen Abstand von mindestens 2,5 cm zwischen der Time Capsule-Basisstation und dem Möbelstück ein.  Vermeiden Sie es, Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation an einem Standort zu platzieren, der auf drei oder mehr Seiten von Metallflächen umgeben ist.  Wenn Sie die Time Capsule-Basisstation zusammen mit Ihrer Stereoanlage als Multimedia-Center nutzen wollen, achten Sie darauf, dass die Time Capsule-Basisstation nicht von Audio-, Video- oder Netzkabeln umgeben ist. Positionieren Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation so, dass die Kabel nur auf einer Seite liegen. Halten Sie einen möglichst großen Abstand zwischen der Time Capsule-Basisstation und den Kabeln ein.  Platzieren Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation wenn möglich mindestens 7,6 Meter entfernt von einem Mikrowellenherd, einem schnurlosen 2,4- oder 5-GHz-Telefon oder anderen Störquellen.  Platzieren Sie oben auf der Time Capsule keine anderen Objekte (Bücher, Papiere, kleine Tiere etc.). Diese können die Kühlung der Time Capsule beeinträchtigen. 36 Kapitel 3 Tipps zur Fehlerbeseitigung Mögliche Störquellen, die Interferenzen mit AirPort verursachen können Je weiter eine Interferenzquelle entfernt ist, desto unwahrscheinlicher ist es, dass sie Probleme verursacht. Folgende Komponenten bzw. Vorkommnisse können Störungen mit der AirPort-Kommunikation verursachen:  Mikrowellenherde  DSS- (Direct Satellite Service) Funkfrequenzverlust  Original-Koaxialkabel, das mit bestimmten Typen von Satellitenschüsseln geliefert wird. Erkundigen Sie sich beim Hersteller des Geräts nach neueren Kabeln.  Bestimmte elektrische Komponenten wie Stromleitungen, Leitungen von elektrischen Bahnen und Kraftwerke  Schnurlose Telefone, die im 2,4- oder 5-GHz-Bereich arbeiten. Wenn es zu Problemen mit Ihrer Telefon- oder AirPort-Kommunikation kommt, wechseln Sie den Kanal Ihrer Basisstation bzw. Ihres Time Capsule-Netzwerks oder verwenden Sie einen anderen Kanal für Ihr Telefon.  Nebeneinander platzierte Basisstationen, die benachbarte Kanäle verwenden. Verwendet beispielsweise Basisstation A Kanal 1, so sollte für Basisstation B Kanal 6 oder 11 angegeben werden. 4 37 4 Weitere Informationen, Service und Support Im Internet und in der Online-Hilfe finden Sie weitere Informationen zur Verwendung der Time Capsule-Basisstation. Online verfügbare Ressourcen Die neusten Informationen zu Time Capsule finden Sie unter: www.apple.com/de/airport. Wenn Sie die Time Capsule-Basisstation nicht bereits bei der Installation der Software von der Time Capsule-CD registriert haben, besuchen Sie zum Registrieren die folgende Website: www.apple.com/de/register. AirPort-Support-Informationen, Foren mit produktspezifischen Informationen und Feedback sowie die neuste Apple-Software zum Laden finden Sie unter dieser Adresse: www.apple.com/de/support/airport. Wenn Sie allgemeine Support-Informationen wünschen, besuchen Sie die Website www.apple.com/de/support und wählen Sie dann ggf. Ihr Land aus. 38 Kapitel 4 Weitere Informationen, Service und Support Online-Hilfe Wenn Sie mehr über die Verwendung des AirPort-Dienstprogramms mit Time Capsule erfahren möchten, öffnen Sie das AirPort-Diensprogramm und wählen Sie „Hilfe“ > „AirPort-Dienstprogramm-Hilfe“. Hinweise zur Garantie Wenn die Time Capsule-Basisstation beschädigt wurde oder nicht ordnungsgemäß funktioniert, beachten Sie bitte zunächst die Tipps und Informationen zur Fehlerbeseitigung in diesem Handbuch, in der Online-Hilfe sowie in den Online-Ressourcen. Funktioniert die Time Capsule-Basisstation auch weiterhin nicht, informieren Sie sich auf der Webseite www.apple.com/de/support über die Inanspruchnahme von Garantieleistungen. Seriennummer Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation Die Seriennummer befindet sich auf der Unterseite Ihrer Time Capsule-Basisstation. 39 Anhang Time Capsule – Technische Daten und Sicherheitsinformationen Spezifikationen der Time Capsule-Basisstation  Frequenzbereich: 2,4 und 5 GHz  Funkausgangsleistung: bis zu 23 dBm (nominal)  Standards: Der Standard 802.11 DSSS mit 1 und 2 MBit/Sek., die Standards 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g und eine Entwurfsversion der 802.11n-Spezifikation Schnittstellen  1 RJ-45 10/100/1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet-WAN (<)  3 RJ-45 10/100/1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet-LAN (G)  Universal Serial Bus (USB d) 2.0  802.11 a/b/g/n AirPort Extreme-Funktechnologie Umgebungsbedingungen  Betriebstemperatur: 0 °C bis 35 °C  Lagertemperatur: –25 °C bis 60 °C  Relative Luftfeuchtigkeit (Betrieb): 20 % bis 80 %, nicht kondensierend  Relative Luftfeuchtigkeit (Lagerung): 10 % bis 90 %, nicht kondensierend 40 Anhang Time Capsule – Technische Daten und Sicherheitsinformationen Abmessungen und Gewicht  Länge: 197,0 mm  Breite: 197,0 mm  Höhe: 36,33 mm  Gewicht: 1,6 Kilogramm Hardware-MAC-Adressen (Media Access Control) Auf der Unterseite des Gehäuses der Time Capsule-Basisstation sind drei Hardwareadressen aufgedruckt:  AirPort-ID: Die zwei Adressen, die zur Identifizierung der Time Capsule-Basisstation in einem drahtlosen Netzwerk verwendet werden.  Ethernet-ID: Diese Adresse wird möglicherweise von Ihrem Internetanbieter benötigt, um den Internetzugang über die Time Capsule-Basisstation herzustellen. Sicherer Umgang mit der Time Capsule-Basisstation  Die einzige Möglichkeit, die Stromzufuhr vollständig zu unterbrechen, besteht darin, die Time Capsule-Basisstation vom Stromnetz zu trennen.  Halten Sie den Stecker stets an den Seiten, wenn Sie die Time Capsule-Basisstation an die Netzsteckdose anschließen bzw. davon trennen. Achten Sie darauf, die Metallstifte des Steckers nicht zu berühren.  Die Time Capsule-Basisstation darf niemals geöffnet werden, auch dann nicht, wenn sie nicht am Stromnetz angeschlossen ist. Wenn Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation gewartet werden muss, lesen Sie Kapitel 4 „Weitere Informationen, Service und Support“ auf Seite 37. Anhang Time Capsule – Technische Daten und Sicherheitsinformationen 41  Versuchen Sie niemals, einen Stecker mit Gewalt in einen Anschluss zu stecken. Lässt sich der Stecker nicht problemlos anschließen, passt er vermutlich nicht in den Anschluss. Vergewissern Sie sich, dass Stecker und Anschluss übereinstimmen und dass Sie den Stecker korrekt mit dem Anschluss ausgerichtet haben. Hinweise zu Betriebs- und Lagertemperatur  Wenn Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation in Betrieb ist, wird das Gehäuse warm. Das Time Capsule-Gehäuse fungiert als Wärmeableiter, der die Wärme aus dem Inneren des Geräts nach außen an die kühlere Luft abgibt. Meiden von Feuchtigkeitsquellen  Platzieren Sie die Time Capsule-Basisstation nicht in der Nähe von Getränken, Waschbecken, Badewannen, Duschen und anderen Feuchtigkeitsquellen.  Schützen Sie die Time Capsule-Basisstation vor direkter Sonneneinstrahlung, Nässe, Feuchtigkeit und Witterungseinflüssen aller Art.  Achten Sie darauf, dass keine Flüssigkeiten in Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation gelangen. Ist dies dennoch einmal der Fall, trennen Sie die das Gerät vom Stromnetz, bevor Sie es reinigen.  Verwenden Sie die Time Capsule-Basisstation nicht im Freien. Die Time Capsule- Basisstation ist zur Verwendung in Innenräumen konzipiert. ACHTUNG: Verwenden Sie Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation niemals in der Nähe von Feuchtigkeitsquellen, um Kurzschlüsse oder Verletzungen zu vermeiden. 42 Anhang Time Capsule – Technische Daten und Sicherheitsinformationen Nehmen Sie Reparaturen nicht selbst vor Hinweise zur Handhabung Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation kann durch unsachgemäße Handhabung oder Lagerung beschädigt werden. Achten Sie darauf, die Time Capsule-Basisstation beim Transport nicht fallen zu lassen. ACHTUNG: Versuchen Sie nicht, Ihre Time Capsule-Basisstation zu öffnen oder Teile auszubauen. Dies kann einen Kurzschluss verursachen und Sie riskieren den Verlust des Garantieanspruchs. Im Innern des Gerätes befinden sich keine Komponenten, die vom Benutzer gewartet werden können. 43 Regulatory Compliance Information Wireless Radio Use This device is restricted to indoor use due to its operation in the 5.15 to 5.25 GHz frequency range to reduce the potential for harmful interference to cochannel Mobile Satellite systems. Cet appareil doit être utilisé à l’intérieur. Exposure to Radio Frequency Energy The radiated output power of this device is well below the FCC and EU radio frequency exposure limits. However, this device should be operated with a minimum distance of at least 20 cm between its antennas and a person’s body and the antennas used with this transmitter must not be colocated or operated in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter subject to the conditions of the FCC Grant. FCC Declaration of Conformity This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. See instructions if interference to radio or television reception is suspected. Radio and Television Interference This computer equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio-frequency energy. If it is not installed and used properly—that is, in strict accordance with Apple’s instructions—it may cause interference with radio and television reception. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device in accordance with the specifications in Part 15 of FCC rules. These specifications are designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. You can determine whether your computer system is causing interference by turning it off. If the interference stops, it was probably caused by the computer or one of the peripheral devices. If your computer system does cause interference to radio or television reception, try to correct the interference by using one or more of the following measures:  Turn the television or radio antenna until the interference stops.  Move the computer to one side or the other of the television or radio.  Move the computer farther away from the television or radio.  Plug the computer into an outlet that is on a different circuit from the television or radio. (That is, make certain the computer and the television or radio are on circuits controlled by different circuit breakers or fuses.) If necessary, consult an Apple Authorized Service Provider or Apple. See the service and support information that came with your Apple product. Or, consult an experienced radio/television technician for additional suggestions. Important: Changes or modifications to this product not authorized by Apple Inc. could void the EMC compliance and negate your authority to operate the product. 44 This product was tested for FCC compliance under conditions that included the use of Apple peripheral devices and Apple shielded cables and connectors between system components. It is important that you use Apple peripheral devices and shielded cables and connectors between system components to reduce the possibility of causing interference to radios, television sets, and other electronic devices. You can obtain Apple peripheral devices and the proper shielded cables and connectors through an Apple-authorized dealer. For non-Apple peripheral devices, contact the manufacturer or dealer for assistance. Responsible party (contact for FCC matters only) Apple Inc., Corporate Compliance, 1 Infinite Loop M/S 26-A, Cupertino, CA 95014-2084 Industry Canada Statement This Class B device meets all requirements of the Canadian interference-causing equipment regulations. Cet appareil numérique de la Class B respecte toutes les exigences du Règlement sur le matériel brouilleur du Canada. VCCI Class B Statement Europe—EU Declaration of Conformity For more information, see www.apple.com/euro/ compliance. Europäische Union – Informationen zur Entsorgung Dieses Symbol weist darauf hin, dass dieses Produkt entsprechend den geltenden gesetzlichen Vorschriften und getrennt vom Hausmüll entsorgt werden muss. Geben Sie dieses Produkt zur Entsorgung bei einer offiziellen Sammelstelle ab. Bei einigen Sammelstellen können Produkte zur Entsorgung unentgeltlich abgegeben werden. Durch getrenntes Sammeln und Recycling werden die Rohstoff-Reserven geschont, und es ist sichergestellt, dass beim Recycling des Produkts alle Bestimmungen zum Schutz von Gesundheit und Umwelt eingehalten werden. Hinweise zur Entsorgung und zum Recycling Dieses Produkt besitzt eine interne Batterie. Bitte entsorgen Sie die Batterie entsprechend den geltenden gesetzlichen und umweltrechtlichen Vorschriften. Informationen über das Recycling-Programm von Apple finden Sie auf der Website: www.apple.com/de/environment. California: The coin cell battery in your product contains perchlorates. Special handling and disposal may apply. Refer to www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/ perchlorate. 45 Deutschland: Dieses Gerät enthält Batterien. Bitte nicht in den Hausmüll werfen. Entsorgen Sie dieses Gerät am Ende seines Lebenszyklus den maßgeblichen gesetzlichen Regelungen entsprechend. Nederlands: Gebruikte batterijen kunnen worden ingeleverd bij de chemokar of in een speciale batterijcontainer voor klein chemisch afval (kca) worden gedeponeerd. Taiwan: Singapore Wireless Certification 46 Taiwan Warning Statements Korea Warning Statements © 2009 Apple Inc. Alle Rechte vorbehalten. Apple, das Apple-Logo, AirPort, AirPort Express, AirPort Extreme, Apple TV, Bonjour, iPod, Leopard, Macintosh, Mac OS und Time Capsule sind Marken der Apple Inc., die in den USA und weiteren Ländern eingetragen sind. Finder, iPhone und Time Machine sind Marken der Apple Inc. Andere hier genannte Produkt- und Herstellernamen sind Marken ihrer jeweiligen Rechtsinhaber. www.apple.com/airport www.apple.com/support/airport 恭喜!MacBook Pro 专为您而设。 www.apple.com.cn/macbookpro facetime thunderbolt MacBook Pro OS X Lion www.apple.com.cn/macosx HELLO FROM CUPERTINO, CA Mission Control 查看您 Mac 上运行 内容的大致情况。 帮助中心 mission control 全屏幕 仅需点按就可让应用程 序进入全屏幕。 帮助中心 全屏幕 Mac App Store 发现和下载 Mac 应 用程序的最佳途径。 帮助中心 launchpad mac app store Launchpad 集中快速访问您的所 有应用程序。 帮助中心 iPhoto 整理、编辑和共享您 的照片。 iPhoto 帮助 iMovie 将家庭视频变成家庭 大片。 iMovie 帮助 GarageBand 轻松制作绝妙声音 效果的乐曲。 GarageBand 帮助 Mail 按对话使您的邮件 成组。 帮助中心 邮件照片影片录音 目录5 目录 第 1 章: 准备、安装、使用 9 包装箱中的物品 9 安装 MacBook Pro 16 将 MacBook Pro 置入睡眠状态或将它关机 第 2 章: 体验 MacBook Pro 生活 20 MacBook Pro 的基本配置 22 MacBook Pro 的键盘功能 24 MacBook Pro 上的端口 26 使用 Multi-Touch 触控板 30 使用 MacBook Pro 电池 31 疑难解答 第 3 章: 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能 37 更换硬盘驱动器 44 安装附加内存 第 4 章: 问题及其解决方案 50 防患于未然 51 无法使用 MacBook Pro 的问题 6 目录 54 修复、恢复或重新安装 Mac OS X 软件 59 使用 Apple Hardware Test 59 有关互联网连接的问题 62 Wi-Fi 通信时出现问题 63 保持软件最新 64 了解更多信息及服务与支持 66 找到产品序列号 第 5 章: 最后要点 68 重要安全信息 73 重要处理信息 75 了解人机工程学 77 Apple 和环境 78 Regulatory Compliance Information 帮助中心 迁移助理 www.apple.com.cn/macbookpro 准备、安装、使用 1 8 第 1 章 准备、安装、使用 MacBook Pro 的设计可让您迅速安装电脑并立即开始使用。如果您从未使用过 MacBook Pro,或 者您是 Mac 电脑新手,请仔细阅读本章以获得入门帮助。 【重要事项】首次使用电脑之前,请仔细阅读所有安装说明(以及从第 68 页开始的安全信息)。 如果您是一个经验丰富的用户,可能已经知道如何开始。请务必通读第 2 章体验 MacBook Pro 生活中的信息,以了解这台 MacBook Pro 的新功能。 许多疑难问题都可以在电脑的帮助中心中找到答案。有关使用帮助中心的信息,请参阅 第 31 页疑难解答。有关 MacBook Pro 的最新信息,请访问 Apple 支持网站 www.apple.com.cn/support/macbookpro。由于 Apple 可能会发布新版本的系统软件和系统 软件的更新,因此本手册中所示的图像可能与您在屏幕上看到的图像略有不同。 第 1 章 准备、安装、使用9 包装箱中的物品 ® 安装 MacBook Pro MacBook Pro 的设计可让您迅速安装电脑并立即开始使用。下面的几页将引导您完成安装过程, 其中包括以下任务:  插入 85W MagSafe Power Adapter 适配器  连接电缆,访问网络  开启 MacBook Pro  使用设置助理配置用户帐户和其他设置  设置 Mac OS X 桌面和偏好设置 10 第 1 章 准备、安装、使用 【重要事项】安装 MacBook Pro 之前,请先撕去 85W MagSafe Power Adapter 适配器上包着 的保护膜。 步骤 1: 插入 85W MagSafe Power Adapter 适配器,给 MacBook Pro 供电,同时给电池 充电。 确定将交流插头完全插入电源适配器,并确定交流插头的电插销完全扳开。将电源适配器的交流插 头插入电源插座,并将 MagSafe 插头插入 MagSafe 电源端口。将 MagSafe 插头靠近电源端口 时,您会感到有一股磁力将插头吸入端口中。 ¯ 若要延长电源适配器电缆,请将交流插头替换成交流电源线。首先要将交流插头从适配器上拔出, 然后将附带的交流电源线装在适配器上,并确定它连接牢固。 从电源插座或电脑上断开电源适配器时,请拔插头,不要拉电源线。 第 1 章 准备、安装、使用11 第一次将电源适配器连接到 MacBook Pro 时,MagSafe 插头上的指示灯会亮起。指示灯为琥珀 色表明电池正在充电。指示灯为绿色表明电池已充满电。如果指示灯不亮,请确定插头连接正确, 并且已接上电源适配器。 步骤 2: 连接到无线网络或有线网络。  若要配合内建的 802.11n Wi-Fi 技术使用无线网络,请确定无线基站已打开并且您知道网络的名 称。开启 MacBook Pro 后, 设置助理会引导您完成连接过程。有关故障排除方面的提示, 请参阅第 62 页。  若要使用有线连接,请将以太网电缆的一端连接到 MacBook Pro,然后将另一端连接到线缆调 制解调器、DSL 调制解调器或网络。 ® G 12 第 1 章 准备、安装、使用 步骤 3: 快速按下电源按钮 (®) 以开启 MacBook Pro。 开机时您会听到启动声。 ® MacBook Pro 启动需要花一些时间。电脑启动后, 设置助理会自动打开。 如果 MacBook Pro 无法开启,请参阅第 52 页如果 MacBook Pro 无法开启或启动。 第 1 章 准备、安装、使用13 步骤 4: 使用设置助理来配置 MacBook Pro。 首次开启 MacBook Pro 时, 设置助理会启动。设置助理可帮助您指定 Wi-Fi 网络、设置 用户帐户,以及从另一台 Mac 或 PC 传输信息。您也可以从 Time Machine 备份或其他磁盘传输 信息。 如果要从另一台 Mac 迁移,而该 Mac 尚未安装 Mac OS X v10.5.3 或更高版本,您可能必须更新 软件。若要从 PC 迁移,请从 www.apple.com.cn/migrate-to-mac 下载迁移助理,然后将 它安装在要从其进行迁移的 PC 上。 在 MacBook Pro 上启动设置助理后,您无需退出,可中途转到其他电脑来更新其软件,然后 返回到 MacBook Pro 来完成安装。 【注】如果首次启动 MacBook Pro 时未使用设置助理来传输信息,您可以稍后使用迁移助 理进行传输。打开迁移助理,它位于 Launchpad 的实用工具文件夹中。有关使用迁 移助理的帮助,请打开帮助中心并搜索迁移助理。 14 第 1 章 准备、安装、使用 若要设置 MacBook Pro: 1 在设置助理中,按照屏幕指示进行操作,直至出现将信息传输到这台 Mac 屏幕。 2 若要进行基本安装、通过迁移来安装,或者从 Time Machine 备份或其他磁盘传输信息:  若要进行基本安装,请选择现在不传输,然后点按继续。按照屏幕提示来选择您的有线 或无线网络,设置帐户,然后退出设置助理。  若要通过迁移来安装,请选择从另一台 Mac 或 PC ,然后点按继续。按照屏幕指示来选 择要从其进行迁移的 Mac 或 PC。您的 Mac 或 PC 必须在同一个有线或无线网络上。按照屏幕 指示进行迁移。  若要从 Time Machine 备份或其他磁盘传输信息,请选择从 Time Machine 备份或其他磁 盘,然后点按继续。选择要从中进行迁移的备份或其他磁盘。按照屏幕指示进行操作。 如果您不打算保留或使用其他电脑,最好取消对它的授权,使它无法播放您从 iTunes Store 购买 的音乐、视频或有声读物。取消电脑的授权可以防止其他人播放您购买的任何歌曲、视频或有声 读物,并可以腾出另一个授权供使用。有关取消授权的信息,请从 iTunes 的帮助菜单中选取 iTunes 帮助。 第 1 章 准备、安装、使用15 步骤 5: 自定 Mac OS X 桌面和设定偏好设置。 您可以使用系统偏好设置将桌面快速变成您想要的样子,它是 MacBook Pro 上大多数设置的 命令中心。从菜单栏中选取苹果菜单 () > 系统偏好设置,或者点按 Dock 中的系统偏好设 置图标。 菜单栏帮助菜单Spotlight 搜索图标 Finder 图标Dock 系统偏好设置图标 16 第 1 章 准备、安装、使用 【重要事项】您可以在用户与群组偏好设置中设定选项以重设密码,以防止您忘记登录密码。 有关系统偏好设置的帮助,请打开帮助中心并搜索系统偏好设置或搜索想要获取帮助的特 定偏好设置。 将 MacBook Pro 置入睡眠状态或将它关机 使用完 MacBook Pro 后,您可以将它置入睡眠状态或将它关机。 将 MacBook Pro 置入睡眠状态 如果您只是短时间内不使用 MacBook Pro,请将它置入睡眠状态。电脑处于睡眠状态时,您可以 快速唤醒它,从而跳过启动过程。 若要将 MacBook Pro 置入睡眠状态,请执行以下一项操作:  合上显示屏。  从菜单栏中选取苹果菜单 () > 睡眠。  按下电源按钮 (®) 并在出现的对话框中点按睡眠。  选取苹果菜单 () > 系统偏好设置,点按节能器,然后设定睡眠计时器。 【注意】请务必等待几秒钟,直至睡眠指示灯开始闪亮(表示电脑处于睡眠状态,硬盘已停止转 动)后,再移动 MacBook Pro。硬盘转动时移动电脑会损坏硬盘,从而导致数据丢失或者无法 从硬盘启动。 第 1 章 准备、安装、使用17 若要唤醒 MacBook Pro:  如果显示屏是合上的,则只需打开它就可以唤醒 MacBook Pro。  如果显示屏已打开,请按下电源按钮 (®) 或键盘上的任意键。 将 MacBook Pro 从睡眠状态唤醒之后,应用程序、文稿和电脑设置将与您离开之前的状态保持 一致。 将 MacBook Pro 关机 如果您在两天或更长时间内都不会使用 MacBook Pro,最好将它关机。在关机过程中,睡眠指示 灯会短暂地亮起。 若要将 MacBook Pro 关机,请执行以下一项操作:  从菜单栏中选取苹果菜单 () > 关机。  按下电源按钮 (®) 并在出现的对话框中点按关机。 如果您打算长期存放 MacBook Pro,请参阅第 74 页以了解有关如何防止电池完全耗尽的信息。 www.apple.com.cn/macosx 帮助中心 Mac OS X 体验 MacBook Pro 生活 2 20 第 2 章 体验 MacBook Pro 生活 MacBook Pro 的基本配置 ® 第 2 章 体验 MacBook Pro 生活21 内建 FaceTime HD 摄像头和摄像头指示灯 使用附带的 FaceTime 应用程序与其他 FaceTime 用户(任何具备 FaceTime 功能的 iPhone 4、 新款 iPod touch 或 Mac 用户)进行视频通话,并使用 Photo Booth 来拍照或者使用 iMovie 来 拍摄视频。FaceTime HD 摄像头工作时,摄像头指示灯会亮起。 内建麦克风 使用麦克风采集声音,或者使用 FaceTime 或 iChat 应用程序通过互联网与朋友进行实时聊天。 内建立体声扬声器 欣赏音乐、电影、游戏和其他多媒体文件。 内建电池和电池指示灯 如果您身边没有电源插座,请使用电池电源。按下电池按钮可激活显示剩余多少电池电量的指示灯。 触控板 您可以在触控板上的任何位置进行点按或连按。用一个或多个手指触摸触控板以移动鼠标指针,并使 用 Multi-Touch 手势(如第 26 页所述)。 睡眠指示灯 MacBook Pro 处于睡眠状态时,白灯会闪亮。 红外线 (IR) 接收器 配合 IR 接收器使用 Apple Remote 遥控器(单独销售),在 9.1 米(30 英尺)范围内控制 MacBook Pro 上的 Keynote。 防盗锁口 安装防盗锁和缆绳(单独销售)以防止电脑被盗。 吸入式 SuperDrive 驱动器 此光盘驱动器可以读取和写入标准尺寸的 CD 和 DVD。 ® 电源按钮 开启或关闭 MacBook Pro,或将其置入睡眠状态。 22 第 2 章 体验 MacBook Pro 生活 MacBook Pro 的键盘功能 ® 第 2 章 体验 MacBook Pro 生活23 功能键 (fn) 按住此键以激活分配给功能键 (F1 - F12) 的自定功能。若要学习如何自定功能键,请从菜单栏中选 取帮助> 帮助中心并搜索功能键。 亮度键(F1、F2) 增加 ( ) 或降低 ( ) 屏幕的亮度。 Mission Control 键 (F3) 打开 Mission Control 以全面查看 MacBook Pro 上运行有哪些内容,包括 Dashboard、所有空 间,以及所有打开的窗口。 Launchpad 键 (F4) 打开 Launchpad 以立即查看 MacBook Pro 上的所有应用程序。点按一个应用程序以打开它。 o 键盘照明键(F5、F6) 增加 (o) 或降低 (ø) 键盘照明的亮度。 ’ 媒体键(F7、F8、F9) 倒回 ( )、播放或暂停 (’) 或者快进 ( ) 歌曲、影片或幻灯片显示。 — 静音键 (F10) 使来自内建扬声器和音频输出端口的声音静音。 - 音量键(F11、F12) 增大 (-) 或减小 (–) 来自内建扬声器和音频输出端口的声音的音量。 C 光盘推出键 按住此键以推出没有在使用的光盘。将桌面上的光盘图标拖到废纸篓也可以推出光盘。 24 第 2 章 体验 MacBook Pro 生活 MacBook Pro 上的端口 ® ¯ G f , H d 第 2 章 体验 MacBook Pro 生活25 ¯ MagSafe 电源端口 将附带的 85W MagSafe Power Adapter 适配器插入电源插座,以给 MacBook Pro 电池充电。 G 千兆位以太网端口 可连接到高速以太网络、DSL 调制解调器、线缆调制解调器或另一台电脑。以太网端口能够自动检 测以太网设备,因此不需要以太网交叉电缆。 H FireWire 800 端口 连接外部设备,如数码摄像机和储存设备。 Thunderbolt 端口(高速数据、视频和音频) 连接兼容 Thunderbolt 的设备用于高速数据传输,或者连接使用 Mini DisplayPort 端口的外部显 示器。您可以购买适配器来连接使用 DVI、HDMI 或 VGA 的显示器。 d 两个高速 USB(通用串行总线)2.0 端口 您可以将 iPod、iPhone、iPad、鼠标、键盘、打印机、磁盘驱动器、数码相机、游戏杆、调制解调 器等设备连接到 MacBook Pro。 , 音频输入端口 将线路电平麦克风或数码音频设备连接到 MacBook Pro。 f 音频输出端口 连接外部扬声器、耳机(包括 iPhone)或数码音频设备。 SDXC 卡插槽 可在 SD 卡(或 SDXC 卡)和 MacBook Pro 之间轻松地传输照片、视频和数据。 【注】适配器及其他配件在 www.apple.com.cn/store 或您当地的 Apple Store 零售店单独 销售。 26 第 2 章 体验 MacBook Pro 生活 使用 Multi-Touch 触控板 使用触控板可移动鼠标指针以及执行各种 Multi-Touch 手势操作。MacBook Pro 触控板与普通 的触控板不一样,整个触控板就是一个按钮,您可以在触控板上的任何位置进行点按。若要启用 Multi-Touch 手势操作,观看手势操作的介绍视频以及设定其他触控板选项,请选取苹果菜单 () > 系统偏好设置,然后点按触控板。 以下是使用 MacBook Pro 触控板的几种方式:  双指滚动可让您在活跃窗口中快速向上、向下或向两侧拖移滚动。 第 2 章 体验 MacBook Pro 生活27  辅助点按或右键点按可让您访问快捷菜单命令。 • 若要在触控板的任何位置设置双指辅助点按,请在触控板偏好设置的光标点按面板中 选择辅助点按。 • 若要在触控板的左下角或右下角设置单指辅助点按区域,请在触控板偏好设置的光标点 按面板中选择辅助点按,然后从弹出式菜单中选取一个选项。 辅助点按区域 【注】您也可以通过按住 Control 键并点按来进行辅助点按。 28 第 2 章 体验 MacBook Pro 生活 以下触控板手势能够在某些应用程序中工作。执行这些手势时,请在触控板的表面上轻轻滑动手 指。有关更多信息,请参阅触控板偏好设置或选取帮助> 帮助中心,然后搜索触控 板。  双指张开或合拢可让您放大或缩小 PDF、图像、照片等等。  双指转动可让您转动照片、页面等等。 第 2 章 体验 MacBook Pro 生活29  三指扫动在 Finder 和所有应用程序中均有效。三个手指向左或向右扫动可让您循环浏览全屏幕应 用程序。三个手指向上扫动以打开 Mission Control。您也可以设定这些选项以使用四个手指。  四指合拢在您合拢拇指和其他三个手指时显示 Launchpad。张开这四个手指可返回桌面。 【注】您可以为许多手势指定其他功能。有关所有可用手势的详细信息,请选取苹果菜单 () > 系统偏好设置,然后点按触控板。点按注记格以打开或关闭手势,展开弹出式菜单以查看 每个手势的选项。 30 第 2 章 体验 MacBook Pro 生活 使用 MacBook Pro 电池 如果未连接 MagSafe Power Adapter 适配器,MacBook Pro 会通过内建电池供电。电池供电 时,MacBook Pro 可以使用的时间不同,取决于您所使用的应用程序及连接在 MacBook Pro 上 的外部设备。 关闭诸如 Wi-Fi 或 Bluetooth® 无线技术等功能以及降低屏幕亮度有助于节省电池电量,例如,乘 坐飞机旅行时,您就可以这样做。系统偏好设置中的许多选项都已自动设定为优化电池使用寿命。 通过查看 MacBook Pro 左侧的八个电池电量指示灯,可以知道电池剩余的电量。按下指示灯旁边 的按钮时,指示灯会短暂亮起,显示电池中剩余的电量。 【重要事项】如果只有一个指示灯闪亮,表明电池电量已所剩无几。如果指示灯都不亮,说明电池 电量已经完全耗尽,如果不接上电源适配器,MacBook Pro 将无法启动。请插入电源适配器以给 电池充电。有关电池指示灯的更多信息,请参阅第 54 页。 您也可以通过查看菜单栏中的电池状态图标 ( ) 来检查剩余的电池电量。所显示的电池电量多少 基于电池中的剩余电量,还与您正在使用的应用程序、外围设备和系统设置有关。若要节省电池电 量,请关闭不使用的应用程序并断开不使用的外围设备,然后调整节能器设置。有关电池节能 和性能技巧的更多信息,请访问 www.apple.com.cn/batteries/notebooks.html。 第 2 章 体验 MacBook Pro 生活31 给电池充电 为 MacBook Pro 连接上其附带的电源适配器后,电池在电脑打开、关机或睡眠时都可以充电。但 在电脑关机或睡眠时,电池的充电速度会更快。 MacBook Pro 中的电池只能由 Apple 授权服务商或 Apple Store 零售店进行更换。 疑难解答 有关使用 MacBook Pro 的更多信息,可在电脑上的帮助中心和互联网网站 www.apple.com.cn/support/macbookpro 中获得。 若要打开帮助中心: 1 点按 Dock(沿屏幕边缘排开的图标条)中的 Finder 图标。 2 点按菜单栏中的帮助菜单,然后执行以下一项操作: a 在搜索栏中键入一个问题或术语,然后从结果列表中选择一个主题,或者选择显示所有结 果以查看所有主题。 b 选取帮助中心以打开帮助中心窗口,在那里您可以浏览或搜索主题。 32 第 2 章 体验 MacBook Pro 生活 更多信息 有关使用 MacBook Pro 的更多信息,请参阅以下内容: 若要学习如何操作请参阅 安装内存第 35 页第 3 章增强 MacBook Pro 的性能。 MacBook Pro 出现问题时进行 故障排除 第 49 页第 4 章问题及其解决方案。 查找 MacBook Pro 的服务与支持第 64 页了解更多信息及服务与支持。或访问 Apple 支持网站: www.apple.com.cn/support/macbookpro。 使用 Mac OS X Mac OS X 网站 www.apple.com.cn/macosx。或者在帮助中心中 搜索Mac OS X 。 从 PC 转换到 Mac 你会爱上 Mac 的理由网址为 www.apple.com.cn/getamac/whymac。 使用 iLife 应用程序iLife 网站 www.apple.com.cn/ilife。或者打开一个 iLife 应用程序,打 开该应用程序的帮助,然后在搜索栏中键入问题或词语。 更改系统偏好设置打开系统偏好设置,方法是选取苹果菜单 (K) > 系统偏好设置。 或者在帮助中心中搜索系统偏好设置。 使用触控板打开系统偏好设置并点按触控板。 使用键盘帮助中心,搜索键盘。 使用内建 FaceTime HD 摄像头帮助中心,搜索摄像头。 使用 Wi-Fi 技术帮助中心,搜索wi-fi 。 使用蓝牙无线技术蓝牙支持网页:www.apple.com.cn/support/bluetooth。或者打开 蓝牙文件交换应用程序(位于 Launchpad 中的实用工具文件夹 中),然后选取帮助> 蓝牙帮助。 第 2 章 体验 MacBook Pro 生活33 若要学习如何操作请参阅 电池保养帮助中心,搜索电池。 连接打印机帮助中心,搜索打印。 FireWire 和 USB 连接帮助中心,搜索FireWire 或 USB 。 连接到互联网帮助中心,搜索互联网。 使用 Thunderbolt 端口帮助中心,搜索Thunderbolt 。 连接外部显示器 帮助中心,搜索显示器端口。 刻录 CD 或 DVD 帮助中心,搜索刻录光盘。 技术规格技术规格网页网址为 www.apple.com.cn/support/specs。或者打开 系统信息,方法是从菜单栏中选取苹果菜单 (K) > 关于本机,然 后点按更多信息。 Apple 新闻Apple 网站:www.apple.com.cn。 软件下载Mac App Store(Mac OS X v10.6.6 或更高版提供)。 Apple 产品的操作说明、技术 支持和手册 Apple 支持网站:www.apple.com.cn/support。 帮助中心 内存 www.apple.com.cn/store 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能 3 36 第 3 章 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能 本章提供了有关在 MacBook Pro 中升级硬盘驱动器和安装附加内存的信息和说明。 【警告】Apple 建议由 Apple 认证的技术人员来安装更换用的驱动器和内存。请查阅电脑附带的 服务与支持信息,以了解有关如何联系 Apple 以获得服务的信息。如果您尝试安装更换用的驱动 器或内存而损坏了设备,则这种损坏将不包含在电脑的有限保修范围之内。 用户不可以自行更换 MacBook Pro 中的电池。如果您认为需要更换电池,请联系 Apple Store 零 售店或 Apple 授权服务商。 第 3 章 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能37 更换硬盘驱动器 您可以升级 MacBook Pro 中的硬盘驱动器。打开 MacBook Pro 的后盖后,您就可以看到硬盘 驱动器位于内建电池旁边。更换用的驱动器必须是带有串行 ATA (SATA) 接口的 2.5 英寸驱动器。 【重要事项】Apple 建议您在移除并装回硬盘驱动器之前应先备份硬盘驱动器上的数据。Apple 对 任何丢失的数据概不负责。 若要更换 MacBook Pro 中的硬盘驱动器: 1 将 MacBook Pro 关机。断开电源适配器、以太网电缆、USB 电缆、防盗锁和所有连接到 MacBook Pro 上的其他电缆,以防止损坏电脑。 【警告】MacBook Pro 的内部组件可能会发热。如果您一直在使用 MacBook Pro,请在关机后 等候 10 分钟,待内部组件冷却后再继续下面的操作。 2 将 MacBook Pro 翻过来并拧下固定底盖的十颗螺丝。以下图所示角度拧下较短的几颗螺丝。取下 底盖并将其放在旁边。 38 第 3 章 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能 【重要事项】由于螺丝的长度不等,请注意螺丝的长度和位置以便可以正确装回螺丝。将它们放在 旁边的安全位置。 第 3 章 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能39 【重要事项】移除底盖会暴露内部的敏感组件,这些组件易于受到静电干扰。 3 触摸硬盘驱动器组件之前先触摸电脑内部的金属表面来释放您身上的静电。 40 第 3 章 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能 4 找到位于驱动器顶部上的支架。使用十字螺丝刀拧开使支架固定到位的两颗固定螺丝。将支架放在 旁边的安全位置。 5 使用扣舌轻轻地斜向上抬起驱动器。 第 3 章 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能41 6 握住驱动器的两侧,同时轻轻拔出驱动器左侧上的插头以取下驱动器。切勿用手指按压驱动器,避 免触碰到驱动器底部的电路。 插头连接在电缆上并留在硬盘驱动器仓位中。 【重要事项】硬盘驱动器的两侧上有四颗安装螺丝。如果更换用的驱动器不包含安装螺丝,请从旧 驱动器上卸下螺丝并安装在更换用的驱动器上,然后再安装更换用的驱动器。 7 将插头连接到更换用的驱动器的左侧。 42 第 3 章 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能 8 倾斜插入更换用的驱动器,确定安装螺丝正确固定到位。 9 装回支架并拧紧螺丝。 第 3 章 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能43 10 装回底盖。将您在步骤 2 中取下的十颗螺丝装回其适当的位置并拧紧,同时确定以下图所示角度插 入较短的螺丝。 有关安装 Mac OS X 和捆绑应用程序的信息,请参阅第 54 页修复、恢复或重新安装 Mac OS X 软件。 44 第 3 章 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能 安装附加内存 您的电脑有两个内存插槽,取出底盖即可看到。MacBook Pro 预装了至少 4 GB 的 1333 MHz 双 倍数据速率 (DDR3) 同步动态随机存取存储器 (SDRAM)。每个内存插槽可以插一条符合以下规格 的 SDRAM 内存条:  双倍数据速率小型双列直插存储器模块 (DDR3) 格式  30 毫米(1.18 英寸)  204 针  2 GB 或 4 GB  PC3-10600S DDR3 1333 MHz 类内存 您可以添加两条 4 GB 内存条,从而达到最多的 8 GB 内存。若要获得最佳性能,请在两个内存插 槽中都安装内存,每个插槽均安装相同规格的内存条。 若要在 MacBook Pro 中安装内存: 1 按照从第 37 页开始的步骤 1 和步骤 2 来移除底盖。 【重要事项】移除底盖会暴露内部的敏感组件,这些组件易于受到静电干扰。 2 触摸内存组件之前先触摸电脑内部的金属表面来释放您身上的静电。 第 3 章 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能45 3 向外推开内存条两侧上的推出控制杆,以将内存从内存卡插槽中松开。 内存会倾斜弹出。取出内存之前,请确定您看到半圆的舌片。如果没有看到,请再次尝试向外推开 控制杆。 46 第 3 章 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能 4 握住内存条的舌片将内存条从插槽中取出。 5 取出另一个内存条。 【重要事项】握住内存条的边缘,不要触摸金属接头。 6 将新的内存条插入内存插槽: a 将内存条金黄色边缘上的槽口与下方的内存插槽中的槽口对齐。 b 使卡倾斜并将内存推入插槽中。 c 用两个手指稳固均匀地向下按压内存条。当内存正确安装到位时,您会听到轻微的喀哒声。 d 重复上面的步骤以安装附加内存条到顶部插槽中。向下按压内存条以确保它是水平的。 第 3 章 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能47 7 请按照第 43 页上步骤 10 中的说明装回底盖。 48 第 3 章 增强 MacBook Pro 的性能 确定 MacBook Pro 能识别新内存 在 MacBook Pro 中安装附加内存后,请检查电脑是否可以识别新内存。 若要检查电脑的内存: 1 启动 MacBook Pro。 2 当您看到 Mac OS X 桌面时,请从菜单栏选取苹果菜单 (),然后选取关于本机。 若要更详细地查看电脑中已安装的内存,请点按更多信息以打开系统信息,然后点按内 存。 如果 MacBook Pro 不能识别内存或者不能正常启动,请确保您安装的内存与 MacBook Pro 兼容 并已正确安装。 帮助中心 帮助 www.apple.com.cn/support 问题及其解决方案 4 50 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案 使用 MacBook Pro 时偶尔会遇到一些问题。有关故障排除方面的提示,请继续阅读本章,以便在 遇到问题时尝试使用这些提示。您也可以在帮助中心和 MacBook Pro 支持网站 www.apple.com.cn/support/macbookpro 上找到更多故障排除信息。 如果您在使用 MacBook Pro 时遇到问题,通常总有一种简单快捷的解决方案。请回想一下导致问 题发生的情况。记下出现问题前您执行过的操作可以帮助您缩小查找可能的故障原因的范围,再寻 找您需要的答案。需要记下的内容包括:  发生问题时使用的应用程序。如果问题仅发生在某一特定应用程序上,则可能的原因是此应用程 序与电脑上安装的 Mac OS 版本不兼容。  您安装的所有新软件,特别是在系统文件夹中添加了项目的软件。  所有新安装的硬件,如附加内存或外围设备。 防患于未然 为了预防您的电脑或软件出现问题,请让 Time Machine 备份保持最新以确保数据不会丢失。如 果您经常进行 Time Machine 备份,您可以将软件和所有数据准确恢复到备份时的状态。即使发 生严重问题也不用担心,只要使用了 Time Machine 来保护您的信息。 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案51 无法使用 MacBook Pro 的问题 如果 MacBook Pro 无响应或鼠标指针不移动 在极少数情况下,应用程序会在屏幕上停止响应。Mac OS X 提供了一种方法,使您不需要重 新启动电脑就可以退出已停止响应的应用程序。 若要强制应用程序退出: 1 按下 Command (x)-Option-Esc 键,或者从菜单栏中选取苹果菜单 () > 强制退出。 强制退出应用程序对话框会出现,并且当前应用程序已被选定。 2 点按强制退出。 该应用程序会退出,而所有其他应用程序仍保持打开。 如果需要,您也可以从这个对话框重新启动 Finder。 接下来,重新启动电脑以确保问题彻底消除。 如果问题经常发生,请从屏幕顶部的菜单栏中选取帮助> 帮助中心。请搜索词语停止响 应以获得有关电脑停止响应或不响应的帮助。 如果问题只是在您使用某个特定应用程序时才发生,请咨询该应用程序的制造商,了解一下它与您 的电脑是否兼容。若要获得有关 MacBook Pro 附带的软件的支持和联系信息,请访问 www.apple.com.cn/downloads。 如果您知道某个应用程序是兼容的,则可能需要重新安装电脑的系统软件。请参阅第 54 页修复、 恢复或重新安装 Mac OS X 软件。 52 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案 如果 MacBook Pro 在启动时停止响应、显示闪动的问号或屏幕不亮而睡眠指示灯一直亮着(并未 睡眠) 闪动的问号通常表示电脑无法在硬盘或连接的其他磁盘上找到系统软件。  稍等几秒钟。如果电脑经过一段时间仍未启动,请关机,方法是按住电源按钮 (®) 大约 8 至 10 秒钟。断开所有外围设备并尝试重新启动,方法是按住 Option 键的同时按下电源按钮 (®)。电 脑启动时,点按硬盘图标,然后点按右箭头。电脑启动后,打开系统偏好设置,然后点按 启动磁盘。选择本机的 Mac OS X 系统文件夹。 如果问题经常发生,您可能需要重新安装电脑的系统软件。请参阅第 54 页修复、恢复或重新安 装 Mac OS X 软件。 如果 MacBook Pro 无法开启或启动 请按顺序尝试以下建议,直到您可以开启电脑:  确定电源适配器已插入电脑并已插在一个已通电的电源插座上。确保使用的是 MacBook Pro 附 带的 85W MagSafe Power Adapter 适配器。在插入电源线时,如果电源适配器停止充电,而 MagSafe 插头上的指示灯不亮,请尝试将电源适配器从电源插座上拔下来然后再插入到其他插 孔,或尝试使用其他电源插座。  检查电池是否需要充电。按下电脑左侧上的小按钮。您应当会看到有一个到八个灯亮起以表明电 池的电量。如果只有一个指示灯亮着,请连接电源适配器以重新充电。有关电池指示灯的更多信 息,请参阅第 53 页。 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案53  如果问题仍然存在,请关闭所有已打开的文稿并退出所有应用程序。请将电脑恢复到出厂设置 (同时仍然保留您的文件),方法是同时按下左边的 Shift 键、Option (alt) 键、Control 键和 电源按钮 (®) 五秒钟,直至电脑重新启动。  如果最近安装了附加内存,请确定它已正确安装并且与电脑兼容。移除新安装的内存,再装回原 来的内存,检查电脑是否可以启动(请参阅第 44 页)。  按下电源按钮 (®) 并立即同时按住 Command 键 (x)、Option 键、P 键和 R 键,直到您听到 第二次启动声,以复位参数内存 (PRAM)。  如果仍然无法启动 MacBook Pro,请参阅第 64 页了解更多信息及服务与支持,以获得有关 联系 Apple 进行维修的信息。 如果屏幕突然黑屏或 MacBook Pro 停止响应 尝试重新启动 MacBook Pro。 1 拔下连接在 MacBook Pro 上的任何设备(电源适配器除外)。 2 按下电源按钮 (®) 重新启动系统。 3 让电池至少充电到总电量的 10%,然后再插上任何外部设备并继续工作。 若要查看电池的充电进度,请点按菜单栏中的电池状态图标 ( ),或检查位于 MacBook Pro 左 侧的电池电量指示灯。 如果为电池设定了节能器功能,屏幕也可能会变暗。 54 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案 如果按下电池按钮后,所有电池指示灯迅速闪烁五次 电池需要更换。请联系 Apple Store 零售店或 Apple 授权服务商。 如果按下电池按钮后,电池指示灯从左到右然后从右到左连续闪烁五次 电池没有被识别。请联系 Apple Store 零售店或 Apple 授权服务商。 如果推出光盘有问题 退出所有可能正在使用光盘的应用程序,然后再试一次。如果此方法无效,请重新启动电脑,然后 立即按住触控板。 修复、恢复或重新安装 Mac OS X 软件 如果您的 Mac 软件或硬件出现问题,Mac OS X 提供了修复和恢复实用工具,可帮助您消除问 题,甚至将您的软件恢复为原始出厂设置。可以从Mac OS X 实用工具应用程序访问这些实用 工具(即使您的电脑未正确启动)。 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案55 使用Mac OS X 实用工具应用程序进行以下操作:  从 Time Machine 备份恢复软件和数据。  重新安装 Mac OS X 和 Apple 应用程序。  将您的电脑恢复为出厂设置,方法是抹掉它的磁盘并重新安装 Mac OS X 和您的 Apple 应用 程序。  使用磁盘工具修复电脑的磁盘。 如果电脑检测到问题,它会自动打开Mac OS X 实用工具应用程序。您也可以通过重新启动电 脑来手动打开它。 56 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案 若要打开Mac OS X 实用工具应用程序: m 重新启动电脑并同时按住 Command 键 (x) 和 R 键。Mac OS X 实用工具面板将出现。 Mac OS X 实用工具应用程序中的某些实用工具要求访问互联网和 Mac App Store。您可能需 要确定您的电脑已使用以太网络或 Wi-Fi 网络连接到互联网。 若要通过 Wi-Fi 网络进行连接: 1 从屏幕右上角的 Wi-Fi 状态菜单中选取网络。 2 如果需要,请键入网络的密码。 若要加入封闭网络,请选取加入其他网络。输入网络的名称和密码。 使用磁盘工具修复磁盘 如果您的电脑出现了问题,或者您启动电脑时看到了Mac OS X 实用工具应用程序,则可能需 要修复电脑的磁盘。 1 在Mac OS X 实用工具面板中选择磁盘工具,然后点按继续。 2 在左侧的列表中选择磁盘或分区,然后点按急救标签。 3 点按修复磁盘。 如果磁盘工具不能修复磁盘,请备份尽可能多的信息,然后按照第 54 页修复、恢复或重新安 装 Mac OS X 软件中的说明进行操作。 有关磁 盘工具及 其选项的信息, 请参阅帮 助中心, 或者打开磁 盘工具( 在 Launchpad 的实用工具文件夹中)并选取帮助> 磁盘工具帮助。 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案57 使用 Time Machine 备份恢复信息 如果您先前创建了一个 Time Machine 备份,则可以使用恢复实用工具将您的电脑上的所有 内容都恢复到先前的状态。 使用 Time Machine 备份将您的信息仅恢复到该备份的源电脑。如果要将信息传输到新电脑,请 使用迁移助理(在 Launchpad 的实用工具文件夹中)。 1 如果备份位于 Time Capsule 上,请确定电脑已连接到以太网或 Wi-Fi 网络。(若要连接到 Wi-Fi 网络,请按照第 56 页上的说明进行操作。) 2 在Mac OS X 实用工具面板中,请选择从 Time Machine 备份进行恢复,然后点按继 续。 3 选择包含 Time Machine 备份的磁盘,然后按照屏幕指示进行操作。 重新安装 Mac OS X 和 Apple 应用程序 在某些情况下,您可能需要重新安装 Mac OS X 和 Apple 应用程序。重新安装后,您的文件和用 户设置都完好无损。 1 确定 MacBook Pro 已通过以太网络或 Wi-Fi 网络连接到互联网。(若要使用 Wi-Fi 网络进行连 接,请按照第 56 页上的说明进行操作。) 2 在Mac OS X 实用工具面板中,选择重新安装 Mac OS X ,然后点按继续。 3 在要求您选择磁盘的面板中,请选择您的当前 Mac OS X 磁盘(大多数情况下,它是唯一的可用磁 盘)。 4 若要选择或取消选择一些可选软件,请点按自定。 5 点按安装。 58 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案 您可以在不抹掉磁盘的情况下安装 Mac OS X,这样可以存储现有文件和设置,或者也可以先抹掉 磁盘,这将抹掉您的所有数据,从而准备好电脑让您重新安装 Mac OS X 和 Apple 应用程序。 【重要事项】Apple 建议您在恢复软件之前先备份磁盘上的数据。Apple 对任何丢失的数据概不 负责。 将电脑恢复为出厂设置 如果您将电脑恢复为出厂设置,则您电脑上的所有内容(用户帐户、网络设置以及所有文件和文件 夹)都将被删除。恢复之前,请备份您想要保留的任何文件,将它们拷贝到另一个磁盘。从网 络偏好设置中记下您的网络设置,以便在重新安装 Mac OS X 后轻松地再接入网络。 1 请确定您的电脑已使用以太网络或 Wi-Fi 网络连接到互联网。(若要连接到 Wi-Fi 网络,请按照 第 56 页上的说明进行操作。) 2 在Mac OS X 实用工具面板中,选择磁盘工具,然后点按继续。 3 在左侧列表中选择磁盘,然后点按抹掉标签。 4 从格式弹出式菜单中选择Mac OS 扩展(日志式) ,为磁盘键入名称,然后点按抹掉。 5 在磁盘已被抹掉后,请选取磁盘工具> 退出磁盘工具。 6 在Mac OS X 实用工具面板中,选择重新安装 Mac OS X ,然后点按继续。 7 若要重新安装 Mac OS X 和您的应用程序,请按照 Mac OS X 安装器中的说明进行操作。 恢复 Mac OS X 和您的应用程序后,您可以选择性地从 Time Machine 备份来恢复您的其他数据 和应用程序。 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案59 使用 Apple Hardware Test 如果怀疑 MacBook Pro 硬件有问题,您可以使用 Apple Hardware Test 应用程序来帮助诊断电 脑组件(如内存或处理器)是否有问题。 若要使用 Apple Hardware Test: 1 从电脑上断开所有外部设备(电源适配器除外)。 如果连接了以太网电缆,请断开它。 2 重新启动电脑,并在电脑启动时按住 D 键。 3 当 Apple Hardware Test 选择屏幕出现时,请选择您所在地区对应的语言。 4 按下 Return 键或点按右箭头按钮。 5 当 Apple Hardware Test 主屏幕出现时(大约 45 秒钟后),请按照屏幕指示进行操作。 6 如果 Apple Hardware Test 检测到问题,它会显示错误代码。请记下错误代码,然后寻求技术支 持。如果 Apple Hardware Test 没有检测到硬件故障,则问题可能与软件有关。 有关互联网连接的问题 MacBook Pro 上的网络设置助理应用程序可以帮助您完成互联网连接的设置。打开系统偏 好设置并点按网络。点按向导按钮以打开网络设置助理。 如果在建立互联网连接时遇到麻烦,您可以尝试本部分中适用于您的连接类型的步骤,或者也可以 使用网络诊断。 60 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案 若要使用网络诊断: 1 选取苹果菜单 () > 系统偏好设置。 2 点按网络,然后点按向导。 3 点按诊断以打开网络诊断。 4 按照屏幕指示进行操作。 如果网络诊断不能解决问题,则可能是尝试连接的互联网服务商 (ISP)、用来连接 ISP 的外部 设备或尝试访问的服务器发生了问题。您还可以尝试以下步骤。 线缆调制解调器、DSL 调制解调器和局域网互联网连接 确定所有的调制解调器电缆都已插紧,包括调制解调器电源线、连接调制解调器和电脑的电缆以及 连接调制解调器和墙上插孔的电缆。同时,检查以太网集线器及路由器的电缆连接和电源。 将 DSL 调制解调器或线缆调制解调器关闭几分钟,然后再开启它。某些 ISP 会建议您拔下调制解调 器的电源线。如果您的调制解调器有复位按钮,则可以在打开或关闭电源之前或之后按下此按钮。 【重要事项】与调制解调器相关的说明不适用于局域网用户。局域网用户可能有集线器、交换机、 路由器或者连接头等设备,而 DSL 调制解调器和线缆调制解调器用户没有这些设备。局域网用户 应当联系他们的网络管理员而不是 ISP。 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案61 PPPoE 连接 如果您无法使用 PPPoE(以太网上的点对点协议)来连接到互联网服务商,请确定您在网络偏 好设置中输入的信息是正确的。 若要检查网络偏好设置: 1 选取苹果菜单 () > 系统偏好设置。 2 点按网络。 3 点按网络连接服务列表底部的添加按钮 (+),然后从接口弹出式菜单中选取PPPoE 。 4 从以太网弹出式菜单中选取用于 PPPoE 服务的接口。如果您准备连接到有线网络,请选取 以太网;如果您准备连接到无线网络,请选取Wi-Fi 。 5 点按创建。 6 输入从服务商处收到的信息,例如帐户名称、密码和 PPPoE 服务名称(如果服务商有所要求)。 7 点按应用以激活设置。 62 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案 网络连接 确定以太网电缆已与 MacBook Pro 连接并接入网络。检查以太网集线器及路由器的电缆连接和 电源。 如果有两台或两台以上的电脑尝试共享一个互联网连接,请确定您的网络已正确设置。您需要知道 ISP 是仅提供一个 IP 地址,还是提供多个 IP 地址(每台电脑一个)。 如果只有一个 IP 地址,则必须使用一个可以共享连接的路由器,也称为网络地址转换 (NAT) 或 IP masquerading 。有关设置信息,请查阅路由器附带的文稿,或者询问建立网络的人员。 AirPort 基站可用于在多台电脑之间共享一个 IP 地址。有关使用 AirPort 基站的信息,请查阅 帮助中心,或者访问 AirPort 支持网站 www.apple.com.cn/support/airport。 如果使用这些步骤不能解决问题,请联系您的 ISP 或网络管理员。 Wi-Fi 通信时出现问题 如果您在使用 Wi-Fi 通信时遇到问题  确定您尝试连接的电脑或网络正在运行,并且有无线访问点。  确定您已按照基站或访问点附带的说明正确配置了软件。 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案63  确保 MacBook Pro 在其他电脑或网络访问点的天线覆盖范围内。附近的电子设备或金属结构会 干扰无线通信且会缩小其覆盖范围。重新放置电脑或转动电脑可以改善接收效果。  检查菜单栏中的 Wi-Fi 状态图标 (Z)。最多出现四格,指示信号强度。如果没有信号,请尝试换 个位置。  通过选取帮助> 帮助中心,然后搜索wi-fi 来获取在线帮助。也请查阅无线设备附带 的说明以了解更多信息。 保持软件最新 您可以接入互联网并自动下载和安装 Apple 提供的最新版免费软件、驱动程序以及其他增强软件。 当您的电脑接入互联网时, 软件更新会检查是否有任何可供您的电脑使用的更新。您可以设定 MacBook Pro 定期检查更新,那样您便可以下载并安装更新的软件。 若要检查更新的软件: 1 选取苹果菜单 () > 系统偏好设置。 2 点按软件更新图标,然后按照屏幕指示进行操作。 • 有关更多信息,请在帮助中心中搜索软件更新。 • 有关 Mac OS X 的最新信息,请访问 www.apple.com.cn/macosx。 64 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案 了解更多信息及服务与支持 除了硬盘驱动器和内存,MacBook Pro 没有用户可以自行维修的部件。如果需要维修,请联系 Apple 或将 MacBook Pro 送到 Apple 授权服务商处。您可以通过网上资源、屏幕帮助、系统信 息或 Apple Hardware Test 找到有关 MacBook Pro 的更多信息。 网上资源 有关网上服务与支持信息,请访问 www.apple.com.cn/support。从弹出式菜单中选取您的国家 或地区。您可以搜索 AppleCare 知识库,核查软件更新,或者从 Apple 的论坛获得帮助。有关特 定于产品的最新信息,请访问 www.apple.com.cn/support/macbookpro。 屏幕帮助 您可以在帮助中心中查找问题的答案,以及查找相关说明和故障排除信息。选取帮助> 帮助中心。 系统信息 若要获得有关 MacBook Pro 的信息,请使用系统信息。它显示了已安装的硬件和软件、序 列号和操作系统版本、已安装内存的总量等。若要打开系统信息,请从菜单栏中选取苹果菜单 () > 关于本机,然后点按更多信息。 AppleCare 服务与支持 MacBook Pro 享有 90 天的技术支持和一年的硬件保修服务,这些支持与服务可在 Apple Store 零 售店或 Apple 授权的维修中心获得,如 Apple 授权服务商。您可以通过购买 AppleCare Protection Plan 来延长保修范围。有关信息,请访问 www.apple.com.cn/support/products,或者访问下 面列出的您所在国家或地区的网站。 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案65 如果您需要协助,AppleCare 电话支持代表可以提供安装和打开应用程序的帮助,以及进行基本 的故障排除。请致电离您最近的支持中心(前 90 天免费)。致电之前请准备好购买日期以及 MacBook Pro 的序列号。 【注】您的 90 天免费电话支持于购机之日起开始生效。您可能要自理电话费用。 国家或地区电话网站 中国(86) 4006-272273 www.apple.com.cn/support 香港(852) 2112-0099 * www.apple.com/hk/support www.apple.com/hk/en/support 印度(91) 1800 4250 744 或 (91) 80-4140-9000 www.apple.com/in/support 印度尼西亚(62) 0018 03061 2009 www.apple.com/id/support 韩国(82) 1544-2662 www.apple.com/kr/support 马来西亚1-800 803-638 www.apple.com/my/support 菲律宾1-800-1441-0234 www.apple.com/ph/support 新加坡800-186-1087 或 (65) 6835-1812 * www.apple.com/sg/support 台湾(886) 0800-095-988 www.apple.com/tw/support 泰国001800 4412904 www.apple.com/th/support 电话号码可能会有更改,可能会使用本地或国内长途电话费率。完整的列表可在以下网站上找到: www.apple.com/support/contact/phone_contacts.html 66 第 4 章 问题及其解决方案 找到产品序列号 使用以下一种方法来查找电脑的序列号:  将 MacBook Pro 翻过来。序列号蚀刻在转轴附近的机壳上。  选取苹果菜单 () > 关于本机。点按Mac OS X 字串下方的版本号以循环浏览 Mac OS X 版本号、版号和序列号。  打开系统信息,它位于 Launchpad 的实用工具文件夹中。 帮助中心 人机工程学 www.apple.com.cn/environment 最后要点 5 68 第 5 章 最后要点 为了您个人和设备的安全,请务必依照这些规则来操作和清洁 MacBook Pro,同时也有利于您更 舒适地工作。将这些说明放在容易拿到的位置,以便您和其他用户参考。 【注意】存放或使用电脑不当可能会使制造商的保修无效。 重要安全信息 【警告】不遵循这些安全说明可能会导致起火、触电、其他伤害或损坏。 内建电池 切勿将电池从 MacBook Pro 中取出。该电池应该只能由 Apple 授权服务商来更换。如 果 MacBook Pro 跌落或受到挤压、弯曲、变形或损坏,请勿继续使用。切勿使 MacBook Pro 靠 近极热的热源,如散热器或壁炉,那里的温度可能超过 100 C 或 212 F。 正确处理 正常使用时,MacBook Pro 的底部会发热。MacBook Pro 符合用户接触表面温度限制 的国际标准,即 International Standard for Safety of Information Technology Equipment (IEC 60950-1)。 第 5 章 最后要点69 若要安全地操作电脑并减小与发热相关的伤害的可能性,请按照这些指南进行操作:  将 MacBook Pro 摆放在稳定的工作台上,以使电脑底部及四周通风顺畅。  不要在枕头、毛毯或其他柔软的材料上操作 MacBook Pro,因为这些材料会阻塞通风散热孔。  操作 MacBook Pro 时切勿在键盘上放置任何物品。  切勿将任何物体插入通风口。  如果您将 MacBook Pro 放在膝上且它热得让人不舒服,请将它移到平稳的工作台上。 有水和潮湿的地方 使 MacBook Pro 远离各种液体源,如饮料、洗脸池、浴缸、淋浴室等等。保 护 MacBook Pro 免受潮湿或阴雨天气(如雨天、雪天和雾气)的侵袭。 85W MagSafe Power Adapter 适配器 请仅使用 MacBook Pro 附带的电源适配器或与本产品 兼容并经 Apple 认可的电源适配器。将该适配器插入电源插座之前,请确定交流插头或交流电源 线已完全插入到电源适配器中。 正常使用时,电源适配器会发热。MagSafe Power Adapter 适配器符合用户接触表面温度限制的 国际标准,即 International Standard for Safety of Information Technology Equipment (IEC 60950-1)。 70 第 5 章 最后要点 若要减小电源适配器过热或者与发热相关的伤害的可能性,请执行以下一项操作:  将电源适配器直接插入到电源插座中。  如果使用的是交流电源线,请将电源适配器放在书桌或餐桌上,或者在通风良好的位置将电源适 配器放在地板上。 第 5 章 最后要点71 如果遇到以下任何一种情况,请断开电源适配器并拔下其他所有电缆:  您想要添加内存或升级硬盘驱动器。  您想要清洁机壳(请仅采用第 74 页描述的建议过程)。  电源线或插头磨损或损坏。  MacBook Pro 或电源适配器被雨水、溅入到机箱内的液体弄湿,或者严重受潮。  MacBook Pro 或电源适配器跌落或机箱损坏,或者您觉得需要进行维修或修理。 MagSafe 电源端口含有磁体,能够抹去信用卡、iPod 或其他设备上的数据。若要保护数据,请 将这些物品或其他磁性敏感介质或设备远离电源适配器端口,至少相隔 25 毫米(1 英寸)以上。 如果有碎屑进入 MagSafe 电源端口,请用棉签轻轻地将碎屑取出。 MagSafe 电源规格:  频率:50 至 60 Hz(单相)  线路电压:100 至 240 V  输出电压:18.5 V 直流,4.6 A 72 第 5 章 最后要点 听力损伤 使用耳塞或耳机时如果音量很高,可能会造成听力的永久性损伤。听一段时间音乐后, 您会习惯高一些的音量,虽然听起来可能很正常,但会损坏您的听力。如果您出现耳鸣或谈话声听 起来模糊不清,请停止听音乐并检查一下您的听力。音量越大,听力就越容易受到影响。听力专家 建议按如下方法保护您的听力:  限制以高音量使用耳塞或耳机的时间。  避免通过调高音量来隔离嘈杂的周围环境。  如果您听不见周围人说话,请将音量调低。 高危险活动警告 本电脑不适用于核设施、飞机导航或通信系统、空中交通管制系统中的操作,也 不适用于由于电脑出现故障可能导致死亡、人身伤害或严重环境破坏的其他任何用途。 光盘驱动器的激光信息 【警告】调整或执行设备手册中指定操作之外的操作会导致有害的辐射泄漏。 在正常使用情况下,电脑的光盘驱动器中的激光对人体是安全的,但如果光盘驱动器遭到拆解,则 可能对人眼造成损害。为了您的安全,此设备只能由 Apple 授权服务商维修。 第 5 章 最后要点73 重要处理信息 【注意】如未能遵循这些处理说明,则可能导致 MacBook Pro 或其他财产受损。 操作环境 在以下温度范围之外操作 MacBook Pro 可能会影响其性能:  操作温度:10 至 35 C(50 至 95 F)  存放温度:-20 至 45 C(-4 至 113 F)  相对湿度:5% 至 90%(非凝结)  操作海拔高度:0 至 3048 米(0 至 10,000 英尺) 开启 MacBook Pro MacBook Pro 的内部和外部零件尚未完全装好之前,切勿开启电脑。在电脑 缺少部件的情况下操作电脑会很危险,而且会损坏电脑。 携带 MacBook Pro 如果您使用提包或公文箱来携带 MacBook Pro,请确定其中没有零散物件 (如回形针或硬币),以免它们从电脑的通风散热孔意外进入电脑内部或光盘驱动器插槽,或者堵 塞端口。同时,使磁性敏感物品远离 MagSafe 电源端口。 使用插头和端口 切勿强行将插头推入端口。连接设备时,请确定端口中没有碎屑、插头与端口匹 配,并且插头和端口的方向正确对应。 74 第 5 章 最后要点 使用光盘驱动器 安装在 MacBook Pro 中的 SuperDrive 驱动器支持标准的 12 厘米(4.7 英寸) 光盘。不支持形状不规则的光盘或直径小于 12 厘米(4.7 英寸)的光盘,这些光盘会卡在驱动 器中。 处理玻璃部件 MacBook Pro 包含玻璃组件,包括显示屏和触控板。如果它们已损坏,请勿使用 MacBook Pro,直至 Apple 授权服务商将它修理好。 存放 MacBook Pro 如果打算长期存放 MacBook Pro,请将其置于阴凉的环境中(理想温度为 22 C 或 71 F),并将电池放电到总电量的 50% 或以下。当要存放 MacBook Pro 的时间超过 五个月时,请将电池放电到总电量的 50% 左右。若要维持电池的电量,请每隔六个月左右将电池 重新充电到总电量的 50%。 清洁 MacBook Pro 清洁 MacBook Pro 的外壳及其组件之前,请先将 MacBook Pro 关机并拔 下电源适配器。然后使用湿润、柔软、不起绒的擦拭布来清洁电脑的外壳。避免任何一个开口处 受潮。不要将液体直接喷射到电脑上。不要使用可能会破坏电脑表面的气雾喷剂、溶剂或研磨剂。 清洁 MacBook Pro 屏幕 若要清洁 MacBook Pro 屏幕,请先将 MacBook Pro 关机并拔下电源 适配器。然后蘸湿附带的擦拭布(仅限用水)并擦拭屏幕。不要将液体直接喷射到屏幕上。 第 5 章 最后要点75 了解人机工程学 下面是有关如何设置健康的工作环境的一些技巧。 键盘和触控板 使用键盘和触控板时,双肩要放松。上臂和前臂应形成一个稍大于直角的角度,手腕和手掌大致成 一条直线。 76 第 5 章 最后要点 在击键或使用触控板时手指要轻触,双手和手指应保持放松。不要把拇指卷曲在手掌下。 经常改变一下手的姿势以避免疲劳。在不间断的频繁操作之后,有些电脑用户会感到手、手腕或手 臂不适。如果手、手腕或手臂出现慢性疼痛或不适,请向合格的健康专家咨询。 外部鼠标 如果您使用外部鼠标,请将鼠标与键盘放置在同一高度且操作舒适的位置。 座椅 最好使用可调节高度的座椅,且带有坚固而舒适的靠背。调整座椅的高度,使大腿放平,双脚平放 在地板上。座椅靠背应支撑背的下部(腰部)。请参照制造商的说明,根据自身体形调节椅背。 第 5 章 最后要点77 您可能需要调高座椅,使前臂和手与键盘成适当的角度。如果这样做您的双脚无法平放在地板上, 则可以用高度和倾角可调的搁脚板将脚垫平。您也可以降低桌面,这样就不需要搁脚板了。还有一 种方法是使用键盘托架比常规工作表面稍低的工作台。 内建显示屏 调整显示屏的角度,为在您的环境中观看进行优化。如果调整显示屏时遇到阻力,请不要强行调 整。显示屏打开角度不能超过 130 度。 当您将电脑从一个工作地点移到另一个工作地点或者工作环境的灯光有所改变时,您可以相应地调 整显示屏的亮度。 有关人机工程学的更多信息,可以在以下网站上找到: www.apple.com/about/ergonomics Apple 和环境 Apple Inc. 已经意识到有责任将产品的操作和产品本身对环境造成的影响降到最小。 有关更多信息,可以在以下网站上找到: www.apple.com.cn/environment 78 Regulatory Compliance Information FCC Compliance Statement This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. See instructions if interference to radio or television reception is suspected. L‘utilisation de ce dispositif est autorisée seulement aux conditions suivantes: (1) il ne doit pas produire de brouillage et (2) l’utilisateur du dispositif doit étre prêt à accepter tout brouillage radioélectrique reçu, même si ce brouillage est susceptible de compromettre le fonctionnement du dispositif. Radio and Television Interference This computer equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radiofrequency energy. If it is not installed and used properly—that is, in strict accordance with Apple’s instructions—it may cause interference with radio and television reception. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device in accordance with the specifications in Part 15 of FCC rules. These specifications are designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. You can determine whether your computer system is causing interference by turning it off. If the interference stops, it was probably caused by the computer or one of the peripheral devices. If your computer system does cause interference to radio or television reception, try to correct the interference by using one or more of the following measures: • Turn the television or radio antenna until the interference stops. • Move the computer to one side or the other of the television or radio. • Move the computer farther away from the television or radio. • Plug the computer into an outlet that is on a different circuit from the television or radio. (That is, make certain the computer and the television or radio are on circuits controlled by different circuit breakers or fuses.) If necessary, consult an Apple Authorized Service Provider or Apple. See the service and support information that came with your Apple product. Or consult an experienced radio/television technician for additional suggestions. Important: Changes or modifications to this product not authorized by Apple Inc. could void the EMC compliance and negate your authority to operate the product. This product has demonstrated EMC compliance under conditions that included the use of compliant peripheral devices and shielded cables (including Ethernet network cables) between system components. It is important that you use compliant peripheral devices and shielded cables between system components to reduce the possibility of causing interference to radios, television sets, and other electronic devices. Responsible party (contact for FCC matters only): Apple Inc. Corporate Compliance 1 Infinite Loop, MS 26-A Cupertino, CA 95014 Wireless Radio Use This device is restricted to indoor use when operating in the 5.15 to 5.25 GHz frequency band. Cet appareil doit être utilisé à l’intérieur. Exposure to Radio Frequency Energy The radiated output power of the Wi-Fi technology is below the FCC radio frequency exposure limits. Nevertheless, it is advised to use the wireless equipment in such a manner that the potential for human contact during normal operation is minimized. FCC Bluetooth Wireless Compliance The antenna used with this transmitter must not be colocated or operated in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter subject to the conditions of the FCC Grant. 79 Canadian Compliance Statement This device complies with Industry Canada license-exempt RSS standard(s). Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device. Cet appareil est conforme aux normes CNR exemptes de licence d’Industrie Canada. Le fonctionnement est soumis aux deux conditions suivantes : (1) cet appareil ne doit pas provoquer d’interférences et (2) cet appareil doit accepter toute interférence, y compris celles susceptibles de provoquer un fonctionnement non souhaité de l’appareil. Bluetooth Industry Canada Statement This Class B device meets all requirements of the Canadian interference-causing equipment regulations. Cet appareil numérique de la Class B respecte toutes les exigences du Règlement sur le matériel brouilleur du Canada. Industry Canada Statement Complies with the Canadian ICES-003 Class B specifications. Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada. This device complies with RSS 210 of Industry Canada. Bluetooth Europe—EU Declaration of Conformity This wireless device complies with the R&TTE Directive. Europe—EU Declaration of Conformity Български Apple Inc. декларира, че това MacBook Pro е в съответствие със съществените изисквания и другите приложими правила на Директива 1999/5/ЕС. Česky Společnost Apple Inc. tímto prohlašuje, že tento MacBook Pro je ve shodě se základními požadavky a dalšími příslušnými ustanoveními směrnice 1999/5/ES. Dansk Undertegnede Apple Inc. erklærer herved, at følgende udstyr MacBook Pro overholder de væsentlige krav og øvrige relevante krav i direktiv 1999/5/EF. Deutsch Hiermit erklärt Apple Inc., dass sich das MacBook Pro in Übereinstimmung mit den grundlegenden Anforderungen und den übrigen einschlägigen Bestimmungen der Richtlinie 1999/5/EG befinden. Eesti Käesolevaga kinnitab Apple Inc., et see MacBook Pro vastab direktiivi 1999/5/EÜ põhinõuetele ja nimetatud direktiivist tulenevatele teistele asjakohastele sätetele. 简体中文 Apple Inc. 特此声明此 MacBook Pro 符合 Directive 1999/5/ EC 的基本要求和其他相关条款。 Español Por medio de la presente Apple Inc. declara que este MacBook Pro cumple con los requisitos esenciales y cualesquiera otras disposiciones aplicables o exigibles de la Directiva 1999/5/CE. Ελληνικά Mε την παρούσα, η Apple Inc. δηλώνει ότι αυτή η συσκευή MacBook Pro συμμορφώνεται προς τις βασικές απαιτήσεις και τις λοιπές σχετικές διατάξεις της Οδηγίας 1999/5/ΕΚ. Français Par la présente Apple Inc. déclare que l’appareil MacBook Pro est conforme aux exigences essentielles et aux autres dispositions pertinentes de la directive 1999/5/CE. Islenska Apple Inc. lýsir því hér með yfir að þetta tæki MacBook Pro fullnægir lágmarkskröfum og öðrum viðeigandi ákvæðum Evróputilskipunar 1999/5/EC. Italiano Con la presente Apple Inc. dichiara che questo dispositivo MacBook Pro è conforme ai requisiti essenziali ed alle altre disposizioni pertinenti stabilite dalla direttiva 1999/5/CE. Latviski Ar šo Apple Inc. deklarē, ka MacBook Pro ierīce atbilst Direktīvas 1999/5/EK būtiskajām prasībām un citiem ar to saistītajiem noteikumiem. Lietuvių Šiuo „Apple Inc.“ deklaruoja, kad šis MacBook Pro atitinka esminius reikalavimus ir kitas 1999/5/EB Direktyvos nuostatas. Magyar Alulírott, Apple Inc. nyilatkozom, hogy a MacBook Pro megfelel a vonatkozó alapvetõ követelményeknek és az 1999/5/EC irányelv egyéb elõírásainak. Malti Hawnhekk, Apple Inc., jiddikjara li dan MacBook Pro jikkonforma mal-ħtiġijiet essenzjali u ma provvedimenti oħrajn relevanti li hemm fid-Dirrettiva 1999/5/EC. 80 Nederlands Hierbij verklaart Apple Inc. dat het toestel MacBook Pro in overeenstemming is met de essentiële eisen en de andere bepalingen van richtlijn 1999/5/EG. Norsk Apple Inc. erklærer herved at dette MacBook Pro -apparatet er i samsvar med de grunnleggende kravene og øvrige relevante krav i EU-direktivet 1999/5/EF. Polski Niniejszym Apple Inc. oświadcza, że ten MacBook Pro są zgodne z zasadniczymi wymogami oraz pozostałymi stosownymi postanowieniami Dyrektywy 1999/5/EC. Português Apple Inc. declara que este dispositivo MacBook Pro está em conformidade com os requisitos essenciais e outras disposições da Directiva 1999/5/CE. Română Prin prezenta, Apple Inc. declară că acest aparat MacBook Pro este în conformitate cu cerinţele esenţiale şi cu celelalte prevederi relevante ale Directivei 1999/5/CE. Slovensko Apple Inc. izjavlja, da je ta MacBook Pro skladne z bistvenimi zahtevami in ostalimi ustreznimi določili direktive 1999/5/ES. Slovensky Apple Inc. týmto vyhlasuje, že toto MacBook Pro spĺňa základné požiadavky a všetky príslušné ustanovenia Smernice 1999/5/ES. Suomi Apple Inc. vakuuttaa täten, että tämä MacBook Pro tyyppinen laite on direktiivin 1999/5/EY oleellisten vaatimusten ja sitä koskevien direktiivin muiden ehtojen mukainen. Svenska Härmed intygar Apple Inc. att denna MacBook Pro står i överensstämmelse med de väsentliga egenskapskrav och övriga relevanta bestämmelser som framgår av direktiv 1999/5/EG. A copy of the EU Declaration of Conformity is available at: www.apple.com/euro/compliance This equipment can be used in the following countries: Korea Warning Statements B􀫶􀀃􀫺􀫺(􀩛􁂜􁀧􀀃􀷮􀻽􁉛􀽅􀫺􁁴􁂁) 􁁦􀀃􀫺􀫺􀯴􀀃􀩛􁂜􁀧(B􀫶) 􁂖􁁴􁊒􁂕􁌁􀫺􀫺􀴚􀻏􀀃􁃎􀴚 􀩛􁂜􀿝􀻏􀀃􀺫􁀧􁋻􀯴􀀃􀪇􁁕􀀃􀶛􁂕􁁒􀴚􀀃􁋻􀶑, 􀶚􀱷􀀃􁃮 􀿦􀿝􀻏􀀃􀺫􁀧􁋾􀀃􀼘􀀃􁁰􀽀􀰁􀰋. 􀷮􁉛􁁁􀪧􀽃􀿝􀀃􀲋􀵏􀀃􀪧􁃮􀺫􁌃 􁌄􀰙􀀃􀶳􀻓􀻕􀹗􀯴􀀃􁀪􁀧􀀃􁃗􀀃􁂖􁊒􁌯􀽅􀀃􀩛􀯻􀻜􁁦􀀃􁁰􁁗􀀔 􁁦􀀃􀫺􀫺􀯴􀀃􁁨􀶗􀾦􁂖􀪴􀀃􀪶􀴏􀱘􀀃􀻏􀹗􀼺􀿝􀀃􀺫􁀧􁋾􀀃􀼘􀀃􀿖􀽀􀰁􀰋􀀖 􀰝􁋽􀷖􀫑􀀃􀫬􁂜􀀃􀷟􀀃􁃐􀼘 Singapore Wireless Certification Taiwan Wireless Statements Taiwan Class B Statement 81 Japan VCCI Class B Statement 外置 USB 调制解调器信息 使用外置 USB 调制解调器将 MacBook Pro 连接到电话线路时,请参阅此 调制解调器附带的文稿中的电信机构信息。 ENERGY STAR® Compliance As an ENERGY STAR® partner, Apple has determined that standard configurations of this product meet the ENERGY STAR® guidelines for energy efficiency. The ENERGY STAR® program is a partnership with electronic equipment manufacturers to promote energyefficient products. Reducing energy consumption of products saves money and helps conserve valuable resources. 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Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the performance or use of these products. 3 1 Contents Preface 7 Introduction 7 What Are Control Surfaces? 8 How Control Surface Integration Works Chapter 1 13 Control Surface Setup 13 Control Surface Plug-ins 13 About Software and Firmware 14 Getting Started 15 Connecting the Unit(s) 16 Installing and Setting Up Control Surfaces 17 Control Surface Groups 19 Setup Window Parameters 25 Control Surface Preferences 29 Customizing Control Surfaces 34 The Controller Assignments Editor 45 About Modal Dialogs 46 Tips Chapter 2 47 Logic Control 47 Set Up 48 The Displays 50 The Channel Strip(s) 54 The Assignment Zone 69 Fader Bank Zone 71 Master Fader 71 Display Zone 73 The Function Key Zone 74 The Global View Zone 75 Function Button Zone 79 The Transport Zone 87 The Cursor/Zoom Key Zone 88 The Jog/Scrub Wheel Zone 89 Assignment Overview 4 Contents Chapter 3 101 M-Audio iControl 101 Setting Up the iControl 102 Compatibility 102 Channel Views 102 The Assignment Buttons 105 Arrow Up and Arrow Down Buttons 105 The Channel Strip(s) 106 The Jog Wheel 106 The Transport Zone 107 Master Fader 108 Assignment Overview Chapter 4 111 EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC 111 Setting Up the MC or System 5-MC With Logic 112 Setting Up Soft Key Assignments 113 Main-Tracks Touchscreen 113 Main-Layouts 113 Faders 114 Choosing Automation Modes 115 Knobsets 120 Monitors and Control Room 120 Clear Keys 120 Track Control Bar 120 System 5-MC Specific Features Chapter 5 123 CM Labs Motormix 123 Set Up 123 Assignment Overview Chapter 6 131 Frontier Design TranzPort 131 Set Up 131 LCD 132 Assignment Overview Chapter 7 135 JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk 135 Set Up 135 Assignment Overview Chapter 8 141 JLCooper FaderMaster 4/100 141 Requirements 141 Set Up 142 Assignment Overview Contents 5 Chapter 9 143 Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49 143 Set Up 143 Assignment Overview Chapter 10 147 Mackie Baby HUI 147 Set Up 147 Assignment Overview Chapter 11 151 Mackie C4 151 Set Up 151 V-Pots, V-Selects 157 Buttons at Bottom 160 Marker Overlay 160 Track Overlay 160 Channel Strip Overlay 161 Function Overlay Chapter 12 163 Mackie HUI 163 Set Up 163 Assignment Overview Chapter 13 173 Radikal Technologies SAC-2K 173 Set Up 173 Assignment Overview 178 Troubleshooting Chapter 14 179 Roland SI-24 179 Set Up 179 Assignment Overview Chapter 15 185 Tascam FW-1884 185 Introduction 185 Set Up 185 Assignment Overview Chapter 16 193 Tascam US-2400 193 Set Up 194 Assignment Overview Chapter 17 199 Tascam US-428 and US-224 199 Set Up 199 Assignment Overview Chapter 18 203 Yamaha 01V96 203 Set Up 6 Contents 204 Assignment Overview 206 Selected Channel Section 207 Data Entry Section 207 Channel Strips 207 Stereo Channel Strip 208 User Defined Keys Section Chapter 19 211 Yamaha 02R96 211 Set Up 212 Assignment Overview Chapter 20 217 Yamaha DM1000 217 Set Up 218 Assignment Overview Chapter 21 225 Yamaha DM2000 225 Set Up 226 Assignment Overview Appendix A 235 Logic Control—Specifications 235 Logic Control (Base Unit) 237 Logic Control XT (Extension Unit) Appendix B 239 Logic Control—MIDI Implementation 239 SysEx Message Header 240 Global Control Messages 242 Common Control Messages Appendix C 251 Logic Control—Control Surface Layout and IDs Appendix D 255 Logic Control—MIDI Implementation Chart 7 Introduction This manual covers the control surface support of Logic Pro. Please read it thoroughly to make the most of your new controller(s). All of the functions in Logic Pro that are normally associated with the use of an analog style mixer can be performed using just a mouse and a computer keyboard. The addition of many commercially available control surfaces can greatly enhance your creative experience by providing you with hands-on control of most realtime parameters in Logic. Move a fader and the on-screen fader in Logic will move with it. Similarly, when you make a fader move on-screen, the control surface fader moves (this only applies to control surfaces equipped with motorized faders). Adjust EQ parameters by turning one of your control surface’s knobs and Logic will update instantly. What Are Control Surfaces? Control surfaces are hardware units that enable the operation of Logic Pro using faders, rotary knobs, switches, and displays. There are a number of simple control surfaces that feature conventional faders and no displays. More progressive units are equipped with motorized faders, rotary encoders, LED rings, and programmable displays. The more feedback a control surface provides, the easier it is to use, as you don’t need to watch the computer screen in order to determine what mode the unit is currently in. Control surfaces—dependent on the options (buttons, knobs, switches, displays, and so on) available—have the potential to:  control all Logic transport functions  adjust instrument, input, bus, aux, master, and audio channel volume and pan levels  control Channel EQ and Linear Phase EQ parameters  select and control all effect and Instrument parameters  select, solo, mute, and arm tracks  set and adjust send parameters 8 Chapter Introduction  remotely switch between Screensets  scrub MIDI and audio  zoom in on individual tracks  create, delete, and move between markers, and much more For live use, control surfaces are ideal. The performing musician only needs to take a laptop, equipped with suitable audio and/or MIDI interfaces, a keyboard, and a control surface to a live event. Some units available nowadays incorporate a keyboard, audio interface, control surface, and MIDI interface into a single package. Given that Logic Pro’s track automation facilities can be active, even when not in record mode, you can capture your “live” real time changes for later recall. This ensures that you’ll never again lose that “once-in-a-lifetime” performance—on stage or in the studio. How Control Surface Integration Works Logic Pro features dedicated support for a number of control surface models. This is achieved through several plug-ins that are directly integrated into Logic. Some plug-ins support multiple, similarly-featured control surface models. Note: Although many other control surfaces are supported, the Logic/Mackie Control, C4, and XT control surface units are recommended for use with Logic. Logic also allows you to reprogram existing assignments for supported control surfaces and to program new assignments for unsupported control surfaces. This facility allows you to extend the use of faders, knobs, and switches, either directly or through the use of modifier commands. You can use any combination of control surfaces with Logic Pro. You will get most out of them, however, when used in a Control Surface Group (provided all devices are supported by the same plug-in). Universal information, that applies to all control surfaces, is covered in the following chapter. Please read this before taking a look at the dedicated section on your control surface(s). A detailed overview of group, installation, and other control surface setup parameters is found in Chapter 1, “Control Surface Setup,” on page 13. Please read this, as it contains a lot of useful information that will help you to customize and/or make the most of your control surface(s). Important: Specific information on device setup is found at the beginning of the relevant chapter for your control surface (see the table below). Chapter Introduction 9 It is assumed that you are familiar with the basic use and terminology of Logic Pro. As such, the functionality and uses of individual Logic parameters are not covered in this documentation. Please consult your Logic Pro 7 Reference manual or the Online Help, if you require further information. You are strongly encouraged to press buttons, move sliders and turn the knobs of your control surface while reading through the following chapters. This will help you to get a “feel” for how your control surface works, and how the various parts of the control surface interact with one another, and Logic. A listing of control surfaces that are directly supported by Logic (via a control surface plug-in included in the Logic package), how they differ from similar devices, and cross references to the relevant sections are shown below. Note: It is possible that your device may be directly supported in Logic via a suitable control surface plug-in, supplied by the manufacturer. Please check the website of your control surface manufacturer. Follow any written instructions supplied with the plug-in, if available. Supported Devices Manufacturer Notes 01V96 Yamaha The Yamaha 01V96 emulates two HUI units, using two virtual MIDI in and out connections over its USB cable. See “Yamaha 01V96” on page 203. 01X Yamaha The Yamaha 01X emulates a Logic Control. It does not feature all controls available to the Logic (and Mackie) units, however. Please refer to the 01X documentation for details. Logic recognizes the 01X as such and displays a custom icon, but communication is as with a Logic Control. See “Logic Control” on page 47. 02R96 Yamaha The Yamaha 02R96 emulates three HUI units, using three virtual MIDI in and out connections over its USB cable. See “Yamaha 02R96” on page 211. Baby HUI Mackie The Baby HUI is a stripped-down version of the HUI. See “Mackie Baby HUI” on page 147. C4 Mackie The Logic Control plug-in has been extended to support the Mackie C4. See “Mackie C4” on page 151. CM408T Euphonix See “EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC” on page 111. CS-32 MiniDesk JLCooper See “JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk” on page 135. 10 Chapter Introduction DM1000 Yamaha The Yamaha DM1000 emulates two HUI units, using two virtual MIDI in and out connections over its USB cable. See “Yamaha DM1000” on page 217. DM2000 Yamaha The Yamaha DM2000 emulates three HUI units, using three virtual MIDI in and out connections over its USB cable. See “Yamaha DM2000” on page 225. FaderMaster 4/100 JLCooper See “JLCooper FaderMaster 4/100” on page 141. FE-8 Tascam Extension unit for FW-1884. See “Tascam FW- 1884” on page 185. FW-1082 Tascam A stripped-down version of the FW-1884, with dedicated support in the FW-1884 plug-in. See “Tascam FW-1884” on page 185. FW-1884 Tascam See “Tascam FW-1884” on page 185. HUI Mackie Important: The HUI plug-in has been tested with the original Mackie HUI. There are a number of control surfaces not mentioned here which can emulate the HUI. We have not tested all devices capable of HUI emulation, and don’t provide any support for them, nor do we guarantee that they will work with Logic in HUI emulation mode. See “Mackie HUI” on page 163. iControl M-Audio See “M-Audio iControl” on page 101. KONTROL 49 Korg A larger version of the microKONTROL, with dedicated support in the microKONTROL plug-in. See “Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49” on page 143. Logic Control XT Mackie/Emagic This is the extension unit for the Logic Control. It only offers the channel strip section, making it less useful without a Logic Control. See “Logic Control” on page 47. Also see the Appendix for more details. Logic/Mackie Control Mackie/Emagic See “Logic Control” on page 47. Also see the Appendix for more details. Mackie Control Mackie The original Mackie Control hardware is similar to the Logic Control. The front panel legend is different, however. You should request a Logic Control Lexan Overlay from Mackie. As Logic also recognizes the Mackie Control protocol, you may use any firmware version. If you have firmware version 1.02 or higher, you can freely use either the Logic Control or Mackie Control mode. See “Logic Control” on page 47. Supported Devices Manufacturer Notes Chapter Introduction 11 Mackie Control Extender Mackie Mackie Control version of the Logic Control XT. As Logic also recognizes the Mackie Control protocol, you may use any firmware version. If you have firmware version 1.02 or higher, you can freely use either the Logic Control or Mackie Control mode. See “Logic Control” on page 47. Mackie Control Universal Mackie A Mackie Control with Logic Control silk screening (legend) and firmware version 2.0 or higher (including HUI emulation). As Logic also recognizes the Mackie Control protocol, you may use any firmware version. If you have firmware version 1.02 or higher, you can freely use either the Logic Control or Mackie Control mode. See “Logic Control” on page 47. MC Euphonix See “EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC” on page 111. microKONTROL Korg See “Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49” on page 143. Motormix CM Labs See “CM Labs Motormix” on page 123. Radikal Technologies SAC-2.2 There is a dedicated plug-in for the SAC-2.2/2k’s native mode. The Logic Control plug-in detects an SAC-2.2 (in Logic Control emulation mode) and ignores it, avoid two installations of the SAC-2.2. See “Radikal Technologies SAC-2K” on page 173. Radikal Technologies SAC-2k See “Radikal Technologies SAC-2K” on page 173. SI-24 Roland See “Roland SI-24” on page 179. TranzPort Frontier Design Group See “Frontier Design TranzPort” on page 131. US-224 Tascam A stripped-down version of the US-428, with dedicated support in the US-428 plug-in. See “Tascam US-428 and US-224” on page 199. US-2400 Tascam Logic has support for the US-2400’s native mode. In contrast to its Logic Control mode, all controls, including the joystick, are supported. See section “Tascam US-2400” on page 193. US-428 Tascam See “Tascam US-428 and US-224” on page 199. Supported Devices Manufacturer Notes 1 13 1 Control Surface Setup Logic offers dedicated support for a number of control surfaces, plus the option to program unsupported devices. The following chapter describes functions applicable to all control surface models. Specific documentation for various models is available in the following chapters. Control Surface Plug-ins Dedicated control surface support is achieved through the use of special plug-in files. These files are automatically added when Logic is installed. They are located in the /Contents/MIDI Device Plug-ins sub-folder of the Logic application bundle (to view the bundle contents, Control or right-click on the Logic application icon, and choose Show Package Contents from the menu). Logic also checks for control surface plug-ins in the (optional) “/Library/Application Support/ Logic/MIDI Device Plug-ins” and “~/Library/Application Support/Logic/MIDI Device Plug-ins” (the “~” denotes your user home directory) folders. When new control surface plug-ins are released independently from a Logic update, please place them in the folders described above (or as advised in the documentation supplied with the plug-in). About Software and Firmware Most control surfaces have no “intelligence” of their own. Their functionality is host software-based, making them reliant on Logic to tell them what to do/how to behave. What this means is that control surfaces cannot perform any function that Logic itself isn’t capable of. It also means that if Logic is not booted, most control surface units will do nothing at all. This reliance on the host application makes your control surface the ultimate upgradable hardware. As new functions are added to Logic, or you create new assignments (see “Control Surface Setup” on page 13), your control surface will be able to access and control them. 14 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup Most control surface units do, however, have a form of software called “firmware.” This firmware is much like the BIOS found in your computer. New behaviors—at a hardware level—such as improved control of fader servo motors and changes to the display can be made via firmware updates. The firmware is usually stored on an EEPROM (Electronically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory) chip. It can often be updated via a simple MIDI dump procedure, in the form of a MIDI file. Should new firmware become available, you can simply download the appropriate MIDI file and play it to your control surface(s), which will be updated accordingly. The steps required to perform a firmware update will be outlined in the documentation that accompanies the MIDI file. Please read this before attempting any update. Note: Some control surfaces may require a physical chip replacement for firmware updates. Please contact the manufacturer of your device for details. Getting Started To make use of your control surface, you will require:  An installed, authorized copy of Logic Pro.  If a USB or FireWire equipped device (such as a Yamaha 01X)—a free USB or FireWire port. This should preferably be a direct USB/FireWire connection with the computer, rather than via a USB/FireWire hub. Please refer to the documentation provided by the manufacturer of your control surface.  If a MIDI-only device (such as a Logic Control)—a free MIDI in and out port for each unit, on any suitable MIDI interface. As an example; if using a Unitor 8 or AMT 8, which feature 8 MIDI in and 8 MIDI out ports, with one Logic Control and one Logic Control XT, you will need to use two of the Unitor8/AMT8’s MIDI ins and two of its MIDI outs.  An installed driver (if required by your control surface) that is supported by the operating system version being used. Important: Your MIDI interface must feature driver software that supports SysEx communication. Please consult the documentation that shipped with your MIDI interface. The number of units that can be run simultaneously is dependent on the availability of free MIDI in and out, FireWire or USB ports on your system. In a standard setup, a single control surface will be used alone, or accompanied by one or more units. It is also possible to make use of several units to create Control Surface Groups, as discussed in “Control Surface Groups” on page 17. Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 15 The use of multiple control surfaces expands on the number of tracks, parameters, and so on that can be controlled with individual faders, knobs, and switches. As an example, the Logic/Mackie Control XT units are basically identical to the channel strip section (fader, V-Pot, and LCD) of the main Logic/Mackie Control unit. The Mackie C4 features a number of V-Pots, but no faders. You may add as many XT, C4, or other control surface units as you wish to your Logic system, provided enough MIDI in and out ports are available. Connecting the Unit(s) Connect your (MIDI) control surfaces as shown in the diagram below. As mentioned earlier, each MIDI control surface must have a discrete MIDI in and MIDI out connection. Do not “daisy-chain” other MIDI devices via MIDI thru to the MIDI in or out ports used by control surfaces, as this may result in data errors. FireWire and USB units are connected via a single cable to the computer. It is generally recommended that this is a direct connection with the Macintosh, rather than via a FireWire/USB hub. Daisy-chaining or the use of hubs can result in data errors. Optional Footswitches and Pedals If your control surface features suitable connectors, you may use optional foot switches to remotely control start/stop and other functions. This may be useful when using guitars or other instruments that require two-handed playing. Computer MIDI Interface Optional Footswitches 16 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup Power Up Once everything is connected, press the power switch on your control surface. Once powered, the displays and/or LEDs will illuminate and the LCD (if applicable) will generally display a welcome message (often including the firmware version number). Each fader will slide to the top, and back to the bottom of its travel on most motorized control surfaces. This self-diagnostic power-on procedure indicates that your units are functioning correctly. Your computer and MIDI interface can be powered up before or after initialization of your control surface units. Logic can be started either before or after the units have completed initialization. Installing and Setting Up Control Surfaces Some control surface units (Logic/Mackie Control, for example) will automatically be detected when Logic is launched. Units which are not detected automatically can be added via the Setup window. This is accessed via the Setup option in the Preferences > Control Surfaces menu. Installation is very easy (and is covered in the Set Up section of the chapter on your specific device). Some devices may require different or additional steps, but generally, all you need to do is select the device(s) that you wish to use in Logic, as follows: To install control surfaces using the Scan function of Logic: 1 Choose New > Install, and in the ensuing Install window, select the desired device from the list. Note: You may select one or more models. To select more than one model, select them with Command held down. If you select more than one model, Logic performs the desired operation for each model in turn. 2 Press the Scan button. You can also press Enter or double-click the device name. Logic will then analyze your MIDI system, and will automatically install the devices it finds, including the correct connection settings. Note: The Scan function is preferable to manual installation, as Logic is able to gather the maximum amount of information about the devices. If you don’t want to select the models to be scanned manually, you can also click “Scan all.” This will search for all supported control surface units on all MIDI ports. Please be aware that this may take a while. Some control surfaces don’t support automatic scanning. Such devices must be added manually to your setup. In this scenario, you will need to manually set the MIDI In and Out port parameters. Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 17 To manually add the selected devices to your system: 1 Select the desired devices from the list in the Install window. 2 Click the Add button. Note: Alternatively you can Option-double-click the desired device. If a control surface of the selected type already exists in your setup, you will be asked whether or not you really want to add the new device. You will need to manually alter the MIDI In and Out port values in the device parameters to match those of the connected unit. Once you have completed the scanning or installation of the devices, click Done. The Install window will close. Rebuilding Defaults The Preferences > Control Surfaces > Rebuild Defaults option re-initializes the support of all connected control surfaces. Control Surface Groups If you have multiple control surface units, you can define how they relate to each other, and build Control Surface Groups. A Control Surface Group consists of a number of control surface units (using the same plug-in) which are combined to create a single, unified (and larger) control surface. You can build up to 20 Control Surface Groups. Each “group” can consist of any number of physical units. The only limiting factor is the number of available MIDI In/Out (or USB/FireWire—defined as MIDI) ports. When multiple control surface units are combined, you can independently determine the default behavior for each physical device. This is discussed in the Device Parameters (p. 19) section. To build a Control Surface Group out of several units: m Simply arrange their icons (in the Setup window) in a single horizontal row—by dragging each icon to the desired onscreen location. The order of the icons from left to right also defines how the tracks and parameters are arranged on the units. To use two control surfaces independently: m Simply arrange them in separate rows—that is, one above the other. 18 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup Here is an example with two Logic Control, three Logic Control XT units and a HUI: Computer icon connected to three rows, as below: The top row, consisting of Logic Control XT #1, Logic Control XT #2 and Logic Control #1 form a single Control Surface Group with 24 channels. XT #1 controls channels 1 to 8, XT #2 controls channels 9 to 16, and Logic Control #1 handles channels 17 to 24. Logic Control #2 and Logic Control XT #3 form a second Control Surface Group, displaying, say instruments (on channels 1 to 8) and busses (on channels 9 to 16). The HUI forms a single unit control surface group. Each Control Surface Group has individual settings, such as Flip Mode, Fader Bank Offset, Plug-in Parameter Bank Offset and others. This allows you to access, edit, and automate different sections of the Logic mixer. In our example, the three units in the top row could be used for control over audio tracks and MIDI channels. In the middle row, Logic Control #2 could be used for Audio Instrument channels 1 to 8, and XT #3 could be used for busses. The HUI might edit group definitions. The physical placement of units, and the way you use them, is entirely up to you. Note: The placement of your control surface units in relation to each other should be the same onscreen as in the real-world. Simply drag ’n drop the desired icon horizontally in your Control Surface Group to do so. Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 19 Setup Window Parameters The three Parameter boxes along the left edge of the Setup window allow you to configure your control surface setup to meet your needs. Device Parameters Each control surface unit must be connected to an independent MIDI in and out port (or corresponding USB/FireWire port, designated as a MIDI port by the device driver). The automatic setup or Scan procedure should have found, and set, the correct MIDI in/ out port settings for each unit. In the event that the MIDI in or out port identification is incorrect, you can manually select the appropriate one for the unit. To do so, click-hold on the MIDI Input and Output pull-down menus, and select the appropriate port(s) of your MIDI interface/ device. Some devices allow you to define a device ID (or global/basic channel). This can be set in this area. Module name, model name and firmware version are also displayed in the device parameters. The Color parameter defines the color of the Track Control Bar—a bar displayed in the Arrange window, indicating the tracks that are currently being accessed by your control surface. The Track Control Bar of each control surface can be assigned a different color. Special Parameters Some control surfaces may allow the definition of “special” parameters. An example of this is fader touch sensitivity. Such parameters can be found in the Special Parameters area. A detailed description can be found in the documentation of the particular control surface plug-in. Control Surface Group Parameters The following parameters are shown in the Setup window. They apply to the Control Surface Group associated with the selected device, and allow you to set each group up to meet your needs. This facility is of great benefit when multiple Control Surface Groups have been created. Many (if not all) Control Surface Group parameters can also be changed directly from the control surface. The parameter display in the Setup window is for information purposes only. Any changes to settings (made here, or on the control surface) are saved in a preferences file, which is independent of the Logic program preferences: it’s named “com.apple.logic.pro.cs”, and is located in ~/Library/Preferences/Logic. 20 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup Display Parameters The following section describes the display parameters of a Control Surface Group. Flip Mode Many control surfaces offer both a fader and a rotary encoder for each channel strip. Flip Mode allows you to swap the encoder assignment with that of the fader for each channel. Alternately, you can assign both controls to the same parameter. There are four “flip” or “swap” modes.  Off—disables Flip Mode, making the fader act as a volume control.  Duplicate—makes both the fader and encoder active for the currently selected encoder parameter.  Swap—swaps the fader and encoder, making the fader a pan control and the encoder a channel volume control, for example.  Mute—disables the faders. This is useful for situations where recording is taking place in the same room as the control surface, and you wish to avoid the mechanical noise of the faders. Any existing automation data will still function as per normal. Display Mode If there is insufficient space available for the display of both the parameter name and value (on the control surface LCD), you can specify what is displayed here:  Value—displays the parameter value.  Name—displays the parameter name. Clock Display If your control surface features a song position display, the Clock Display parameter allows you to set the display mode:  Beats—the song position display shows Bars/Beats/(optional) Sub Division/Ticks.  SMPTE—as above, but in Hours/Minutes/Seconds/Frames. Note: The exact elements displayed, and thus their positions, depend on the selected SMPTE or bar/beat display option defined in the Logic Preferences. Track View Mode This parameter determines which tracks or channels are displayed:  Mixer—displays channels in their order of appearance in the Track Mixer window (while Global mode is disabled). Channel Strip 1 in the Track Mixer is equivalent to channel 1 on the control surface, Channel Strip 2 in the Track Mixer is equivalent to channel 2 and so on. Instruments/channels used by multiple tracks are merged into one channel. Mixer View is the default mode of most devices, including the Logic/ Mackie Control. Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 21  Global—displays all Objects of certain type(s)—MIDI or Bus channels, for example— independent of their usage by tracks. They merely need to be defined as Environment Objects to be visible. The Object types to be displayed are defined by another parameter which is not shown in the parameter list. If a control surface supports switching to Global View, it will also allow you to define which Objects to display. The Track Mixer window contents automatically follow the state of the Global View buttons. It also sets Object filters in accordance with the Object classes activated in Global View.  Arrange— Arrange View is similar to Mixer View, with one exception: Namely, if multiple tracks play back via the same Environment Object, all of these tracks will be displayed on separate channel strips. This is helpful when used in conjunction with the nudge commands, for example. The Hide button status is taken into account, with tracks hidden in the Arrange window also being hidden on the control surface. These modes are mutually exclusive, so if you’re in one View mode, you cannot be in the other. It is important to note that the Mixer vs. Global View modes is a property of the Control Surface Group, not a global setting. So one group can display busses, while the other shows tracks, for example. Mixer View Fader Bank This parameter affects the Track View mode by shifting channels by the defined amount. Imagine that your control surface has eight channel strips, and you were looking at audio tracks 1 to 8 in the Arrange window. These would appear as channels 1 to 8 on the control surface. Using the Mixer View Fader Bank parameter, you could offset this view by a defined number of channels, to see audio tracks 3 to 11, for example. Global View Fader Bank The Global View Fader Bank parameter performs much like the Mixer View Fader Bank, but only applies if multiple Object types are enabled. When single Object types are enabled, there are separate fader bank parameters (these aren’t displayed in the parameter list). Track/Channel Parameters The track or channel parameters define the behavior of a control surface’s channel/ track controls. Track Parameter Defines the current track assignment behavior for the encoders. Options are:  Volume—encoders adjust channel volume.  Pan—encoders adjust channel panorama position.  Mode—encoders adjust/select channel mode (mono/stereo). 22 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup  Input—encoders adjust/select channel input source.  Output—encoders adjust/select channel output (main outs/busses/surround).  Automation—encoders adjust/select channel automation mode.  Group—encoders adjust group membership of the track. Editing the parameter allows you to set either no group or a single group. Enabling membership of multiple groups is not possible here.  Displayed parameter—encoders adjust the automation parameter displayed in the Arrange window. This is especially useful if you set the control surface to Arrange View mode, and your Arrange window shows multiple sub-tracks with various parameters. Surround Parameter Defines the default pan/surround assignment behavior for the encoders. Options are:  Angle— encoders adjust surround angle.  Diversity—encoders adjust surround diversity (direction).  LFE—encoders alter LFE level.  Mode—encoders switch between the various surround formats.  X—encoders adjust surround x position.  Y—encoders adjust surround y position.  Center—encoders adjust the Center Level values of a surround output channel. Note: The X and Y parameters are a different representation of the Angle and Diversity parameters, and thus are independent from them. The X and Y parameters support the use of surround joysticks. EQ Band The EQ Band parameter allows you to select the current EQ band, if you wish to edit a particular Channel EQ or Linear Phase EQ parameter for all tracks in the EQ Multi Channel View. EQ Parameter This parameter determines which parameter of the selected EQ Band is edited by the encoders in EQ Multi Channel View:  Frequency—encoders determine the frequency of the selected band.  Gain—encoders change the gain of the selected EQ band. For the Low Cut (band 1) and High Cut (band 8) bands of the Channel and Linear Phase EQ, this parameter controls the slope.  Q—encoders change the Q factor of the selected band.  On/Off—encoders bypass the selected EQ band. Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 23 EQ Parameter Page The EQ Parameter Page parameter defines the EQ parameter displayed in the EQ Channel Strip View. To explain: The Channel and Linear Phase EQs feature 8 bands per audio channel, with each band offering four parameters. All of these parameters can be accessed with your control surface. If you use a control surface that does not display all EQ parameters at once, you need to step through the parameter “pages.” As an example: Imagine you are using an eight channel control surface. You can directly affect parameters 1 to 8 with knobs/sliders 1 to 8—once you’ve switched to EQ Channel Strip Edit View. You then need to switch by a “page” to access parameters 9 to 16. Send/Plug-in Parameters These parameters define how your control surface controls send and plug-in parameters. Send Slot The Send Slot parameter determines the currently selected Send slot. Normally, a value of 1 would be used, as this accesses the first (top) Send on each channel. A value of 2 accesses the second Send, and so on, to Send 8. The Send slots are accessed by pressing the Up/Down buttons on your control surface—if applicable. Send Parameter Defines the Send parameter (to be edited with the encoders) when in the Send Multi Channel view:  Destination:—encoder is used to determine the bus channel number for the Send slot.  Level—encoder is used to adjust the Send level.  Position—encoders set Pre or Post fader modes.  Mute—encoders mute/unmute the selected Send slot. Send Parameter Page Much like the EQ parameters, up to 32 parameters are available in Send Channel Strip View for a given channel (Eight Send slots multiplied by the four parameters listed above). Send Parameter Page determines the current page for these parameters. Split: no. of upper parameters Control surfaces that support split mode allow the display of two separate parameter sections within one plug-in (or even different plug-ins). They are called Split Upper and Split Lower. 24 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup This parameter defines how many encoders belong to Split Upper, leaving the remaining encoders to Split Lower. A value of 0 means that Split Mode is off—with all encoders assigned to the Split Upper area. Instrument Parameter Page The Instrument Parameter Page option determines the parameter (counted from 1) which is assigned to the left-most encoder when editing an Audio Instrument. The next Instrument parameter is assigned to encoder 2, and so on. This applies to Split Upper when Split Mode is enabled. Inst Parameter Page (Split Lower) As above, but for Split Lower. Insert Slot Determines the current Insert slot number for both selecting a plug-in (in Plug-in Channel Strip View) and editing its parameters. A value of 1 accesses the first (top) plugin slot on each channel. A value of 2 accesses the second plug-in slot, and so on. With Split Mode enabled, this applies to Split Upper. Insert Slot (Split Lower) As with Insert Slot, but for Split Lower. Plug-In Parameter Page As with Instrument Parameter Page, but for editing plug-ins. Having these parameters separate allows you to quickly switch between editing an instrument and an effect on a track, without the need to adjust the parameter page every time. With Split Mode enabled, this applies to Split Upper. Plug-In Parameter Page (Split Lower) As with Plug-In Parameter Page, but for Split Lower. Track Specifies the currently displayed track for Channel Strip Views. With Split Mode enabled, this applies to Split Upper. Track (Split Lower) As with Track, but for Split Lower. Track Lock When this parameter is set to “on,” selecting a track in Logic does not change the Track and Track (Split Lower) parameters. In other words, the control surface group continues to display the same track, independent from the currently selected track. When Track Lock is disabled, the control surface group automatically switches to the selected track, whenever a track is selected. Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 25 Other Parameters The following section describes the Track Name Format, Parameter Page Shift Mode, Relative Change Mode, Mix Group and Group Parameter Page parameters. Track Name Format Changes the track name display to show the track name alone, or the track name, and its track number. As an example, a track named “Audio1” may actually be placed on track 12 in the Arrange window. When a value of #:Name is toggled, “Audio1” would be displayed as “12:Au1”. Parameter Page Shift Mode Defines whether the parameter is shifted by an entire “page” or by one parameter. Relative Change Mode This determines the behavior of controller assignments that features a relative value change mode (for example rotary encoders).  Coarse: the parameter can be adjusted in coarse steps.  Full: In this mode, a turn to the right sets the encoder to its maximum value. A turn to the left sets the encoder to its minimum value. The encoder also stops at its default value. As an example: When the Pan knob is somewhere left of center, turning the encoder to the right will initially set the Pan parameter to its center (default value) position, with a further right-turn setting the full right (maximum value) position.  Fine: the value is incremented/decremented in fine steps—by one tick or “unit,” for example. In this mode, the standard adjustable resolution is ignored, and the highest possible resolution is used. As an example, using the Sample Delay parameter: every encoder rotation tick in/decreases the value by 1 ms, regardless of the resolution value. Note: Coarse is the default mode. Mix Group When in Group Edit mode, this parameter defines the edited group. Group Parameter Page As with the Instrument Parameter Page, but for the parameters of the edited group. 26 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup Control Surface Preferences The Control Surface preferences window is accessible via the Logic > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Preferences menu. Note: You can also use the global Control Surfaces Preferences key command. General The following section outlines the General control surface preferences. Resolution of Relative Controls This defines the default resolution of controls that change values in a relative manner. The default is 128 steps. As an example: adjusting the Sample Delay (value range 0 to 4000 ms) in/decreases the value by 40 ms with every encoder rotation “tick,” if resolution is set to 100. Maximum MIDI Band Width This slider determines the maximum amount of MIDI bandwidth that can be used by your control surface. By default, this is set to 50%, which should be suitable for most situations. You can adjust the value if you find that your MIDI or automation playback is being affected. Touching fader selects track Activation of this parameter will automatically select the track that corresponds to the selected fader. You require a device that features touch-sensitive faders for this functionality to work. Jog resolution depends on horizontal zoom If your control surface features a jog/shuttle wheel (or similar), the precision of any scrubbing is affected by the horizontal zoom level of Logic. To retain a consistent resolution, regardless of Logic window zoom levels, disable this checkbox. Pickup Mode If your control surface does not feature motorized faders and knobs, parameter changes—caused by playing back existing automation—are not reflected on its surface. Such control surfaces usually offer a Pickup mode. In Pickup mode, the current value must be reached (“picked up”) by the control surface before a value change can occur. This prevents sudden “jumps” of parameter values after parameter changes caused by playing back automation. A display (usually a pair of LED’s) will indicate the direction/ distance you need to move the controller to match (also known as “NULL”) the settings shown in Logic. Once you have matched the onscreen values, deactivate Pickup mode, and start automating. Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 27 When the Pickup mode option is disabled, adjusting a fader modifies the parameter immediately. Multiple Controls per Parameter These parameters determine whether one, or multiple, encoders are used per parameter when editing plug-ins or audio instruments. When multiple encoders are used per parameter, the encoders are subdivided into groups (for example 1/2, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8). The first encoder of each sub-division controls the parameter shown in the display. The remaining encoder(s) are inactive. Using more than one encoder per parameter shows fewer parameters at any given time, but you gain space on the LCD to cater for longer parameter names and values. The more control surfaces you have within a Control Surface Group, the more you benefit from this feature. The Multiple controls per parameter pull-down menu defines the maximum number of encoders which will be used for a single parameter.  1: Parameters are always displayed using one encoder per parameter, with the least space available for parameter name and value in the LCD.  2: On each unit, encoders 1 and 2 are used for the first parameter, encoders 3 and 4 for the second, and so on.  4: On each unit, encoders 1 to 4 are used for the first parameter, encoders 5 to 8 for the second, and so on. Only when all Parameters fit in one Page When this option is checked, the defined number of encoders are only used when there are sufficient encoders available to show all parameters without changing pages. As an example:  You have a Logic Control and two Logic Control XTs, providing you with 24 encoders.  A plug-in with 13 parameters will be shown with one encoder per parameter. Eleven encoders will remain unused.  A plug-in with 11 parameters will be shown with two encoders per parameter. Two encoders will remain unused (as will the inactive encoders of the abovementioned sub-divisions). When the option is unchecked, multiple encoders are used for each parameter, which may require scrolling. This would not be the case if only one encoder was used for each parameter. 28 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup Show Value Units For: Allows you to adjust whether parameter values will be appended by the measurement “unit,” where applicable—“Hz” or “%”, for example. You can set this option separately for Instrument / Plug-in parameters and Volume and other parameters. If you can do without the value units, the display is less cluttered. Controller Assignments The Controller Assignments button launches the Controller Assignments Editor. Setup The Setup button launches the Control Surfaces Setup window. Help Tags Control Surfaces that offer freely programmable displays with more than six characters per line/segment of the display, can use Control Surfaces Help Tags. These Help Tags are similar to Logic Help Tags, showing additional information during use. You can determine the type of information displayed in the Help Tags pane of the Control Surfaces preferences. While Editing Show Long Names For:  Parameter Name—While editing a parameter, the upper LCD line displays the full parameter name, rather than an abbreviated form of it.  Parameter Value—While editing a parameter, the lower LCD line displays the full parameter value. If the Show value unit for parameter box (see below) is checked, it will be appended by the measurement unit, where applicable—“dB”, “Hz” or “%”. Note: The following options only have an effect if at least one of the two parameters above is active. Display duration (s) Use the mouse to adjust the time that parameter names and values remain on the LCD display, following selection/adjustments. Allow multiple info This determines the behavior when you edit multiple parameters simultaneously. When enabled: the long name info remains in the display, until the most recently edited parameter’s display times out. This may cause overlapping text. When disabled: the long name display is only shown for the most recently edited parameter. This can cause flicker. Show info when selecting tracks When this option is checked, and you select a track, you will see “Selected” in the upper row, and the selected track’s name in the lower row of the LCD. You can disable this feature, if you find it disconcerting. Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 29 Show info when editing volume When this option is checked, and you edit a track’s volume, you will see “Volume” in the upper row and the new volume value in the lower row. You can disable this feature, if you find it disconcerting. Show Value Units For: Allows you to adjust whether parameter values will be appended by the measurement “unit,” where applicable—“Hz” or “%”, for example. You can set this option separately for Instrument / Plug-in parameters and Volume and other parameters. If you can do without the value units, the display is less cluttered. Note: This parameter only applies while editing. Customizing Control Surfaces Logic allows you to reprogram existing assignments for supported control surfaces and to program new assignments for unsupported control surfaces. This facility allows you to extend the use of faders, knobs, and switches, either directly or through the use of modifier commands. As an example, The buttons F1 to F8 of the Logic Control are assigned to screensets 1 to 8 by default. When reassigned directly, or combined with the Shift, Option, Control, and Command modifiers (used in any combination), you can freely assign any command to these function keys (F1 to F8). To assign a MIDI control to a parameter: 1 Click the destination parameter that you want to “teach” Logic. 2 Activate Learn by pressing Command-L (default), or via the Logic > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Learn Assignment for “xxx” menu option (the parameter name is appended to the menu item text). 3 The (small) assignment editor window is launched, with the Learn Mode button enabled.  If you continue to hold down the computer’s Command key (or whatever modifier key is assigned to the key command), a Help Tag will indicate what needs to be done next (move control, for example).  If MIDI messages are received while the Command key is held down, releasing the key closes the Help Tag window, and the learn procedure is completed. Note: If no MIDI messages are received, releasing the Command (modifier) key(s) leaves the Learn Mode button enabled, allowing you to immediately retry the generation of the intended control message. You will need to disable the Learn Mode button manually, once the procedure is completed. To abort the learn procedure: m Either press Command-L a second time, or click the Learn Mode button. 30 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup This will, however, result in a new, unfinished assignment. You can re-enable the Learn Mode button to assign a message. To delete a MIDI control assignment: 1 Click the destination parameter that you would like to delete. 2 Select the Logic > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Delete Assignment for “xxx” menu option (the parameter name is appended to the menu item text), press the backspace key—or you may use the Edit > Clear menu option. To assign a control surface button to a key command: 1 Select the desired key command in the Key Commands window. 2 Click the Learn New Assignment button. 3 Press a control surface button that sends a MIDI message. Note: After about 5 ms, the Learn New Assignment button is automatically deactivated. This is designed to prevent recording of a button release message. It is also possible to assign a key command to a button/key release message: 1 Simply press and hold the desired button/key before you enable the Learn New Assignment button. 2 When you release the button/key, the selected key command is assigned to the button release message. To delete a key command assignment: 1 Select the desired key command in the Key Commands window. 2 Press the Backspace key. Changing an Existing Assignment The Learn procedure opens the Assignment Editor in Easy View, which offers an overview of the most important parameters, allowing you to tweak the newly-created assignment in the following ways:  Control Name (Learned for unsupported devices; name of control for supported devices).  Class (Track, for example).  Object (Fader Bank, for example).  Parameter (Volume or Plug-in parameter 5—relative to the parameter bank, for example).  Value Change message (Display only).  Mode (Direct, Toggle, Scaled, Relative, Rotate, X-OR).  For On/Off parameters, the mode is set to Toggle by default. Otherwise it is set to Scaled if an absolute control (fader, pot) has been recognized, or to Relative if an encoder has been recognized. Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 31  Multiply, with shortcuts for +1 and –1 (–1 for decrementing). Note: For details on the abovementioned Assignment parameters read “Assignment Parameters” on page 35. For a full view of all parameters, enable the Expert View option. Shortcuts for Defining Multiple Assignments If you want to define multiple assignments in the Controller Assignment Editor, you can use the following shortcuts: Scenario 1: assign faders 1 to 16 to volume of tracks 1 to 16 1 Learn volume track 1 for fader 1. 2 Learn volume track 16 for fader 16. 3 As the track “distance” (15) is the same as the controller number distance for the two most recently learned assignments, a “Do you want to fill up in between?” message appears. Select OK to automatically fill the faders with corresponding Volume assignments for each track. Note: This feature also works for any other track parameter (Pan, Solo, Mute, and so on). Scenario 2: assign knobs 1 to 16 to plug-in parameters 1 to 16 1 Learn parameter 1 for knob 1. 2 Learn parameter 16 for knob 16. Note: The parameter enumeration is shown in the Plug-in window’s Control View. 3 As the gap between parameter numbers (15) is the same as the gap between controller numbers for the two most recently learned assignments, a “Do you want to fill up in between?” message appears. Select OK to automatically fill the knobs with corresponding Parameter assignments for each. Note: This feature also works for instrument parameters. Currently, this only works for knobs that send a single channel message, where the first data byte is the controller number and the second data byte is the value. Alternatively, the controller number can be encoded in the MIDI channel, with a fixed first data byte. Zones, Modes, and Assignments You can define “groups” of controls on a control surface that can be switched between different operating modes. As an example, the Logic Control rotary encoders can be used to control Pan, Send Level or plug-in parameters. Such “groups” are called Zones. The different operations that can be performed within a Zone are called Modes. A Zone contains one or more Modes, one of which is the active Mode. A Zone may also contain modeless assignments—assignments which are always active. 32 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup The reason for this structure is that you can place modeless assignments nearer to the modal assignments they are associated with. As an example, where pressing and releasing the Option button switches between two modes for the Function keys of an assignment. A Mode contains any number of assignments. Only the active Mode’s assignments are processed for incoming MIDI and feedback. Assignments of inactive Modes are ignored. A Zone’s active Mode can be switched by special Assignments (see below). There can be multiple Zones. As examples, one for the encoders and a second one that switches the F1 to F8 keys to different functions. Zones and Modes can be defined across multiple control surfaces, to create Control Surface Groups. You can visualize the Control Surface System as a hierarchical list. As an example: Zone 1  Modeless Assignment  Modeless Assignment  Mode 1  Modal Assignment  Modal Assignment  Mode 2 (active)  Modal Assignment  Modal Assignment  Modal Assignment  Modal Assignment  Mode 3  Modal Assignment Zone 2  Mode 4 (active)  Modal Assignment  Mode 5  Modal Assignment  Modal Assignment Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 33 Reassigning a Control If you want to reassign a control, the procedure depends on the current state of the control. Case 1: Control is currently active (an assignment for this control is part of an active Mode). If you attempt to learn an assignment for an “active” controller, the following message is displayed: “This control is currently assigned to xxx. Do you want to reassign the control?”  Cancel—Deletes the learned assignment.  Parallel assignment—Retains the new assignment. Typical usage: one knob controls multiple parameters as a macro.  Reassign—Deletes all existing active assignments for this parameter. Typical usage: reassigning an F1 to F8 key to a new key command.  Create new mode—Creates a new mode and places the assignment into the new mode. In this scenario, you will need to learn an assignment to switch between the old and new modes. Should you choose the latter option, the Controller Assignment Editor opens in Expert view, with the new mode selected, and a warning icon. If you move the mouse cursor over the icon, a Help Tag indicates that: “There is no mode change assignment yet to switch to this mode. Please click “Learn Mode Change” to create one.” Case 2: Control is currently inactive (an assignment for this control is part of an inactive mode). The learned assignment is moved to the active mode of the zone where the inactive assignment was found. Typical usage of this facility: Supported control surfaces have empty user pages available, allowing for new encoder assignments. You would select user mode, and then learn an assignment for the encoder. You can define multiple pages for a control surface. Cases 1 and 2 can occur simultaneously. Reassigning a Parameter Logic allows you to reassign a parameter that is already assigned to a MIDI control. The procedure depends on the current state of the assignment. Case 1: Assignment to a parameter that is currently active (as it is part of an active mode) If you attempt to change an existing “active” parameter assignment, the following message is displayed: “This destination parameter is currently assigned for control xxx. Do you want to reassign the parameter?” 34 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup  Cancel—Deletes the learned assignment.  Parallel assignment—Retains the new assignment. Typical usage: One knob controls multiple parameters as a macro.  Reassign—Deletes all existing active assignments for this parameter. Typical usage: Reassigning an F1 to F8 key to a new key command. Case 2: Assignment to a parameter is currently inactive If an assignment to a parameter is currently inactive (as it is part of an inactive mode), no special action is required. The Controller Assignments Editor The Controller Assignments Editor is opened via the Logic > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Controller Assignments menu item. It allows you to edit all assignments of the Controller Assignments table. This table is a part of the Control Surfaces Preferences and is stored (along with all other control surface support settings) in the ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.Logic.pro.cs file. The Controller Assignments Editor offers two view modes: Easy and Expert. The view modes can be switched via the Expert View option at the top of the window. Easy mode is designed to make learning Track parameter assignments as fast and efficient as possible. Therefore, this window only shows Track parameters—when first opened. After switching to Expert view and manually choosing another parameter class, the corresponding parameters are also shown in Easy view. It is generally recommended that Easy view is only used for Track parameter assignments. Easy mode offers an overview of the following parameters:  Parameter: Displays clear text of the addressed parameter.  Track (default): This field can be used to specify the track parameter you would like to assign. You can choose between the Selected option (which is the default, if creating assignments on the selected track) or a fixed track number (if you want to set up your controls as a mixer surface).  Input message: Displays the incoming message data. Note: For details on the abovementioned Assignment parameters read “Assignment Parameters” on page 35. For a full view of all parameters, enable the Expert View option. Only one set of assignment parameters are visible at a time. You can choose the desired assignment with the left/right arrows at the bottom of the window. If you activate the Follow option at the top of the Controller Assignments window, the window always selects the assignment that matches the most recently received incoming MIDI message. Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 35 In Expert mode, there are four re-sizable columns:  Zone—Selects the Zone that contains the Modes and assignments being edited. The first entry “(No Zone)” is for zoneless assignments. Double-click a Zone name to edit it.  Mode—Selects the Mode that contains the assignments being edited. The first entry “(No Mode)” is for mode-less assignments. Double-click a Mode name to edit it. Selecting a Mode in the list also makes it the Zone’s active Mode. The active Mode is marked with an arrow.  Control/Parameter—Selects the assignment displayed in the editor to the right. Multiple selection is possible for operations in the Edit menu. In this scenario, however, only the first selected assignment is displayed. The left column displays the control name, the right column the controlled parameter (in an abbreviated form).  Assignment Parameters—Displays all parameters of an assignment. See the next section. If you activate the Follow option at the top of the Controller Assignment Editor, the window always selects the assignment that matches the most recently received incoming MIDI message. Assignment Parameters The following section covers all parameters that can be edited in the Controller Assignment Editor. Control Name Name of the control (Fader 1, for example). This is Learned by default for assignments created with the Learn function (see above) from supported control surfaces. This name is for information purposes only and has no influence on functionality. Label Text displayed on control surfaces that feature a display (and are supported by a plugin). A @ character starts an escape sequence which acts as a placeholder for dynamically generated text. The escape sequence consists of three characters: @ and two additional characters: 36 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup First Character: Second Character: Example: “Send@s#” shows “Send1”, “Send2”, and so on. Flip Group When set (to any value other than “none”), this number defines a counterpart for Flip Mode. By setting a fader and an encoder to the same Flip Group, for example, they are coupled. To set “none,” enter 0. Exclusive Only for supported control surfaces: when the Exclusive checkbox is enabled, the assignment deactivates all other assignments that have Exclusive disabled (for the same control). This limits the overwriting of a modeless assignment to particular modes. Example: Faders normally control volume. If you want to create a mode where faders control send level, enable Exclusive. Class This pop-up menu can be used to define the assignment class or, put another way, what type of destination parameter is controlled. The following section explains all available Class options. Character Meaning t Track r Surround s Send slot S All Sends e EQ band E all EQs p Plug-in Insert slot i Instrument Character Meaning # Number of above (track number, Send slot, EQ band, Plug-in slot) n Name of above p Name of parameter addressed by the assignment P Name of first parameter o Parameter offset, counted from 1 O Maximum parameter offset, counted from 1 b Parameter bank (= parameter offset/bank size), counted from 1 B total number of banks (= parameter offset/bank size), counted from 1 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 37 Mode Change The Mode Change option allows you to use an assignment to activate a mode in a Zone. An additional Mode pop-up menu appears below the Class menu, offering different Modes you can switch to. As an example: The Assignment buttons on a Logic Control choose several Modes for the encoders. Note: The Mode that is recalled also depends on the option set in the Value section’s Mode menu (See “Mode” on page 43.). The following table explains how the different Value Modes take effect. Global The Global option allows you to use an assignment to control global parameters. An additional Global pop-up menu appears below the Class menu, offering the parameters listed in the following table. Value Mode option Explanation Direct The stated Mode is activated in the Zone it belongs to. It is not necessary for the Mode Change assignment to be located in the same Zone. Example: While Shift is held down, button X switches the encoders to EQ view. The Shift and X buttons are in Zone A, but the encoders are in Zone B. All other value modes: Only the Modes of the Zone the Mode Change assignment is located in can be recalled. The destination parameter minimum is this Zone’s first Mode, and the maximum is the Zone’s last Mode. Toggle A button might toggle between the Zone’s first Mode and the stated Mode Relative Useful for stepping up and down through Modes of a Zone using two buttons, or for choosing a mode using an encoder. Rotate Useful for stepping through all modes using a single button. A jog wheel, for example: Off → Scrub → Shuttle → Off Global Options Explanation SPL Song Position Line; Text feedback in format of foreground window (beats or time code) SPL (Beats) Song Position Line; Text feedback in beats format SPL (Time Code) Song Position Line; Text feedback in time code format SPL (Beats, Scrubbing) Song Position Line; Text feedback in beats format. Value change does not set SPL directly, but initiates scrubbing. The value defines the scrubbing speed Move Locators Moves left and right locators Left Locator Sets left locator Right Locator Sets right locator Move Drop Moves Drop In and Drop Out locators Drop In Locator Sets Drop In locator Drop Out Locators Sets Drop Out locator 38 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup Note: All options listed in the table above work only in relative mode. See the “Clock Part” sub-parameter. Dependent of the option chosen in the Global menu, you have access to the following two additional parameters:  Clock Part—Chooses the resolution of the parameter change: Bar, Beat, Format, Ticks, Cycle Length  Marker No—Determines the destination marker number Marker Position Edits position of current marker Marker Length Edits length of current marker Global Options Explanation Global Options Explanation Nudge selected Regions/Events Nudges the selected Regions or events by the chosen Nudge Value (see below) Any Solo Feedback only, used for “Rude Solo Light”. On if any Solo (track or Region) switch is enabled Nudge Value Nudge Value used for Nudge selected Regions/Events. Possible values are: Tick, Format, Beat, Bar, Frame, 1/2 Frame Scrub Status Sets the scrubbing status for parameter SPL (beats, scrubbing). Possible values are: set clock, audio scrubbing, Shuttle Automation of all tracks Sets the automation mode of all tracks. Possible values are: Off, Read, Touch, Latch, Write, MIDI Alert Text, Alert Button, Alert Icon Used by plug-ins to define special alert mode. Dummy No function; Used to temporarily disable a modeless assignment, using “Exclusive” Cycle Sets Cycle mode Drop Sets Drop mode Go to Marker Sets the SPL to marker number Group Clutch Sets the Automation Group Clutch; Automation Groups are disabled when the Clutch is enabled. For buttons, set the Group Clutch to 1 when the button is pressed, and set it to 0 when the button is released Active Sense Used by the HUI to process incoming “Active Sensing” messages Shuttle Speed Sets Shuttle Speed directly; Use for shuttle rings that send an absolute value Waveform Zoom Sets Waveform zoom in active Arrange window, if open and in foreground Quantize value Sets the Quantize value in the current window (if this parameter is available) Format Sets the Format value in the current window (if this parameter is available) Horizontal Zoom Sets horizontal zoom in the current window (if this parameter is available) Vertical Zoom Sets vertical zoom in the current window (if this parameter is available) Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 39 Track The Track option allows you to use an assignment to set a track parameter. An additional Track pop-up menu appears below the Class menu, offering the parameters listed in the following table. If you choose the Fader Bank, Index, Bus, Output, or Master option in the Track pop-up menu, the following two parameters are also available:  No.—A 0-based offset which is added to the track number. Typical usage: Fader 1 uses offset 0, Fader 2 uses offset 1 and so on.  Parameter—Clear text of the addressed parameter. Can only be set by the Learn Assignment for xxx menu item. Note that for plug-in and instrument parameters, Parameter Page offsets apply, allowing you to shift the parameter addressing up and down. Key If you choose the Key option in the Class menu, a key press is emulated. A field appears below the Class menu, allowing you to input the desired key. Key Command If you choose the Key Command option in the Class menu, a key command is executed. A field appears below the Class menu, where the key command that should be executed is displayed. Some key commands provide on/off or enabled/disabled feedback. This can only be set by using the Learn New Assignment button in the Key Commands window. Track Options Explanation Fader Bank This addresses a track in the Control Surface Group’s current View mode (Mixer, Global, Arrange), depending on the Control Surface Group’s current Fader Bank value for this Mode (see below). Example: The View mode is Mixer, the Mixer view Fader Bank is five, and the number next to this parameter is two. Thus, the eighth track in the Mixer view is addressed (Fader Bank and No. are 0-based, so add 1) Selected This normally corresponds to the selected Arrange track. Exception: if the Control Surface Group’s Track Lock parameter is enabled, then “Selected” corresponds to the track that was selected when Track Lock was enabled Index Same as Fader Bank option, but doesn’t depend on the current Fader Bank value Bus An Audio Bus. No. defines which Bus is addressed (again: 0-based; to address Bus 2, use a value of 1) Output Same as Bus option, but for Output Objects Master The Master Output Object; If it does not exist in the song, the first Output Object is addressed 40 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup If you want your key command assignment to be repeatedly executed, enable the Key Repeat checkbox at the bottom of the Key Command Assignments Editor. For further information, see “Key Repeat Checkbox” on page 44. Control Surface Group If you choose the Control Surface Group option in the Class menu, you can set a property for the Control Surface Group that the assignment belongs to. A Parameter menu appears below the Class menu, where you can choose between the options described in “Control Surface Group Parameters” on page 19, with the additions listed in the following table. Note: Assignments for unsupported control surfaces always belong to the first Control Surface Group. If you choose a Fader Bank or Parameter Page option in the Parameter menu, the following Bank Type options are also available.  By One—The fader bank or parameter page is shifted by one track or parameter.  By Bank—The fader bank or parameter page is shifted by the number of displayed tracks or parameters.  CS Group Setting—The fader bank or parameter page is shifted by the value defined by the “Parameter Shift Mode” Control Surface Group Parameter. Parameter Option Additional Info Current Mode Fader Bank Maps to the Fader Bank for the currently used View mode (Mixer, Global, Arrange). This way, you need only one assignment per left/right button for all View Modes. Global View Filter When this parameter is selected, eight additional switches for the eight object classes are displayed when the View mode is Global. Depending on the Value Mode, these switches define which objects are displayed (by using “Direct” mode) or which are toggled (by using “X-OR” mode). MIDI Tracks Fader Bank; Inputs Fader Bank; Audio Tracks Fader Bank; Instruments Fader Bank; Aux Fader Bank; Busses Fader Bank; Output Fader Bank; User Fader Bank; These Fader Bank parameters are used in Global View when only one object class is displayed. This way, you can switch between several object classes while retaining the current Fader Bank for each class. Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 41 Automation Group If you choose the Automation Group option in the Class menu, you can use the assignment to set an automation group parameter. A Parameter Group field that allows you to determine the edited group appears below the Class menu. Current (entered with “0”) means the group selected in the Automation Group Control Surface Group parameter. The additional Parameter menu allows you to set the automation group parameter. For further information, see the Group Settings section in the Logic Pro 7 Reference Manual. MIDI Input Incoming MIDI messages are only processed on MIDI Input. When this parameter is changed, all other assignments using the same input will also have their input changed accordingly. If the assignment belongs to a supported control surface, the device’s MIDI Input will also change in the Setup window. This feature allows you to create default assignments for a new control surface, which other users can use immediately. To do so, they simply need to place your com.apple.Logic.cs preferences file into their Preferences folder, open the Controller Assignments Editor and change one assignment’s MIDI Input parameter in accordance with their MIDI setup. Value Change The incoming MIDI message(s) that cause a value change in the destination parameter are displayed here. To edit these MIDI messages, switch to the Expert View by activating the corresponding checkbox in the upper right corner of the Controller Assignments Editor. In the Expert View you’ll find two fields: the lower one is only a display that shows the Value Change message in plain text. The upper field display allows the messages to be viewed and edited as a sequence of bytes, displayed in hexadecimal. There are placeholders for the variable part:  Lo7: Low 7 bits of the value  Hi7: High 7 bits of the value If there is only a Lo7 placeholder in the message, the value is treated as 7 bit. If there is also a Hi7 placeholder, the value is treated as 14 bit. The order of Lo7 and Hi7 is honored, and there may be constant bytes in between. This allows you to define Control Change LSB and MSB portions. As an example: B0 08 Hi7 B0 28 Lo7 Note: When entering multiple MIDI messages, do not use Running Status. Always write down the entire MIDI message(s), ensuring that you repeat the status byte, even if it’s the same. 42 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup If the message does not contain Lo7 or Hi7 placeholders, an incoming value of 1 is assumed. This is typical for pressed or released buttons. Also see the “Multiply” section below. Touch/Release The incoming MIDI message(s) causes a change in the touched/released status of the destination parameter. A non zero value means touched; a value of 0 means released. The messages are displayed and entered in the same way as the Value Change field (see the “Value Change” section above). Note: This only applies to the Track assignment class and parameters that can be automated. Min/Max Defines the minimum and maximum range for incoming values represented by Lo7 and Hi7. Typically, the full range of 0–127 is used, but some control surfaces may use the same message with different value ranges for different controls (CM Labs Motor Mix, for example). Format Defines the way negative values are encoded in the 7-bit portions sent over MIDI. You can choose between the following options:  Unsigned—No negative values are possible. The full 7 or 14 bit range is treated as a positive number. This results in a value range of 0 to 127 or 0 to 16383.  2's complement—If the most significant bit is set, the value is negative. To obtain the absolute value, invert all bits and add 1. This results in a value range of –128 to 127 or –8192 to 8191.  1's complement—If the most significant bit is set, the value is negative. To set the absolute value, invert all bits. Note that this allows two possible encoding values for zero. This results in a value range of –127 to 127 or –8191 to 8191.  Sign Magnitude—If the most significant bit is set, the value is negative. To set the absolute value, clear the most significant bit. Note that this allows two possible encoding values for zero. This results in a value range of –127 to 127 or –8191 to 8191. The appropriate format that should be used is usually documented in your control surface user manual. If unavailable, check the control surface manufacturer’s website, or contact them via phone. Multiply Allows the incoming value to be scaled. Especially useful for button presses that have a value of 1. Examples: to set the automation mode to Write, set Multiply to 4.00 and Mode to Direct. To decrement a parameter by 1 with a button press, set Multiply to −1.00 and Mode to Relative. The 1 and –1 menu items in the combo box’s menu conveniently enter the most commonly used values of 1 and –1 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 43 Mode Defines the way the incoming value modifies the current parameter value. You can choose between the following parameters:  Direct—The incoming value is the new parameter value.  Toggle—If the parameter’s current value is 0, it is set to the incoming value. Otherwise it is set to 0. This option is useful for buttons which toggle a value: Mute, Solo, and so on.  Scale—The incoming value is scaled from its value range to the destination parameter’s value range. Most useful for faders and rotary pots.  Relative—The incoming value is added to the parameter’s current value. Used by encoders, but also for buttons that increment/decrement by a certain amount (set by the Multiply parameter).  Rotate—The incoming value is added to the parameter’s current value, cycling between maximum and minimum values. This is useful for button presses that cycle between modes: automation mode, for example.  X-OR—The value defines a bit mask which is applied to the parameter’s current value with the “exclusive or” Boolean operation. Useful for enabling/disabling single Object types in Global View. Feedback Defines the way the parameter’s current value is displayed on the control surface. You can choose between the following options:  None—No feedback is sent.  Single Dot/Line—LED rings: only one LED; LCDs: a single vertical line.  Left to Right Bar—A bar from the minimum to the current value.  Right to Left Bar—A bar from the current value to the maximum.  Q/Spread—A bar from the center to the current value.  Ascending Bar LCDs—A bar from the bottom to the current value.  Descending Bar LCDs—A bar from the top to the current value.  Text Only—LED rings: no feedback; LCDs: no feedback as a graphic element.  Automatic—Dependent on the currently assigned parameter, the most suitable feedback mode is used: Plug-in and Instrument parameters carry this information, Pan uses Single Dot/Line, all other parameters use Left to Right Bar. Note: Feedback only works for supported control surfaces, and not all settings are available for all controls. Text Feedback Checkbox If enabled, a textual representation of the current value is sent to the control surface’s display. The plug-in determines the display position and number of characters that are used. 44 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup Local Feedback (Fader/Knob) Checkbox If enabled, no feedback is sent while the parameter is in Touched mode. This prevents motorized faders from “fighting” against the user. Key Repeat Checkbox When you enable the Key Repeat checkbox, the assignment is repeatedly executed. The Key Repeat Rate slider—set in the Mac OS X Keyboard & Mouse preferences— determines how quickly Logic repeats the assignment. The duration that the button/ controller must be held for, before the assignment is repeated, is set with the Delay Until Repeat slider in the Keyboard & Mouse preferences. Example: This facility is particularly useful for the zoom function: If you assign a key repeat command to the Zoom buttons on the Logic Control, for example, you can simply hold down the Zoom In button. Logic will zoom in until the Zoom In button is released. This mirrors the behavior of the Zoom key commands. In earlier versions, you had to repeatedly press the (Logic Control) Zoom buttons to zoom in/out more than one level. Note: The Key Repeat checkbox is only available for key commands, key presses and relative value changes. If any other assignment class is selected, the checkbox is dimmed. Logic Pro factory key command assignments already support the Key Repeat function (if useful and/or applicable to the control surface/device)—making changes unnecessary for use of this new functionality. If you want to enable the Key Repeat function for your own assignments, you may need to use the re-learn option for the assigned message. Key Repeat messages must include the Lo7 byte, which provides information on the up (released) or down (pressed) state of the assigned button. Logic guides you through the re-learning process: The current MIDI message is automatically cleared, Learn mode is activated, and a Help tag prompts you to send the desired MIDI message. Releasing the assigned button—after learning the MIDI message—automatically creates the Lo7 byte, and assigns the Lo7 value for the button release message to the Min parameter. The Lo7 value for the „button pressed“ message is automatically assigned to the Max parameter. Typically, the value range of 1–127 is used for the button pressed message. The zero (0) value is generally used for button released. Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup 45 Note: Some control surfaces may use different value ranges (CM Labs MotorMix, for example). Assigning the used value range to the desired Min and Max values ensures that key repeat also works with such devices. This, however, also means that you need to take care when manually changing the Min or Max value for a key command (in cases where the Min and Max values do not match the button on and button release (off ) states, the complete assignment will not work). Please consult your control surface manual for further information about the values used. About Modal Dialogs All modal dialogs (except file selector boxes) are shown on control surfaces that feature text displays. Modal dialogs do not allow you to perform actions in any other window when visible. As examples, authorization warnings, edit confirmations, or error messages. When these windows “pop up” on-screen, the upper LCD row (if applicable) shows the first part, or all, of the alert text. If the dialog text does not fit into the LCD’s upper row, it will start scrolling after three seconds. You can scroll the dialog text manually with the appropriate control (see assignment tables in the appropriate chapter). Once you start doing so, automatic scrolling is disabled.  If there is an Enter or OK button on the control surface, it triggers the dialog’s default button, where applicable.  If there is a Cancel or Exit button on the control surface, it triggers the button labeled Cancel or Abort, where applicable.  All buttons (push buttons, including Enter/default and Cancel, as well as checkboxes and radio buttons, but not pop-up buttons) are shown in the display’s lower row. Pressing a control surface button below the display triggers the appropriate button/ function in the dialog, if applicable. Following use of the Enter/Cancel button on the control surface or with the mouse, the dialog will disappear, and all controls and displays will return to their previous state. When a file select box is onscreen, a There is a file select dialog on the screen message appears on the LCD or other display (if applicable to your control surface). 46 Chapter 1 Control Surface Setup Tips Control surfaces change the way you use Logic, and are most effective if you make a few small modifications to your working methods. The following collection of hints will help you to work more smoothly and efficiently with your control surface/Logic system. Customize your Template/Autoload Songs  Set up Screensets 1–7 to your liking. These can be accessed directly with some control surfaces (on a Logic/Mackie Control—via Function Keys—F1 to F7. Function Key 8 (F8) will close the top-most window).  It is recommended that a full-screen Arrange window, with Track Automation View set to on, is among your Screensets.  A full-screen Track Mixer window is also recommended. Make Use of Markers Not much more can be said. Markers allow you to quickly navigate from location to location in a project. Most control surfaces feature a number of shortcuts that allow you to rapidly switch between Markers. Markers are very useful for the creation/selection of Cycle areas and a number of other tasks, such as Drop In and Replace. If you tend to follow a particular song structure, or like to work with a particular number of bars (4, 8, 16 bars, and so on) for verse and chorus sections, then set up a number of Markers at suitable locations in your Template/Autoload songs. Always use Projects As soon as Logic is launched, and the desired Template or Autoload song is loaded, you should routinely create a new project folder, and name it. This will provide a default folder structure/file path that contains the song file and all audio files associated with the project. You can also choose to include plug-in Settings files, video files, Space Designer IR files and EXS Instruments into your Project folder, if desired. The button assigned to Save operations on your control surface will open the File Save dialog. Once the project/song has been saved once, pressing the “Save” button will incrementally save the project without launching the File Save dialog window. 2 47 2 Logic Control This chapter will introduce you to using Logic with a Logic/ Mackie Control unit. The Logic Control and Mackie Control Universal units are functionally identical. All information in this chapter (as appropriate for the device) applies to the Mackie Control Universal, the Mackie Extender, and the C4. To use Logic with a Logic/Mackie Control unit, you need:  a Logic/Mackie Control unit.  Logic Pro 7.1, or newer. Set Up A powered Logic/Mackie Control unit will be automatically detected when Logic Pro is launched. You can use the Logic/Mackie Control in an independent control surface group (with other control surface icons placed above/below the Logic/Mackie Control icon), or combined into one control surface group with one or more control surfaces (such as Logic/Mackie Control XT or C4 units—place the icon(s) to the right of the existing icon(s). Foot Switches The foot switch sockets can use momentary foot pedals with either a positive or negative polarity. By default:  USER SWITCH A is assigned to Start/Stop.  USER SWITCH B is assigned to Record (note that a track must be selected and armed for recording to take place),  EXTERNAL CONTROL is assigned to the MASTERfader level. Only use an expression pedal with this socket. 48 Chapter 2 Logic Control The polarity of the foot switches is determined by the Logic Control when powered up. As such, you should first connect the foot switches, then turn the power on. Topics in this chapter are broken down into “Zones” of the Logic Control surface. The Displays The Logic Control features four displays, in addition to LEDs associated with individual switches:  Main LCD  Assignment LED  Song Position/SMPTE Time display  Solo LED The following section discusses these displays. LCD Assignment display Time display V-Pots Rec Rdy, Solo, Mute, and Select buttons Faders Jog Cursor buttons Wheel Transport Control buttons Assignment buttons Display buttons Channel buttons Function keys Chapter 2 Logic Control 49 Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Each channel/parameter can be indicated by a name or value. In general, the upper row of each channel/parameter will display an abbreviated form of the track name, and the lower row will display the (abbreviated) parameter name and/or value. In some modes, a long (full, in other words) parameter or other name will be displayed briefly on-screen, when adjusted. The display of long names, and the duration of this display, is set in the Control Surfaces preferences. These settings are discussed in the Logic Reference manual. Note: 8-bit ASCII characters such as curly quotes and umlaut characters are replaced by the best-possible 7-bit ASCII equivalent. As examples: ä = ae, ö=oe, ü=ue, á = a, ø = oe, oe = oe, ß = ss, å = a. Assignment LED (Mode Display) The Logic/Mackie Control features a two digit, seven-segment LED display which indicates the current assignment status (also referred to as the mode display). A period is shown at the bottom-right of the display whenever a Channel Strip view is active. Song Position/SMPTE Time Display The Logic/Mackie Control includes a multi-digit, seven-segment LED. It is accompanied by two small LEDs which provide a quick visual indication of the currently active display format: SMPTE or BEATS. When BEATS mode is selected, the Position/Time Display is divided into four segments, separated as follows: Bars/Beats/Sub Divisions/Ticks When SMPTE mode is selected, the Position/Time Display is divided into four segments, separated as follows: Hours/Minutes/Seconds/Frames The display format can be viewed in a number of ways. This can be altered in the Display preferences. Solo LED This LED indicates that either: an audio track is set to solo, or the track solo mode is enabled. It is a helpful visual aid in situations where a track has been soloed and the fader bank has been shifted—making the soloed track’s Solo LED invisible on the control surface. 50 Chapter 2 Logic Control The Channel Strip(s) As each channel strip is identical, the information discussed in this section applies equally to all eight channel strips on the Logic Control and Logic Control XT units. V-Pot/V-Select This “soft” potentiometer can be used to adjust the send level and pan, plus any other parameter for EQ, instruments, effects, and so on. The V-Pot can also be used to scroll through and choose items—such as plug-ins, Audio Instruments and more—from menus, and to determine destinations for sends. The V-Pot also contains an integrated V-Select push button. This button generally sets a “default” parameter value (where a parameter has more than two possible values), or switches between two parameter values (on/off ). The V-Select can also be used to activate a function, selected through use of the V-Pot. As an example, the V-Pot can be rotated in order to select an effect plug-in for a particular channel Insert slot. Once the desired effect is displayed in the LCD, a simple press downwards on the top of the VPot will activate the V-Select button. In the example given, this would select, and insert, the effect and launch the Plug-in window. On occasion, the V-Select is used to switch to a special Assignment mode. The current value of any parameter being adjusted by the V-Pot is displayed on the LCD (dependent on the Name/Value setting), and is also indicated by the ring of LEDs which surround it. The various LED “ring” displays are shown here: This will vary as follows, dependent on the selected parameter:  Connected series of LED segments from left to right (send level, for example)  Single segment (panorama or frequency, for example)  Connected series of LED segments, starting in the center position and fanning to the left or right (EQ gain, for example)  Series of connected LED segments, starting in the center position and fanning to the left and right (Q-Factor, for example)  An LED dot below the V-Pot indicates the centered/default position of the parameter Chapter 2 Logic Control 51 Holding down the x/ALT button sets the V-Pots to high resolution parameter adjustment (fine) mode, where applicable. Holding down the OPTION button, and turning the V-Pot, switches between the minimum, default, and maximum parameter value. Rec/Rdy (Record/Ready) Button This button arms or disables the channel for recording. Each channel features an independent Rec/Rdy LED which is lit when a track is armed for recording. Holding down the OPTION button, while pressing any channel’s REC/RDY button will disarm all tracks. In Global view, if you arm an audio channel which is currently not used by any track in the song, and then start recording, you will be asked if you want to create a new track with this audio channel in the current recording folder. Signal LED Indicates the presence of any outgoing MIDI or audio signal. When recording, the presence of an incoming signal will be indicated. SOLO Button For isolating a channel’s signal. Each channel features an independent Solo LED which illuminates when a track is soloed. The Rude Solo LED—just to the right of the Position/ Time Display LED—also illuminates whenever any track is soloed. Holding down the OPTION button, while pressing any channel’s SOLO button will disable solo for all tracks. 52 Chapter 2 Logic Control In the Send Destination/Level views (see “Send Assignment Modes” on page 61), the SOLO button controls the Pre/Post mode selection—in both Multi Channel and Channel Strip views. MUTE Button Used to defeat the track’s signal. Each channel features an independent Mute LED which illuminates when a track is muted. Holding down the OPTION button, while pressing any MUTE button will unmute all tracks. In the EQ Frequency/Gain and Send Destination/Level views, the MUTE button controls the EQ bypass or Send mute function. This affects both Multi Channel and Channel Strip views. SELECT Button This button is used to select a channel for channel-based editing or assignment commands. Each channel features an independent SELECT LED which illuminates when a track is selected. When holding down the SHIFT button, pressing any channel SELECT button will set the track’s volume to unity level (0 dB). While holding down SHIFT, a SELECT button’s LED indicates if the track’s volume is set to 0 dB. When holding down the OPTION button, pressing any channel SELECT button will create a new track (assigned to the same instrument of the selected track), and switch to Arrange view. When holding down the SHIFT and OPTION buttons, pressing any channel SELECT button will create a new track (with the next instrument, following the selected track), and switch to Arrange view. Chapter 2 Logic Control 53 Touch-Sensitive Motor Fader These 100 millimeter faders control channel levels. When Flip mode is activated, the parameter currently assigned to the V-Pot can be controlled with the fader. This allows you to more easily control pans, aux returns, MIDI track parameters, EQs, plug-in, Audio Instrument, or other channel parameter levels/values. Movement of the eight faders is relative to the activity of the currently chosen bank of on-screen faders. The fader bank is shifted when one of the FADER BANK buttons is pressed. Fader behavior in other modes  In Flip mode: duplicates or swaps with V-Pot of same channel.  In Surround Angle/Diversity view: adjusts surround diversity.  In EQ Frequency/Gain view: adjusts gain of selected EQ band.  In Send Destination/Level Multi Channel view: adjusts send level of selected send.  In Send Destination/Level Channel Strip view: adjusts send level of send on selected track. Changing Parameters and Values Individual parameters can be adjusted via the associated V-Pot (or fader, if the FLIP button is active), located directly below the parameter entry in the LCD. To do so, simply grab and turn the desired V-Pot. Once the required parameter value is visible in the LCD, simply release the knob. Press the V-Select button to set the default value (for parameters that have more than two values), or switch between two values (for parameters with only two possibilities, such as on/off ). 54 Chapter 2 Logic Control Some parameters require confirmation, such as the selection of plug-ins, Audio Instruments, sends, inputs, outputs, and so on. For these types of parameters, press the V-Select button (press down on the top of the V-Pot) to activate/select the desired value. In the case of a plug-in or Audio Instrument, this will automatically launch the Plug-in window in Logic. For a send, the confirmed channel send destination will be activated in the Logic mixer(s). When a value has been pre-selected, but not confirmed/instantiated (such as send destination, plug-in insertion and so on) the value will flash until the V-Select button is pressed. An exponential increase in value changes will occur as a V-Pot is rotated more quickly. The Assignment Zone The small light gray area just below the mode display contains six buttons. These ASSIGNMENT buttons work in both Track and Global view modes. View modes are discussed in “Track View Mode” on page 20. When these buttons are pressed, the mode display, plus the LED associated with each button, will update to reflect the currently selected assignment mode. The LCD will also update to display the parameters relevant to the selected assignment. These parameters are, of course, assigned to the corresponding V-Pots. All ASSIGNMENT buttons work as switches, which means that if you click them repeatedly, they will switch between the Multi Channel and Channel Strip view modes.  Multi Channel view—you see the same parameter for multiple channels. In Multi Channel view, the mode display does not show a period—Example: P1  Channel Strip view—you see multiple parameters for a single channel. In Channel Strip view, the mode display shows a period to the right—Example: P1. Switching between Multi Channel and Channel Strip views is achieved by pressing the selected ASSIGNMENT button multiple times. If you press an ASSIGNMENT button which is not currently selected, the Assignment mode changes, and the view switches to Multi Channel view. Exception: Switching between Instrument Edit view and Plug-in Edit view retains the Channel Strip view. Chapter 2 Logic Control 55 The NAME/VALUE button also has an effect on what is shown on the LCD when in the Multi Channel and Channel Strip views. More information can be found in “Display Zone” on page 71. Track Assignment Modes The TRACK button selects Assignment modes which allow the editing of a number of global track parameters. It switches between all displayed channels and the individual parameters of the selected channel (Track Multi Channel view or Track Channel Strip view). The parameters in Track Multi Channel view include: Volume, Pan, Track mode, Track Input, Track Output, and Automation. In Track Channel Strip view you will see an overview of the most important track parameters: Volume, Pan, Instrument, Insert 1, Insert 2, Send 1 Level, Send 2 Level, and Send 3 Level. Track Multi Channel View Track Multi Channel view allows you to edit a single “global” track parameter for all tracks: Volume, Pan, Track mode, Input, Output, or Automation. The parameter being edited will be displayed briefly when switching to this mode.  The mode display will show tr (for “Track”).  The upper LCD row shows track names. Pressing NAME/VALUE switches the display mode to show parameter values in the lower row: As these display variants can be switched in all Multi Channel Strip views, the following will only show displays in Value mode.  Turning the V-Pots changes the associated track parameter.  Pressing a V-Select sets the parameter to its default value.  Cursor Left/Right buttons switch to the next or previous track parameter. The selected parameter will be displayed briefly in the upper LCD row. Audio1 Audio2 Audio3 Audio4 Audio5 Audio6 Audio7 Audio8 Volume Volume Volume Volume Volume Volume Volume Volume Audio1 Audio2 Audio3 Audio4 Audio5 Audio6 Audio7 Audio8 +0.1dB -1.8dB +01.dB -30.0 +0.0dB -50.2 -24.7 -1.2dB 56 Chapter 2 Logic Control Channel Strip View Track Channel Strip view allows you to edit all parameters listed above, for the selected track.  The mode display will show tr. (track channel strip).  The upper LCD row shows the name of the track and “Track parameters.” Pressing NAME/VALUE switches the display mode to show parameter names in the upper row and parameter values in the lower row: As these display variants can be switched in all Channel Strip views, the following will only show displays in Value mode.  V-Pot/V-Select 1—edits Volume. The lower LCD row shows the current track volumes, either in dB or numeric format, depending on the settings of the underlying Environment Objects.  V-Pot/V-Select 2—edits Pan position. The lower LCD row shows the current track pan value, ranging from minus 64 to plus 63. A value of 0 is the centered position. If Surround is selected as the Output value, this controls the Surround Angle.  V-Pot 3—selects the instrument of Audio Instrument tracks. Confirm with V-Select 3.  V-Pot/V-Select 4 and 5—selects the plug-in used in Insert slots 1 and 2 (on audio and Audio Instrument tracks). Confirm with V-Select.  V-Pot/V-Select 6 to 8—edits the Send Level of Sends 1 to 3. Holding SHIFT while pressing one of the MUTE or V-Select buttons switches between mute or bypass:  1 and 2—activates/deactivates the track’s Mute button.  3—activates/deactivates Mute of the Audio Instrument used on the track.  4 and 5—activates/deactivates Bypass of plug-ins used in Insert slots 1 and 2 (of Audio and Audio Instrument tracks).  6 to 8—activates/deactivates Mute of Sends 1 to 3. Shortcuts Menu Holding down the TRACK button accesses a further sub-menu in the LCD.  The mode display will show t_ (Track)  V-Select 1 or F1—switches to Track Multi Channel view and selects Volume. Track 1 "Audio 1" Track parameters Volume Pan Inst Ins.1 Ins.2 Send 1 Send 2 Send 3 Volume Pan Inst Ins.1 Ins.2 Send 1 Send 2 Send 3 +0.5dB 0 ES2 Dstrtn AutFlt -54.0 -27.0 -oo dB Volume Pan TrkMod Input Output Auto Setup Chapter 2 Logic Control 57  The LCD’s lower line shows the current volume of the tracks, in dB or numerically, depending on the setting of the underlying Environment Object.  Turning a V-Pot changes the volume.  pressing a V-Select sets the volume to the default value.  V-Select 2 or F2—switches to Track Multi Channel view and selects Pan.  V-Select 3 or F3—switches to Track Multi Channel view and selects Track mode.  V-Select 4 or F4—switches to Track Multi Channel view and selects Input.  V-Select 5 or F5—switches to Track Multi Channel view and selects Output.  V-Select 6 or F6 —switches to Track Multi Channel view and selects Automation mode.  V-Select 7 or F7—switches to Track Multi Channel view and displays the automation parameter selected in the Arrange window. Also switches to Arrange view.  V-Select 8 or F8—switches to Track Setup Channel Strip view (see below). Track Setup Channel Strip View In this mode, rarely used parameters can be edited for the selected track.  V-Pot/V-Select 1—edits Track mode (mono, stereo, left, right).  V-Pot/V-Select 2—selects the Surround mode. Confirm with V-Select 2.  V-Pot/V-Select 3—selects the Track Input. Confirm with V-Select 6.  V-Pot/V-Select 4—selects the Track Output. Confirm with V-Select 7.  V-Pot/V-Select 5—edits Automation mode.  V-Pot/V-Select 6—edits track group membership. You can only choose one group or “Off.” To make a track a member of multiple groups, use Group Edit mode (see below). Pan/Surround Assignment Modes Briefly pressing the PAN/SURROUND button switches between Pan/Surround Multi Channel and Pan/Surround Channel Strip view. Multi Channel View Pan/Surround Multi Channel view allows you to edit one pan/surround parameter on all tracks: Angle or Pan (on non-surround tracks), Radius (diversity), LFE, Surround mode (on surround tracks). The parameter being edited will be displayed briefly when switching to this mode. Regardless of which surround parameter is selected and active, non-surround tracks always display the standard Pan control. In a song that contains both surround and non-surround tracks, you can edit a specified surround parameter for surround tracks, while the V-Pot of non-surround tracks will edit panning, as usual.  The mode display will show Pn (Pan).  The upper LCD row shows track names. 58 Chapter 2 Logic Control  Turning the V-Pots changes the pan/surround parameter.  The Surround Angle parameter rotates between 0 and 359 degrees, avoiding any angle limit.  Pressing a V-Select sets the parameter to its default value.  Cursor Left/Right switches to the next or previous surround parameter. The selected parameter will be displayed briefly in the upper LCD row. Channel Strip View Pan/Surround Channel Strip view allows you to edit all surround parameters for the selected track.  The mode display will show Pn. (Pan/Surround channel strip).  The upper LCD row shows the name of the track and “Pan/Surround.”  V-Pot/V-Select 1—edits angle (or pan on non-surround tracks).  V-Pot/V-Select 2—edits diversity.  V-Pot/V-Select 3—edits LFE level.  V-Pot 4—selects the surround mode. Confirm with V-Select 4.  V-Pot/V-Select 5—edits Surround X.  V-Pot/V-Select 6—edits Surround Y. The Angle/Diversity and X/Y pairs influence each other. Only the Angle/Diversity parameters are automated and recorded. Alternate Mode Options Holding down the PAN/SURROUND button accesses a further sub-menu in the LCD:  V-Select 1 or F1—switches to Pan/Surround Multi Channel view and selects angle.  V-Select 2 or F2—switches to Pan/Surround Multi Channel view and selects diversity.  V-Select 3 or F3—switches to Pan/Surround Multi Channel view and selects LFE level.  V-Select 4 or F4—switches to Pan/Surround Multi Channel view and selects surround mode.  V-Select 6 or F5—switches to Pan/Surround Channel Strip view.  V-Select 7 or F6—switches to Surround Angle/Diversity Multi Channel view:  the mode display will show Ad (Angle/Diversity). Track 1 "Audio 1" Pan/Surround SrrAng SrrDvr SrrLFE mode Angle Radius LFE mode CStrip Ang/Dv Chapter 2 Logic Control 59  the upper LCD row shows track names.  the lower LCD row shows the surround angle currently assigned to each track.  turning a V-Pot changes the surround angle (or adjusts pan position on nonsurround tracks).  pressing a V-Select sets the surround angle to its default value.  the faders edit surround diversity.  V-Select 8 or F7—switches to Surround X/Y Multi Channel view:  the mode display will show XY (X/Y—the X character is not available on a 7 segment display).  the upper LCD row shows track names.  the lower LCD row shows the surround X value currently assigned to each track.  turning a V-Pot changes the surround X value (or adjusts pan position on nonsurround tracks).  pressing a V-Select sets surround X to its default value.  the faders edit surround Y. Notes on Surround X/Y Editing X and Y have a value range of –1000 to + 1000, but the resolution is not that high, as surround positions are currently recorded as 7 bit data. Note: The X and Y parameters are limited to a rectangular coordinate system. As such, value pairs outside the surround circle are not possible. When trying to set a value which would lead to an invalid position, the other coordinate is automatically adjusted to a valid position. Example: moving Y to + 1000 will result in an X coordinate value of 0. When editing only one coordinate, the other coordinate of the most recently track is remembered. This aids in the creation of linear (straight) lines of movement. EQ Assignment Modes Briefly pressing the EQ button switches between EQ Multi Channel view or EQ Channel Strip view. Note: If no Channel or Linear Phase EQ is present on the selected track, a Channel EQ will be inserted automatically when the EQ Channel Strip view is entered. Multi Channel View EQ Multi Channel view allows you to edit one equalizer parameter for all tracks: Frequency, Gain, Q, or EQ bypass. The EQ band number, and parameter being edited will be displayed for one second when switching to this mode.  The mode display will show E1 to E8, dependent on the selected EQ band number.  The upper LCD row shows track names.  Turning the V-Pots changes the EQ parameter. 60 Chapter 2 Logic Control  Pressing a V-Select sets the parameter to its default value.  Cursor Up/Down switches to the next or previous EQ band.  Cursor Left/Right switches to the next or previous EQ parameter. The selected parameter will be displayed briefly in the upper LCD row.  Pressing a MUTE button while the SHIFT button is held down switches the current EQ band’s Bypass status.  When Flip mode is enabled, the MUTE buttons display and edit the current EQ band’s Bypass status. Channel Strip View EQ Channel Strip view allows you to edit all EQ parameters—in all bands—for the selected track.  The mode display will show EQ. (EQ channel strip).  The upper LCD row shows the name of the track, “EQs,” the page number and total number of pages—Example: “Page 1/2”.  V-Pot/V-Select 1—edits the Frequency of odd-numbered EQ bands.  V-Pot/V-Select 2—edits Gain of odd-numbered EQ bands.  V-Pot/V-Select 3—edits Q-Factor of odd-numbered EQ bands.  V-Pot/V-Select 4—edits Bypass of odd-numbered EQ bands.  V-Pot/V-Select 5—edits the Frequency of even-numbered EQ bands.  V-Pot/V-Select 6—edits Gain of even-numbered EQ bands.  V-Pot/V-Select 7—edits Q-Factor of even-numbered EQ bands.  V-Pot/V-Select 8—edits Bypass of even-numbered EQ bands.  Cursor Left/Right switches to the next or previous EQ band. The number of EQ bands displayed on the LCD depends on the number of Logic Control (XT) units (two EQ bands are shown per unit) available. Alternate Mode Options Holding down the EQ button accesses a further sub-menu in the LCD:  The mode display shows E_ or E_., dependent on whether you were in EQ Multi Channel or EQ Channel Strip view.  V-Select 1 or F1—switches to EQ Multi Channel view and selects Frequency.  V-Select 2 or F2—switches to EQ Multi Channel view and selects Gain  V-Select 3 or F3—switches to EQ Multi Channel view and selects Q.  V-Select 4 or F4—switches to EQ Multi Channel view and selects Bypass.  V-Select 6 or F6—switches to EQ Channel Strip view. Chapter 2 Logic Control 61  V-Select 7 or F7—switches to Frequency/Gain Multi Channel view. In this mode you can edit the Frequency and Gain parameters of a specific EQ band (1 to 8) for all tracks.  the mode display will show F1 to F8, depending on the selected EQ band.  the upper LCD row shows track names.  the lower LCD row shows the Frequency of the selected EQ.  turning a V-Pot changes EQ Frequency.  pressing a V-Select sets the EQ Frequency to its default value.  use the Mute buttons to Bypass the EQ.  use the faders adjust the EQ Gain.  V-Select 8 or F8—switches to Frequency/Gain Channel Strip view. In this mode you can edit the Frequency and Gain parameters for all EQ bands of the selected track. Each pair of channel strips corresponds to one of the EQ bands.  the mode display will show FG.  V-Pots 1 to 8 control the Frequency of EQ bands 1 to 8.  Mute buttons 1 to 8 control the Bypass of EQ bands 1 to 8.  Faders 1 to 8 control the Gain of EQ bands 1 to 8. Note that the faders form a frequency response curve in this mode, if the EQ bands have ascending frequency values. You can edit another track’s EQ, without leaving this view mode, by simply selecting the track. Send Assignment Modes Briefly pressing the SEND button switches between Send Multi Channel or Send Channel Strip view. Multi Channel View Send Multi Channel view allows you to edit one Send parameter for all tracks: Destination, Level, Position, and Mute. The Send slot number, and parameter being edited will be displayed for one second when switching to this mode.  The mode display will show S1 to S8, depending on the selected Send slot.  The upper LCD row shows track names.  Turning the V-Pots changes the Send parameter.  Pressing a V-Select confirms the pre-selected Send Destination and sets the other send parameters to their defaults.  Cursor Up/Down switches to the next or previous Send slot. 62 Chapter 2 Logic Control  Cursor Left/Right switches to the next or previous Send parameter. The selected parameter will be displayed briefly in the upper LCD row.  Pressing a MUTE button while the SHIFT button is held switches the current Send’s Mute status.  When Flip mode is enabled, the MUTE buttons display and edit the current Send’s Mute status. Note: Ensure that the ZOOM button isn’t active when using the cursor buttons. Channel Strip View Send Channel Strip view allows you to edit all Send parameters for the selected track.  The mode display will show SE. (Send channel strip).  The upper LCD row shows the name of the track, “Sends”, the page number and total number of pages—Example: “Page 1/4”  V-Pot/V-Select 1—edits Destination of odd-numbered Sends.  V-Pot/V-Select 2—edits Level of odd-numbered Sends.  V-Pot/V-Select 3—edits Position (pre/post) of odd-numbered Sends.  V-Pot/V-Select 4—edits Mute of odd-numbered Sends.  V-Pot/V-Select 5—edits Destination of even-numbered Sends.  V-Pot/V-Select 6—edits Level of even-numbered Sends.  V-Pot/V-Select 7—edits Position (pre/post) of even-numbered Sends.  V-Pot/V-Select 8—edits Mute of even-numbered Sends.  The horizontal cursor buttons shift between pages. The number of Sends displayed simultaneously is dependent on the number of Logic Control XTs you have. Alternate Edit Mode Options Holding down the SEND button accesses a further sub-menu in the LCD:  The mode display shows S_ or S_., depending on whether you were in Send Multi Channel or Send Channel Strip view. Track 1 "Audio 1" Sends Page 1/2 Snd3Ds Send 3 Snd3Ps Snd3Mt Snd4Ds Send 4 Snd4Ps Snd4Mt Dest Pos Level Mute CStrip CSt2 Ds/LvM Ds/LvC Chapter 2 Logic Control 63  V-Select 1 or F1—switches to Send Multi Channel view and selects Destination.  V-Select 2 or F2—switches to Send Multi Channel view and selects Send Level.  V-Select 3 or F3—switches to Send Multi Channel view and selects Position.  V-Select 4 or F4—switches to Send Multi Channel view and selects Mute.  V-Select 5 or F5—switches to Send Channel Strip view.  V-Select 6 or F6—switches to Send Channel Strip 2 view: This mode is similar to Send Channel Strip view, but parameters are arranged in a slightly different way. You can control one parameter of all Send slots for the selected track.  The mode display will show SE. (Send channel strip).  The upper LCD row shows the name of the track, “Sends”, the page number and total number of pages.  V-Pot/V-Select 1 to 8—edits the displayed parameter.  The horizontal cursor buttons shift between pages. The number of parameters displayed simultaneously is dependent on the number of Logic Control XTs you have.  V-Select 7 or F7—switches to Destination/Level Multi Channel view: In this mode, you can control one Send slot for all tracks. Each channel strip corresponds to the track shown in the upper LCD row.  the mode display will show d1 to d8, depending on the selected Send.  the upper LCD row shows track names.  the lower LCD row shows the destination of the selected Send.  turning a V-Pot pre-selects the Send Destination.  pressing a V-Select confirms the pre-selected Send Destination.  the SOLO buttons edit Send Position— a lit SOLO LED indicates Pre Fader mode.  the MUTE buttons edit Send Mute.  the faders edit Send Level.  V-Select 8 or F8—switches to Destination/Level Channel Strip view: You can control all Send slots for the selected track in this mode. Each channel strip corresponds to the (embossed) Send number shown below the LCD.  the mode display will show dL.  turning a V-Pot pre-selects the corresponding Send Destination. Track 1 "Audio 1" Sends Page 1/2 Snd1Ds Snd2Ds Snd3Ds Snd4Ds Snd5Ds Snd6Ds Snd7Ds Snd7Ds 64 Chapter 2 Logic Control  pressing a V-Select confirms a preselected Send Destination.  the Solo buttons edit Send Position—a lit Solo LED indicates Pre Fader mode.  the MUTE buttons edit Send Mute.  the faders edit Send Gain. If one or more Sends are activated on multiple channels, you can switch between them in the Channel Strip views by simply pressing the SELECT button for the desired channel. Plug-in Assignment Modes Pressing PLUG-IN switches between Plug-in Multi Channel or Plug-in Channel Strip view. Note: There is one exception to this behavior: if you are in Instrument Edit view, pressing this button switches to Plug-in Edit view. Multi Channel View This mode shows the plug-ins associated with a particular Insert slot for all channels.  The mode display will show P1 to P9, or simply 10 to 16, dependent on the selected Plug-in Insert slot number. Note that if an Audio Instrument channel is selected, the display will show P1 to P9 and 10 to 15.  The upper LCD row shows track names.  The lower LCD row shows the currently selected plug-in for this Insert slot. Muted plug-ins are shown with an asterisk * that precedes the plug-in name.  Turning the V-Pots pre-selects a new plug-in. The plug-in name flashes until confirmed with the V-Select.  Turning another channel’s V-Pot will cancel any earlier pre-selection, and will start pre-selection on the newly selected track.  Pressing a V-Select:  confirms/activates the pre-selected plug-in (assuming that you’ve made your preselection by turning the V-Pot).  opens a Plug-in window, if none are opened. If a Plug-in window is open, and Link mode is enabled, the selection of another plug-in will replace the existing Plug-in window.  switches to Plug-in Edit view.  The Cursor Up/Down buttons change the currently displayed plug-in Insert slot (1 to 15).  Pressing a V-Select or the MUTE button while the SHIFT button is held down will mute/unmute the plug-in. Chapter 2 Logic Control 65 To remove a plug-in: 1 Pre-select the “--” value (by turning the V-Pot fully counter-clockwise) 2 Press the V-Select of the appropriate Insert slot. Logic Control will not switch to Plug-in Edit view, and no Plug-in window will be launched. If one was previously opened, it will be closed (if Link mode is inactive). Channel Strip View This mode shows the plug-ins associated with all Insert slots for the selected channel.  The mode display will show PL.  The upper LCD row shows Ins1Pl through Ins8Pl  The lower LCD row shows the plug-in which is currently selected for this insert slot. Muted plug-ins are indicated by an asterisk *, which precedes the plug-in name.  Turning the V-Pots pre-selects a new plug-in. The plug-in name flashes until activated.  Turning another channel’s V-Pot will cancel any previous pre-selection and will start pre-selection on the newly selected track.  Pressing a V-Select:  activates the pre-selected plug-in (assuming that you’ve made your pre-selection by turning the V-Pot).  opens a Plug-in window if none are opened (if a Plug-in window is open and Link mode is enabled, the selection of another plug-in will replace the existing plug-in).  switches to Plug-in Edit view.  Pressing a V-Select while the SHIFT button is held will mute/unmute the plug-in. To remove a plug-in: 1 Pre-select the “--” value (by turning the V-Pot fully counter-clockwise). 2 Press the V-Select linked to the appropriate Insert slot. Logic Control will not switch to Plug-in Edit view, and no Plug-in window will be launched. If one was previously opened, it will be closed (if Link mode is inactive). Plug-in Edit View  The mode display will show P1. to P8., depending on the number of the selected plug-in Insert slot.  Dependent on the Name/Value button, the LCD display will change in the following ways between the two modes:  Name: The upper LCD row shows the track’s name, insert number, plug-in name, current parameter page and total number of parameter pages. The lower LCD row shows the name of the parameter which can be edited via the V-Pot located below. 66 Chapter 2 Logic Control  Value: The upper LCD row shows the name of the parameter which can be edited via the V-Pot positioned below. The lower LCD row shows the current value of the parameter edited with the V-Pot. If there is sufficient onscreen space, the unit type will be added—Example: Hz.  Turning the V-Pots changes parameters.  Pressing a V-Select sets the parameter to its default value, except where the parameter only has two values (on/off, for example). In this case, pressing the VSelect switches between these values.  The Cursor Left/Right buttons switch to the next or previous parameter page. Note: When shifting by a “page” of parameters, the display is “quantized” to integer pages. As an example:  the plug-in has 19 parameters.  Logic Control shows parameters 1 to 8.  Cursor Right shifts to display parameters 9 to 16.  Cursor Right shifts to display parameters 12 to 19.  Cursor Left shifts back to display parameters 9 to 16, not parameters 4 to 11. This way, you always revert to the page positions you expect to find, and are comfortable with.  To switch by a single parameter, rather than by “page,” hold down the x/ALT key while pressing the Cursor Left/Right button.  The Cursor Up/Down buttons change the currently displayed plug-in Insert slot (1 to 15). Note: If you have a control surface group consisting of several physical Logic Control and XT units, the parameters are distributed across their displays. The number of parameters shown is dependent on the Multiple Controls Per Parameter settings in the Preferences > Control Surfaces > Preferences, as discussed in the Control Surface Setup chapter. When exiting Plug-in Edit view, the Plug-in window will be closed. Chapter 2 Logic Control 67 Compatibility Logic Control can edit all plug-ins that can be automated. The plug-in type (Logic native, TDM, Audio Units) is irrelevant. Some third-party manufacturer plug-ins unfortunately don’t provide parameter names and/or values as text. In such cases, parameters are enumerated as “Control #1,” “Control #2” and so on, with values displayed as numbers ranging between 0 and 1000. Please contact the plug-in manufacturer to obtain a version which supports this feature. Instrument Assignment Modes Pressing the INSTRUMENT button switches to Instrument Multi Channel view. Please note that when in Plug-in Edit view, pressing the INSTRUMENT button will switch to Instrument Edit view. If you can’t see the Audio Instrument Objects, use the BANK or CHANNEL buttons in the FADER BANKS zone, or switch to Global view by pressing the AUDIO INSTRUMENT button. (This assumes that you have created at least one or more Audio Instrument Objects in the Environment.) Multi Channel View This mode shows the Instrument slot for all channels.  The mode display will show In (Instrument)  The upper LCD row shows track names.  The lower LCD row shows the currently selected instrument. Muted instrument names are preceded by an asterisk *.  Turning the V-Pots pre-selects a new instrument. The pre-selected instrument name flashes until activated.  Turning another channel’s V-Pot will cancel any previous pre-selection and will start pre-selection on the newly selected track.  Pressing a V-Select:  activates the pre-selected instrument plug-in (assuming that you’ve made your pre-selection by turning the V-Pot).  opens a Plug-in window, if none are opened. If a Plug-in window is open, and Link mode is enabled, the selection of another Instrument plug-in will replace the existing one.  switches to Instrument Edit view.  Pressing a V-Select or MUTE button while the SHIFT button is held down mute/ unmutes the Instrument. 68 Chapter 2 Logic Control To remove an instrument: 1 Pre-select the “--” value (by turning the V-Pot fully counter-clockwise) 2 Press the V-Select button. Logic Control will not switch to Instrument Edit view, and no Plug-in window will be launched. If one was previously opened, it will be closed. Instrument Edit View  The mode display will show In.  Dependent on the NAME/VALUE button, the LCD changes in the following ways:  Name—The upper LCD row shows the track’s name, instrument name, current parameter page and total number of parameter pages. The lower LCD row shows the name of the parameter that can be edited with the V-Pot directly below it.  Value—The upper LCD row shows the name of the parameter that can be edited with the V-Pot below it. The lower LCD row shows the current value of the parameter being edited. If there is sufficient space on the LCD row, the unit type is shown after the value. Example: Hz.  Turning a V-Pot changes the corresponding parameter.  Pressing a V-Select sets the parameter to its default value, except where the parameter only has two values (on/off, for example). In this case, pressing the VSelect switches between these values. Compatibility Logic Control can edit all instruments that can be automated. The plug-in type (Logic native, TDM, Audio Units) is irrelevant. Some third-party manufacturer instruments unfortunately don’t provide parameter names and/or values as text. In such cases, parameters are enumerated as “Control #1,” “Control #2,” and so on, with values displayed as numbers ranging between 0 and 1000. Please contact the plug-in manufacturer to obtain a version which supports this feature. Chapter 2 Logic Control 69 Fader Bank Zone This area of the Logic Control surface contains six buttons. Bank Left/Right Moves up or down by “banks” of channels/tracks. To quickly explain, a single Logic Control is only capable of viewing eight tracks at a time, in either the Global or Mixer view. To see, and edit or mix more tracks, simply press the Right/Left BANK buttons to switch between tracks 1–8, 9–16, 17–24, and so on. The BANK button pair shifts the view section by the number of channels in the control surface group. As an example; if you have a Logic Control and two Logic Control XT units, the view shifts by 24 channels. When shifting by bank, the display is “quantized” to integer banks. As an example:  your song has 19 tracks.  Logic Control shows tracks 1 to 8.  BANK Right shifts to tracks 9 through 16.  BANK Right shifts to tracks 12 through 19.  BANK Left shifts back to tracks 9 through 16, not tracks 4 to 11. This way, you always revert to the bank positions you expect, and are used to. Channel Left/Right As per the BANK buttons, but moves up or down in increments of a single channel. Notes on Fader Bank Editing When holding down the OPTION button, pressing the BANK Left or CHANNEL Left button jumps to the first, and pressing the BANK Right or CHANNEL Right button jumps to the last, tracks in the song. As an example in a 64 track song, tracks 1 through 8 or tracks 57 through 64. 70 Chapter 2 Logic Control The fader bank offset is independently memorized for Global views where one track class is displayed (MIDI, Inputs, Audio Tracks, Instruments, Auxes, Busses, Outputs, and Master). There is also a separate fader bank offset memory location for combinations of multiple track types. This feature allows you to scroll to audio tracks 2 through 9 in Global Audio Track view, and then scroll to instruments 5 through 12 in Global Instruments view. You can switch between these views without losing the fader bank offset. Flip The FLIP button enables/disables the following Flip, Swap, or Zero modes:  If the LED beside the FLIP button is off, Flip mode is off. The faders control volume.  Pressing the FLIP button enables Flip mode (the LED is lit): in this mode, the current assignments of the eight V-Pots are mirrored by the eight channel faders. Pressing the FLIP button a second time disables Flip mode. Turning a V-Pot in this mode will also move the corresponding fader.  Pressing the FLIP button while the SHIFT button is held enables Swap mode (the LED will flash): in this mode, the encoder assignments are swapped with the fader assignments. Pressing SHIFT and FLIP again disables Swap mode. As the LCD’s lower row shows the current value of the encoders, it will display volumes when in this mode.  Pressing FLIP without SHIFT held reverts to Flip mode.  Pressing CONTROL and FLIP switches to Zero mode. Pressing CONTROL and FLIP a second time disables Zero mode. In this mode, the faders are set to zero and don’t move. This is useful for acoustic/microphone recordings if Logic Control is located in the recording booth, and you don’t want to hear/capture any motor noise. Both Flip and Swap modes work in all view modes. Flip mode has the following advantages:  You can edit any type of parameter with a fader, rather than a V-Pot, which allows more accurate edits.  You can edit with touch-sensitive faders. The V-Pots are not touch-sensitive, and thus don’t allow existing (controller automation) movements to be overwritten with a constant value. Global View This button is discussed in “The Global View Zone” on page 74. Chapter 2 Logic Control 71 Master Fader Controls the level of the Master fader in the Logic mixers. This reduces the level of all tracks, but does not affect their relative positions. When there is no Master Volume Object in the song, Logic Control’s Master fader is mapped to Output 1-2. You need to select this Object (Master) in order to set the automation mode of the Master output. To do so, press the OUTPUTS button and select the master output with the corresponding SELECT button. If you use multiple audio systems simultaneously, the MASTER fader only controls the first device’s Master Volume (in the order shown in the Audio Preferences window). Display Zone These buttons affect what you see in the LCD and Position/Time Display. Name/Value To switch between the two Display formats—Name or Value—repeatedly press the NAME/VALUE button in the Logic Control Display section—just below the SMPTE/ BEATS LEDs. For more information, see “Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)” on page 49. Pressing the NAME/VALUE button while holding the SHIFT button cycles through three level meter modes:  Vertical—In this mode, the sixth (last) character of each channel in both LCD rows is overlaid by a vertical level meter bar. The text character reappears when the level meter is not visible. The last, rather than the first, character was chosen for the level meter, as this character is often unused, so no valuable information is “blocked out” by the level meter. Note: If you find the flickering D of the dB unit disturbing when levels are displayed, you should switch off the display of units. See “Control Surface Preferences” on page 25.  Horizontal—with Peak Hold. In this mode, the second row is replaced by horizontal level meter bars. Peak Hold is shown as a hollow box which disappears after three seconds. Overload (clipping) is displayed as an asterisk. It remains on the LCD until cleared (see below).  Off—In this mode, no level meters are displayed in the LCD. 72 Chapter 2 Logic Control In all three modes, the SIGNAL LEDs function as per usual, indicating the presence of a signal. Note: The MIDI bandwidth required for the display of level meters is the same in all three modes—and is very low. The Position/Time Display updates require much more MIDI bandwidth than the level meters. Pressing the NAME/VALUE button, while holding the CONTROL button, clears overload (clipping) in both the Logic mixers, and the horizontal level meters on the Logic Control. Pressing the NAME/VALUE button, while holding the x/ALT button, enters Control Surface Group Settings mode. This mode enables you to edit several control surface group settings, some of which are not accessible with a single button:  V-Pot/V-Select 5 (label “TrkNam”)—sets track name display format “Name”—track name only “#:Name”—track number and name This parameter can also be switched with OPTION and NAME/VALUE.  V-Pot/V-Select 6 (label “Lock”)—switches Channel Strip view track lock “Off”—as you are used to: selecting a track also switches the currently edited Channel Strip track. “On”—the currently edited Channel Strip Track is not affected by selecting a track. When you switch from On to Off, this also updates the Channel Strip track. To edit another track in Locked mode, first disable Lock, then select the desired track, then re-enable Lock.  V-Pot/V-Select 7 (label “Disply”)—switches the LCD display format. “Name”—upper line displays global info, lower line displays parameter names. “Value”—upper line displays parameter names, lower line displays parameter values. This parameter can also be switched with NAME/VALUE.  V-Pot/V-Select 8 (label “Clock”)—switches the Clock display format. “Beats”—clock is displayed in format bars/measures/beats/ticks. “SMPTE”—clock is displayed in SMPTE format. This parameter can also be switched with SMPTE/BEATS. Control Surface Group Settings mode can be exited by pressing NAME/VALUE, or by entering one of the Marker or Nudge modes. SMPTE/Beats To switch between the two Time formats, repeatedly press the SMPTE/BEATS button in the Display section at the top of the Logic Control—just below the SMPTE/BEATS LEDs. For more information, see “Song Position/SMPTE Time Display” on page 49. Chapter 2 Logic Control 73 The Function Key Zone The eight Function keys—F1 to F8—are assigned as follows:  F1 to F7 recalls Screensets 1 to 7.  F8 closes the top-most window, with “floating” windows closed first. With the SHIFT key held down, the Function keys open/close particular windows:  F1—Arrange window  F2—Track Mixer  F3—Event Editor  F4—Score Editor  F5—Hyper Editor  F6—Matrix Editor  F7—Transport window  F8—Audio window With the x/ALT key held down, the Function keys trigger common key commands:  F1—Cut  F2—Copy  F3—Paste  F4—Clear  F5—Select All  F6—Select All Following  F7—Select Similar Objects  F8—Select Inside Locators In modal dialogs, the Function keys are equivalent to the computer’s number keys:  F1—1  F2—2  F3—3  F4—4  F5—5  F6—6  F7—7  F8—8 74 Chapter 2 Logic Control The following buttons directly below the Function keys supplement the numeric input functions:  MIDI Tracks button—9  Inputs button—0 In some other “modes,” the Function keys perform other duties, such as shortcuts to markers. Please see “Marker” on page 79. Also see the tables in “Assignment Overview” on page 89. The Global View Zone The Global view mode is activated by pressing any of the GLOBAL VIEW buttons. When any is activated, the green LED to the right of the GLOBAL VIEW button will illuminate. Pressing multiple GLOBAL VIEW buttons simultaneously will display the channels of the selected classes. To do so: m Hold down any GLOBAL VIEW button, and add or remove other Object classes by pressing the other desired GLOBAL VIEW buttons. The display order matches the order of these buttons on the front panel of the Logic Control. You can select multiple classes by clicking on multiple buttons simultaneously. The OUTPUTS button activates both Output and Master Objects. As an example: To see the busses and the outputs, hold down BUSSES, and then press OUTPUTS. Chapter 2 Logic Control 75 Function Button Zone There are three areas in this zone—Modifiers, Automation, and Utilities. Modifier Buttons The four buttons in this area are similar to those found on your computer keyboard (but are independent from the keyboard modifiers). Many Logic functions behave differently when one or more “modifier” key(s) is pressed, in conjunction with another key or mouse click. This also applies to the Logic Control. All “modified” Logic Control commands are covered in each function’s description. A generic description of each button follows:  SHIFT—an alternate function/meaning for a button.  OPTION—the function applies to all objects. For relative value changes: the value is set to the minimum, default, or maximum value, depending on whether you increase/decrease it.  CONTROL—while held down, the Group Clutch is engaged—Track Groups are temporarily disabled.  x/ALT—fine tuning/variation of the function. Automation Buttons The five buttons in this area activate/deactivate the various automation modes of Logic. These work in conjunction with the channel SELECT buttons. Simply choose the channel you wish to automate, select the Automation mode via one of these six buttons, and move the corresponding fader. The modes are outlined below:  READ/OFF—Pressing this button repeatedly switches between the Read and Off automation modes. 76 Chapter 2 Logic Control  Off—Automation is off. The fader will neither send nor receive automation data. Existing automation data remains untouched. It will still behave as a fader, however, and will adjust the volume or pan position and so on as usual.  Read—The fader will read (follow) any existing automation data, but will not write data, regardless of any movements you make with the mouse or external control device.  TOUCH—Writes new parameter changes when the fader is “touched” or V-Pot turned during playback. Any existing track automation data (of the current fader type) will be replaced by new movements as long as the control is active—while the fader is being touched or V-Pot is being turned.  LATCH—Similar to Touch mode, but the control remains activated, even when the fader is no longer being “touched” or V-Pot being turned. In other words, following the release of the fader, the current fader value will replace the existing automation data for as long as the sequencer is in playback mode. Press STOP to finish.  WRITE—Overwrites all existing automation data, or creates new automation data. Only use it if you wish to destroy all existing automation data.  TRIM—Not currently enabled. Pressing one of the AUTOMATION buttons while holding the OPTION key assigns the selected automation mode for all tracks. When an automation mode has been selected for all tracks, the button’s LED will illuminate whenever the OPTION key is held. Important: This behavior is slightly different for the “Off” automation mode, when holding down the OPTION button. While doing so, all automation “writing” buttons will be turned off, but this does not necessarily mean that all tracks are actually in Off mode—they could also be in different modes. To ensure that you have set all tracks to Off mode, press READ/OFF twice (its LED goes on, then off ), while holding down the OPTION key. Group Pressing the GROUP button enters Group Edit mode:  GROUP button’s LED is on.  The Assignment display shows the currently displayed group—“G1”, for example. Chapter 2 Logic Control 77  The Time display shows the group name (ten last characters if name is longer than ten characters).  The upper LCD line displays track names.  The lower LCD line displays group parameters.  Group parameters can be switched with V-Selects.  Cursor Up/Down selects previous/next group.  Cursor Left/Right shifts group parameter display.  SELECT buttons display if a track is a member of the group. Pressing a SELECT button enables/disables track membership of the group. With Group Edit mode off, holding down GROUP and pressing one or more SELECT buttons allows you to create a new group. Pressing the GROUP button, while the SHIFT button is held down, creates a new group, opens the Group window and enters Group Edit mode. Pressing the GROUP button, while the TRACK button is held, switches to Track Multi Channel view, with the Track Group parameter shown. It displays the group that the instrument belongs to. Multiple group membership is displayed as in the Track Mixer window. Turning a V-Pot changes group membership. Note that you can only select one group (or “Off”) with this function. Utilities Buttons The four buttons in this area trigger functions that are often used when working with Logic. Save Saves the current song file. When pressed, a file save dialog will open on your computer screen, awaiting input of a filename. The Logic Control LCD will display There is a file select dialog on the screen and the Position/Time Display will show ALERT. All LEDs are unlit. Once the file save has been confirmed—in Logic—the Logic Control will return all controls to their status prior to use of the Save command. Once the song has been saved and given a name, you may freely use the SAVE button to save any subsequent changes. This will occur without the alert messages and file save dialog appearing onscreen. As a general working tip, you should always save your Autoload/Template song under a different name as the first step in any project. If this practice is adhered to, you will be able to simply press the SAVE button on the Logic Control to incrementally save your work. 78 Chapter 2 Logic Control The SAVE LED illuminates as soon as any save-able change has been made in Logic. Holding down the OPTION button while pressing SAVE opens the “Save As” file selector box. Undo Pressing the UNDO button undoes the last undo-able editing step. As Logic supports near-unlimited multiple undo/redo, the green UNDO LED does not illuminate to indicate an undo-able step, but rather to indicate that Redo is available. This serves as a warning that performing a reversible editing step would render all Redo steps unavailable. Holding down the SHIFT button while pressing UNDO performs a “Redo.” Holding down the OPTION button while pressing UNDO opens the Undo History window. Cancel If an alert is open on-screen, it triggers the Cancel (or Abort) button. More information on alerts is found in “About Modal Dialogs” on page 45. Pressing the CANCEL button when no alert is opened will launch the Toolbox at the current on-screen position of the mouse cursor. Alternately, it will perform any function currently assigned to the computer keyboard’s Esc key. If no alert is open, and Logic Control is currently showing the contents of a folder track, use of the CANCEL button exits the folder. CANCEL also enables you to invalidate a (blinking) parameter value pre-selection. Enter If an alert is open, the ENTER button triggers the default button. See “About Modal Dialogs” on page 45 for more information. If no alert is open, and the selected track is a folder track, the ENTER button opens the folder. Chapter 2 Logic Control 79 The Transport Zone This section of the Logic Control features twelve buttons. All are equipped with a dedicated LED to indicate their current status. It should be noted that these buttons can be used independently, or in conjunction with one another, to navigate and edit your songs. The functionality of these buttons is as follows: Marker The MARKER button enables you to jump to, create, and delete markers. Marker and Nudge mode are mutually exclusive; activating one deactivates the other. Small Marker Mode When active, the MARKER button reassigns the behavior of the FAST FWD and REWIND buttons. These allow you to jump to the next or previous marker. Deactivation of the MARKER button reverts to the default behavior of the FAST FWD and REWIND buttons (see “Rewind” on page 85 and “Fast Fwd” on page 85). Small Marker mode is useful if you want to jump to markers, but wish to continue using the V-Pots for other purposes. Large Marker Mode Pressing the MARKER button while holding down SHIFT shows three “create” options on the LCD, assigned to the last three V-Selects. Once markers have been created: 80 Chapter 2 Logic Control  V-Select 1 to 5—displays the first five markers by name. Pressing a V-Select moves the SPL to this Marker. When the current song position (indicated by the SPL) is inside a marker, the lower line displays INSIDE, and the V-Pot LED ring is lit.  V-Select 6—Cr w/o—Creates a marker without rounding to the nearest bar.  V-Select 7—Create—Creates a marker rounded to the nearest bar.  V-Select 8—Delete—Deletes the marker above the current SPL location. To create or delete a marker at the current song position, simply press the appropriate V-Select switch. The creation or deletion of markers is best used in conjunction with the Jog/Scrub Wheel. Simply move to the desired song position by dialing with the wheel, and then press the appropriate V-Pot.  For coarse placement, simply use the wheel to move the SPL.  For fine placement, press the SCRUB button, then use the wheel to precisely position the SPL. (Only appropriate if creating or deleting an un-rounded marker). For more information on the Jog/Scrub Wheel, please refer to “The Jog/Scrub Wheel Zone” on page 88. Large Marker mode is terminated by pressing MARKER. Temporary Marker Mode If you want to enter Marker mode temporarily (to quickly perform a few marker functions), hold down the Marker button and press one (or more) of the V-Selects: this will execute the marker function and leave marker mode as soon as you release the MARKER button.  When in this mode—with the MARKER button held—pressing the Function keys F1—F8 “jumps” to the first eight markers (if created). As an example, to navigate to marker 3, press-hold MARKER and press F3.  To jump between markers, with (or without) the MARKER button held, simply press the FAST FWD or REWIND buttons. Chapter 2 Logic Control 81 Nudge The NUDGE button enables you to move (nudge) selected Audio or MIDI Regions, or events. Marker and Nudge mode are mutually exclusive; activating one deactivates the other. Small Nudge Mode Use of the NUDGE button reassigns the behavior of the FAST FWD and REWIND buttons. They nudge the selected Regions or events by the value defined in Large Nudge mode (see below). Pressing the NUDGE button again reverts to the default behavior of the FAST FWD and REWIND buttons (see “Rewind” on page 85 and “Fast Fwd” on page 85). Small Nudge mode is useful if you want to nudge Regions or events, but still use the VPots for other purposes. Large Nudge Mode Pressing the Nudge button while holding down Shift updates the LCD to display eight options, assigned to the V-Pots and V-Selects. All functions allow you to move the selected Region or events. As an indicator, the position of the first selected Region or event is displayed above VPots 3 and 4. If nothing is displayed, either; a window that does not allow selection of Regions or events is open, or no Regions or events are selected. The functions are as follows:  V-Pot 1—Nudge—selects the nudge value used by the REWIND and F.FWD buttons. These buttons move the selected object(s) backwards/forwards by the defined value.  V-Select 2—Pickup—moves to the current SPL location.  V-Pot 3—Bar— moves by one bar.  V-Pot 4—Beat—moves by the current song denominator value (beats).  V-Pot 5—Format—moves by the current song format value (sub-divisions—1/16th and so on).  V-Pot 6—Ticks—moves by single ticks.  V-Pot 7—Frames—moves by one SMPTE frame.  V-Pot 8—Fram/2—moves by half a SMPTE frame. 82 Chapter 2 Logic Control  The cursor buttons emulate the computer keyboard’s cursor keys, allowing easy selection of a Region or event. Large Nudge mode is terminated by pressing NUDGE. Temporary Nudge Mode If you want to use Nudge temporarily (for one or two small moves), hold down the NUDGE key, and use one or more of the V-Pots: this will execute the selected function and exit Temporary Nudge mode as soon as you release the NUDGE button. In Temporary Nudge mode, the cursor buttons emulate the computer keyboard’s cursor keys, allowing easy selection of a Region or event. The Nudge value for the REWIND and F.FWD buttons can also be defined with the function buttons:  F1—sets Ticks.  F2—sets Format.  F3—sets Beat.  F4—sets Bar.  F5—sets Frames.  F6—sets Frames/2. Cycle Activates/deactivates Cycle mode. By default, the cycle area will fall between the first two markers. Subsequent markers can act as left/right boundaries for further cycle areas. To “jump” between Cycle areas—defined by the markers: 1 Press the MARKER button. 2 Press the CYCLE button, and when active, press the REWIND or FAST FWD buttons. To set the left or right locator to the current song position: m Hold down CYCLE and press REWIND or FAST FWD. This also enables Cycle. The fastest way to define a new cycle area is to: 1 Navigate to the left locator with the Jog/Scrub Wheel. 2 Press CYCLE and REWIND. 3 Navigate to the right locator with the Jog/Scrub Wheel. 4 Press CYCLE and FAST FWD. Chapter 2 Logic Control 83 Cycle View Pressing the SHIFT and CYCLE buttons activates Cycle view mode:  The mode display displays Cy  V-Pot/V-Select 1—shows and edits the current Cycle status (off or on); you can also use the CYCLE button.  V-Select 2—BySel— sets the current Cycle area by the selection made in the Arrange window (selected Audio or MIDI Region).  V-Pot 3—Move— moves the current Cycle by a bar with each “click” when turning the V-Pot  The display shows the left and right locators above V-Pots 5 and 7.  Pressing V-Select 5 picks up the current song position for the left locator.  Turning V-Pot 5 changes the left locator in bars.  Turning V-Pot 6 changes the left locator in beats (denominator steps).  Pressing V-Select 7 picks up the current song position for the right locator.  Turning V-Pot 7 changes the right locator in bars.  Turning V-Pot 8 changes the right locator in beats (denominator steps). To return to a regular Assignment mode, press one of the Assignment buttons. Drop Activates/deactivates Drop-In mode. To navigate between drop-in areas: 1 Press the MARKER button. 2 Press the DROP button, and when active, press the FAST FWD or REWIND buttons. To set the Drop In or Drop Out locator to the current song position: m Hold down DROP and press FAST FWD or REWIND. This also enables Drop. The fastest way to define a new Drop In area is to: 1 Navigate to the Drop In locator with the Jog/Scrub Wheel. 2 Press DROP and REWIND. 3 Navigate to the Drop Out locator with the Jog/Scrub Wheel. 4 Press DROP and FAST FWD. Drop View Pressing the SHIFT and DROP buttons activates Drop view: 84 Chapter 2 Logic Control  The mode display shows dr  V-Pot/V-Select 1 shows and edits the current Drop status (off or on); you can also use the DROP button.  V-Pot 3—Move— moves the current Drop region by a bar with each “click” when turning the V-Pot.  The display shows the Drop In and Drop Out locators above V-Pots 5 and 7.  Pressing V-Select 5 picks up the current song position for the Drop In locator.  Turning V-Pot 5 changes the Drop In locator in bars.  Turning V-Pot 6 changes the left locator in beats (denominator steps).  Pressing V-Select 7 picks up the current song position for the Drop Out locator.  Turning V-Pot 7 changes the Drop Out locator in bars.  Turning V-Pot 8 changes the right locator in beats (denominator steps). Changing a drop locator with the Logic Control enables Drop mode. To return to a regular Assignment mode, press one of the Assignment buttons. Replace Activates/deactivates Replace mode. Click Enables/Disables MIDI (or Klopfgeist) metronome click. There are independent click settings for play and record. The click settings are enabled or disabled, dependent on the current Record state (see the “MIDI/Monitor Metronome Click” key command). Pressing SHIFT and CLICK buttons activates/deactivates both External Sync mode and Transmit MMC. Solo The SOLO button behaves as per the Solo key command. Individual channels can be soloed via the channel SOLO buttons on each channel strip. MIDI or Audio Regions can be selected and soloed along with the selected channels. Each channel features an independent SOLO LED which is lit when a track is soloed. The RUDE SOLO LED—just to the right of the Position/Time Display—is lit whenever any track is soloed. Pressing the SHIFT and SOLO buttons enables Solo Lock mode. Chapter 2 Logic Control 85 Rewind Rewinds/shuttles through the song. If pressed repeatedly while rewinding, the rewind speed is accelerated. If the FAST FWD button is pressed while REWIND is engaged, the fast rewind will be slowed. Repeated presses of the FAST FWD button will slow down, stop, and eventually reverse the shuttle direction. Pressing the STOP button will halt the rewind. Using the Jog/Scrub Wheel will also exit shuttle mode. When one of the Marker modes is activated, repeated presses of the REWIND button will move the Song Position Line (SPL) to the previous marker. When one of the Nudge modes is activated, the REWIND button will move the selected Region(s) or event(s) backward by the value defined in Large Nudge mode. Fast Fwd Fast forwards/shuttles through the song. If pressed repeatedly while fast forwarding, the shuttle speed is accelerated. If the REWIND button is pressed while FAST FWD is engaged, the fast forward will be slowed. Repeated presses of the REWIND button will slow down, stop, and eventually reverse the shuttle direction. Pressing the STOP button will halt the fast forward. Using the Jog/Scrub Wheel will also exit shuttle mode. When one of the Marker modes is activated, repeated presses of the FAST FWD button will move the Song Position Line to the next marker. When one of the Nudge modes is activated, the FAST FWD button will move the selected Region(s) or event(s) forward by the value defined in Large Nudge mode. As a tip, you can combine markers with Cycle areas by pressing the respective buttons on the Logic Control. This, in conjunction with navigation between markers (using the REWIND and FAST FWD buttons), will move the SPL and automatically set a cycle area between adjacent markers. Try this, and other options, with various button combinations. 86 Chapter 2 Logic Control Stop Stops all other Transport functions. Pressing the STOP button a second time will return to the song start point, or the beginning of the nearest cycle area, if Cycle is active. Repeated presses will switch between the two. Play Plays from the current song position. If pressed repeatedly, it will jump to the beginning of the nearest cycle area, if Cycle is active. SHIFT and PLAY works as a Pause command. Record Activates recording on the selected MIDI, audio, or Audio Instrument track. A special note for audio tracks if you have not “Saved as Project”: When the first audio track is armed by pressing the REC/RDY button on the desired channel, a file save dialog will open on your computer screen, awaiting entry of a filename. The Logic Control LCD display shows There is a file select dialog on the screen and the Position/Time Display will show ALERT. All LEDs will go off. Once the file name has been entered—in Logic—the Logic Control will return all controls to their prior status. Once the “default” audio file name has been entered, you may freely select and arm any Audio track, and then press the RECORD button. This will happen without the alert messages and file save dialog appearing onscreen. As a general working tip, you should save your Autoload/Template song as a project immediately. This will avoid the need to define filenames, and makes handling faster and easier—particularly when “driving” Logic with the Logic Control. Chapter 2 Logic Control 87 The Cursor/Zoom Key Zone This collection of five buttons serves a number of purposes. Normal Operation When the ZOOM button’s LED is off, these buttons select the current parameter, shift the current parameter page or Send/EQ/Insert slot, depending on the current V-Pot assignment. When holding down the OPTION button, the Cursor Left/Right buttons scroll to the first/last page, and the Cursor Up/Down buttons scroll to the first/last slot. When holding down the x/Alt button, the Cursor Left/Right buttons shift the parameter display by one parameter, rather than one page. In view modes which don’t require page or slot shifts, they emulate the computer keyboard’s cursor keys. Example: Track Multi Channel view. In Large and Temporary Nudge mode, the Cursor Left/Right buttons emulate the computer keyboard’s cursor keys, allowing easy Region or event selection. Zoom Mode Pressing the ZOOM button enables Zoom mode. The cursor buttons are then used to change the vertical or horizontal zoom factor of the active window. In the Arrange window:  OPTION and Cursor Up/Down changes the zoom factor of the selected track.  OPTION and Cursor Left resets the zoom factor of the selected track.  OPTION and Cursor Right resets the zoom factor of all tracks of the same class (audio, MIDI, and so on) as the selected track. 88 Chapter 2 Logic Control Computer Cursor Key Emulation To use the cursor buttons as a replacement for the computer keyboard cursor keys, hold down the SHIFT key. By pressing SHIFT and ZOOM, the cursor buttons go to Permanent Cursor Key mode— they mimic the computer cursor keys without the need to hold down SHIFT. The ZOOM button LED flashes when in this mode. You can deactivate this mode by pressing the ZOOM button. The Jog/Scrub Wheel Zone The Jog/Scrub Wheel and SCRUB button can be used to navigate through the song, which is useful for a number of Transport tasks. Simply turn the dial to use it. The following Scrub modes change the behavior of the Jog/Scrub Wheel.  Scrub mode off: the Jog/Scrub Wheel moves the SPL.  Scrub mode on: the Jog/Scrub Wheel performs “scrubbing,” which allows you to hear the data of the selected track while scrolling/moving through the song. Audio tracks are normally played back at their original speed. If you would prefer to hear them at double speed, choose Preferences > Audio > Drivers, and set Maximum Scrub Speed to Double in the pull-down menu. Note: You can also use the SCRUB button for Pause functionality.  SHUTTLE mode (Scrub button LED flashing): the Jog/Scrub Wheel shuttles the SPL— turning it increases or decreases the speed of SPL movement. Chapter 2 Logic Control 89 Assignment Overview The following assignment tables are broken down into “zones” of the Logic Control. Channel Strip (x8) Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments V-Pot — Modify parameter displayed in LCD. OPTION Set parameter to minimum, default, or maximum value. x/ALT Modify parameter at high resolution. V-Select — Set parameter displayed on LCD to default value, or: Switch between two possible values. Flashing pre-selection: — Enter the pre-selected value. Menu options: — Enter whatever option is visible in display. If track is folder: — Enter folder. REC/RDY — Activate/Deactivate Record Enable button of track. OPTION Disable Record Enable button for all tracks. SOLO — Activate/Deactivate Solo button of track’s Audio Object. OPTION Disable Solo button for all Audio Objects. In Send Destination/Level Multi Channel view: — Switch pre/post status of selected send. In Send Destination/Level Channel Strip view: — Switch between pre/post of send on selected track. 90 Chapter 2 Logic Control MUTE — Activate/Deactivate Mute button of track’s Audio Object. OPTION Disable Mute button for all Audio Objects. In Track Multi Channel view: SHIFT Activate/Deactivate mute/bypass of the shown parameter. In EQ Multi Channel view: SHIFT Activate/Deactivate bypass of the current EQ band. In EQ Frequency/Gain view: — Activate/Deactivate bypass of selected EQ band. In Send Multi Channel view: SHIFT Activate/Deactivate bypass of selected send. In Send Destination/Level Multi Channel view: — Activate/Deactivate bypass of selected send. In Send Destination/Level Channel Strip view: — Activate/Deactivate mute of send on selected track. In Plug-in Multi Channel view: SHIFT Activate/Deactivate bypass of plug-in. In Instrument Multi Channel view: SHIFT Activate/Deactivate bypass of instrument. SELECT — Select track. SHIFT Set track volume to unity level (0 dB). OPTION Creates a new track with the same instrument as the selected track and switches to Arrange view. SHIFT+ OPTION Create a new track with the next instrument (following the selected track) and switches to Arrange view. Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments Chapter 2 Logic Control 91 ASSIGNMENT Section Hold down to show soft-button menu; release to switch V-Pots to Multi Channel or Channel Strip views for: FADER — Adjust volume. In Flip mode “Duplicate”: — Same function as V-Pot of same channel. In Flip mode “Swap”: — Swap function with V-Pot of same channel. In Surround Angle/Diversity view: — Adjust surround diversity. In EQ Frequency/Gain view: — Adjust gain of selected EQ band. In Send Destination/Level Multi Channel view: — Adjust send level of selected send. In Send Destination/Level Channel Strip view: — Adjust send level of send on selected track. Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments TRACK — Track parameters PAN/SURROUND — Pan/Surround parameters EQ — EQ parameters SEND — Send parameters PLUG-IN — Plug-in selection or Plug-in Edit mode INSTRUMENT — Instrument selection or Instrument Edit mode BANK <> — Shift fader bank left/right by number of channel strips. OPTION Shift fader bank to beginning or end. CHANNEL<> — Shift fader bank left/right by one channel. OPTION Shift fader bank to beginning or end. FLIP — Switch Flip mode between Off and Duplicate. SHIFT Switch Flip mode between Off and Swap. CONTROL Switch Flip mode between Off and Zero (turns fader motors off ). GLOBAL VIEW — Switch between Mixer view and Global view. SHIFT Switch between Mixer view and Arrange view. 92 Chapter 2 Logic Control DISPLAY Parameters Function Buttons Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments NAME/VALUE — Switch between parameter name and parameter value display. SHIFT Cycle through level meter displays: vertical, horizontal, and off. OPTION Switch between track name and track number:name display. CONTROL Clear clip/overload flags. x/ALT Enter control surface group settings mode. SMPTE/BEATS — Switch between SMPTE and beat format in clock display. Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments F1 — Recall Screenset 1. SHIFT Open/Close Arrange window. x/ALT Cut TRACK Switch to Multi Channel view—Volume. PAN/ SURROUND Switch to Multi Channel view—Pan/surround angle. EQ Switch to Multi Channel view—Bypass. SEND Switch to Multi Channel view—Destination. MARKER Create marker without rounding. NUDGE Nudge value: Tick In modal dialog: F1 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 1 key. F2 — Recall Screenset 2. SHIFT Open/Close Track Mixer window. x/ALT Copy TRACK Switch to Multi Channel view—Pan. PAN/ SURROUND Switch to Multi Channel view—Pan/surround radius. EQ Switch to Multi Channel view—EQ Type. SEND Switch to Multi Channel view—Level. MARKER Create marker with rounding. NUDGE Nudge value: Format In modal dialog: F2 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 2 key. Chapter 2 Logic Control 93 F3 — Recall Screenset 3. SHIFT Open/Close Event Editor. x/ALT Paste TRACK Switch to Multi Channel view—Track mode. PAN/ SURROUND Switch to Multi Channel view—Pan/surround LFE. EQ Switch to Multi Channel view—Frequency. SEND Switch to Multi Channel view—Position. MARKER Delete marker. NUDGE Nudge value: Beat In modal dialog: F3 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 3 key. F4 — Recall Screenset 4. SHIFT Open/Close Score Editor. x/ALT Clear TRACK Switch to Multi Channel view—Input. PAN/ SURROUND Switch to Multi Channel view—Pan/surround mode. EQ Switch to Multi Channel view—Gain. SEND Switch to Multi Channel view—Mute. NUDGE Nudge value: Bar In modal dialog: F4 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 4 key. F5 — Recall Screenset 5. SHIFT Open/Close Hyper Editor. x/ALT Select All. TRACK Switch to Multi Channel view—Output. PAN/ SURROUND Switch to Channel Strip view. EQ Switch to Multi Channel view—Q Factor. SEND Switch to Channel Strip view. NUDGE Nudge value: Frame In modal dialog: F5 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 5 key. Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments 94 Chapter 2 Logic Control F6 — Recall Screenset 6. SHIFT Open/Close Matrix Editor. x/ALT Select All Following TRACK Switch to Multi Channel view—Automation. PAN/ SURROUND Switch to Angle/Diversity view. EQ Switch to Channel Strip view. SEND Switch to Channel Strip 2 view. NUDGE Nudge value: 1/2 Frame In modal dialog: F6 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 6 key. F7 — Recall Screenset 7. SHIFT Open/Close Transport window. x/ALT Select Similar Regions/events. TRACK Switch to Multi Channel view—Displayed Parameter PAN/ SURROUND Switch to Surround X/Y view. EQ Switch to Frequency/Gain Multi Channel view. SEND Switch to Destination/Level Multi Channel view. In modal dialog: F7 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 7 key. F8 — Close top-most floating window. SHIFT Open/Close Audio window. x/ALT Select Inside Locators. TRACK Switch to Track Setup view. EQ Switch to Frequency/Gain Channel Strip view. SEND Switch to Destination/Level Channel Strip view. In modal dialog: F8 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 8 key. Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments Chapter 2 Logic Control 95 GLOBAL VIEW Buttons MODIFIERS—While Held Down: Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments MIDI TRACKS — Switch to Global view and show MIDI tracks. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 1 (tracks 1 to 8, for example). In modal dialog: MIDI TRACKS button is equivalent to computer keyboard 9 key. INPUTS — Switch to Global view and show Audio Input Objects. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 2 (tracks 9 to 16, for example). In modal dialog: INPUTS button is equivalent to computer keyboard 0 key. AUDIO TRACKS — Switch to Global view and show Audio Track Objects. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 3 (tracks 17 to 24, for example). In modal dialog: AUDIO TRACKS button is equivalent to computer keyboard’s period key. AUDIO INSTRUMENTS — Switch to Global view and show Audio Instrument Objects. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 4 (tracks 25 to 32, for example). In modal dialog: AUDIO INSTRUMENTS button is equivalent to computer keyboard / key. AUX — Switch to Global view and show Aux Objects. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 5 (tracks 33 to 40, for example). In modal dialog: AUX button is equivalent to computer keyboard * key. BUSSES — Switch to Global view and show Bus Objects. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 6 (tracks 41 to 48, for example). In modal dialog: BUSSES button is equivalent to computer keyboard – key. OUTPUTS — Switch to Global view and show Outputs and Master Objects. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 7 (tracks 49 to 56, for example). In modal dialog: OUTPUTS button is equivalent to computer keyboard + key. USER — Currently unassigned. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 8 (tracks 57 to 64, for example). Logic Control Function/Comments SHIFT Switch to second function. OPTION Apply function to all tracks or set parameter to minimum, default, or maximum value. CONTROL Disable Group functions while held down. x/ALT Enable fine mode; shift parameter page by one parameter instead of page. 96 Chapter 2 Logic Control AUTOMATION Buttons UTILITIES Buttons Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments READ/OFF — Set selected track’s automation to Read or Off. OPTION Set all tracks’ automation to Read or Off. TOUCH — Set selected track’s automation to Touch. OPTION Set all tracks’ automation to Touch. LATCH — Set selected track’s automation to Latch. OPTION Set all tracks’ automation to Latch. WRITE — Set selected track’s automation to Write. OPTION Set all tracks’ automation to Write. TRIM Currently unassigned. GROUP — Enter Group Edit mode. SHIFT Create a new group, open the Group window and enter Group Edit mode. TRACK Switch to Track Multi Channel view, displaying Track Group parameter. Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments SAVE — Save Song. OPTION Save Song as. UNDO — Undo SHIFT Redo OPTION Open Undo History. CANCEL — Leave folder. Flashing pre-selection: — Cancel pre-selection. In alerts: — Execute Cancel button. ENTER — Enter folder of selected track. In alerts: — Execute default button. Chapter 2 Logic Control 97 TRANSPORT Buttons Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments MARKER — Switch Small Marker mode on/off. SHIFT Switch Large Marker mode on/off. NUDGE — Switch Small Nudge mode on/off. SHIFT Switch Large Nudge mode on/off. MARKER Create a marker. This allows you to create a marker with one hand without entering Large Marker mode. CYCLE — Activate/Deactivate Cycle. SHIFT Switch to Cycle view. DROP — Activate/Deactivate Drop. SHIFT Switch to Drop view. REPLACE — Activate/Deactivate Replace. CLICK — Activate/Deactivate metronome click (separately for playback and record). SHIFT Activate/Deactivate internal/external sync and MMC. SOLO — Activate/Deactivate Solo Lock function. SHIFT Enable Solo Lock function. REWIND << — Shuttle rewind. MARKER Go to previous marker. NUDGE Nudge left by chosen value. CYCLE Engage Cycle function and set left locator to SPL. DROP Engage Drop and set Drop In to SPL. In Marker mode: — Go to previous marker. In Nudge mode: — Nudge left by chosen value. F.FWD >> — Shuttle forward. MARKER Go to next marker. NUDGE Nudge right by chosen value. CYCLE Engage Cycle function and set right locator to SPL. DROP Engage Drop and set Drop Out to SPL. In Marker mode: — Go to previous marker. In Nudge mode: — Nudge right by chosen value. STOP — Stop. 98 Chapter 2 Logic Control Cursor Keys and Scrub Wheel PLAY — Play SHIFT Pause RECORD — Record Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments Cursor Left/Right If in Multi Channel view: — Select previous/next parameter of current view. ZOOM Scroll window horizontally by page. If in Channel Strip EQ, Send view or Plug-in/Instrument Edit view: — Shift current editor page by one page. x/ALT Shift current editor page by one parameter. ZOOM Scroll window horizontally by page. Otherwise (always in Nudge mode): — Mimic computer keyboard Left/Right Arrow keys. ZOOM Scroll window horizontally by page. In Zoom mode: — Change horizontal zoom level. SHIFT Reset individual track zoom of current track (Cursor Left) or all tracks of same class (Cursor Right). Cursor Up/Down In Channel Strip EQ, Send view or Plug-In/Instrument Editor view: — Select previous/next EQ band, Send, or Insert slot. ZOOM Scroll window vertically by page. Otherwise (always in Nudge mode): — Mimic computer keyboard Up/Down Arrow keys. ZOOM Scroll window vertically by page. In Zoom mode: — Change vertical zoom level. SHIFT Change individual track zoom of current track. ZOOM — Switch between default cursor button behavior (see above) and Zoom mode. SHIFT Switch between default cursor button behavior and permanently mimicking computer keyboard arrow keys. SCRUB — Activate/Deactivate Scrub mode. SHIFT Enable Shuttle mode on the Jog Wheel (SCRUB button LED flashes) Chapter 2 Logic Control 99 External Inputs Jog Wheel — Move song position line. CYCLE Set the Left locator to the current SPL, advance the SPL as normally, then set the Right locator to the SPL. Further Jog Wheel turns while still holding down CYCLE advances the SPL and sets the Right locator again. Tip: Rotating the Jog Wheel counterclockwise while holding down CYCLE defines a skip-cycle range. DROP Set the Drop In locator to the current SPL, advance the SPL as normally, then set the Drop Out locator to the SPL. Further Jog Wheel turns while still holding down DROP advances the SPL and sets the Drop out locator again. In Scrub mode (SCRUB button LED on): — Scrub In Shuttle mode (SCRUB button LED flashing): — Shuttle Logic Control Modifier Function/Comments Logic Control Modifier Function USER SWITCH A — Play/Stop USER SWITCH B — Drop In/Out EXTERNAL CONTROL — Master Volume 3 101 3 M-Audio iControl This chapter will introduce you to using Logic Pro with the MAudio iControl. The iControl support in Logic Pro has been designed to ensure full GarageBand compatibility. When a GarageBand song is imported into Logic, the iControl can be used to edit the song in exactly the same fashion as it would in GarageBand. Logic, however, offers many more functions than GarageBand, leading to some iControl buttons not being assigned as you might expect in Logic. But don’t worry: you can easily reassign these buttons using the sophisticated Control Surfaces Assignments Editor of Logic (see the Control Surface chapter for more information). To use Logic with an iControl unit, you need:  an iControl unit  Logic Pro 7. 2, or later  a free USB port Setting Up the iControl Setting up your iControl for use with Logic is a simple process: Connect the iControl to any of your computer’s USB ports. Logic automatically detects a connected iControl. You can use the iControl in an independent control surface group (with other control surface icons placed above/ below the iControl icon), or combined into one control surface group with one or more control surfaces. If Cycle mode is enabled in your song or any tracks are muted, the corresponding LEDs will be illuminated, reflecting each track’s current status. The following sections will provide you with information on accessing parameters and functions that may not be apparent at first glance. You are strongly encouraged to experiment with these parameters and functions—this will help to familiarize you with iControl support in Logic. 102 Chapter 3 M-Audio iControl Compatibility The iControl can edit all plug-ins that offer parameters which can be automated. Many Logic plug-ins—effects and Audio Instruments—plus those of third-party manufacturers, feature dozens of parameters. Every one of these parameters can be accessed by the iControl. To give you an example of how this works, imagine a plug-in that contains, say, 16 parameters. Once you’ve switched to the appropriate Channel Strip View of the plug-in you wish to adjust, you can directly affect parameters 1 to 8 with encoders 1 to 8. You can then switch by a “page” to access parameters 9 to 16. Simply press the Arrow Up or Arrow Down button to step up/down to the next “page” of parameters. Should you find that your third-party plug-in does not support remote editing or other features mentioned in this document, please contact the plug-in manufacturer to obtain an updated version that supports these facilities. Channel Views The channels section (the eight channel strips on the right side of your iControl; each channel strip comprises of a Select, Record Enable, Mute, and Solo button plus a rotary encoder) operates in two view “modes”—Multi Channel and Channel Strip View. Switching between these modes only affects the rotary encoders, with the other channel controls always remaining in Multi Channel View.  Multi Channel View—accesses one parameter for eight tracks, such as pan or volume (normally a section of the Track Mixer window).  Channel Strip View—accesses eight parameters of the selected track. Switching to a Multi Channel or Channel Strip view is achieved by pressing one of the Assignment buttons (see the following section). The Assignment Buttons The two button areas labelled “All Tracks” and “Selected Track” are used to define the behavior of the channel strip buttons. Volume Pressing the Volume button enters Volume Multi Channel View; you can use the rotary encoders to control the Volume fader of the eight active tracks in this mode. Chapter 3 M-Audio iControl 103 The other channel strip buttons maintain the default Multi Channel View function:  Sel buttons: Selects the track for editing.  Record Enable buttons: Enables/disables the track for recording.  Mute button: Activates/deactivates the Mute button of the Audio Object that corresponds with the track.  Solo button: Activate/deactivates the Solo button of the Audio Object that corresponds with the track. Pan Pressing the Pan button enters Pan Multi Channel View; you can use the rotary encoders to control the Pan knob of the eight active tracks in this mode. The other channel strip buttons maintain the default Multi Channel view function:  Sel buttons: Selects the track for editing.  Record Enable buttons: Enables/disables the track for recording.  Mute button: Activates/deactivates the Mute button of the Audio Object that corresponds with the track.  Solo button: Activate/deactivates the Solo button of the Audio Object that corresponds with the track. Track Info Pressing the Track Info button enters Track Channel Strip View. In this mode, you can use the Sel buttons and rotary encoders of the eight channel strips to edit global parameters of the selected track. The Record Enable, Mute, and Solo buttons maintain their default Multi Channel view functions.  Sel button 1 to 5: Switches the bypass status of the first five Insert slots.  Sel button 6 and 7: Switches the bypass status of the first and second Send slots. Note: A Select button is illuminated if the Insert or Send slot is enabled, and unlit if the effect is bypassed.  Sel button 8: Not assigned.  Encoder 1: In GarageBand, every Real Instrument track (Real Instrument tracks are audio tracks in Logic) contains a Noise Gate plug-in. Given this default plug-in assignment, encoder 1 is assigned to controlling the Threshold parameter of the Noise Gate in Track Channel Strip mode (if inserted in the selected channel strip).  Encoder 2: In GarageBand songs, every Real Instrument track contains a Compressor plug-in. Again, in Track Channel Strip mode, encoder 2 is assigned to controlling the Compressor’s Ratio (if inserted in the selected channel strip).  Encoders 3 and 4 are not assigned.  Encoder 5 controls the Pan knob of the channel.  Encoder 6 controls the Send level of the first Send. 104 Chapter 3 M-Audio iControl  Encoder 7 controls the Send level of the second Send.  Encoder 8 controls the Volume fader of the channel. Generator Pressing the Generator button allows you to edit all sound generation parameters of the software instrument for the selected track. The Arrow Up and Arrow Down buttons switch to the previous or next eight parameters. Note: This mode can only be accessed if the selected channel strip contains an audio instrument. Effect 1 and Effect 2 Pressing Effect 1 or Effect 2 allows you to edit the parameters of the third or fourth Insert slot of the selected track (where applicable).  Turning the encoders changes the parameter value.  The Arrow Up and Arrow Down buttons switch to the previous or next parameter page. Note: When shifting by a “page,” this always “quantizes” to integer pages. As an example: The plug-in has 19 parameters and the iControl displays parameters 1 to 8.  Pressing the Arrow Down button shifts to parameters 9 to 16.  Pressing the Arrow Down button again shifts to parameters 12 to 19  Pressing the Arrow Up button shifts back to parameters 9 to 16, not 4 to 11. This way, you always revert to the page positions you expect to find, and are comfortable with. Pressing the Effect 1 or Effect 2 button while pressing the Option button switches the bypass status of Insert slots 3 and 4, respectively. EQ Pressing the EQ button allows you to edit all EQ parameters—in all bands—for the selected track. Pressing the EQ button opens or closes the Channel EQ plug-in window of the track. If no Channel or Linear Phase EQ is present on the selected track, a Channel EQ will be inserted automatically when the EQ Channel Strip View is entered. Note: You can use the Arrow Down and Up buttons to switch to the next or previous parameter page. Chapter 3 M-Audio iControl 105 Arrow Up and Arrow Down Buttons The Arrow Up and Arrow Down buttons move up or down by “banks” of tracks (or between “pages” of parameters, as discussed earlier). To quickly explain, a single iControl device is only capable of viewing eight tracks at a time. To see, and edit or mix more tracks, simply press the Arrow Up or Arrow Down button to switch between tracks 1 to 8, 9 to 16, 17 to 24 and so on. Note that when shifting by bank, this always “quantizes” to integer banks. As an example: Your song has 19 tracks, and the iControl is displaying tracks 1 to 8.  Pressing the Arrow Down button shifts to tracks 9 to 16  Pressing the Arrow Down button again shifts to tracks 12 to 19  Pressing the Arrow Up button shifts back to tracks 9 to 16, not 4 to 11 This way, you always revert to the bank positions you expect, and are used to. Note: Pressing the Arrow Up button while holding down the Option button jumps to the first tracks, and pressing the Arrow Down button jumps to the last tracks in the song—as an example (in a 64 track song), tracks 1 to 8 or tracks 57 to 64. If the Generator, EQ, Effect 1, or Effect 2 button is illuminated, the Arrow Up and Arrow Down buttons have different functionality. See the sections above for details. The Channel Strip(s) As each channel strip is identical, the information discussed in this section applies equally to all eight of the iControl channel strips. Select Button This button is used to select a channel for channel-based editing or assignment commands. Each channel features an independent Select LED which is lit when a track is selected. Note: If the Track Info button is illuminated, the Select buttons behave differently. See “Track Info” on page 103 for details. Record Enable Button This button arms or disables the channel for recording. Each channel features an independent Record Button LED which illuminates when a track is “armed” for recording. Note: Holding down the Option button, while pressing any Record Enable button will disarm all tracks. 106 Chapter 3 M-Audio iControl Mute Button Used to mute the track’s signal. Each channel features an independent Mute LED which illuminates when a track is muted. Note: Holding down the Option button, while pressing any Mute button will unmute all tracks. Solo Button Used to solo channel signals. Each channel features an independent Solo LED which illuminates when a track is soloed. Note: Holding down the Option button, while pressing any Solo button will disable solo for all tracks. Encoder The eight encoders are used for a number of operations, depending on the current status of the Assignment buttons to the left. See “The Assignment Buttons” on page 102. Note: Pressing the Option button while turning an encoder sets the Relative Controller mode to Full: The encoder switches between the parameter’s minimum, default, or maximum value. The Jog Wheel The Jog Wheel can be used to navigate through the song, which is useful for a number of transport tasks. Simply turn the dial to move to a song position. The Transport Zone This section of the iControl features six buttons. It should be noted that these buttons can be used independently, or in conjunction with one another, to navigate and edit your songs. Record Button Activates recording on the selected track. Return to Zero Button (RTZ) Moves the SPL to the beginning of the song. Chapter 3 M-Audio iControl 107 Rewind Button Holding the Rewind button moves the song position line backwards. Quickly pressing the Rewind button once, moves the SPL one bar backwards. Pressing the Rewind and Cycle buttons simultaneously enables Cycle mode, and sets the left border of the Cycle area (left locator) to the current song position. Play Plays from the current song position. If pressed during playback, it will stop playback. Fast Forward Button Holding the Fast Forward button moves the song position line forwards. Quickly pressing the Fast Forward button once, moves the SPL one bar forward. Pressing the Fast Forward and Cycle buttons simultaneously enables Cycle mode, and sets the right border of the Cycle area (right locator) to the current song position. Cycle Activates/deactivates Cycle mode. By default, the Cycle area will fall between the first two markers. You can use the iControl to set the left or right locator to the current song position and enable Cycle mode. To define a new Cycle area, using the Cycle button: 1 Navigate to the desired left locator position with the Jog Wheel. 2 Do one of the following:  Press the Cycle and Rewind buttons simultaneously, navigate to the desired right locator position with the Jog Wheel, then press the Cycle and Fast Forward buttons simultaneously.  Hold down the Cycle button, navigate to the desired right locator position with the Jog Wheel, then release the Cycle button. Master Fader Controls the level of the Master fader in the Mixer windows of Logic. This reduces the level of all tracks, but does not affect their relative positions. 108 Chapter 3 M-Audio iControl Assignment Overview The following assignment tables are broken down into “zones” of the iControl. Assignment Section The Assignments button in the All Tracks and Selected Tracks area defines the behavior of the channel strip buttons. Channel Strip (x8) iControl button Modifier Function/Comments Volume — Encoders control track’s Volume parameter. Pan — Encoders control track’s Pan parameter. Generator — Encoders control software instrument parameters. Track Info — Encoders control track parameters. EQ — Encoders control EQ parameters. Effect 1 — Encoders control Insert 3 parameters. Effect 2 — Encoders control Insert 4 parameter. Option — Modifier for other controls; while held down, the modified control either applies the function to all tracks or sets the parameter to its minimum, default, or maximum value. Arrow Up/Down — Shift fader bank left/right by number of channel strips. Option Shift fader bank to beginning or end. iControl Modifier Function/Comments Encoder — Modify currently selected parameter. Option Set parameter to minimum, default, or maximum value. Record Enable — Activates/Deactivates Record Enable button of track. Option Disable Record Enable button for all tracks. Solo — Activates/Deactivates Solo button of track. Option Disable Solo button for all tracks. Mute — Activates/Deactivates Mute button of track. Option Disable Mute button for all tracks. Sel — Select track, except in Channel Strip mode. Chapter 3 M-Audio iControl 109 Jog Wheel Transport Buttons iControl Modifier Function/Comments Jog Wheel — Move Song Position Line. Cycle Set the Left locator to the current SPL, advance the SPL as per usual, then set the Right locator to the new SPL position. Further Jog Wheel turns (to the right) while holding down the Cycle button advances the SPL and resets the Right locator position. Tip: rotating the Jog Wheel counter-clockwise (to the left) while holding down Cycle defines a skip-cycle range. iControl Modifier Function/Comments Record — Record Return To Zero — Go to beginning of song Rewind — Move the SPL one bar backward. If held, continue to scroll backwards. Cycle Engage Cycle function and set left locator to SPL. Play — Play or Stop Fast Forward — Move the SPL one bar forward. If held, continue to scroll forwards. Cycle Engage Cycle function and set right locator to SPL. Cycle — Switch Cycle mode on or off. 4 111 4 EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC Logic Pro 7.2.1 supports the EuCon protocol developed by Euphonix, enabling enhanced communication between the MC or System 5-MC and Logic. The following chapter describes how the MC and System 5-MC control Logic in EuCon mode. Please note that this is an addendum to the MC operation manual and is limited to descriptions of Logic specific features. Please refer to the device operating manuals for more information about your control surface(s). Setting Up the MC or System 5-MC With Logic Please follow the steps outlined in the section below to use your MC or System 5-MC with Logic. To set up the MC or System 5-MC with Logic: 1 Set up your MC and/or CM408T units as described in the MC operation manual. 2 Install the EuConWS software (version 1.1.2 or later) on your Macintosh. 3 Ensure that your Macintosh computer is set up as a workstation on the MC (see MC operation manual). 4 Assuming that the MC software is running on the MC: Select the Euphonix Menu icon on the MC Touchscreen and choose the Prefs menu item, then go to the About tab. Ensure that EuCon version is 1.1.2 or later. If it isn‘t, you‘ll need to update the EuCon software. Go to the Euphonix website for more information. Note: If you have been using an earlier EuCon version, you should delete or rename the Logic Pro.xml file before installing newer EuCon versions. This file is used when controlling Logic with the Euphonix device(s) HUI emulation, which causes conflicts when controlling Logic in EuCon mode. Exit the MC and return to the operating system by choosing Euphonix > Shutdown > Exit to Operating System, then open the C:\Program Files\Euphonix\EuCon\UserSets\MCUser\MC_USER_SET__Root folder and rename or delete the Logic Pro.xml file. 112 Chapter 4 EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC 5 If you have a CM408T and the correct MC software is running: Choose Euphonix > Prefs > Modules, select the CM408T in the “All Online” list, then touch “Add.” 6 Launch Logic Pro 7.2.1. The startup screen advises that Logic is starting EuCon. 7 On the MC, press the workstation button associated with your Macintosh computer. The MC display will show an “Attaching to Logic Pro” progress bar. Note: The EuCon support of Logic is not achieved through special control surface plugins. As a consequence, you can not use the Control Surface Assignments Editor to change assignments. You can only use the facilities provided by the MC or System 5- MC. More information about this can be found in the operation manuals provided with your EuCon device(s). EuCon devices do not appear in the Control Surfaces Setup window. Setting Up Soft Key Assignments The “Logic Pro.xml” Application Set file—installed with EuCon version 1.1.2—features a number of useful Soft Key assignments. The MC Touchscreen can be used to edit them. To change a Soft Key assignment: 1 Select the respective Soft Key. 2 Touch the Euphonix Menu icon, then choose Setup in the ensuing pop-up menu. 3 Choose the desired EuCon command in the menu. Logic supports the following EuCon commands:  Key Commands: All Logic key commands (except the transport commands) are found here. The Touchscreen uses the same hierarchy as the Key Commands window. Many of these key commands switch between states (on/off, for example) or set a value. Most also provide feedback on the Soft Key (as an example: a Soft Key assigned to the Open/Close Score Editor command is illuminated when a Score Editor window is open).  Left Wheel/Right Wheel: The commands found here allow you to configure the left or right wheel to perform a certain action when turned. This includes horizontal or vertical zoom, waveform zoom, individual track zoom, move locators, adjust left locator, adjust right locator, move drop locators, adjust drop in (punch in), adjust drop out (punch out), move marker, adjust marker length, nudge selected Regions or events, left/right pan (surround X), and front/back pan (surround Y). Chapter 4 EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC 113  Project > Markers: All markers defined in the open song are shown as a list. Assigning a Soft Key to a marker command will display the marker title on the Soft Key LCD display. Pressing the Soft Key will move the SPL to the marker start point. The Soft Key is illuminated while the SPL falls within the marker boundaries. Renaming a marker in Logic also changes the associated Soft Key title. Moving a marker, however, disconnects the Soft Key from the marker.  Transport: All transport related key commands are found here. Note: Marker Soft Keys are a part of the Application Set, not the song data. Don’t forget to save the User Set after defining a Marker Soft Key. Main-Tracks Touchscreen The MC Main-Tracks Touchscreen always displays a song‘s tracks (channels) in the Track Mixer‘s (adaptive) Track view:  The channels are laid out in the same order as in the Arrange window.  Redundant tracks are suppressed (not accessible), where multiple tracks represent the same output. Note: Filtered selections (different view modes) are not reflected on the MC Main- Tracks Touchscreen track list. The transport information is displayed as follows:  SMPTE clock  Bars/beats time  Left locator  Right locator Main-Layouts Layouts are automatically saved with the Logic song. When re-loading a song, all defined layouts are available. Faders The following section outlines the functionality of the MC fader elements in Logic. Solo Keys This key activates the Solo button for each Audio Object. 114 Chapter 4 EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC On Keys The MC On keys provide the same functionality as the Mute buttons in Logic, but work in reverse: An MC On key must be lit to hear the channel. If a channel strip has been muted in Logic, the corresponding MC channel On key is not illuminated. A track that is not muted features a lit On key. L LED When the Logic track controlled by the fader belongs to an automation group, the L LED on the channel strip is lit. Touching Fader Selects Track Preference Please note that the “Touching fader selects track” preference of Logic (Logic > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Preferences) does not apply to the MC and System 5- MC when they are used with the EuCon protocol. This function is offered by the MC itself, with the “Select channel by touching fader/joystick“ preference. Choosing Automation Modes The MC and System 5-MC only support Read and Write automation modes. Logic, however, also features Touch and Latch automation modes. When you use these devices with Logic, activating the “Read and Write“ mode in the Touchscreen activates Touch mode in Logic. Latch mode can not be activated with the MC or System 5-MC. When you choose Latch mode with the mouse in Logic, the green R and red W LEDs are lit (as per Read and Write mode). To choose an automation mode: 1 Press the Wave and Select keys simultaneously. 2 Select the desired automation mode in the pop-up menu displayed on the Touchscreen. You can choose between:  Isolate: Automation mode is off.  Read: Activates Read mode in Logic.  Write: Activates Write mode in Logic.  Read/Write: Activates Touch mode in Logic. Note: If a write automation mode (Touch, Latch, Write) is active (and an automation parameter enabled in the Logic > Preferences > Automation > Touch/Latch/Write Erase settings is chosen), the red W LED is lit. The green LED is lit when a read automation mode is active. Chapter 4 EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC 115 Knobsets When using the Euphonix MC with Logic, a knobset contains pages, each comprised of eight parameters. The top level knobset leads to the following knobsets:  Inserts: Pressing the Inserts Soft Key switches to a list of currently instantiated plugins (see the following section for details). The On key is lit if a plug-in is enabled (not bypassed) and does not belong to the dynamic, EQ, or filter plug-in groups. (Please note that this also applies to Audio Unit plug-ins.) Pressing the On key switches the bypass state of all plug-ins that do not fall into the dynamic, EQ, or filter groups.  Input: Pressing the Input Soft Key switches to input parameters (see “Input Knobset” on page 116).  Dyn: The Dyn Soft Key is not currently used to display a list, or allow editing, of dynamic plug-ins. The On key is lit when any Dynamic plug-ins are enabled (not bypassed). Please note that this only applies to Logic plug-ins, not Audio Unit plugins. Pressing the On key switches the bypass state of all Dynamic plug-ins.  EQ: Pressing the EQ Soft Key switches to EQ editing (see “EQ Knobset” on page 118). The On key is lit when EQ plug-ins are enabled (not bypassed). Please note that this only applies to Logic plug-ins, not Audio Unit plug-ins. Pressing the On key switches the bypass state of all EQ plug-ins.  Sends: Pressing the Sends Soft Key switches to Send editing mode (see “Sends Knobset” on page 118).  Pan: Pressing the Pan Soft Key switches to Pan/Surround editing mode (see “Pan/ Surround Editing Knobset” on page 119).  Groups: Pressing the Groups Soft Key switches to Group editing mode (see “Groups Knobset” on page 119).  Output: Pressing the Output Soft Key switches to Output parameter editing mode (see “Output Knobset” on page 119). Inserts (Configuration) Knobset In this mode, the Soft Keys display the effect plug-ins inserted on the selected track. If more than eight effect plug-ins are instantiated, you can use the right Page key of the left Page key set to display ensuing plug-ins. To edit an effect plug-in: 1 Press the Soft Key (or respective knob top) that features the name of the effect plug-in that you wish to edit. This switches to Effect Plug-in Editing mode. The parameters of the plug-in are displayed in the order shown in the Controls view of the effect. 2 Turn the respective knob(s) to change the desired value(s). 116 Chapter 4 EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC Pressing a knob top sets the controlled parameter to its default value. For parameters with only two values, the On key is lit when the value is 1 (or on) and unlit when the value is 0 (or off ). Pressing the On key switches between the two value. If the plug-in features more than eight parameters, use the left Page key set to navigate between pages of parameters. Pressing the Back key returns to the Inserts (Configuration) knobset. To insert effect plug-ins: 1 In the Inserts (Configuration) Knobset mode, press both Page keys simultaneously. This switches to Effect Insert mode. The Soft Keys display the first eight Insert slots of a channel. 2 Select the desired Insert slot by pressing the respective knob top. You can use the left Page key to display Insert slots 9 to 15. When you press the respective knob top, the Soft Keys display the Logic plug-in menu that appears when you click-hold on an Insert slot with the mouse. Π Tip: If the selected Insert slot already contains an effect plug-in, the MC reflects the bold menu entries (indicating the selected plug-in name/type) with a lit On key. 3 Choose the desired effect plug-in:  Pressing the Soft Key or knob top enters a submenu or inserts a selected effect plugin.  Pressing the Back key navigates up one level in the menu hierarchy. Input Knobset If the Input knobset is active, the Soft Keys display all possible input values for audio tracks:  The first value is “--”, meaning no input.  The currently active input value is indicated by a lit On key.  Pressing the respective On key, Soft Key or knob top chooses the respective input value.  If there are more than eight values (inputs), the left Page key set switches to the previous/next values.  Pressing the two Page keys simultaneously switches to Input Configuration mode: the Soft Keys display mode values (Mono, Stereo, Left, Right) for the track. Again, the active value is indicated by a lit On key. Pressing the respective On key, Soft Key or knob top chooses the respective value.  Pressing the Back key returns to the top-level knobset. On Audio Instrument tracks, the Input knobset displays the inserted instrument. Chapter 4 EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC 117 To edit an instrument: m Press the respective knob top or Soft Key. Instrument parameters are displayed in the order shown in the Controls view of the plug-in. Turning a knob changes the parameter value. Pressing a knob top sets the controlled parameter to its default value. For parameters with only two values, the On key is lit when the value is 1 (or on) and unlit when the value is 0 (or off ). To change or insert an instrument: 1 Press both Page keys simultaneously. This switches to Insert Instrument mode. The Soft Key display indicates the Instrument slot of the channel. When you press the knob top or Soft Key, the Soft Keys display the Instrument plug-in menu that appears when you click-hold on an Instrument slot with the mouse. 2 Choose the desired Instrument plug-in:  Pressing the Soft Key or knob top enters a submenu or inserts a selected instrument plug-in.  Pressing the Back key navigates up one level in the menu hierarchy (or switches back to the Input Knobset if you are in the top level of the menu). Opening and Closing Plug-in windows Logic supports the MC “Open plugins on workstation when editing” and “Close plugins on workstation when exiting” preferences. This behavior is dependent on the Link button being enabled in plug-in windows. If a Link-enabled plug-in window is open:  “Open plugins on workstation when editing” does not open a new window when a new plug-in is selected, but will replace the open window’s contents.  “Close plugins on workstation when exiting” does nothing. Otherwise, “Open plug-ins on workstation when editing” opens a new plug-in window, with the Link button disabled. “Close plugins on workstation when exiting“ closes the Plug-in window. Dyn(amic) Knobset This knobset is not currently implemented. 118 Chapter 4 EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC EQ Knobset This knobset allows you to edit the first EQ plug-in (Channel EQ or Linear Phase EQ). There are two pages, with each band featuring two knobs. Page 1 shows the parameters of the first, second, 7th, and 8th EQ bands. Page 2 shows the parameters of EQ bands 3 to 6. When no Linear Phase or Channel EQ is present on the selected track, pressing the last Soft Key in the second row (labeled AddChEQ) inserts a Channel EQ. For each band:  The upper knob controls either Frequency or Q. You can switch between Frequency or Q with the Select key for the Knobset. Pressing the knob top sets the controlled parameter to its default value.  The lower knob controls Gain (or Slope). Again, pressing the knob top sets the controlled parameter to its default value.  The lower knob‘s On key switches the bypass state of the band. When the band is bypassed, the On key is unlit. When the band is active, the On key is illuminated. To return to the top-level knobset: m Press the Back key. Sends Knobset The Sends knobset displays the current track send options.  The Soft Key shows the send destination.  The knob controls send level.  The Select key switches between pre fader (off—unlit) and post fader (on—lit) modes.  The On key switches the bypass state of the send.  Pressing both Page keys simultaneously enters Send Configuration mode (see the following section).  Pressing the Back key returns to the top-level knobset Send Configuration Knobset In Send Configuration mode, a list of the first eight Send slots is displayed. When you touch the knob, the Soft Key shows the send level (provided the send slot is already assigned to a bus). To change a send destination: 1 Select the desired Send slot by pressing the respective Soft Key or knob top. The first eight Send destinations are displayed. You can use the right Page key of the left Page key set to display ensuing Send destinations. 2 Choose the desired destination by pressing the respective Soft Key or knob top. Chapter 4 EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC 119 To return to send editing mode: m Press the Back key. Pan/Surround Editing Knobset This knobset displays the Pan parameter unless Surround mode is active on the track(s). On tracks where Surround Mode is active, this knobset displays:  Surround Angle  Surround Diversity  LFE  Surround X (left/right)  Surround Y (front/back)  Center Level Press the Back key to return to the top-level knobset. Pressing a knob top sets the controlled parameter to its default value. Groups Knobset This knobset displays all currently used automation groups.  The Soft Keys show group names. Press to choose the respective group(s).  The On key displays and switches between active/inactive group membership for the track.  Pressing the Back key returns to the top-level knobset. Output Knobset If the Output knobset is active, the Soft Keys display all possible output values for the track:  The first value is “Surround,” the second is “--”, meaning no output.  The currently active output is indicated by a lit On key.  Pressing the On key, Soft Key, or knob top chooses the respective output value.  If there are more than eight outputs, you can use the right Page key of the left Page keys to display ensuing outputs.  If the selected track is a surround track, pressing the two Page keys simultaneously will switch to Surround Output Configuration mode: the Soft Keys display the surround format parameters (Stereo, LCR, Center Only, Quadro, and so on) of a track. Again, the active value is indicated by a lit On key and pressing the On key, Soft Key or knob top chooses the respective value.  Pressing the Back key returns to the top-level knobset. 120 Chapter 4 EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC Assignable Knob The Assignable Knob can be used for control of any parameter that can be automated. You must click on the target parameter with the mouse. Pointing with the mouse is not sufficient to assign a parameter. Pressing the knob top locks/unlocks the Assignable Knob. When locked, clicking a parameter with the mouse will not reassign the Assignable Knob. Both the On and the Smart key switch the currently assigned parameter between values of 0 and 1 (useful for on/off parameters). Monitors and Control Room Logic Pro does not support EuCon monitoring control. Please use the Studio Monitor Pro application. Clear Keys The “Clear Mute” and “Clear Solo” keys turn off Mute or Solo on all tracks. The Clear Mute/Clear Solo key is lit when any track is muted/soloed. The button without a label above the Clear Mute key provides a special feature on the CM408T: when it is active (lit), pressing a CM408T key/knob activates the respective view (knobsets, sub-menus, and so on) for all channels. Track Control Bar The Track Control Bar of the Logic Arrange window offers a special feature on the Euphonix MC and System 5-MC devices: it shows “attentioned” tracks in light blue. All currently “accessed” tracks are shown in dark blue. Note: The color of the track control bar can not be changed in the Control Surface Setup window. System 5-MC Specific Features This section describes how the System 5-MC‘s CM408T fader module controls Logic in EuCon mode. TFT Display  Level meters: Display the level of the respective track. Two discrete stereo level meters are shown for stereo tracks.  Track Info section: Displays the track name, number, stereo/surround mode, input and output assignments. Chapter 4 EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC 121  Graphs: In all knobsets (except EQ), the graph section displays the current pan or surround position. If the EQ knobset is selected, the graph section displays the current frequency response. If the EQ plug-in is bypassed, the curve is displayed in gray, rather than green.  Knobset assignment: The eight lines normally display the assignment of a knob. The current value of a knob is displayed when it is touched. In the Output and Group knobset, a green frame is shown around the text of knob cells with a lit On key.  Color bar: The color corresponds to the color assigned to the audio channel (or Logic instrument) of the track. Two Keys Above Knobsets Pressing the two keys above a knobset is equivalent to pressing the MC Back key: You move up one level in the hierarchy, if applicable. Knob Cells The CM408T knob cells are almost identical to the MC knob cells. There is just one difference: They feature a four-character LED, but no Soft Key. Top Level Knobset Keys These keys allow you to access knobsets directly:  “*” (asterisk) key: Same as Inserts Soft Key (see “Inserts (Configuration) Knobset” on page 115).  Input: Accesses Input knobset (see “Input Knobset” on page 116)  Dyn: Selects the Dynamic knobset (see “Dyn(amic) Knobset” on page 117).  EQ: Selects the EQ/Filter knobset (see “EQ Knobset” on page 118).  Aux: Selects the Sends knobset (see “Sends Knobset” on page 118).  Pan: Selects the Pan knobset (see “Pan/Surround Editing Knobset” on page 119).  Grp: Selects the Group knobset (see “Groups Knobset” on page 119).  Mix: Selects the Output knobset (see “Output Knobset” on page 119). In Keys These keys allow you to switch the bypass status of particular plug-in types.  Ins In key: Switches the bypass status of all plug-ins that do not belong to the dynamic, EQ, or filter categories (please note that this also applies to Audio Unit plug-ins).  Dyn In: Switches the bypass status of all dynamic plug-ins (please note that this only applies to Logic, not Audio Unit plug-ins).  EQ In: Switches the bypass status of all EQ plug-ins (please note that this only applies to Logic, not Audio Unit plug-ins).  Filt In: Switches the bypass status of all filter plug-ins (please note that this only applies to Logic, not Audio Unit plug-ins). 122 Chapter 4 EuCon Support of Euphonix MC and System 5-MC Identical Keys The following CM408T keys work in the same fashion as their MC counterparts:  Page/Configure key  Channel Select key  Rec key  Solo key  On key 5 123 5 CM Labs Motormix Set Up Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Pro 7.  Ensure that your Motormix unit(s) are connected bi-directionally with the MIDI interface.  Choose Logic Pro > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup.  Choose the New > Install menu item from the Setup window’s local menu.  Select “Motormix” in the Install window, choose “Add,” then set the appropriate MIDI In and Out ports in the Setup window—for each Motormix unit. Assignment Overview A right-aligned modifier button (SHIFT, for example) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. Select Buttons The Select buttons (buttons just below the LCD) have multiple uses, depending on the current mode. Mode Assignment normal Selects track displayed in upper LCD line. Tracks can be shifted to the left and right with the View left and right buttons. bank button LED flashing Track View Select mode: selects type of tracks to be displayed:  1: Track View  2: Arrange View  3: Global View, MIDI tracks  4: Global View, Input channels  5: Global View, Audio tracks  6: Global View, Audio Instruments  7: Global View, Bus, and Aux channels  8: Global View, Outputs, and Master 124 Chapter 5 CM Labs Motormix WINDOW/ tool button LED on Opens, activates, or closes a window of a certain class. LED off: If the window is not open, the button opens it. LED on: If the window is open, but not active, the button activates it. LED flashes: If the window is active, the button closes it.  1: Arrange Window  2: Track Mixer  3: Event List  4: Score Editor.  5: Hyper Editor  6: Matrix Editor.  7: Transport window  8: Audio window. WINDOW/ tool button flashes Chooses a tool.  1: Pointer  2: Pencil  3: Eraser  4: Text tool  5: Scissors  6: Glue  7: Solo tool  8: Mute tool PLAY/ transport button flashes Transport section  1: Record  2: Pause  3: Stop  4: Play  5: Rewind  6: Fast Forward  Upper LCD row displays current clock position. STOP/locate button flashes Locating functions  1: Goes to left locator.  2: Goes to right locator.  3: Enables/Disables Cycle.  4: Enables/Disables Drop.  5: Enters Marker mode (see below).  6: Opens floating Marker List.  Upper LCD row displays current clock position. Marker mode  1 to 6: Selects markers 1 to 6. Marker names are displayed in the upper LCD row.  7: Creates a new marker.  8: Deletes current marker. Group Edit mode Switches between group parameters. Parameter view can be shifted by the View left and right buttons when the SHIFT button is held down. Plug-in Assign Enters Plug-in Edit mode for selected track. Plug-in Edit Enables/Disables parameter or resets it to default value. Mode Assignment Chapter 5 CM Labs Motormix 125 Note: In modal dialogs, the Select buttons generate the computer keyboard character shown on the button face. Rotary Pots Instrument Assign Enters Instrument Edit mode for selected track. Instrument Edit Enables/Disables parameter or resets it to default value. Mode Assignment Control Assignment Rotary pots 1 to 8 Control parameter chosen with the Rotary Selector, as displayed in the 7 segment display (see below). 7 segment display Shows current selection for Rotary pots: Send editing (S-MUTE or PRE/PST LED is on):  S1 to S8 = Send 1 to 8 level  F1 to F8 = EQ band 1 to 8 frequency  G1 to G8 = EQ band 1 to 8 gain  q1 to q8 = EQ band 1 to 8 Q factor Pan/Surround editing (select LED is on):  Pn = Pan  An = Surround Angle  dv = Surround Diversity  FE = Surround LFO  Md = Assign Surround Mode  X = Surround X  Y = Surround Y Track parameter editing (eff-4 LED is on):  VL = Volume  Pn or An = Pan/Surround Angle  Md = Channel Mode  In = Channel input  Ou = Channel output  Au = Automation mode  Gr = Group membership Assignment:  d1 to d8 = Assign Send 1 to 8 destination Plug-in editing (DSP/compare LED is on):  P1 to 15 = Assign Insert slot 1 to 15 to plug-in  P1. to 15. = Plug-in parameter editing Instrument editing (DSP/compare LED is on):  IA = Assign instrument  IE. = Instrument parameter editing. Group property editing (group LED is on):  G1 to 32 = group number 126 Chapter 5 CM Labs Motormix Multi Buttons These buttons (labelled A to H) have multiple uses, depending on the current mode, as indicated by the green and yellow LEDs to the right. Note: In modal dialogs, the Multi buttons generate the computer keyboard character shown on the button face. Rotary Selector Selects a slot or parameter for rotary encoders, depending on the parameter type(s) being edited with the rotary encoders:  Send slot when editing send level or assigning send destination.  EQ band when editing an EQ parameter.  Effect/Instrument slot when assigning an effect/instrument.  Pan/Surround parameter when editing a Pan/Surround parameter.  Track parameter when editing a Track parameter.  Effect/instrument parameter page when editing a plug-in or instrument. Rotary Selector push button Switches Flip mode between Off and Duplicate (faders duplicate rotary encoder assignments). SHIFT Switches Display mode for channel strip displays: switches between:  Page info in upper line, parameter name in lower line.  Parameter name in upper line, parameter value in lower line. Control Assignment Mode Assignment fx bypass Enables/Disables bypass of currently selected insert effect. SHIFT (eff-1) Enables/Disables bypass of currently selected EQ band and switches rotary encoders to EQ frequency editing. s-mute Enables/Disables bypass of currently edited Send and switches rotary encoders to send level editing. SHIFT (eff-2) Enables/Disables bypass of currently selected EQ band and switches rotary encoders to EQ Gain editing. pre/post Switches between pre and post of currently edited send and switches rotary encoders to send level editing. Post mode is indicated by a lit LED. SHIFT (eff-3) Enables/Disables bypass of currently selected EQ band and switches rotary encoders to (EQ) Q factor editing. select Switches rotary encoders to Pan/Surround editing. The edited parameter is selected with the Rotary Selector. SHIFT (eff-4) Switches rotary encoders to track parameter editing. Chapter 5 CM Labs Motormix 127 Burn Buttons These buttons (labelled I to P) have multiple uses, depending on the current mode, as indicated by the red LEDs to the left. Note: In modal dialogs, the Burn buttons generate the computer keyboard character shown on the button face. SOLO Buttons These buttons switch the Solo status of the displayed track. Note: In modal dialogs the Solo buttons generate the computer keyboard character shown on the button face. MUTE Buttons These buttons switch the Mute status of the displayed track. Note: In modal dialogs, the Solo buttons generate the computer keyboard character shown on the button face. Mode Assignment record Enables/Disables Record Enable status of track. SHIFT (fnctA) Switches automation mode to Latch. ALL + SHIFT (fnctA) Switches automation mode of all tracks to Latch. write Switches automation mode to Write. ALL Switches automation mode of all tracks to Write. SHIFT (fnctB) Switches automation mode to Read. ALL + SHIFT (fnctA) Switches automation mode of all tracks to Read. burn Switches automation mode to Touch. ALL Switches automation mode of all tracks to Touch. SHIFT (fnctC) Switches automation mode to Off. ALL + SHIFT (fnctA) Switches automation mode of all tracks to Off. 128 Chapter 5 CM Labs Motormix VIEW Section Left Function Buttons Control Assignment Left/right buttons In Plug-in and Instrument Edit mode: shifts the parameter bank by one bank. In other modes:  If BANK LED is off: shifts the fader bank by one channel.  If BANK LED is on: shifts the fader bank by one bank. SHIFT In Plug-in and Instrument Edit mode: shifts the parameter bank by one parameter. In Group Edit mode, the group parameter bank is shifted. bank Switches mode of left/right buttons (see above). SHIFT Sets Select buttons to Track View Select mode (see below). group Sets Select buttons, rotary encoders and Multi buttons to Group Edit mode. SHIFT Displays tracks’ group assignments in the LCD. The rotary encoders allow you to change assignments. Control Assignment AUTO ENBL/mode Currently unassigned. SHIFT Switches rotary encoders to automation enable mode. SUSPEND/create While held down, the groups are temporarily disabled. SHIFT Creates a new group and enters Group Edit mode. PLUG-IN/compare Switches rotary encoders and Multi buttons to Plug-in Assign mode. The Rotary Select knob is used to select the Insert slot you want to use/edit. In Plug-in Assign or Instrument Assign mode, it switches to Pan mode. In Plug-in Edit mode, it switches to Plug-in Assign mode. In Instrument Edit mode, it switches to Instrument Assign mode. SHIFT Switches rotary encoders and Multi buttons to Instrument Assign mode. WINDOW/tools Switches Select buttons to Window Select mode. SHIFT Switches Select buttons to Select Tool mode. ALL/alt/fine While ALL/alt/fine is held down, rotary encoders are in full mode: rotating counter-clockwise sets minimum, rotating clockwise sets maximum value. SHIFT while SHIFT and ALL/alt/fine are held down, rotary encoders are in fine mode. DEFAULT/bypass Currently unassigned. SHIFT In Instrument Edit mode: switches bypass state of the instrument. In Plug-in Edit mode: switches bypass state of the currently edited plug-in. UNDO/save Performs an Undo step. The LED is lit if there is a Redo step available. SHIFT Saves the song. The LED is lit if the song contains unsaved changes. SHIFT Switches to Shift mode—where the functions indicated by the lower case (inverted) labels below the buttons apply. Chapter 5 CM Labs Motormix 129 Faders The faders normally control volume, except when in Flip mode, where they duplicate the rotary encoder assignments. Right Function Buttons Control Assignment PLAY/ transport Play key command. SHIFT Switches Select buttons to Transport Section mode. STOP/locate Stop key command. SHIFT Switches Select buttons to Locate mode. FFWD/monitor Shuttle Forward key command. SHIFT Opens System Performance window. REWIND/status Shuttle Rewind key command. SHIFT Opens Synchronization window. NEXT/configure Navigates to next marker. LAST/assign When rotary encoders are displaying send destinations, use of LAST/assign switches them back to displaying send levels. Otherwise: goes to previous marker. SHIFT When rotary encoders are displaying send levels, use of LAST/assign switches them to displaying send destinations. When rotary encoders are in Plug-in Edit mode, use of LAST/assign switches them to Plug-in Assign mode. When rotary encoders are in Instrument Edit mode, use of LAST/assign switches them to Instrument Assign Mode. ENTER/utility Identical to Enter key on computer keyboard. SHIFT Opens Automation Settings window. ESCAPE When LED is lit, escapes from “special” mode (denoted by flashing LED). At all other times: identical to Esc key on computer keyboard. 6 131 6 Frontier Design TranzPort Set Up Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Pro 7.  Ensure that the software shipped with the TranzPort is installed.  Make sure that the “Tranz Bridge” (the wireless transmitter) is connected to the computer via USB.  When Logic Pro 7 is launched, it installs the TranzPort automatically, and sets it to “native mode.” LCD The LCD displays the following information:  Top line left: name of currently displayed track.  Top line middle: volume of currently displayed track.  Top line right: panning of currently displayed track.  Bottom line left: level meter of currently displayed track (stereo).  Bottom line right: current clock position. 132 Chapter 6 Frontier Design TranzPort Assignment Overview A right-aligned SHIFT (or other) button below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. Channel Strip Master Section Control Assignment Shift the currently displayed track right by one track. SHIFT Shift the currently displayed track right by eight tracks. REC Activate/Deactivate Record Enable button for the currently displayed track. SHIFT Disable Record Enable button for all tracks. SOLO Enables/Disables Solo for the currently displayed track. SHIFT Disable Solo for all tracks. MUTE Enables/Disables Mute for the currently displayed track. SHIFT Disable Mute for all tracks. ANY SOLO Lit if any tracks or Regions are soloed. UNDO Undo SHIFT Redo Control Assignment SHIFT Modifier for function of other controls. IN Go to left Cycle locator. PUNCH Engage Drop and set Drop In locator to SPL. LOOP Engage Cycle and sets left Cycle locator to SPL. OUT Go to right Cycle locator. PUNCH Engage Drop and set Drop Out locator to SPL. LOOP Engage Cycle and set right Cycle locator to SPL. PUNCH Enables/Disables Drop mode. LOOP Enables/Disables Cycle mode. PREV Go to previous marker. SHIFT Set locators by previous marker. ADD Create marker at SPL. SHIFT Delete marker at SPL. NEXT Go to next marker. SHIFT Set locators by next marker. Chapter 6 Frontier Design TranzPort 133 External Input Jog Wheel Depending on current Jog Wheel mode: • Move SPL by bars. • Audio scrubbing or • Shuttle. SHIFT Adjust volume of the currently displayed track. LOOP Set the Left locator to the current SPL, advance the SPL as per usual, then set the Right locator to the SPL. Further Jog Wheel use while holding down LOOP advances the SPL and sets the Right locator. Tip: Rotating the Jog Wheel counter-clockwise while holding down LOOP defines a skip-cycle range. DROP Set the Drop In locator to the current SPL, advance the SPL as per usual, then set the Drop Out locator to the SPL. Further jog wheel use while holding down DROP advances the SPL and sets the Drop Out locator. REW Shuttle backward. SHIFT Go to last play position. PUNCH Engage Drop mode and set Drop In locator to SPL. LOOP Engage Cycle mode and set left locator to SPL. F FWD Shuttle forward. PUNCH Engage Drop mode and set Drop Out locator to SPL. LOOP Engage Cycle moce and set right locator to SPL. STOP Stop SHIFT Switch Jog Wheel modes between Move SPL by Bars, Audio Scrubbing and Shuttle. PLAY Play SHIFT Pause RECORD Record SHIFT Save Control Assignment Control Assignment Foot Switch Drop In/Out 7 135 7 JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk Set Up Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Pro 7.  Install the software that ships with the CS-32.  Ensure that the CS-32 is in Host mode:  Make sure that your CS-32 unit(s) are connected to the computer via USB or MIDI. USB units are installed automatically. You must manually scan for MIDI units:  Choose Logic > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup.  Choose New > Install in the Setup window’s local menu.  Select the CS-32 from the list in the Install window.  Click the Scan button. Assignment Overview A right-aligned modifier button (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. Display The 2-digit 7-segment display shows information on the current mode and currently edited parameter: Display text Meaning -- A “switching” parameter (Solo, Mute, Rec/Rdy) has been disabled. AE Mute buttons 1–6 display/set Automation Enable. AS Pots are in Pan/Send Assignment mode. b1–b9 Pots are in Plug-in or Instrument bank select mode. In Pots are in Instrument Edit mode. Lt Mute buttons display/set “Latch” automation mode. MI Mute buttons display/set “MIDI” automation mode. Mu Mute has been enabled. P1–P9 Pots are in Plug-in Edit mode. 136 Chapter 7 JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk Pots As the pots are not motorized, Pickup mode is used, if enabled in the Control Surfaces preferences. This means that the pots will not “take over” until NULLed. NULL status is displayed by the NULL arrow LEDs. The Upper arrow is lit if the pot’s value is above the NULL point, the Lower arrow is lit if the pot’s value is below the NULL point, and both arrow LEDs are lit if NULLed. The pots can operate in one of three modes, with one sub-mode each. Pan/Send Mode In Pan/Send mode (enabled with F7; display shows “PA”), the pots control global track parameters: While SHIFT is held down (display shows “AS”), the pots perform the following assignments: PA Pots are in Pan/Send mode. rd Mute buttons display/set “Read” automation mode. Re Rec/Rdy has been enabled. So Solo has been enabled. Tc Mute buttons display/set “Touch” automation mode. Wr Mute buttons display/set “Write” automation mode. Other text When a track is selected, the first two characters of its name are shown briefly. Numbers While editing a numerical value with a fader or pot, the current value is displayed. If there are more than two digits, only the last digits of the mantissa are displayed. Signs (+/–) are only shown if only one digit is displayed. Display text Meaning Control Assignment SEND A/P1 Controls Send 1 Level of selected track. SEND B/P2 Controls Send 2 Level of selected track. PAN/P3 Controls Pan of selected track. SEND C/P4 Controls Send 3 Level of selected track. SEND D/P5 Controls Send 4 Level of selected track. SEND E/P6 Controls Send 5 Level of selected track. Control Assignment SEND A/P1 Assigns Send 1 Destination of selected track. SEND B/P2 Assigns Send 2 Destination of selected track. PAN/P3 Assigns Track mode of selected track. SEND C/P4 Assigns Send 3 Destination of selected track. Chapter 7 JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk 137 Instrument Edit Mode In Instrument Edit mode (enabled with F8; display shows “In”), the pots control instrument parameters. With SHIFT held down (display shows “b1”–“b9”), you can choose the parameter bank (see “Cursor Section” on page 139). Plug-in Edit Mode In Plug-in Edit mode (enabled with F9, display shows “P1”–”P9”), the pots control plugin parameters of the currently selected insert. With SHIFT held down (display shows “b1”–”b9”), you can choose the current insert and parameter bank (see “Cursor Section” on page 139). Channel Strips SEND D/P5 Assigns Send 4 Destination of selected track. SEND E/P6 Assigns Send 5 Destination of selected track. Control Assignment Control Assignment PAN SELECT/TRACK SELECT Selects track. SOLO Enables/Disables Solo. LOCATE Navigates to markers 1–32. SHIFT LOCATE 17: Creates new marker. LOCATE 18: Creates new marker without rounding. LOCATE 19: Deletes marker at SPL. LOCATE 25: Opens Marker List. LOCATE 26: Opens Marker Text window. LOCATE 28: Sets locators by previous marker. LOCATE 29: Sets locators by current marker. LOCATE 30: Sets locators by next marker. LOCATE 31: Navigates to previous marker. LOCATE 32: Navigates to next marker. MUTE Enables/Disables Mute. F1 Automation Enable setup (display shows “AE”). MUTE 1: Enables/Disables volume automation. MUTE 2: Enables/Disables pan automation. MUTE 3: Enables/Disables mute automation. MUTE 4: Enables/Disables automation of solo. MUTE 5: Enables/Disables send automation. MUTE 6: Enables/Disables automation of plug-in parameters. F2 Displays/sets automation mode to “Read” (display shows “Td”). F3 Displays/sets automation mode to “Touch” (display shows “Tc”). F4 Displays/sets automation mode to “Latch” (display shows “Lt”). 138 Chapter 7 JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk Bank Button F Key Section F5 Displays/sets automation mode to “Write” (display shows “Wr”). F6 Displays/sets automation mode to “MIDI” (display shows “MI”). ARM Activates/Deactivates Record Enable button. Faders Control volume. As the faders don’t offer feedback, Pickup mode is used, if enabled in the Control Surfaces preferences. This means that they will not “take over” until NULLed. NULL status is displayed by the NULL arrow LEDs. Upper arrow is lit if the pot’s value is above the NULL point, the lower arrow is lit if the pot’s value is below the NULL point, and both are lit if NULLed. Control Assignment Control Assignment (Small red button with green LED) LED off: black labels of channel strip buttons apply (TRK/LOC/ARM). LED on: white labels of channel strip buttons apply (PAN/SOLO/MUTE). Control Assignment SHIFT Modifier for function of other controls. See right-aligned “SHIFT” in left column. F1 While held down, MUTE buttons 1–6 enables/disables automation of certain parameters (see MUTE). SHIFT Enables/Disables Cycle mode. F2 While held down, MUTE buttons set automation mode to Read. SHIFT Enables/Disables Drop mode. F3 While held down, MUTE buttons set automation mode to Touch. SHIFT Sets left locator by current SPL. F4 While held down, MUTE buttons set automation mode to Latch. SHIFT Sets right locator by current SPL. F5 While held down, MUTE buttons set automation mode to Write. SHIFT Sets Drop In locator by current SPL. F6 While held down, MUTE buttons set automation mode to MIDI. SHIFT Sets Drop Out locator by current SPL. F7 Sets pots to Pan/Send mode (display shows “PA”). SHIFT Enables/Disables metronome click. F8 Sets pots to Instrument Edit mode (display shows “In”). F9 Sets pots to Plug-in Edit mode (display shows “P1”–”P9”). Chapter 7 JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk 139 Cursor Section Transport Section Jog Wheel Section Control Assignment Up Zooms out vertically. SHIFT In Plug-in edit mode: decrements current Insert slot. Down Zooms in vertically. SHIFT In Plug-in Edit mode: increments current Insert slot. Left Zooms out horizontally. SHIFT In Instrument and Plug-in Edit modes: decrements current parameter bank. Right Zooms in horizontally. SHIFT In Instrument and Plug-in Edit modes: increments current parameter bank. Control Assignment RECORD Record STOP Stop REW Moves SPL backward by one bar. PLAY Play F FWD Moves SPL forward by one bar. Control Assignment Jog Wheel SCRUB off: moves SPL in bars. SCRUB on: Audio Scrubbing. SHUTTLE on: Shuttle mode. SCRUB Switches Jog Wheel between Move SPL by Bars and Audio Scrubbing mode. SHUTTLE Switches Jog Wheel between Move SPL by Bars and Shuttle mode. 8 141 8 JLCooper FaderMaster 4/100 Requirements You need one or more FaderMaster 4/100 (MIDI or USB version) units with firmware version 1.03 or higher. Important: If you have older firmware (see the sticker on the back of the unit), please contact JLCooper. Set Up Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Pro 7.  USB model only: install the software that ships with the FaderMaster 4/100.  Ensure that your FaderMaster 4/100 unit(s) are connected to the computer via USB or MIDI. USB units are installed automatically. You must manually scan for MIDI units: 1 Choose Logic > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup. 2 Choose New > Install in the Setup window’s local menu. 3 Select the FaderMaster 4/100 from the list in the Install window. 4 Click the Scan button. Note: You can combine several FaderMaster 4/100 units to form one large virtual control surface. The meaning/functionality of the Track buttons, however, are individually switched for each unit. 142 Chapter 8 JLCooper FaderMaster 4/100 Assignment Overview The following assigment tables are broken down into “zones” of the FaderMaster 4/100. Global buttons Channel Strip Control Assignment Select Switches Track buttons to track selection. Aux Switches Track buttons to Record Ready. Solo Switches Track buttons to Solo. Mute Switches Track Buttons to Mute. Inc Increases fader bank display to show next four tracks. Dec Decreases fader bank display to show previous four tracks. Control Assignment Track button Performs currently selected function (Select, Record Ready, Solo, Mute). Fader Controls volume (touch sensitive and motorized). 9 143 9 Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49 Set Up Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Pro.  Ensure that your unit(s) is/are connected to the computer via USB.  Boot Logic, and the unit(s) will be scanned for, and installed automatically.  When Logic launches, the microKONTROL/KONTROL49 is automatically set to “Native mode”—internal Scene settings are ignored. Note: If installation and identification fails, it may be possible that the microKONTROL/ KONTROL49 reaction time is too slow, due to USB bus-power issues. In this situation, connect the supplied power adapter, and set the power switch to the “DC” position. When Logic quits (or the icon is removed from the Control Surface Setup window), the microKONTROL/KONTROL49 is reset to normal operation. Assignment Overview A right-aligned modifier button (shown below a button description) indicates that the button has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. Pads The Pads can operate in one of eight modes and three overlays. While pressing SCENE, the Pads allow you to select modes for the Pads and channel strips. Releasing SCENE without pressing a Pad does not affect the currently selected Pad or Channel Strip modes. Pad Assignment 1 Switches Pads to Transport mode. 2 Switches Pads to Solo/Mute mode. 3 Switches Pads to Rec/Select mode. 4–8 Switches Pads to User 4–8 mode. These modes have unassigned Pads. You can add assignments to key commands with the Learn function. 9 Switches channel strips to Pan mode. 144 Chapter 9 Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49 Transport Mode This mode is enabled by pressing SCENE and Pad 1. Solo/Mute Mode This mode is enabled by pressing SCENE and Pad 2. Rec/Select Mode This mode is enabled by pressing SCENE and Pad 3. 10 Switches channel strips to Send mode. 11 Switches channel strips to Automation mode. 12 Switches channel strips to Instrument Edit mode. 13 Switches channel strips to Plug-in Edit mode. 14–16 Switches channel strips to User 6–8 mode. These modes have unassigned encoders. You can add assignments with the Logic Learn function. Pad Assignment Pad Assignment 1 Sets main encoder to Transport mode. 2 Sets main encoder to Scrub mode. 3 Sets main encoder to Shuttle mode. 7 Switches sync between internal and external. 8 Enables/Disables metronome click (separately for Playback and Record). 9 Enables/Disables Cycle function. 10 Enables/Disables Drop function. 11 Enables/Disables Replace function. 12 Enables/Disables Solo function. 13 Record 14 Pause 15 Play 16 Stop Pad Assignment 1–8 Enables/Disables Solo for the eight tracks being controlled with the eight channel strips. 9–16 Enables/Disables Mute for the eight tracks being controlled with the eight channel strips. Pad Assignment 1–8 Activates/Deactivates Record Enable button for the eight tracks being controlled with the eight channel strips. 9–16 Selects one of the eight tracks being controlled with the eight channel strips. Chapter 9 Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49 145 User 4–8 Modes These modes are enabled by pressing SCENE and Pad 4 to 8. In these modes, the Pads are unassigned. Use the Learn function (Logic > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Learn Assignment for xxx) to assign them to key commands, for example. Send Mode This mode is enabled by pressing SCENE and Pad 10. Send overlay Pressing SETTING while the encoders are in Send mode, changes the operation of the Pads in Send mode. Plug-in Edit Mode This mode is enabled by pressing SCENE and Pad 13. Plug-in Edit overlay Pressing SETTING while the encoders are in Plug-in Edit mode changes the operation of the Pads in Plug-in Edit mode. Main Section The main LCD shows information on the current mode of the encoders. Pad Assignment 1–8 Switches send bypass state of the currently selected send for the eight channel strips. 9–16 Switches send position (Pre/Post) of the currently selected send for the eight channel strips. Pad Assignment 1–8 Switches plug-in bypass state of the currently selected Insert slot for the eight channel strips. Display text Meaning Encoders edit Instrument parameters. Encoders edit Plug-in parameters (xx is for the currently selected insert). Automatn Encoders control Automation mode. Ins. x (SETTING held down) Main encoder chooses Plug-in insert. ModePad? Displayed while SCENE button is held down. Pan Encoders control pan. Send x Encoders control send level of send x. User 6 Channel Strip User Mode 6. Encoders are initially unassigned. User 7 Channel Strip User Mode 7. Encoders are initially unassigned. User 8 Channel Strip User Mode 8. Encoders are initially unassigned. 146 Chapter 9 Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49 The LCD backlight is red while recording, and green at other times. The controls in the main section have the following meaning: Channel Strips There are several modes for the encoders, enabled with SCENE and Pad 9–16. External Input Control Assignment Main encoder Controls SPL in one of three modes (see Pads 1–3 in “Transport Mode” on page 144). SETTING Held down in Send mode:  Main encoder chooses current send.  Pads have special meaning—see “Send Mode” on page 145.  LCDs display send destinations.  Encoders choose send destinations. Holding down in Plug-in Edit mode:  Main encoder chooses current plug-in insert.  Pads have special meaning—see “Plug-in Edit overlay” on page 145.  LCDs display plug-in name of the eight tracks. MESSAGE Enables/Disables Flip mode. When enabled, the encoders control volume and the faders control the parameter displayed in the LCDs. SCENE While held down, pads switch Pad and Channel Strip modes. See “Pads” on page 143. EXIT — HEX LOCK Shifts fader bank to the previous eight tracks (LED is on if previous tracks exist). ENTER Shifts fader bank to the next eight tracks (LED is on if subsequent tracks exist). < Octave Shift Down > Octave Shift Up Control Assignment LCD Shows the parameter controlled by the encoder. The currently chosen value is displayed for a few seconds while operating an encoder or fader. When the encoders are in a multi-channel view (Pan, Send, Send Setup), the background color indicates the track’s automation mode:  green—off or Read  yellow—Touch or Latch  red—Write or MIDI Encoder Controls the parameter shown directly above the encoder in the LCD. Fader Controls volume. As the faders don’t offer feedback, “Pickup mode” is used if enabled in the Logic Preferences. This means that they will not “take over” until NULLed. Control Assignment Foot Switch Starts and stops playback. Pedal Controls master volume. 10 147 10 Mackie Baby HUI Set Up Please make sure that your Baby HUI unit(s) is/are connected bi-directionally with the computer. You must manually scan for Mackie Baby HUI units: 1 Choose Logic > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup. 2 Choose New > Install in the Setup window’s local menu. 3 Select Baby HUI in the Install window. 4 Click the Scan button. Assignment Overview A right-aligned SHIFT below a button description indicates that the control has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. Channel Strips Control Assignment Rotary encoder Adjusts parameter selected in the Encoder Assignment section. Rotary encoder push button Selects track. SHIFT Enables/Disables Record Ready. Signal indicator Illuminates when a signal is present in the channel. It also indicates channel selection. SOLO Enables/Disables Solo. MUTE Enables/Disables Mute. Fader Adjusts volume. 148 Chapter 10 Mackie Baby HUI Encoder Assignment Section Automation Section Display Section Utility Section Control Assignment PAN Assigns Pan to rotary encoders. SEND 1 Assigns Send 1 Level to rotary encoders. SEND 2 Assigns Send 2 Level to rotary encoders. SEND 3 Assigns Send 3 Level to rotary encoders. SEND 4 Assigns Send 4 Level to rotary encoders. Control Assignment BYPASS/OFF Sets selected track to automation mode Off. SHIFT Enables/Disables automation playback and recording of volume. READ Sets selected track to automation mode Read. SHIFT Enables/Disables automation playback and recording of mute. WRITE Sets selected track to automation mode Write. SHIFT Enables/Disables automation playback and recording of pan. TOUCH Sets selected track to automation mode Touch. SHIFT Enables/Disables automation playback and recording of Send Level. Control Assignment TRANSPORT Opens/Closes the Transport window. MEM–LOC Opens/Closes the Marker List. MIXER Opens/Closes the Track Mixer. EDIT Opens/Closes the Arrange window. Control Assignment UNDO Performs Undo. SHIFT Shifts to alternate use of some buttons (see below). Chapter 10 Mackie Baby HUI 149 Navigation Section Transport Section Control Assignment RTZ Navigates to the left locator. SHIFT Sets Drop In locator. END Navigates to the right locator. SHIFT Sets Drop Out locator. BANK SELECT Left Shifts channel strips by one bank to the left. SHIFT Shifts channel strips by one channel to the left. BANK SELECT Right Shifts channel strips by one bank to the right. SHIFT Shifts channel strips by one channel to the right. Control Assignment REWIND Shuttles backward. FAST FWD Shuttles forward. STOP Stop PLAY Play RECORD Record 11 151 11 Mackie C4 Set Up A powered Mackie C4 unit will automatically be detected when Logic Pro is launched. You can use the C4 in an independent control surface group (with other control surface icons placed above/below the C4 icon), or combined into one control surface group with one or more control surfaces (such as the Logic Control—place the icon to the right or left of the existing icon(s). Although the C4 can be used independently, it is most useful when combined with other control surfaces, particularly the Logic/Mackie Control. In the latter case, the C4 adds eight channels in Multi Channel view. Using the C4 in its own control surface group allows you to edit instruments and plug-ins independently, while performing mixing and other tasks on the Logic/Mackie Control or other control surface. V-Pots, V-Selects Functionality depends on current view mode, and optional overlay (see below).  The top row (row 1) consists of V-Pot/V-Select 1 to 8.  Row 2 consists of V-Pot/V-Select 9 to 16.  Row 3 consists of V-Pot/V-Select 17 to 24.  The bottom row (row 4) consists of V-Pot/V-Select 25 to 32. V-Pot/V-Select 1 to 8 While no overlay is active, V-Pot/V-Selects 1 to 8 (the top row) normally perform in the same way as their counterparts on a Logic Control or Logic Control XT. See “The Assignment Zone” on page 54. V-Pot/V-Select 9 to 32 These V-Pots have additional functionality in many views. In Multi Channel views, the V-Pot/V-Selects of rows 2, 3 and 4 usually edit the parameter that “follows” the parameter edited on row 1. 152 Chapter 11 Mackie C4 Example: In Pan Multi Channel view (see “Multi Channel View” on page 57); where row 1 edits the Pan/Surround Angle, row 2 edits Surround Diversity, row 3 edits LFE and row 4 edits Surround mode. In Channel Strip view, all four rows build a group of 32 editable parameters. In Plug-in and Instrument Edit views, it can be split into two groups (8/24, 16/16 or 24/8 parameters), see “SPLIT” on page 157. Pan/Surround Multi Channel View In Pan/Surround Multi Channel view:  Row 1 edits Pan/Surround parameter 1.  Row 2 edits Pan/Surround parameter 2.  Row 3 edits Pan/Surround parameter 3.  Row 4 edits Pan/Surround parameter 4 (in this order; Pan/Angle, Diversity, LFE, Surround Mode, X, Y). SINGLE Left/Right changes the parameter edited in row 1, thus affecting the parameters shown and edited in rows 2 to 4. To access Pan/Surround Multi Channel view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The Channel Strip overlay labels appear on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 18 (labeled Surrnd MultiC). Pan/Surround Channel Strip View In Pan/Surround Channel Strip view, row 1 edits all eight surround parameters of a surround channel. If a stereo or mono channel is selected, V-Pot 1 edits the Pan (or Balance) parameter. To access Pan/Surround Channel Strip view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The Channel Strip overlay labels appear on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 26 (labeled Surrnd). Track Multi Channel View In Track Multi Channel View, the lowest V-Pot row (row 4) edits the currently chosen track parameter. Row 3 edits track parameter 2, Row 2 track parameter 3, and row 1 track parameter 4. The row order is reversed, so that the lowest row (editing parameter 1) is closest to the buttons. Chapter 11 Mackie C4 153 The V-Pots edit the following track parameters in this order: Volume, Pan/Angle, Track Mode, Input, Output, Automation Mode, Group, Displayed Automation Parameter). BANK Left/Right and SINGLE Left/Right change the parameter edited in row 4, thus affecting the parameters shown/edited in rows 1 to 3. To access Track Multi Channel view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The Channel Strip overlay labels appear on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 17 (labeled Track MultiC). EQ Multi Channel View In EQ Multi Channel view:  Row 1 edits EQ band bypass.  Row 2 edits EQ band frequency.  Row 3 edits EQ band gain/slope.  Row 4 edits EQ band Q factor.  The SLOT UP/DOWN buttons select the EQ band. This only works if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted in the selected channel strip. To access EQ Multi Channel view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The Channel Strip overlay labels appear on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 19 (labeled EQ MultiC). EQ Channel Strip View In EQ Channel Strip view:  Row 1 edits EQ Frequency of all eight bands.  Row 2 edits EQ Gain/Slope of all eight bands.  Row 3 edits EQ band Q factor of all eight bands.  Row 4 edits EQ bypass of all eight bands. If no Channel or Linear Phase EQ is present on the selected track, a Channel EQ will be inserted automatically when the EQ Channel Strip view is entered. The TRACK L and TRACK R buttons switch to the previous or next track. If you switch to a track with no Channel or Linear Phase EQ inserted, the C4 displays show “–” and the V-Pots do nothing. To access EQ Channel Strip view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The Channel Strip overlay labels appear on the C4 displays. 154 Chapter 11 Mackie C4 2 Press V-Select 27 (labeled EQs). Send Multi Channel View In Send Multi Channel view:  Row 1 edits send destination.  Row 2 edits send level.  Row 3 edits send position.  Row 4 edits send mute.  The SLOT UP/DOWN button selects the edited Send slot.  The TRACK L and TRACK R buttons shift the fader bank left or right by the number of channel strips in the control surface group. To access Send Multi Channel view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The Channel Strip overlay labels appear on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 20 (labeled Sends MultiC). Send Channel Strip View In Send Channel Strip view:  Row 1 edits the eight send destinations of the channel strip.  Row 2 edits the send level of sends 1 to 8  Row 3 edits send positions 1 to 8.  Row 4 edits send mutes 1 to 8.  TRACK L and TRACK R switch to the previous or next track. To access Send Channel Strip view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The Channel Strip overlay labels are shown on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 28 (labeled Sends). Plug-in Select Multi Channel View In Plug-in Select Multi Channel view, the C4 displays the first four Insert slots of the eight selected channels.  Turn a V-Pot to switch between plug-ins.  Press the respective V-Select to insert the selected effect. This enters Plug-in Edit view, where you can directly edit plug-in parameters. See the section below for more information.  The SLOT UP/DOWN buttons switch between Insert slots.  TRACK L and TRACK R shift the fader bank left or right by the number of channel strips in the control surface group. Chapter 11 Mackie C4 155  Holding SHIFT and pressing a V-Select switches the bypass state of the respective Insert slot. Bypassed plug-ins are denoted by an asterisk which precedes the plug-in name(s). To access Plug-in Select Multi Channel view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The Channel Strip overlay labels are shown on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 21 (labeled PlugIn MultiC). Plug-in Edit View In Plug-in Edit view:  V-Pot/V-Select 1 to 32 builds a group of 32 parameters. Splitting is possible.  SLOT UP/DOWN button selects the desired plug-in insert slot.  BANK Left/Right shifts the edited parameters by one page. In Split mode, this applies to Split Upper. When holding down SHIFT, this applies to Split Lower.  SINGLE Left/Right shifts the edited parameters by 1. In Split mode, this applies to Split Upper. When holding down SHIFT, this applies to Split Lower. To access Plug-in Edit view: m Access Plug-in Select Multi Channel view, then insert or select a plug-in (see section above for details). This automatically switches to Plug-in Edit view. Instrument Select Multi Channel View In Instrument Select Multi Channel view, the C4 displays the Instrument slots of the selected instrument channels.  Turn a V-Pot to select an instrument.  Press the respective V-Select to insert the selected instrument. This enters Instrument Edit view, where you can edit instrument parameters. See the section below for more information.  TRACK L and TRACK R shift the fader bank left or right by the number of channel strips in the control surface group.  Holding SHIFT and pressing a V-Select switches the bypass state of the respective Instrument slot. An asterisk symbol precedes the name of bypassed instruments. To access Instrument Select Multi Channel view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The Channel Strip overlay labels are shown on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 22 (labeled Instru MultiC). 156 Chapter 11 Mackie C4 Instrument Edit View In Instrument Edit View:  V-Pot/V-Select 1 to 32 builds a group of 32 parameters. Splitting is possible.  BANK Left/Right shifts the edited parameters by one page. In Split mode, this applies to Split Upper. When holding down SHIFT, this applies to Split Lower.  SINGLE Left/Right shifts the edited parameters by 1. In Split mode, this applies to Split Upper. when holding down SHIFT, this applies to Split Lower. To access Instrument Edit view: m Access Instrument Select Multi Channel view, then insert or select an instrument (see section above for details). This automatically switches to Instrument Edit view. Cycle View Holding the CHAN STRIP button and pressing V-Select 31 activates Cycle view. In this mode, the V-Pots/V-Selects behave as follows:  V-Pot/V-Select 1 (labeled Cycle): shows and edits the current Cycle status (off or on).  V-Select 2 (labeled BySet): matches the Cycle area to selections made in the Arrange window (selected Audio or MIDI Region).  V-Pot 3 (labeled Move): moves the current Cycle area by a bar with each “click” of the V-Pot, when turned.  V-Pot 4: moves the current Cycle area by a beat with each “click” of the V-Pot, when turned.  The display shows the left and right locators above V-Pots 5 and 7.  Pressing V-Select 5 picks up (uses) the current song position for the left locator.  Turning V-Pot 5 changes the left locator position by bars.  Turning V-Pot 6 changes the left locator position by beats (denominator steps).  Pressing V-Select 7 picks up (uses) the current song position for the right locator.  Turning V-Pot 7 changes the right locator position by bars.  Turning V-Pot 8 changes the right locator position by beats (denominator steps). Drop View Holding the CHAN STRIP button and pressing V-Select 32 activates Drop (also called “punch”) view. In this mode, the V-Pots/V-Selects behave as follows:  V-Pot/V-Select 1 shows and edits the current Drop status (off or on).  V-Pot 3 (labeled Move): moves the current Drop-in area by a bar with each “click” of the V-Pot, when turned.  V-Pot 4: moves the current Drop-in area by a beat with each “click” of the V-Pot, when turned.  The display shows the Drop In and Drop Out locators above V-Pots 5 and 7. Chapter 11 Mackie C4 157  Pressing V-Select 5 picks up (uses) the current song position for the Drop In locator.  Turning V-Pot 5 changes the Drop In locator position by bars.  Turning V-Pot 6 changes the left locator position by beats (denominator steps).  Pressing V-Select 7 picks up (uses) the current song position for the Drop Out locator.  Turning V-Pot 7 changes the Drop Out locator position by bars.  Turning V-Pot 8 changes the right locator position by beats (denominator steps). Note: Changing a drop locator position with the C4 automatically enables Drop mode. Buttons at Bottom The following section outlines the functionality of the buttons found at the bottom of the C4 control surface. SPLIT Switches edit split between 4/0, 1/3, 2/2 and 3/1 rows. Split Edit allows you to simultaneously edit two separate sections of a plug-in/instrument, or even two different plug-ins. Split Edit is also possible across multiple C4 units. As an example with two units, pressing the SPLIT button offers the following split modes:  1/7 (Split Upper is top line of first unit, Split Lower is bottom 3 lines of first unit and all lines of second unit. LED 1/3 is lit.)  2/6 (Split Upper is top two lines of first unit, Split Lower is bottom two lines of first unit and all lines of second unit. LED 2/1 is on.)  3/5 (LED 3/1 is on.)  4/4 (all three LEDs are on.)  5/3 (all three LEDs are on.)  6/2 (all three LEDs are on.)  7/1 (all three LEDs are on.) LOCK Activates/deactivates Track Lock. When enabled, selecting a track does not switch the current track selection. SPOT ERASE Currently unassigned. MARKER Switches between Marker overlay (see “Marker Overlay” on page 160) and normal view. 158 Chapter 11 Mackie C4 TRACK Switches between Track overlay (see “Track Overlay” on page 160) and normal view. Alternate mode options Holding down the TRACK button accesses a further submenu in the lower LCD, enabling you to enter Global view with a certain Object type:  V-Select 25 switches to MIDI tracks.  V-Select 26 switches to Input Objects.  V-Select 27 switches to Audio tracks.  V-Select 28 switches to Audio Instrument tracks.  V-Select 29 switches to Auxiliary Objects.  V-Select 30 switches to Bus Objects.  V-Select 31 switches to Outputs.  V-Select 32 switches to Master Output. Releasing the TRACK button without pressing a V-Select returns to Mixer view. CHAN STRIP Switches between Channel Strip overlay (see “Channel Strip Overlay” on page 160) and normal view. Alternate mode options Holding down the CHAN STRIP button accesses a further submenu in the lower LCD:  V-Select 9 to 16 switches to one of eight user modes, where you can freely assign parameters to V-Pots or V-Selects.  V-Select 17 switches to Track Multi Channel view (see “Track Multi Channel View” on page 152).  V-Select 18 switches to Pan/Surround Multi Channel view (see “Pan/Surround Multi Channel View” on page 152).  V-Select 19 switches to EQ Multi Channel view (see “EQ Multi Channel View” on page 153).  V-Select 20 switches to Sends Multi Channel view (see “Send Multi Channel View” on page 154).  V-Select 21 switches to Plug-in Select Multi Channel view (see “Plug-in Select Multi Channel View” on page 154).  V-Select 22 switches to Instrument Select Multi Channel view (see “Instrument Select Multi Channel View” on page 155).  V-Select 26 switches to Pan/Surround Channel Strip view (see “Pan/Surround Channel Strip View” on page 152).  V-Select 27 switches to EQ Channel Strip view (see “EQ Channel Strip View” on page 153). Chapter 11 Mackie C4 159  V-Select 28 switches to Send Channel Strip view (see “Send Channel Strip View” on page 154).  V-Select 31 activates the Cycle view (see “Cycle View” on page 156).  V-Select 32 activates the Drop view (see “Drop View” on page 156). FUNCTION Switches between Function overlay (see “Function Overlay” on page 161) and normal view. Modifier Buttons The four buttons in this area are similar to those found on your computer keyboard (but are independent of the keyboard modifiers). Many Logic functions behave differently when one or more “modifier” key(s) is pressed, in conjunction with another key or mouse click. This also applies to the C4 control surface. All “modified” C4 commands are covered in each function description. Here is a generic description of the modifier button functions:  SHIFT: Switches other buttons to alternate function.  OPTION: While held down, parameters are set to the minimum, default or maximum value when edited with a V-Pot.  CTRL: Disables the Group function.  x/ALT: While held down, parameters are edited in fine (high resolution) mode with a V-Pot. BANK Left/Right Shifts parameter display by one page in particular view modes. SINGLE Left/Right Shifts parameter display by one parameter in particular view modes. TRACK L/R In Multi Channel view, TRACK L/R shifts the fader bank left or right by the number of channel strips in the control surface group. As an example: If you have two C4 units in a control surface group, the view shifts by 16 channels. Simultaneously pressing TRACK L or TRACK R and OPTION switches the fader bank to the beginning or end. As an example, if you are viewing the first eight channels (of 64 Audio Objects) in the fader bank, pressing OPTION and TRACK L or TRACK R will switch to view the last eight channels in the fader bank (Audio Objects 57 to 64). In Channel Strip view, TRACK L/R selects the previous or next track. With SHIFT held down: as above, but for Split Lower. 160 Chapter 11 Mackie C4 SLOT UP/DOWN Selects the desired EQ, Send or plug-in insert slot. Marker Overlay The Marker overlay is active when the MARKER button light is on.  V-Select 1 to 30 is assigned to markers 1 to 30. The upper LCD line shows the marker name; the lower line displays “INSIDE” when the SPL falls between marker boundaries.  V-Select 31 creates a new marker.  V-Select 32 deletes the current marker. Track Overlay The Track overlay is active when the TRACK button light is on.  V-Select 1 to 32 changes the currently edited track. When a track is selected for Split Upper, the lower LCD line displays the word “UPPER.” If a track is selected for Split Lower, the word “LOWER” is shown. To select a track for Split Upper, press the appropriate V-Select. To select a track for Split Lower, press the V-Select while holding down SHIFT.  BANK Left/Right shifts the fader bank by the number of channels in the control surface group.  SINGLE Left/Right shifts the fader bank by one track. Channel Strip Overlay The Channel Strip overlay is active when the CHAN STRIP button light is on.  V-Pot/V-Select row 1 edits the frequency and gain of EQ bands 3 to 6 (the parametric bands), provided an EQ plug-in is inserted in the current channel strip.  V-Pot/V-Select row 2 switches to edit mode for plug-in inserts 1 to 8, provided a plug-in is inserted in the respective Insert slot. If no plug-in is inserted, turn the respective V-Pot to select a plug-in, then press V-Select, to instantiate it.  V-Pot/V-Select row 3 edits Send 1 to 8 Level, provided the current track has active sends.  V-Pot/V-Select 25 switches to Instrument Edit mode, provided the selected track is an Audio Instrument track and an Audio Instrument is inserted.  V-Pot/V-Select 26 edits track output.  V-Pot/V-Select 27 sets the automation mode.  V-Pot/V-Select 28 edits group membership.  V-Pot/V-Select 29 edits volume. Chapter 11 Mackie C4 161  V-Pot/V-Select 30 edits pan/surround angle (for surround channels).  V-Pot/V-Select 31 edits Surround Diversity.  V-Pot/V-Select 32 edits track mode (mono/stereo). Function Overlay The Function overlay is active when the FUNCTION button light is on. Control Assignment 1 (display: Params) Enables/Disables the parameter display of the active window. 2 (Channl Strip) Enables/Disables Channel Strip Only option in Arrange. 3 (Delay in ms) Activates/Deactivates display of delays in milliseconds. 4 (Ruler: SMPTE) Activates/Deactivates SMPTE display of time ruler. 5 (Global Track) Activates/Deactivates display of Global tracks. 6 (Arrang Grid) Activates/Deactivates display of the grid in Arrange. 7 (Event Float) Activates/Deactivates display of the floating Event List. 8 (Name/Value) Switches the display mode between Name and Value (identical to the NAME/VALUE button on the Logic Control). 9 (Track Autom.) Enables/Disables display of track automation in Arrange windows. 10 (Trk>Rg Autom.) Performs Move Current Track Automation Data To Region key command. With the SHIFT button held down (display: Trk>Ob Au All), Move All Track Automation Data To Region key command is performed. 11 (Rg>Trk Autom.) Performs Move Current Region Control Data To Track Automation function. With the SHIFT button held down (display: Ob>Trk Au All), Move All Region Control Data To Track Automation key command is performed. 12 (Clear Autom.) Performs Delete Currently Visible Automation Data of Current Track key command. With the SHIFT button held down (display: Clear Au All), Delete All Automation Data of Current Track function is performed. 13 (ClrAll Overld) Resets the Level Meter Overload displays. 14 (ClrAll RecRdy) Switches off Record Ready for all tracks. 15 (ClrAll Solo) Switches off Solo for all tracks. 16 (ClrAll Mute) Switches off Mute for all tracks. 17 (Tool: Pointr) Chooses the Pointer tool. 18 (Tool: Pencil) Chooses the Pencil tool. 19 (Tool: Scissr) Chooses the Scissors tool. 20 (Tool: Glue) Chooses the Glue tool. 21 (Tool: Text) Chooses the Text tool. 22 (Tool: Xfade) Chooses the Crossfade tool. 23 (Tool: Marque) Chooses the Marquee tool. 24 (Tool: Autom.) Chooses the Automation tool. 162 Chapter 11 Mackie C4 The SHIFT modifier button is currently assigned to V-Selects 10 to 12 (see above). Use of the OPTION, CTRL or x/ALT modifiers don’t alter V-Select/V-Pot functionality, as they are unassigned. You can freely assign new key commands to these encoders, or may choose to reassign the existing assignments in Logic Pro. V-Pot 25 (WfZoom) Edits the active Arrange waveform zoom factor. V-Pot 26 (V.Zoom) Edits the vertical zoom factor of the active window. V-Pot 27 (H.Zoom) Edits the horizontal zoom factor of the active window. V-Pot 28 (Move Cycle) Moves the Cycle locators. V-Pot 29 (Quantz) Chooses the Quantize Again value. V-Select 29 performs Quantize Again for the selected Regions or events. V-Pot 30 (Format) Chooses the Format value for clock display. V-Select 31 (Prev SetEXS) Performs “Next Plug-in Setting or EXS Instrument” key command. V-Select 32 (Next SetEXS) Performs “Previous Plug-in Setting or EXS Instrument” key command. Control Assignment 12 163 12 Mackie HUI Set Up Please make sure that your HUI unit(s) are connected bi-directionally with the computer, using a MIDI interface. To set up Mackie HUI units: 1 Choose Logic Pro > Control Surfaces > Setup. 2 Choose New > Install in the Setup window’s local menu. 3 Select HUI in the Install window. 4 Click the Scan button. Logic Pro will scan for, and automatically install, your control surface(s). Other HUI Compatible Devices If the unit emulates one HUI unit, proceed as if using a HUI. If you experience problems in the DSP Edit display, install the unit as a DM2000. If the unit emulates more than one HUI, add the required number of additional devices in the Setup window (see the Yamaha digital mixer sections in this document). If the unit is limited to support of only one HUI DSP edit section, choose HUI Channel Strips only as the model name for these additional units. This ensures that scrolling in the DSP edit section is limited to four parameters. If you wish to know more about button assignments, refer to the Assignment Overview section below, and the device’s user manual. Assignment Overview A right-aligned modifier button (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. 164 Chapter 12 Mackie HUI ASSIGN Section Fader Bank Buttons Control Assignment SEND A Assigns Send 1 Level to V-Pots, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP V-Pots. While held down, the scribble strips show the current Send 1 destination assignment. SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 6 SEND B Assigns Send 2 Level to V-Pots, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP V-Pots. While held down, the scribble strips show the current Send 2 destination assignment. SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 7 SEND C Assigns Send 3 Level to V-Pots, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP V-Pots. While held down, the scribble strips show the current Send 3 destination assignment. SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 8 SEND D Assigns Send 4 Level to V-Pots, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP V-Pots. While held down, the scribble strips show the current Send 4 destination assignment. SEND E Assigns Send 5 Level to V-Pots, and Send 5 to 8 Levels to DSP V-Pots. While held down, the scribble strips show the current Send 5 destination assignment. PAN Assigns Pan to V-Pots; assigns selected track’s Pan/Surround parameters to DSP VPots. INPUT Assigns Track Input to V-Pots. While held down, the scribble strips show the current Track Input assignment. OUTPUT Assigns Track Output to V-Pots. While held down, the scribble strips show the current Track Output assignment. REC/RDY ALL Disable Record Ready on all tracks. BYPASS Switches the INSERT buttons between Insert Select and Insert Bypass mode. Also see Insert entry in Channel Strips table on page 166. MUTE Switches the V-Select buttons between Send Position and Send Mute mode. SHIFT Enables/Disables Flip mode. SELECT-ASSIGN Displays the V-Pot assignment as follows: Pan, Snd1 to Snd8, S1As to S8As, In, Out. SUSPEND — DEFAULT Switches V-Select buttons between normal behavior and setting default value. ASSIGN When V-Pots display a Send level, the ASSIGN button switches them to Send Destination Assignment mode. Press V-Select or ASSIGN button again to confirm the assignment. Control Assignment Bank Left Shifts channel strips by one bank to the left. Bank Right Shifts channel strips by one bank to the right. Channel Left Shifts channel strips by one channel to the left. Channel Right Shifts channel strips by one channel to the right. Chapter 12 Mackie HUI 165 WINDOW Section KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS Section Control Assignment TRANSPORT Opens/Closes the Transport window. EDIT Opens/Closes the Arrange window. MIX Opens/Closes the Track Mixer. ALT Opens/Closes the Sample Editor. STATUS Opens/Closes the Audio window. MEM-LOC Opens/Closes the Marker List. Control Assignment UNDO Performs Undo. SHIFT/ADD Performs Redo. OPTION/ALL Opens Undo History window. SAVE Saves the song. OPTION/ALL Performs Save As function, allowing you to save the song under a different name. EDIT MODE — EDIT TOOL Selects the next tool. While held down, numerical buttons select a specific tool. SHIFT/ADD Shifts to second meaning of some buttons. See descriptions of other buttons. OPTION/ALL While held down, value change mode is set to “relative”: relative value changes result in a minimum, default, or maximum value for the edited parameter. Also see description of other buttons. CTRL/CLUTCH While held down, the Group Clutch is engaged (all groups are disabled). x/ALT/FINE While held down, value change mode is set to “fine”: relative value changes work at maximum resolution. Also see descriptions of other buttons. 166 Chapter 12 Mackie HUI Channel Strips Control Assignment Level meters Displays momentary and peak levels. REC/RDY Activates/Deactivates Record Enable button. OPTION/ALL Disables Record Enable button for all tracks. INSERT BYPASS button off (see Insert Select mode on page 164): selects track for plug-in selection. BYPASS button on (see Insert Bypass mode page 164): enables/disables bypass of currently selected Insert slot. V-SEL PAN button on: sets Pan parameter to center if DEFAULT button is on. Send 1 to 8 selected: edits Send Pre/Post, activates/deactivates Send Mute or sets Send Level to default value. In Send Destination Assignment mode, Track Input (see Input button on page 164) or Track Output Assignment mode (see Output button on page 164), the V-SEL buttons confirm the selection. V-Pot Adjusts parameter selected in the ASSIGN section. AUTO Cycles through automation modes. With an automation mode button held down, the button sets this automation mode. SOLO Enables/Disables Solo. OPTION/ALL Disables Solo for all tracks. MUTE Enables/Disables Mute. OPTION/ALL Unmutes all tracks. Scribble strip Displays track name, or Send, In, or Out assignment. SELECT Selects track. SHIFT/ADD Sets volume to unity level. DEFAULT Sets volume to unity level. Fader Adjusts volume, or duplicates V-Pot in Flip mode. Chapter 12 Mackie HUI 167 DSP EDIT/ASSIGN Section Control Assignment ASSIGN — COMPARE Switches DSP display between “track name/parameter name” and “parameter name/ parameter value” modes. BYPASS Enables/Disables bypass of currently edited plug-in insert. DSP Select 1 to 4 Assignment Pan:  DSP Select 1 centers Pan or Surround Angle.  DSP Select 2 centers Surround Diversity.  DSP Select 3 centers Surround LFE.  DSP Select 4 selects Surround mode. Assignment Send:  Activate/Deactivate Sends 1 to 4 or Mutes 5 to 8. Plug-in Assign mode:  Confirms insert 1 to 4 or 5 to 8 plug-in selection, selects this insert and enters Plug-in Edit mode. Plug-in Edit mode:  Sets value to default, or turns parameter “switch” on/off. DSP V-Pots Assignment Pan:  DSP V-Pot 1 controls Pan or Surround Angle.  DSP V-Pot 2 controls Surround Diversity.  DSP V-Pot 3 controls Surround LFE.  DSP V-Pot 4 controls Surround Mode. Assignment Send:  Control Send 1 to 4 or 5 to 8 Level. Plug-in Assign mode:  Assigns plug-in inserts 1 to 4 or 5 to 8. Plug-in Edit mode:  Controls the selected plug-in parameter. INSERT/PARAM Switches between Plug-in Assign and Plug-in Edit modes. SCROLL Plug-In Edit mode: shifts parameter display by the number of DSP V-Pots in the control surface group (usually four). x/ALT/FINE Plug-in Edit: mode shifts parameter display by one. 168 Chapter 12 Mackie HUI Function Keys AUTO ENABLE Section Control Assignment F1 Clears Overload LEDs. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Global View and enables MIDI tracks. x/ALT/FINE Opens/Closes Arrange window. F2 Recalls Screenset 2. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Global View and enables Input Objects. x/ALT/FINE Opens/Closes Track Mixer. F3 Recalls Screenset 3. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Global View and enables audio tracks. x/ALT/FINE Opens/Closes Event Editor. F4 Recalls Screenset 4. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Global View and enables Audio Instrument trackss. x/ALT/FINE Opens/Closes Score Editor. F5 Recalls Screenset 5. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Global View and enables Aux Objects. x/ALT/FINE Opens/Closes Hyper Editor. F6 Recalls Screenset 6. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Global View and enables Bus Objects. x/ALT/FINE Opens/Closes Matrix Editor. F7 Switches counter display between SMPTE and bars/beats/format/ticks. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Global View and enables Outputs and Master Object. x/ALT/FINE Opens/Closes Transport window. F8/ESC Default: exits folder. Goto Marke mode: cancels dialog. x/ALT/FINE Opens/Closes Audio window. Control Assignment FADER Activates/Deactivates volume automation playback and recording. PAN Activates/Deactivates pan automation playback and recording. PLUG IN Activates/Deactivates plug-in parameter automation playback and recording. MUTE Activates/Deactivates mute automation playback and recording. SEND Activates/Deactivates send level automation playback and recording. SEND MUTE — Chapter 12 Mackie HUI 169 AUTO MODE Section STATUS/GROUP Section Control Assignment READ Sets selected track to Read automation mode. While held down, the channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Read. OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to Read automation mode. LATCH Sets selected track to Latch automation mode. While held down, the channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Latch. OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to automation mode Latch. TRIM — TOUCH Sets selected track to Touch automation mode. While held down, the channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Touch. OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to Touch automation mode. WRITE Sets selected track to Write automation mode. While held down, the channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Write. OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to Write automation mode. OFF Sets selected track to Off automation mode. While held down, the channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Off. OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to Off automation mode. Control Assignment AUTO While held down, the scribble strips display the tracks’ automation mode. MONITOR — PHASE — GROUP Enters Group Edit mode:  The upper line in the DSP edit section displays the currently edited group number and name.  DSP Select buttons 1 to 4 switch between the properties of the currently edited group. The group name is shown in the lower line.  When the INSERT/PARAM button is off, the DSP Edit V-Pots scroll through the group properties. If the INSERT/PARAM button is on, the DSP EDIT V-Pots select the group currently being edited.  The SELECT buttons enable/disable group membership of the track. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Track View. CREATE Creates a new group and enters Group Edit mode (see above). SHIFT/ADD Switches to Global View. SUSPEND Activates/Deactivates the Group Clutch. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Arrange View. 170 Chapter 12 Mackie HUI EDIT Section Time Display LOCATE/NUMERICS Section Control Assignment CAPTURE — SEPARATE — CUT Cuts the selection. COPY Copies the selection. PASTE Pastes the Clipboard contents. DELETE Deletes the selection. Control Assignment TIME CODE Lit if counter displays time code. FEET Not assigned. BEATS Lit if counter displays bars/beats/format/ticks. Time display Displays time code or bars/beats/format/ticks. RUDE SOLO LIGHT Flashes if any track is soloed. Control Assignment CLR Deletes current marker. = Creates a marker at the current song position. / Equivalent to computer keyboard / key. * Equivalent to computer keyboard * key. – Equivalent to computer keyboard – key. + Equivalent to computer keyboard + key. 0 to 9 Normal: 1 to 9 recalls markers 1 to 9. If in Goto Marker dialog: Equivalent to computer keyboard keys 0 to 9. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Global View and enables: 1: MIDI tracks 2: Input Objects 3: Audio tracks 4: Audio Instrument Objects 5: Aux Objects 6: Bus Objects 7: Outputs and Master Object Chapter 12 Mackie HUI 171 Transport Section EDIT TOOL Selects tool: 1: Pointer 2: Pencil 3: Eraser 4: Text tool 5: Scissors 6: Glue 7: Solo tool 8: Mute tool 9: Magnifying Glass 0 If in Goto Marker dialog: Equivalent to computer keyboard 0 key. . If not in Goto Marker dialog: Enters Goto Marker dialog. In in Goto Marker dialog: Confirms entered marker number. ENTER If not in Goto Marker dialog: Enters folder of selected track. If in Goto Marker dialog: Confirms entered marker number. Control Assignment Control Assignment AUDITION — PRE Sets left locator. IN Sets Drop In locator. OUT Sets Drop Out locator. POST Sets right locator. RTZ Goes to the left locator. END Goes to the right locator. ON LINE Switches between internal/external sync. LOOP Enables/Disables Cycle mode. QUICK PUNCH Enables/Disables Drop mode. REWIND Shuttles backward. FAST FWD Shuttles forward. STOP Stop playback. PLAY Starts playback. SHIFT/ADD Pause RECORD Record 172 Chapter 12 Mackie HUI Cursor Buttons Jog Wheel Foot Switches Control Assignment Cursor Up Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Up Arrow key. Zoom mode: Zooms out vertically. SHIFT/ADD Zoom mode: Individual track zoom in. x/ALT/FINE Page up OPTION/ALL + x/ALT/FINE Scroll to top. Cursor Down Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Down Arrow key. Zoom mode: Zooms out vertically. SHIFT/ADD Zoom mode: Individual track zoom out. x/ALT/FINE Page down OPTION/ALL + x/ALT/FINE Scroll to bottom. Cursor Left Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Left Arrow key. Zoom mode: Zooms out horizontally. SHIFT/ADD Zoom mode: Individual track zoom reset of tracks from the same class. x/ALT/FINE Page left OPTION/ALL + x/ALT/FINE Scroll to left border. Cursor Right Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Right Arrow key. Zoom mode: Zooms in horizontally. SHIFT/ADD Zoom mode: Individual track zoom reset of all tracks. x/ALT/FINE Page right OPTION/ALL + x/ALT/FINE Scroll to right border. MODE Switches between Cursor and Zoom modes. Control Assignment Jog Wheel Default: Move SPL by one bar. Scrub button lit: Scrub mode. Shuttle button lit: Shuttle mode. SCRUB Activates/Deactivates Scrub mode. SHUTTLE Activates/Deactivates Shuttle mode. Control Assignment Foot Switch 1 Play or Stop Foot Switch 2 Record On/Off 13 173 13 Radikal Technologies SAC-2K Set Up Please make sure that your control surface is connected bi-directionally with the computer, either using a MIDI interface or the built-in USB connector. If the unit(s) are connected via USB, ensure that the MIDI driver shipped with the unit is installed. To set up SAC-2K units: 1 Choose Logic > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup. 2 Choose New > Install in the Setup window’s local menu. 3 Select the SAC-2K in the Install window. 4 Click the Scan button. Assignment Overview A right-aligned modifier button (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. LCDs and Encoders Control Assignment Left and middle LCDs Upper row displays track number (if in a Multi Channel View) or parameter name (if in a Channel Strip View). Lower row shows the parameter value of the encoder below the display. Level meters are displayed to the right. Right LCD Upper row displays the name of the parameter edited with the encoder below. Lower row displays the parameter value assigned to the encoder below the display. The Master Output level meter is displayed at the far right. Encoders Edit the corresponding parameter displayed in the LCD. Encoder push buttons Parameters with two values (On/Off ): Switches between the two values. Parameters that access items (plug-in selection): Confirms preselection. At other times: Sets parameter to default value. 174 Chapter 13 Radikal Technologies SAC-2K Channel Strips Mixe Mode Section Control Assignment Mute/Solo Switches Mute/Solo 1 to 8 buttons between Mute and Solo modes. LED off: Mute/Solo buttons switch Mute state on/off. LED on: Mute/Solo buttons switch Solo state on/off. LED flashes: Mute/Solo buttons switch Rec/Rdy state on/off. SHIFT Sets Mute/Solo buttons to Rec/Rdy mode. Mute/Solo 1 to 8 Mute/Solo LED off: Enables/Disables Mute; LED displays Mute status. Mute/Solo LED on: Enables/Disables Solo; LED displays Solo status. Mute/Solo LED flashing: Enables/Disables Rec/Rdy; LED displays Rec/Rdy status. SELECT 1 to 8 buttons Selects track. Exception: In Group mode, these buttons define group membership of the track. Master Select button Switches Flip mode between Off and Duplicate. Fader 1 to 8 Controls volume, or duplicates encoder above if Flip mode is enabled. The silk screened legend lines are scaled as follows: +6 dB, +3 dB, 0 dB, −5 dB, −10 dB, −15 dB, −20 dB, −25 dB, −30 dB, −35 dB, −40 dB, −45 dB, −50 dB, −60 dB, −inf. Master Fader Controls master volume. Control Assignment Pan Switches to multi-channel pan editing. Encoders 9 to 12 edit Pan/Angle, Diversity, LFE, and Surround Mode of selected track (in Surround mode). High, HiMid, LowMid, Low Switches to multi-channel gain editing of a certain EQ band. Encoders 9 to 12 edit Frequency, Gain, Q factor, and On/Off for the selected track. Pressing and releasing the button chooses a specific EQ band.  Low: Band 3 (first parametric EQ band)  LowMid: Band 4 (second parametric EQ band)  HiMid: Band 5 (third parametric EQ band)  High: Band 6 (fourth parametric EQ band) While held down, Encoder 9 lets you choose the EQ band to edit (bands 1 to 8). The button’s LED is lit when in multi-channel gain editing mode of the button’s EQ band. Snd/Ins Switches the four Snd/Ins (1 to 4) buttons between Send and Insert modes.  LED off: Send mode  LED on: Insert mode Chapter 13 Radikal Technologies SAC-2K 175 Snd/Ins 1 to 4  If in Send mode, switches to multi-channel send level editing of Sends 1 to 4. Encoders 9 to 12 edit Destination, Level, Pre/Post and Mute of the selected track. Destination must be confirmed by encoder 9’s push-button. While held down, Encoder 9 selects the desired Send number (1 to 8). The button’s LED is lit when in multi-channel send level editing mode of the button’s send number.  If in Insert mode, switches to multi-channel plug-in selection for Inserts 1 to 4. Plug-in selection is confirmed by the encoder’s push-button. While held down, Encoder 9 enables you to choose the desired Insert number (1 to 15). The button’s LED is lit when in plug-in selection mode (of the corresponding button’s insert number). Audio Switches to Global View and displays audio tracks. SHIFT Switches to Mixer View. MIDI Switches to Global View and displays MIDI tracks. SHIFT Switches to Arrange View. Input Switches to Global View and displays Input Objects. SHIFT Switches to Global View and displays Outputs and Master Object. Inst Switches to Global View and displays Audio Instrument Objects. SHIFT Switches to Global View and displays Aux Objects. Bus Switches to Global View and displays Bus Objects. SHIFT Switches to Global View and displays folders and all tracks shown when the View > Other Tracks option is activated in the Track Mixer. Group Switches to Group editing:  Encoder 1 to 10 push buttons edit a group property (Property shown in the LCD’s lower line).  Encoder 11 scrolls through group properties.  Encoder 12 selects a group to edit. Its name is displayed in the lower line, above Encoder 12.  Select buttons 1 to 8 activate/deactivate track membership within the group. 1 to 8 Shifts the fader bank offset to the left by one bank. 9 to 16 Shifts the fader bank offset to the right by one bank. 17 to 24 Shifts the fader bank offset to the left by one track. 25 to 32 Shifts the fader bank offset to the right by one track. Control Assignment 176 Chapter 13 Radikal Technologies SAC-2K Software Navigation Section Locator Section The locator displays the current song position in bars/beats format, as defined in the song settings. The spaces between the sections are replaced with a period, as the bars/ beats format uses up to 14 characters in Logic, and the SAC display is limited to eight digits. Control Assignment 1 Num LED off: — Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘1’ on computer keyboard. 2 Num LED off: Equivalent to Left Arrow key on computer keyboard. Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘2’ on computer keyboard. 3 Num LED off: Equivalent to Up Arrow key on computer keyboard. Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘3’ on computer keyboard. 4 Num LED off: Eequivalent to Right Arrow key on computer keyboard. Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘4’ on computer keyboard. 5 Num LED off: Performs Undo. Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘5’ on computer keyboard. 6 Num LED off: — Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘6’ on computer keyboard. 7 Num LED off: Copies the selection. Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘7’ on computer keyboard. 8 Num LED off: Equivalent to Down Arrow key on computer keyboard. Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘8’ on computer keyboard. 9 Num LED off: Pastes the Clipboard contents. Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘9’ on computer keyboard. 0 Num LED off: Saves the song. Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘0’ on computer keyboard. Num Switches the numeric buttons between primary and secondary function (see above). Enter Equivalent to Enter key on the computer keyboard. Chapter 13 Radikal Technologies SAC-2K 177 Marker Section Transport Section Control Assignment SHIFT Shifts to secondary function of other buttons. Scrub Rotates thru the three modes for the Jog Wheel:  LED off: Move SPL by one bar.  LED on: Activates Scrub mode.  LED flashes: Activates Shuttle mode. From Sets left locator to current SPL. SHIFT Sets SPL to left locator. Store Marker Creates a marker at the current SPL. SHIFT Deletes marker at the current SPL. To Sets right locator to current SPL. SHIFT Sets SPL to right locator. Recall Marker Opens the Goto Marker dialog. SHIFT Opens the Marker List. Jog Wheel Moves the SPL in one of three modes, depending on the state of the Scrub button (see above). Control Assignment << Shuttles backward. SHIFT Goes to previous marker. >> Shuttles forward. SHIFT Goes to next marker. STOP Stops playback. PLAY Starts playback. SHIFT Enables/Disables Cycle mode. RECORD Record SHIFT Enables/Disables Replace mode. 178 Chapter 13 Radikal Technologies SAC-2K Channel Strips Section Troubleshooting The track names are shorter than necessary, and the assignments don’t work correctly. The SAC-2K is in an emulation mode (Logic Control or HUI, for example). To resolve this issue, simply switch the SAC-2K power off, and then back on. The faders don’t work, and the locator display shows 00000000. You have manually switched the SAC-2K to SLAVE mode. This, unfortunately, does not initialize some settings required for proper communication. To resolve this issue, simply switch the SAC-2K power off, and then back on. Control Assignment EQs Enters Channel Strip EQ editing mode. Pressing the button again cycles through the available pages. Inserts/Sends Enters Channel Strip plug-in editing mode—edits the currently selected insert of the selected track. Pressing the button again cycles through the available pages. Dynamics — MIDI — Instrument Enters Channel Strip instrument editing mode—edits the instrument of the selected track (if it’s an Audio Instrument track). Pressing the button again cycles through the available pages. 14 179 14 Roland SI-24 Set Up Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Pro 7.  Ensure that your SI-24 unit(s) are connected to the RPC card with the (included) blue cable. This connector provides both digital audio and MIDI connections.  Make sure that the MIDI driver shipped with the unit is installed. To scan for your Roland SI-24 unit: 1 Choose Logic > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup 2 Choose New > Install in the Setup window’s local menu. 3 Select Roland SI-24 in the Install window. 4 Click the Scan button. Logic Pro will scan for, and automatically install, your control surfaces. Assignment Overview A right-aligned modifier button (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. Channel Strips Control Assignment EQ ON/OFF 1 to 4 In Pan mode:  Switches bypass state of EQ bands 1–4.  Enters EQ/Send mode. If no Channel or Linear Phase EQ is present on the selected track, a Channel EQ will automatically be inserted. In EQ/Send mode:  Switches bypass state of EQ bands 1–4. The button LED is lit when the EQ is enabled. In Plug-in mode:  Switches to insert 1–4. The lit button LED indicates the selected insert.  If a Plug-in window is open, it will also switch to the selected insert. SHIFT In EQ/Send mode: Enables/Disables Send 1–4 Mute. 180 Chapter 14 Roland SI-24 EQ/SEND Switches track edit section between:  EQ/Send mode (LED on).  Pan mode (LED off ). PLUG-IN Switches track edit section between:  Plug-in mode (LED on) (Plug-in window opens.)  Pan mode (LED off ) Plug-in window closes when Plug-in mode is exited. SHIFT Switches track edit section between:  Instrument mode (LED on) (Instrument window opens.)  Pan mode (LED off ) Instrument editor window closes when Instrument mode is exited. PAN 1 to 12 In Pan mode:  Controls channel strip’s Pan (surround angle for tracks in surround mode). In EQ/Send mode:  1/3/5/7: EQ 1–4 Gain.  2/4/6/8: EQ 1–4 Frequency.  9–12: Send 1–4 Level. In Plug-in mode:  1–10: Edits plug-in parameter.  11: Bypasses plug-in.  12: Shifts plug-in parameter page. In Instrument mode:  1–10: Edits Instrument parameter.  11: Bypasses Instrument.  12: Shifts Instrument parameter page. SHIFT In EQ/Send mode:  1/3/5/7: EQ 1–4 Type  2/4/6/8: EQ 1–4 Q factor.  9–12: Send 1–4 destination. CH SELECT 1 to 12 Selects track/channel. STATUS 1 to 12 In Automation mode: Switches Automation mode between:  Off (LED off )  Read (green)  Latch (orange)  Write (red) In Record Ready mode: Enables/Disables Record Ready. In Solo mode: Enables/Disables Solo. In Mute mode: Enables/Disables Mute. Fader 1 to 12 Controls volume. Control Assignment Chapter 14 Roland SI-24 181 STATUS MODE Section CH ASSIGN Controls MASTER Section SURROUND PAN Section Control Assignment AUTOMIX Sets STATUS 1 to 12 buttons to Automation mode. SHIFT Sets all tracks to Off, Read, Latch, or Write (cycles through) automation mode. REC/PLAY Sets STATUS 1 to 12 buttons to Record Ready mode. SOLO Sets STATUS 1 to 12 buttons to Solo mode. MUTE Sets STATUS 1 to 12 buttons to Mute mode. Control Assignment INPUT Shows the first 12 audio inputs (Global View) on channel strips. SHIFT Shows the first 12 MIDI channels (Global View) on channel strips. OUTPUT Shows the first 12 audio outputs (Global View) on channel strips:  1: Output 1–2 (front).  2: Output 3–4 (rear).  3: Output 5 (center).  4: Output 6 (LFE).  5: Output 7–8 (digital out). SHIFT Shows the first 12 audio channels (Global View) on channel strips. BUS Shows the first 12 audio buses (Global View) on channel strips. SHIFT Shows the first 12 Audio Instruments (Global View) on channel strips. Tr 1 to 12 Shows tracks 1 to 12 (Track View) on channel strips. Tr 13 to 24 Shows tracks 13 to 24 (Track View) on channel strips. Control Assignment Master Fader Controls output 1-2 volume. Control Assignment ON/OFF Switches selected track’s output between:  Surround (LED on) and  Out 1-2 (LED off ). Also shows/hides the Surround Pan window. Joystick Surround X/Y of selected track. 182 Chapter 14 Roland SI-24 Numeric Key Section Control Assignment SYSTEM Switches SI-24 to System mode. See SI-24 user manual for details. LOCATE Switches numeric keys to Locate mode. SHORT CUT Switches numeric keys to Shortcut mode. SCREEN SET Switches numeric keys to Screenset mode. 0 to 9 System mode: See SI-24 user manual. Locate mode:  1 to 9: Goes to markers 1 to 9.  0: Creates marker at SPL. Shortcut mode:  1: Saves song. LED is lit if song has changed since last save.  2: Performs undo. LED is on if Redo is possible.  3: Copies the selection.  4: Pastes the Clipboard contents.  5: Deletes the selection.  6: Enables/Disables Scrub mode. LED is on if Scrub mode is enabled.  7: Enables/Disables Cycle mode. LED is on if Cycle mode is enabled.  8: Enables/Disables Drop mode. LED is on if Drop mode is enabled.  9: Switches Arrange window to volume automation view.  0: Switches Arrange window to pan automation view. Screenset mode:  1 to 9: Recall Screensets 1 to 9.  0: Enables/Disables Lock Screenset. SHIFT Locate mode:  1 to 9: Goes to Markers 10 to 18.  0: Deletes marker at SPL. Shortcut mode:  1: Performs Save As.  2: Performs Redo.  3: Cuts selection.  4: Pastes the Clipboard contents. Screenset mode:  1: Opens/Closes Arrange window.  2: Opens/Closes Track Mixer.  3: Opens/Closes Event Editor.  4: Opens/Closes Score Editor.  5: Opens/Closes Hyper Editor.  6: Opens/Closes Matrix Editor.  7: Opens/Closes Transport window.  8: Opens/Closes Audio window.  9: Opens/Closes Sample Editor. Chapter 14 Roland SI-24 183 Transport Section Control Assignment PAUSE Pause REW Rewinds SPL by one bar. F FWD Advances SPL by one bar. STOP Stops playback. PLAY Starts playback. RECORD Record Jog wheel Scrub mode off: Moves SPL by bars. Scrub mode on: Scrubs audio. 15 185 15 Tascam FW-1884 Introduction Logic Pro 7 supports the Tascam FW-1884, FE-8 extension and the FW-1082. Version 1.10 of the plug-in also supports the SoftLCD application which displays information on track names, parameter assignments and the current value of the encoders. SoftLCD displays the tracks’ current automation mode while one of the automation mode buttons is held down. The corresponding encoder edits the parameter. Alerts are displayed in SoftLCD. Select buttons allow you to remotely-control alert buttons. The following text referring to the FW-1884 also applies to FE-8 and FW-1082, except where mentioned explicitly. Set Up Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Pro.  Ensure that the FW-1884’s MIDI driver is installed. See the FW-1884 documentation for details.  Connect the FW-1884 to your computer with the supplied FireWire cable.  Boot Logic Pro. The FW-1884 is installed automatically. Assignment Overview A right-aligned modifier button (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. Note: The FE-8 units only offer the Channel Strip section, so other facilities mentioned here don’t apply. The FW-1884 ENCODERS section does, however, apply to the FE-8 channel strips. The FW-1082 has no channel encoders, and offers an extended channel strip section. 186 Chapter 15 Tascam FW-1884 ENCODERS Section (FW-1884 only) SHORTCUTS Section (FW-1884 only). Control Assignment FLIP Switches Flip mode between Off and Swap. PAN Assigns Pan to encoders. AUX 1 Assigns Send 1 level to encoders. AUX 2 Assigns Send 2 level to encoders. AUX 3 Assigns Send 3 level to encoders. AUX 4 Assigns Send 4 level to encoders. AUX 5 Assigns Send 5 level to encoders. AUX 6 Assigns Send 6 level to encoders. AUX 7 Assigns Send 7 level to encoders. AUX 8 Assigns Send 8 level to encoders. Control Assignment SAVE/F1 Saves the active song; The button’s LED is lit when the song has been edited. REVERT/F2 Reverts the active song to the saved version. ALL SAFE/F3 Disables Record Enable button for all tracks. CLR SOLO/F4 Switches Solo off on all tracks. SHIFT Switches Mute off on all tracks. MARKERS/F5 Creates a new marker at the current SPL. SHIFT Deletes the marker at the SPL. LOOP/F6 Enables/Disables Cycle mode. CUT Cuts the current selection and places it in the Clipboard. DEL Deletes the current selection. COPY Copies the current selection to the Clipboard. PASTE Pastes the Clipboard contents to the current SPL. ALT/CMD Modifier for other buttons. UNDO Performs Undo; The button’s LED is lit when Redo is possible. SHIFT Performs Redo. SHIFT Modifier for other buttons. CTRL Modifier for other buttons. Chapter 15 Tascam FW-1884 187 Channel Strips EQ Section (FW-1884 only) The EQ controls apply to a certain EQ band of the selected track. A Channel or Linear Phase EQ will be automatically inserted in the track, if not already present. Control Assignment REC LEDs These LEDs are lit when the corresponding track is recording. The LEDs flash when the track is in Record Ready mode (armed). SEL Selects the track. SHIFT Enables/Disables Send mute, when encoders are controlling a Send level. READ Sets the track’s automation mode to Read. WRITE Sets the track’s automation mode to Write. TCH Sets the track’s automation mode to Touch. LATCH Sets the track’s automation mode to Latch. SOLO Enables/Disables the Solo status of the track. SHIFT Disables Solo status for all tracks (new for plug-in version 1.20). MUTE Enables/Disables the Mute status of the track. SHIFT Disables Mute status for all tracks (new for plug-in version 1.20). Encoder Controls parameter chosen with the ENCODERS section. SET When encoders control a Send’s level, this combination sets the Send destination. Fader Controls volume of the track. Mode Assignment REC While held down, the SEL buttons in the channel strips enable/disable the track’s Record Enable button. GAIN Edits Gain of currently selected EQ band. SET Selects track input. FREQ Edits Frequency parameter of currently selected EQ band. SET Selects Track output. Q Edits Q Factor of currently selected EQ band. SET Selects Track mode (mono/stereo). HIGH Selects EQ band 6. SHIFT Selects EQ band 8. REC Switches bypass state of EQ band 6 (new in plug-in version 1.20). HI-MID Selects EQ band 5. SHIFT Selects EQ band 7. REC Switches bypass state of EQ band 7 (new in plug-in version 1.20). LOW-MID Selects EQ band 4. 188 Chapter 15 Tascam FW-1884 Encoders and Controls Section (FW-1082 only) The three buttons at the bottom of this section define the mode of the other controls:  EQ/Pan mode: The controls apply to a certain EQ band of the selected track.  AUX 1–4 mode: The controls apply to Sends 1–4.  AUX 5–8 mode: The controls apply to Sends 5–8. SHIFT Selects EQ band 2. REC Switches bypass state of EQ band 3 (new in plug-in version 1.20). LOW Selects EQ band 3. SHIFT Selects EQ band 1. REC Switches bypass state of EQ band 3 (new in plug-in version 1.20). Mode Assignment Mode Assignment REC While held down, the SEL buttons in the channel strips enable/disable the track’s Record Enable button status. EQ GAIN–AUX 1/5 • EQ/PAN mode: edits Gain of currently selected EQ band. • AUX 1–4 mode: controls Send 1 level. • AUX 5–8 mode: controls Send 5 level. SET Selects Track input. EQ FREQ–AUX 2/6 • EQ/PAN mode: edits Frequency of currently selected EQ band. • AUX 1–4 mode: controls Send 2 level. • AUX 5–8 mode: controls Send 6 level. SET Selects Track output. EQ Q–AUX 3/7 • EQ/PAN mode: edits Q Factor of currently selected EQ band. • AUX 1–4 mode: controls Send 3 level. • AUX 5–8 mode: controls Send 7 level. SET Selects Track mode. PAN–AUX 4/8 • EQ/PAN mode: edits Pan. • AUX 1–4 mode: controls Send 4 level. • AUX 5–8 mode: controls Send 8 level. EQ HI–AUX 1/5 • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 6. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 1 Mute on/off. • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 5 Mute on/off. SHIFT • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 8. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 1 Position (pre/post.) • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 5 Position (pre/post). REC Switches bypass state of EQ band 6. EQ HI MID–AUX 2/6 • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 5. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 2 Mute on/off. • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 6 Mute on/off. Chapter 15 Tascam FW-1884 189 MASTER Fader This fader always controls the master volume. If no Master Object exists in the Environment, it controls Output 1/2. Automation/Clock Rate Section (FW-1884 only) SHIFT • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 7. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 2 Position (pre/post). • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 6 Position (pre/post). REC Switchess bypass state of EQ band 5. EQ LO MID–AUX 3/7 • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 4. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 3 Mute on/off. • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 7 Mute on/off. SHIFT • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 2. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 3 Position (pre/post). • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 7 Position (pre/post). REC Switches bypass state of EQ band 4. EQ LOW–AUX 4/8 • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 3. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 4 Mute on/off. • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 8 Mute on/off SHIFT • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 1. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 4 Position (pre/post). • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 8 Position (pre/post). REC Switches bypass state of EQ band 3. EQ/PAN Chooses EQ/PAN mode. SHIFT Enables/Disables Flip mode; With Flip mode enabled, the faders control Pan. AUX 1–4 Chooses AUX 1–4 mode. AUX 5–8 Chooses AUX 5–8 mode. Mode Assignment Control Assignment READ While held down, SEL buttons are on if a track is in Read automation mode. Pressing the SEL button sets Read mode. Turning the encoder also edits the automation mode. WRITE While held down, SEL buttons are on if a track is in Write automation mode. Pressing the SEL button sets Write mode. Turning the encoder also edits the automation mode. TCH While held down, SEL buttons are on if a track is in Touch automation mode. Pressing the SEL button sets Touch mode. Turning the encoder also edits the automation mode. LATCH While held down, SEL buttons are on if a track is in Latch automation mode. Pressing the SEL button sets Latch mode. Turning the encoder also edits the automation mode. 190 Chapter 15 Tascam FW-1884 Mode Controls Section (FW-1082 only) Master Section F7 Switches encoders to editing of pan/surround parameters on selected track: angle, radius, LFE, surround mode, X, Y. F8 Switches encoders to EQ editing on selected track. See upper line on SoftLCD application for parameter assignment. Cursor left/right shifts the parameter bank. F9 Switches encoders to plug-in editing on selected track. Cursor left/right shifts parameter bank; Cursor up/down chooses insert to edit. F10 Switches encoders to instrument editing on selected track. Cursor left/right shifts parameter bank. Control Assignment Control Assignment F1 Saves the active song; The button’s LED is lit if the song has been edited. SHIFT Opens the Save As dialog. F2 Performs Undo; The button’s LED is lit when Redo is possible. SHIFT Performs Redo. F3 Copies the current selection to the Clipboard. SHIFT Cuts the current selection and places it in the Clipboard. F4 Pastes the Clipboard contents. SHIFT Clears the current selection. Control Assignment Cursor buttons Identical to computer keyboard’s Arrow keys—except when encoders are in EQ, Plug-in or Instrument Edit modes (see above). SHIFT Zoom in and out horizontally or vertically. SHTL Enables Shuttle mode for wheel. Wheel Shuttle mode off: moves SPL by bar. Shuttle mode on: shuttles SPL. Bank LEDs Show currently selected fader bank. If you only have an FW-1884, a bank refers to eight tracks. If you have FE-8 extensions added, a bank means the entire number of channel strips: 16, 24, and so on. If no LED is lit, a bank higher than 4 is selected. < BANK Shifts fader bank down by one bank. SHIFT Shifts fader bank down by one track. SET Switches to Track view (new in plug-in version 1.20). BANK > Shifts fader bank up by one bank. SHIFT Shifts fader bank up by one track. SET Switches to Global view and shows Aux, Bus, and Output Objects (new in plugin version 1.20). Chapter 15 Tascam FW-1884 191 << LOCATE Goes to previous marker. SET Deletes the current marker (new in plug-in version 1.20). LOCATE >> Goes to next marker. SET Creates a new marker at the SPL (new in plug-in version 1.20). NUDGE buttons Nudge the selected event/Region left or right (by the current nudge value). SET Chooses the current nudge value: tick, format, denominator, bar, frame, 1/2 frame. SET Modifier for other buttons. IN Goes to left locator. SET Sets left locator to SPL. SHIFT Sets Drop In locator to SPL. OUT Goes to right locator. SET Sets right locator to current SPL. SHIFT Sets Drop Out locator to SPL. REW Shuttle Rewind key command. FFWD Shuttle Forward key command. STOP Stops playback. PLAY Starts playback. REC Record key command. Control Assignment 16 193 16 Tascam US-2400 Set Up Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Pro 7.  Make sure that your US-2400 unit(s) are connected to the computer via USB.  Ensure that the US-2400 is in native mode. Please consult your US-2400 manual for more information on this.  Launch Logic Pro 7. Your control surface(s) will be scanned for, and installed, automatically. Special Note The US-2400 is capable of running in both “native” and Logic Control emulation modes. If the unit is set up in Logic Control emulation mode, and the native support plug-in is installed in the Logic Pro 7 program bundle, Logic will detect both a US-2400 native control surface and a Logic Control plus two Extender (XT) units. If you wish to run the US-2400 in Logic Control mode, you may find it most convenient to remove the US-2400 plug-in from the Logic Pro 7 application bundle. Logic will then detect a Logic Control plus two Extender (XT) units (the appropriate setup for the US- 2400 in Logic Control emulation mode), when you scan your control surfaces. The Logic/Mackie Control differs in button layout to the Tascam US-2400. When running the Tascam US-2400 in Logic Control mode, certain controllers are not accessible (the Joystick, as an example). Given these restrictions, it’s not recommended that the Tascam US-2400 is used in Logic Control mode with Logic. If you choose to do so, please refer to the documentation supplied with the Tascam US-2400 for details. 194 Chapter 16 Tascam US-2400 Assignment Overview A right-aligned modifier button (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. Channel Strips Encoder Details In CHAN mode (CHAN button on), the encoders control these parameters on the selected track: Control Assignment Encoder(s) CHAN button on: see “Encoder Details” on page 194. CHAN button flashing: Encoders control Instrument parameters, also see “Instrument Edit View” on page 197. PAN button flashing: Encoders control plug-in parameters, also see “Plug-in Edit View” on page 197. Other modes: Encoders control the mode’s parameters. F-KEY  If you are in Instrument Edit view (CHAN button flashing), pressing the F-Key enters the Instrument Assignment view: The encoders then choose an instrument.  If you are in Plug-in Edit view (PAN button flashing), pressing the F-Key enters the Plug-in Assignment view: the encoders then choose a plug-in.  If you are in Send views (AUX button LED flashes) and press the F-Key, the encoders assign the send’s destination. SEL buttons Select tracks. SHIFT In Pan view: sets volume to Unity (0 dB) In Send views: switches Send mode pre/post F-KEY Activates/Deactivates Record Enable buttons. SOLO button(s) Enables/Disables Solo. MUTE button(s) Enables/Disables Mute. In Send views with Flip mode enabled: activates/deactivates Send mute. SHIFT In Send views: activates/deactivates Send mute. Faders Control volume. Control Assignment Encoder 1 (AUX 1) Controls Send 1 level. Encoder 2 (AUX 2) Controls Send 2 level. Encoder 3 (AUX 3) Controls Send 3 level. Encoder 4 (AUX 4) Controls Send 4 level. Encoder 5 (AUX 5) Controls Send 5 level. Encoder 6 (AUX 6) Controls Send 6 level. Encoder 7 Controls Send 7 level. Encoder 8 Controls Send 8 level. Chapter 16 Tascam US-2400 195 In CHAN mode, with the SHIFT button held, the encoders control the following parameters on the selected track: Encoder 11 (GAIN 1) Controls the Gain parameter of band 3, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 12 (FREQ 1) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 3, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 13 (Q 1) Controls the Q factor of band 3, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 14 (GAIN 2) Controls the Gain parameter of band 4, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 15 (FREQ 2) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 4, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 16 (Q 2) Controls the Q factor of band 4, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 17 (GAIN 3) Controls the Gain parameter of band 5, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 18 (FREQ 3) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 5, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 19 (Q 3) Controls the Q factor of band 5, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 20 (GAIN 4) Controls the Gain parameter of band 6, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 21 (FREQ 4) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 5, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 22 (Q 4) Controls the Q factor of band 5, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 24 (PAN) Controls Panning. Control Assignment Control Assignment Encoder 1 (AUX 1) Controls Pan/Surround Angle Encoder 2 (AUX 2) Controls Surround Radius. Encoder 3 (AUX 3) Controls Surround LFE. Encoder 4 (AUX 4) Controls Surround mode. Encoder 5 (AUX 5) Controls Surround X. Encoder 6 (AUX 6) Controls Surround Y. Encoder 11 (GAIN 1) Controls the Slope parameter of band 1, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 12 (FREQ 1) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 1, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 13 (Q 1) Controls the Q factor of band 1, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 14 (GAIN 2) Controls the Gain parameter of band 2, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 15 (FREQ 2) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 2, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. 196 Chapter 16 Tascam US-2400 Master Channel Encoder Assignment Section This is the standard assignment of these buttons: Encoder 16 (Q 2) Controls the Q factor of band 2, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 17 (GAIN 3) Controls the Gain parameter of band 7, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 18 (FREQ 3) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 7, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 19 (Q 3) Controls the Q factor of band 7, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 20 (GAIN 4) Controls the Slope parameter of band 8, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 21 (FREQ 4) Controls the Q factor of band 8, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 22 (Q 4) Controls the Q factor of band 8, if a Channel or Linear Phase EQ is inserted. Encoder 24 (PAN) Controls Panning. Control Assignment Control Assignment SEL Selects Master Output track (if Master Output Object exists). CLR SOLO Disables Solo for all tracks. SHIFT Disables Mute for all tracks. F-KEY Disables Record Enable button for all tracks. FLIP Switches Flip mode between Off (LED off ) and Duplicate (LED on). SHIFT Sets Flip mode to Swap (LED flashing). F-KEY Sets Flip mode to Zero—fader motors are disabled (LED flashing). Control Assignment CHAN Switches encoders to Channel Strip view (see encoders’ legend)—CHAN button LED is lit. F-KEY Switches encoders to Instrument Edit view—CHAN button LED flashes. See “Instrument Edit View” on page 197 for details. PAN Switches encoders to Multi Channel view of panning—PAN button LED is lit. F-KEY Switches encoders to Plug-in Edit view—PAN button LED flashes. See “Plug-in Edit View” on page 197 for details. AUX 1 Switches encoders to Multi Channel view of Send 1 level. F-KEY Switches display of Arrange window:  If Arrange window is open, it will be closed.  If Arrange window is closed, it will be opened. AUX 2 Switches encoders to Multi Channel view of Send 2 level. Chapter 16 Tascam US-2400 197 Instrument Edit View In Instrument Edit view, the following AUX buttons have special assignments: The AUX button LEDs show the currently selected parameter bank. AUX 2 LED is on if parameters 25–48 are shown on the encoders. Plug-in Edit View In Plug-in Edit view, the following AUX buttons have special assignments: The AUX button LEDs show the currently selected Insert slot. As an example: AUX 2 LED is on if Insert slot 2 is being edited. F-KEY Switches display of Event List:  If Event List is open, it will be closed.  If Event List is closed, it will be opened. AUX 3 Switches encoders to Multi Channel view of Send 3 level. F-KEY Switches display of Score Editor:  If Score Editor is open, it will be closed.  If Score Editor is closed, it will be opened. AUX 4 Switches encoders to Multi Channel view of Send 4 level. F-KEY Switches display of Audio window:  If Audio window is open, it will be closed.  If Audio window is closed, it will be opened. AUX 5 Switches encoders to Multi Channel view of Send 5 level. F-KEY Switches display of Hyper Editor:  If Hyper Editor is open, it will be closed.  If Hyper Editor is closed, it will be opened. AUX 6 Switches encoders to Multi Channel view of Send 6 level. F-KEY Switches display of Matrix Editor:  If Matrix Editor is open, it will be closed.  If Matrix Editor is closed, it will be opened. Control Assignment Control Assignment AUX 1 Scrolls parameter fader bank left by 24 parameters. AUX 2 Scrolls parameter fader bank right by 24 parameters. AUX 4 Enables/Disables Bypass button of the currently edited Instrument. Control Assignment AUX 1 Scrolls parameter fader bank left by 24 parameters. AUX 2 Scrolls parameter fader bank right by 24 parameters. AUX 3 Increments Insert slot. AUX 4 Enables/Disables Bypass button of the currently edited plug-in. AUX 6 Decrements Insert slot. 198 Chapter 16 Tascam US-2400 Master Section Control Assignment MTR Switches encoder LED rings between value controlled by encoder (LED off ), and level and peak hold meters (LED on). In Level Meter mode, the LED below the encoder displays signal overloads (clipping). F-KEY Modifier key, used to switch the function of other controls (see right-aligned “FKEY” in left column). NULL Sets Surround x/y or Panning of selected track to center position—LED is on if Surround X (or Panning) is centered. F-KEY Resets overload for level meters. Jog Wheel SCRUB off: moves SPL by bars. SCRUB on: audio scrubbing. SCRUB flashing: Shuttle mode. Joystick Edits Surround x/y or Panning of selected track. SCRUB Switches Jog Wheel between “Move SPL by Bars” (LED off ) and audio scrubbing (LED on). F-KEY Sets Jog Wheel to Shuttle mode (LED flashes). BANK – Shifts fader bank left by one bank—LED is lit if the left-most fader bank has not been reached. F-KEY Shifts fader bank left by one track. BANK + Shifts fader bank right by one bank—LED is lit if the right-most fader bank has not been reached. F-KEY Shifts fader bank right by one track. IN Sets Drop In locator to Song Position Line. SHIFT Navigates to left Cycle locator. F-KEY Sets left Cycle locator to Song Position Line. OUT Sets Drop Out locator to Song Position Line. SHIFT Navigates to right Cycle locator. F-KEY Sets right Cycle locator to Song Position Line. SHIFT Modifier key, used to switch the function of other controls (see right-aligned “SHIFT” in left column). REW Shuttles backward. SHIFT Identical to Left Arrow key on computer keyboard. F FWD Shuttles forward. SHIFT Identical to Right Arrow key on computer keyboard. STOP Stops playback. SHIFT Identical to Down Arrow key on computer keyboard. PLAY Starts playback. SHIFT Identical to Up Arrow key on computer keyboard. RECORD Enables/Disables Record. 17 199 17 Tascam US-428 and US-224 Set Up Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Pro 7.  Ensure that your US-428/224 unit(s) are connected to the computer via USB.  Launch Logic, and the unit(s) will be scanned for, and installed, automatically. Assignment Overview A right-aligned modifier button (such as NULL) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. Note: The US-224 has only four channel strips, and the EQ section, as well as the Master section (except the NULL button and data wheel) are not available. Channel Strips Control Assignment MUTE 1 to 8 SOLO LED off: Switches Mute on/off; LED displays Mute status. SOLO LED on: Switches Solo on/off; LED displays Solo status. REC 1 to 8 LEDs Displays Record Ready status. NULL On if fader is higher than actual volume. SELECT 1 to 8 LEDs Displays select status. NULL On if fader is lower than actual volume. SELECT 1 to 8 buttons Selects track. REC Enables/Disables Record Ready status. Fader 1 to 8 Controls Volume. NULL Allows you to update the fader position to match the actual volume. Master fader Controls master volume (Outputs 1 and 2 if no Master Fader Object is available in the Environment). 200 Chapter 17 Tascam US-428 and US-224 EQ Section Master Section Controls Control Assignment Gain Controls gain of currently selected EQ of chosen track. Freq Controls frequency of currently selected EQ of chosen track. Q Controls Q factor of currently selected EQ of chosen track. HIGH Selects EQ band 3 for Gain, Freq, and Q controls. ASGN Switches EQ band 3 bypass state. HI-MID Selects EQ band 4 for Gain, Freq, and Q controls. ASGN Switches EQ band 4 bypass state. LO-MID Selects EQ band 5 for Gain, Freq, and Q controls. ASGN Switches EQ band 5 bypass state. LOW Selects EQ band 6 for Gain, Freq, and Q controls. ASGN Switches EQ band 6 bypass state. Control Assignment AUX 1 Switches data wheel between Transport/Scrub mode and Send Level 1. ASGN Switches Send 1 Mute state. AUX 2 Switches data wheel between Transport/Scrub mode and Send Level 2. ASGN Switches Send 2 Mute state. AUX 3 Switches data wheel between Transport/Scrub mode and Send Level 3. ASGN Switches Send 3 Mute state. AUX 4 Switches data wheel between Transport/Scrub mode and Send Level 4. ASGN Switches Send 4 Mute state. ASGN Modifier for function of EQ controls, AUX 1 to 4 buttons, PAN knob and data wheel. F1 Enables/Disables Cycle mode. F2 Enables/Disables Drop mode. F3 Enables/Disables Scrub mode. PAN Controls panning of selected track. ASGN Selects current track’s input. NULL Modifier for NULL mode. NULL mode allows you to update the fader positions to match the actual volume. Chapter 17 Tascam US-428 and US-224 201 LOCATE Section BANK Section Transport Section Data wheel AUX 1 LED on: Controls Send 1 Level of selected track. AUX 2 LED on: Controls Send 2 Level of selected track. AUX 3 LED on: Controls Send 3 Level of selected track. AUX 4 LED on: Controls Send 4 Level of selected track. F3 LED on: Data wheel is in Scrub mode. None of the above is lit: Data wheel is in Transport mode and moves the SPL by bars. ASGN Selects current track’s output. Control Assignment Control Assignment << LOCATE Goes to previous marker. LOCATE >> Goes to next marker. SET Creates a new marker at the current SPL. Control Assignment < BANK Shifts fader bank left by one bank. The LED is lit if the left-most fader bank has not been reached. BANK > Shifts fader bank right by one bank. The LED is lit if the right-most fader bank has not been reached. Control Assignment REW Shuttles backward. F FWD Shuttles forward. STOP Stops playback. PLAY Starts playback. RECORD Record 18 203 18 Yamaha 01V96 Set Up Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Pro 7.  Make sure that your 01V96 unit(s) are connected to the computer via USB.  Make sure that the MIDI driver shipped with the unit is installed. Basically, you set up the 01V96 as if you are using it with Pro Tools. See the 01V96 user manual. Here are the necessary steps: 1 Press DISPLAY ACCESS [SETUP] repeatedly until the Setup/MIDI/Host page is visible. 2 Move the cursor to the port parameters: select DAW, then select USB and 1-2. 3 Press DISPLAY ACCESS [REMOTE]. 4 Choose General DAW as the TARGET parameter. 5 Press LAYER [REMOTE]. The unit is installed automatically when Logic Pro is launched. You should see two 01V96 (USB 1–2) icons in the setup window, aligned horizontally. 204 Chapter 18 Yamaha 01V96 Assignment Overview A right-aligned modifier button (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. DISPLAY ACCESS Section FADER MODE Section Control Assignment DISPLAY Hides/shows the Sample Editor. AUTOMIX While held, the Channel Strip displays show the automation mode of the selected tracks. PAIR/GROUP Enters Group Edit mode:  The upper line in the DSP edit section displays the currently edited group number and name.  Parameter control push-switch buttons 1 to 4 switch the properties of the currently edited group. Group name is shown in the lower line.  When INSERT/PARAM is off, DSP Edit Scroll encoder scrolls through the group properties. At other times, it selects the group currently being edited.  The SELECT buttons switch group membership of the track. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Track View. EFFECT Hides/shows the Sample Editor. Control Assignment AUX 1 Assigns Send 1 Level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 1 Destination assignment. DAW SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 6. AUX 2 Assigns Send 2 Level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 2 Destination assignment. DAW SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 7. AUX 3 Assigns Send 3 Level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 3 Destination assignment. DAW SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 8. AUX 4 Assigns Send 4 Level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 4 Destination assignment. AUX 5 Assigns Send 5 Level to encoders, and Send 5 to 8 Levels to DSP encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 5 Destination assignment. AUX 6 Switches Encoder Push-Switch buttons between normal behavior and setting default value. Chapter 18 Yamaha 01V96 205 LCD Function LCD The LCD displays different data, depending on the page selected with the F2, F3, and F4 buttons: Insert Display Mode Press the [F2] button to select Insert Display mode. In this mode, the LCD displays parameter details and you can edit and select plug-ins. AUX 7 Assigns Pan to encoders; assigns selected track’s pan/surround parameters to DSP encoders. AUX 8 Determines mode of channel strip SEL buttons when channel strip AUTO button is off:  Indicator off: Track selection.  Indicator on: Insert selection. HOME Enables/Disables Flip mode. Control Assignment Control Assignment Left/Right buttons Plug-in Edit mode: Shifts parameter display by the number of parameters shown in the control surface group (usually four). DAW ALT/FINE Plug-in Edit mode: Shifts parameter display by one. F1 Clears Overload LEDs. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Global View and enables MIDI tracks. DAW ALT/FINE Opens/Closes Arrange window. Display Assignment TIME CODE option Active if counter is displaying time code. FEET Not assigned. BEATS option Active if counter is displaying bars/beats/format/ticks. Time display Displays time code or bars/beats/format/ticks. SELECT ASSIGN Displays the encoder assignment as follows: Pan, Snd1 to Snd8, S1As to S8As, In, Out. ASSIGN — COMPARE Switches DSP display between “track name/parameter name” and “parameter name/parameter value” modes. BYPASS Switches bypass status of plug-in insert currently being edited. INSERT/PARAM Switches between Plug-in Assign and Plug-in Edit modes. 206 Chapter 18 Yamaha 01V96 LCD Channel Page Selected Channel Section Parameter control 1 to 4 push-switch Assignment Pan:  Parameter control 1 push-switch centers Pan or Surround Angle.  Parameter control 2 push-switch centers Surround Diversity.  Parameter control 3 push-switch centers Surround LFE.  Parameter control 4 push-switch sets Surround Mode to center. Assignment Send:  Enables/Disables Sends 1 to 4 or Mutes 5 to 8. Plug-in Assign:  Confirms insert 1 to 4 or 5 to 8 plug-in selection, selects this insert slot and enters Plug-in Edit mode. Plug-In Edit mode:  Sets value to default, or bi-polar switch to on/off. Parameter controls Assignment Pan:  Parameter control 1 controls Pan or Surround Angle.  Parameter control 2 controls Surround Diversity.  Parameter control 3 controls Surround LFE.  Parameter control 4 controls Surround Mode. Assignment Send:  Control Send 1 to 4 or 5 to 8 Level. Plug-in Assign:  Assigns insert 1 to 4 or 5 to 8. Plug-in Edit mode:  Sets value to default. Display Assignment Control Assignment Encoder Adjusts parameter selected in the FADER MODE section. Encoder Switch Pan selected: Sets Pan to center if MATRIX 1 is on. Send 1 to 8 selected: Edits Send Pre/Post, enables/disables Send Mute or sets Send Level to default value. Assignment Send, Input, or Output: Confirms selection. Control Assignment Pan controls Adjusts parameter selected in the FADER MODE section. SEL Switches channel strip SEL buttons between track and insert selection. Chapter 18 Yamaha 01V96 207 Data Entry Section Channel Strips Stereo Channel Strip Control Assignment Parameter Wheel Default: Move SPL by one bar. Scrub: Scrubbing. Shuttle: Shuttle mode. – (DEC) Default: Exits Folder. Goto Marker: Cancels dialog. DAW ALT/FINE Opens/Closes Audio window. + (INC) Enters folder of selected track. Control Assignment Level Meters Display momentary and peak level. SEL If AUTO off:  FADER MODE [AUX 8] off: Selects track.  FADER MODE [AUX 8] on: Selects track for insert assignment. If AUTO on:  Cycles through automation modes. With an automation mode button held down, sets this automation mode. DAW SHIFT/ADD Sets volume to unity level. MATRIX SELECT 1 Sets volume to unity level. SOLO Enables/Disables Solo. DAW OPTION/ALL Disables Solo for all tracks. ON Enables/Disables Mute. DAW OPTION/ALL Unmutes all tracks. Fader Adjusts volume, or duplicates encoder in Flip mode. Control Assignment SEL Switches channel strips’ SEL buttons between track and insert selection. 208 Chapter 18 Yamaha 01V96 User Defined Keys Section These keys can be assigned to the following functions: Control Assignment DAW WIN STATUS Opens/Closes the Audio window. DAW REC/RDY 1 to 16 Enables/Disables Record Ready. DAW WIN TRANSPORT Opens/Closes the Transport window. DAW BANK– Shifts channel strips by one bank to the left. DAW BANK+ Shifts channel strips by one bank to the right. DAW SHIFT/ADD Shifts to second meaning of some buttons. See descriptions of other buttons. DAW OPTION/ALL While held down, value change mode is set to “relative”: relative value changes result in a minimum, default, or maximum value for the edited parameter. Also see description of other buttons. DAW GROUP STATUS Enters Group Edit mode:  The upper line in the DSP edit section displays the currently edited group number and name.  Parameter control push-switch buttons 1 to 4 switch between properties of the currently edited group. Group name is shown in the lower line.  When INSERT/PARAM is off, DSP Edit Scroll Encoder scrolls through the group properties. At other times, it selects the group currently being edited.  The SELECT buttons enable/disable group membership of the track. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Track View. DAW SUSPEND Enables/Disables the Group Clutch. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Extended Track View. DAW CREATE GROUP Creates a new group and enters Group Edit mode (see above). DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Global View. DAW WIN MIX/EDIT Switches between the Arrange and Track Mixer windows. DAW CHANNEL – Shifts channel strips by one channel to the left. DAW CHANNEL+ Shifts channel strips by one channel to the right. DAW CTRL/CLUTCH While held down, the Group Clutch is engaged (all groups are disabled). DAW ALT/FINE While held down, value change mode is set to “fine”: relative value changes work at maximum resolution. Also see description of other buttons. DAW MONI STATUS — DAW UNDO Performs Undo. DAW SHIFT/ADD Performs Redo. DAW OPTION/ALL Opens Undo History window. DAW SAVE Saves the song. DAW WIN MEM-LOC Opens/Closes the Marker List. Chapter 18 Yamaha 01V96 209 DAW OPTION/ALL Performs Save As and allows saving the song under a different name. DAW EDIT TOOL Selects the next tool. While held, numerical buttons select a specific tool. DAW WIN INSERT Opens/Closes the Sample Editor. DAW REC/RDY ALL Disable Record Ready on all tracks. DAW SCRUB Enables/Disables Scrub mode. DAW SHUTTLE Enables/Disables Shuttle mode. DAW REW Shuttles backward. DAW FF Shuttles forward. DAW STOP Stop DAW PLAY Play DAW SHIFT/ADD Pause DAW REC Record DAW PRE Sets left locator. DAW IN Sets Drop In locator. DAW OUT Sets Drop Out locator. DAW POST Sets right locator. DAW RTZ Goes to the left locator. DAW END Goes to the right locator. DAW ONLINE Enables/Disables internal/external sync. DAW QUICK PUNCH Enables/Disables Drop mode. DAW AUTO FADER Enables/Disables Volume automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO PAN Enables/Disables Pan automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO PLUGIN Enables/Disables Plug-in parameter automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO MUTE Enables/Disables Mute automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO SEND Enables/Disables Send Level automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO SEND MUTE — DAW AUTO WRITE Sets selected track to Write automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Write. DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to Write automation mode. DAW AUTO TOUCH Sets selected track to Touch automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Touch. DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to Touch automation mode. DAW AUTO LATCH Sets selected track to Latch automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Latch. DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to Latch automation mode. DAW AUTO READ Sets selected track to Read automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Read. Control Assignment 210 Chapter 18 Yamaha 01V96 DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to Read automation mode. DAW AUTO TRIM — DAW AUTO OFF Sets selected track to Off automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Off. DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to Off automation mode. DAW AUTO STATUS While held down, the Channel Strip displays show the automation mode of the selected track. Control Assignment 19 211 19 Yamaha 02R96 Set Up Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Pro 7.  Make sure that your 02R96 unit(s) are connected to the computer via USB.  Make sure that the MIDI driver shipped with the unit is installed. On the 02R96 Front Panel: Basically, you set up the 02R96 as if you are using it with Pro Tools. See the 02R96 user manual. Here are the necessary steps:  Press DISPLAY ACCESS [SETUP] repeatedly until the Setup / MIDI/Host page is visible. Now move the cursor to the port parameters: select DAW, then select USB and 1-3.  Press DISPLAY ACCESS [REMOTE]. Choose General DAW as the TARGET parameter.  Press LAYER [REMOTE]. In Logic: The unit is installed automatically when Logic Pro is launched. You should see three 02R96 (USB 1-3) icons in the setup window, aligned horizontally. 212 Chapter 19 Yamaha 02R96 Assignment Overview A right-aligned modifier button (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. DISPLAY ACCESS Section AUX SELECT Section ENCODER MODE Section FADER MODE Section Control Assignment METER Clears Overload LEDs. Control Assignment AUX 1 Assigns Send 1 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 1 destination assignment. AUX 2 Assigns Send 2 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 2 destination assignment. AUX 3 Assigns Send 3 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 3 destination assignment. AUX 4 Assigns Send 4 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 4 destination assignment. AUX 5 Assigns Send 5 Level to Encoders, and Send 5 to 8 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 5 destination assignment. Control Assignment PAN Assigns Pan to Encoders; assigns selected track’s pan/surround parameters to DSP Encoders. AUX Assigns Send 1 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 1 destination assignment. Control Assignment FADER Enables/Disables Flip mode. AUX/MTRX Enables/Disables Flip mode. Chapter 19 Yamaha 02R96 213 EFFECTS/PLUG-INS Section Control Assignment Display Opens/Closes the Sample Editor window. PLUG-INS Switches Encoder Push-Switch buttons between normal behavior and setting default value. CHANNEL INSERTS Determines mode of channel strip SEL buttons:  Indicator off: track selection.  Indicator on: Insert selection. 1 — 2 Switches DSP display between “track name/parameter name” and “parameter name/ parameter value” modes. 3 Switches bypass status of currently edited plug-in insert. 4 Switches between Plug-in Assign and Plug-in Edit modes. Parameter Up & Parameter Down Plug-In Edit: shifts parameter display by the number of parameters shown in the control surface group (usually four). Parameter control 1–4 push-switch Assignment Pan:  Parameter control 1 push-switch centers Pan or Surround Angle.  Parameter control 2 push-switch centers Surround Diversity.  Parameter control 3 push-switch centers Surround LFE.  Parameter control 4 push-switch sets Surround Mode to center. Assignment Send:  Enables/Disables Sends 1 to 4 or Mutes 5 to 8. Plug-In Assign:  Confirm insert 1 to 4 or 5 to 8 plug-in selection, selects this insert slot and enters Plug-In Edit mode. Plug-In Edit mode:  Sets value to default, or sets bi-polar switch to on/off. Parameter controls Assignment Pan:  Parameter control 1 controls Pan or Surround Angle.  Parameter control 2 controls Surround Diversity.  Parameter control 3 controls Surround LFE.  Parameter control 4 controls Surround Mode. Assignment Send:  Control Send 1 to 4 or 5 to 8 Level. Plug-In Assign:  Assigns insert 1 to 4 or 5 to 8. Plug-In Edit mode:  Sets value to default. 214 Chapter 19 Yamaha 02R96 LCD The LCD displays different data, depending on the page selected with the F2, F3, and F4 buttons:  INSERT ASSIGN/EDIT Display Mode: parameter details, plug-in selection or plug-in parameters. Press [F2] to select this mode.  Channel Display Mode: Encoder values and Channel Strip display). Press [F3] to select this mode.  level meters. Press [F4] to select this mode. USER DEFINED KEYS Section Display Assignment TIME CODE Active if counter is displaying time code. FEET Not assigned. BEATS Active if counter is displaying bars/beats/format/ticks. Time display Displays time code or bars/beats/format/ticks. SELECT ASSIGN Displays the Encoder assignment as follows: Pan, Snd1 to Snd8, S1As to S8As, In, Out. Control Assignment DISPLAY While held, the Channel Strip displays show the automation mode of the selected tracks. 1 Switches between the Arrange and Track Mixer windows. 2 Enables/Disables the Group Clutch. 3 Sets selected track to “Write” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Write.” 4 Sets selected track to “Touch” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Touch.” 5 Sets selected track to “Latch” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Latch.” 6 Sets selected track to “Read” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Read.” 7 — 8 Sets selected track to “Off” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Off.” 9 Shifts channel strips by one bank to the left. 10 Shifts channel strips by one bank to the right. 11 Enables/Disables Volume automation playback and recording. 12 Enables/Disables Mute automation playback and recording. 13 Enables/Disables Pan automation playback and recording. 14 Enables/Disables Send Level automation playback and recording. Chapter 19 Yamaha 02R96 215 Channel Strips MACHINE CONTROL Section Data Entry Section 15 — 16 Enables/Disables Plug-in parameter automation playback and recording. Control Assignment Control Assignment Encoder Adjusts parameter selected in the AUX SELECT section. Encoder Push- Switch Pan selected: sets Pan to center. If EFFECTS/PLUG-INS [PLUG-INS] on Sends 1 to 8 selected: edits Send Pre/Post, switches Send Mute status or sets Send Level to default value. Send Assign, Input, or Output: confirms selection. AUTO Cycles through automation modes. With an automation mode button held down, sets this automation mode. SEL If EFFECTS/PLUG-INS [CHANNEL INSERTS] off: selects track. If EFFECTS/PLUG-INS [CHANNEL INSERTS] on: chooses track for plug-in selection/ insertion. SOLO Enables/Disables Solo. ON Enables/Disables Mute. Fader Adjusts volume, or duplicates Encoder in Flip mode. Control Assignment DISPLAY Opens/Closes the Marker List window. 1 to 8 Recalls markers 1 to 8. REW Shuttles backward. FF Shuttles forward. STOP Stop PLAY Play REC Record Control Assignment SCRUB Enables/Disables Scrub mode. SHUTTLE Enables/Disables Shuttle mode. Parameter Wheel Default: move SPL by one bar. Scrub: scrubbing. Shuttle: Shuttle mode. ENTER Enters folder of selected track. DEC Exits Folder. 216 Chapter 19 Yamaha 02R96 INC Switches between Cursor and Zoom modes. Cursor Up Cursor mode: equivalent to computer keyboard up arrow key. Zoom mode: zooms out vertically. Cursor Down Cursor mode: equivalent to computer keyboard down arrow key. Zoom mode: zooms out vertically. Cursor Left Cursor mode: equivalent to computer keyboard left arrow key. Zoom mode: zooms out horizontally. Cursor Right Cursor mode: equivalent to computer keyboard right arrow key. Zoom mode: zooms in horizontally. Control Assignment 20 217 20 Yamaha DM1000 Set Up Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Pro 7.  Make sure that your DM1000 unit(s) are connected to the computer via USB.  Make sure that the MIDI driver shipped with the unit is installed. On the DM1000 Front Panel: Basically, you set up the DM1000 as if you are using it with Pro Tools. See the DM1000 user manual, section 17. Here are the necessary steps:  Press DISPLAY ACCESS [SETUP] repeatedly until the Setup / MIDI/Host page is visible. Now move the cursor to the port parameters: select DAW, then select USB and 1-2.  Press DISPLAY ACCESS [REMOTE], then [F1] (below the LCD). Choose General DAW as the TARGET parameter.  Press LAYER [REMOTE 1]. In Logic: When Logic Pro is launched, the unit is installed automatically. You should see two DM1000 (USB 1-2) icons in the Setup window, aligned horizontally. 218 Chapter 20 Yamaha DM1000 Assignment Overview A right-aligned modifier button (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. DISPLAY ACCESS Section AUX SELECT Section Control Assignment DISPLAY Opens/Closes the Sample Editor window. AUTOMIX While held, the Channel Strip displays show the automation mode of the selected track. PAIR/GROUP Enters Group Edit mode:  The upper line in the DSP edit section displays the currently edited group number and name.  Parameter control push-switch buttons 1 to 4 switch between properties of the currently edited group (name shown in lower line of LCD).  When INSERT/PARAM is off, DSP Edit Scroll Encoder scrolls through the group properties. Otherwise, it selects the currently edited group.  The SELECT buttons enable/disable group membership of the track. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Track View. METER Clears Overload LEDs. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Global View and enables MIDI Tracks. DAW ALT/FINE Opens/Closes Arrange window. EFFECT Opens/Closes the Sample Editor window. Control Assignment AUX 1 Assigns Send 1 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 1 destination assignment. DAW SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 6. AUX 2 Assigns Send 2 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 2 destination assignment. DAW SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 7. AUX 3 Assigns Send 3 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 3 destination assignment. DAW SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 8. AUX 4 Assigns Send 4 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 4 destination assignment. AUX 5 Assigns Send 5 Level to Encoders, and Send 5 to 8 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 5 destination assignment. Chapter 20 Yamaha DM1000 219 ENCODER MODE Section FADER MODE Section LCD Function LCD The LCD displays different data, depending on the page selected with the F2, F3, and F4 buttons:  INSERT ASSIGN/EDIT Display Mode: parameter details, plug-in selection or plug-in parameters. Press [F2] to select this mode. AUX 6 Switches Encoder Push-Switch buttons between normal behavior and setting default value. AUX 8 Determines mode of channel strip SEL buttons when channel strip AUTO button is off:  Indicator off: track selection.  Indicator on: Insert selection. Control Assignment Control Assignment PAN Assigns Pan to Encoders; assigns selected track’s pan/surround parameters to DSP Encoders. AUX Assigns Send 1 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 1 destination assignment. Control Assignment FADER MODE Enables/Disables Flip mode. Control Assignment Left & Right Plug-In Edit: shifts parameter display by the number of Parameter controls in the control surface group (usually four). DAW ALT/FINE Plug-In Edit: shifts parameter display by one (parameter). Display Assignment LCD Displays parameter details, plug-in selection or plug-in parameters. TIME CODE Active if counter is displaying time code. FEET Not assigned. BEATS Active if counter is displaying bars/beats/format/ticks. Time display Displays time code or bars/beats/format/ticks. SELECT ASSIGN Displays the Encoder assignment as follows: Pan, Snd1 to Snd8, S1As to S8As, In, Out. 220 Chapter 20 Yamaha DM1000 LCD Insert Page Data Entry Section Control Assignment ASSIGN — COMPARE Switches DSP display between “track name/parameter name” and “parameter name/parameter value” modes. BYPASS Activates/Deactivates bypass of plug-in insert currently being edited. INSERT/PARAM Switches between Plug-in Assign and Plug-in Edit modes. Parameter control 1–4 push-switch Assignment Pan:  Parameter control 1 push-switch centers Pan or Surround Angle.  Parameter control 2 push-switch centers Surround Diversity.  Parameter control 3 push-switch centers Surround LFE.  Parameter control 4 push-switch sets Surround Mode to center. Assignment Send:  Enables/Disables Sends 1 to 4 or Mutes 5 to 8. Plug-In Assign:  Confirm insert 1 to 4 or 5 to 8 plug-in selection, selects this insert slot and enters Plug-In Edit mode. Plug-In Edit mode:  Sets value to default, or sets bi-polar switch on/off. Parameter controls Assignment Pan:  Parameter control 1 controls Pan or Surround Angle.  Parameter control 2 controls Surround Diversity.  Parameter control 3 controls Surround LFE.  Parameter control 4 controls Surround Mode. Assignment Send:  Control Send 1 to 4 or 5 to 8 Level. Plug-In Assign:  Assigns insert 1 to 4 or 5 to 8. Plug-In Edit mode:  Sets value to default. Control Assignment Parameter Wheel Default: move SPL by one bar. Scrub: scrubbing. Shuttle: Shuttle mode. – (DEC) Default: leaves Folder. Goto Marker: cancels dialog. DAW ALT/FINE Opens/Closes Audio window. + (INC) Enters folder of selected track. Chapter 20 Yamaha DM1000 221 Channel Strips Stereo Channel Strip USER DEFINED KEYS Section These keys can be assigned to the following functions: Control Assignment Level Meters Display momentary and peak level. Encoder Adjusts parameter selected in the AUX SELECT section. Encoder Push-Switch Pan selected: sets Pan to center if MATRIX 1 on. Send 1 to 8 selected: edits Send Pre/Post, activates/deactivates Send Mute or sets Send Level to default value. Send Assign, Input, or Output: confirms selection. SEL If AUTO off:  AUX [AUX 8] off: selects track.  AUX [AUX 8] on: selects track for insert assignment. If AUTO on:  Cycles through automation modes. With an automation mode button held down, sets this automation mode. DAW SHIFT/ADD Sets volume to unity level. MATRIX SELECT 1 Sets volume to unity level. SOLO Enables/Disables Solo. DAW OPTION/ALL Disables Solo for all tracks. ON Enables/Disables Mute. DAW OPTION/ALL Unmutes all tracks. Fader Adjusts volume, or duplicates Encoder assignment in Flip mode. Control Assignment AUTO Switches channel strips’ SEL buttons between track and insert selection. Control Assignment DAW WIN STATUS Opens/Closes the Audio window. DAW REC/RDY 1 to 16 Enables/Disables Record Ready. DAW WIN TRANSPORT Opens/Closes the Transport window. DAW BANK- Shifts channel strips by one bank to the left. DAW BANK+ Shifts channel strips by one bank to the right. DAW SHIFT/ADD Shifts to second meaning of some buttons. DAW OPTION/ALL While held down, value change mode is set to “relative”: relative value changes result in a minimum, default, or maximum value for the edited parameter. Also see description of other buttons. 222 Chapter 20 Yamaha DM1000 DAW GROUP STATUS Enters Group Edit mode:  The upper line in the DSP edit section displays the currently edited group number and name.  Parameter control push-switch buttons 1 to 4 switch between properties of the currently edited group. Group name shown in lower line of LCD.  When INSERT/PARAM is off, DSP Edit Scroll Encoder scrolls through the group properties. At other times, it selects the group currently being edited.  The SELECT buttons enable/disable group membership of the track. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Track View. DAW SUSPEND Enables/Disables the Group Clutch. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Extended Track View. DAW CREATE GROUP Creates a new group and enters Group Edit mode (see above). DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Global View. DAW WIN MIX/EDIT Switches between the Arrange and Track Mixer windows. DAW CHANNEL - Shifts channel strips by one channel to the left. DAW CHANNEL+ Shifts channel strips by one channel to the right. DAW CTRL/CLUTCH While held down, the Group Clutch is engaged (all groups are disabled). DAW ALT/FINE While held down, value change mode is set to “fine”: relative value changes work at maximum resolution. Also see description of other buttons. DAW MONI STATUS — DAW UNDO Performs undo. DAW SHIFT/ADD Performs redo. DAW OPTION/ALL Opens undo history window. DAW SAVE Saves the song. DAW WIN MEM-LOC Opens/Closes the Marker List window. DAW OPTION/ALL Save As…: saves the song under a different name. DAW EDIT TOOL Selects the next tool. While held, numerical buttons select a specific tool. DAW WIN INSERT Opens/Closes the Sample Editor window. DAW REC/RDY ALL Disable Record Ready on all tracks. DAW SCRUB Enables/Disables Scrub mode. DAW SHUTTLE Enables/Disables Shuttle mode. DAW REW Shuttles backward. DAW FF Shuttles forward. DAW STOP Stop DAW PLAY Play DAW SHIFT/ADD Pause DAW REC Record DAW PRE Sets left locator. Control Assignment Chapter 20 Yamaha DM1000 223 DAW IN Sets Drop In locator. DAW OUT Sets Drop Out locator. DAW POST Sets right locator. DAW RTZ Goes to the left locator. DAW END Goes to the right locator. DAW ONLINE Activates/Deactivates internal/external Sync. DAW QUICK PUNCH Enables/Disables Drop mode. DAW AUTO FADER Enables/Disables Volume automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO PAN Enables/Disables Pan automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO PLUGIN Enables/Disables Plug-in parameter automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO MUTE Enables/Disables Mute automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO SEND Enables/Disables Send Level automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO SEND MUTE — DAW AUTO WRITE Sets selected track to “Write” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Write.” DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to “Write” automation mode. DAW AUTO TOUCH Sets selected track to “Touch” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Touch.” DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to “Touch” automation mode. DAW AUTO LATCH Sets selected track to “Latch” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Latch.” DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to “Latch” automation mode. DAW AUTO READ Sets selected track to “Read” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Read.” DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to “Read” automation mode. DAW AUTO TRIM — DAW AUTO OFF Sets selected track to “Off” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Off.” DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks to “Off” automation mode. DAW AUTO STATUS While held down, the Channel Strip displays show the automation mode of the selected track. Control Assignment 21 225 21 Yamaha DM2000 Set Up Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Pro 7.  Make sure that your DM2000 unit(s) are connected to the computer via USB.  Make sure that the MIDI driver shipped with the unit is installed. On the DM2000 Front Panel: Basically, you set up the DM2000 as if you are using it with Pro Tools. See the DM2000 user manual, section 19. Here are the necessary steps:  Press DISPLAY ACCESS [SETUP], then [F4] (below the LCD) so that the Setup / MIDI/Host page is visible. Now move the cursor to the port parameters: select DAW, then select USB and 1-3.  Press DISPLAY ACCESS [REMOTE], then [F1] (below the LCD). Choose General DAW as the TARGET parameter.  Press LAYER [REMOTE 1]. In Logic: When Logic Pro is launched, the unit is installed automatically. You should see three DM2000 (USB 1-3) icons in the Setup window, aligned horizontally. 226 Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 Assignment Overview A right-aligned modifier button (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning/use while holding down this modifier. MATRIX SELECT Section AUX SELECT Section Control Assignment MATRIX 1 Switches Encoder Push-Switch buttons between normal behavior and setting default value. MATRIX 2 Switches the Encoder Push-Switch buttons between Send Position and Send Mute mode. MATRIX 4 If ENCODER MODE [ASSIGN 4] is on, switches the channel strip SEL buttons between Insert Select (indicator off ) and Insert Bypass mode (indicator on). Control Assignment AUX 1 Assigns Send 1 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 1 destination assignment. USER 4 As above, for Send 6. AUX 2 Assigns Send 2 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 2 destination assignment. USER 4 As above, for Send 7. AUX 3 Assigns Send 3 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 3 destination assignment. USER 4 As above, for Send 8. AUX 4 Assigns Send 4 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 4 destination assignment. AUX 5 Assigns Send 5 Level to Encoders, and Send 5 to 8 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 5 destination assignment. Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 227 ENCODER MODE Section FADER MODE Section DISPLAY ACCESS Section Control Assignment PAN Assigns Pan to Encoders; assigns selected track’s pan/surround parameters to DSP Encoders. AUX/MTRX Assigns Send 1 Level to Encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP Encoders. While held, the Channel Strip displays show the current Send 1 destination assignment. ASSIGN 1 Assigns Track Input to Encoders. While held down, the Channel Strip displays show the current Track Input assignment. ASSIGN 2 Assigns Track Output to Encoders. While held down, the Channel Strip displays show the current Track Output assignment. ASSIGN 3 When Encoders display a Send level, switches them to Send Destination assignment mode. Press Encoder Push-Switch or ASSIGN 3 again to confirm the assignment. ASSIGN 4 Determines mode of channel strip SEL buttons:  Indicator off: track selection.  Indicator on: Insert selection or Insert Bypass, depending on MATRIX SELECT [MATRIX 4]. Control Assignment FADER Enables/Disables Flip mode. AUX/MTRX Enables/Disables Flip mode. Control Assignment METER Clears Overload LEDs. USER 4 Switches to Global View and enables MIDI Tracks. USER 13 Opens/Closes Arrange window. 228 Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 EFFECTS/PLUG-INS Section Control Assignment Display Opens/Closes the Sample Edit window. 5 — 6 Switches DSP display between “track name/parameter name” and “parameter name/ parameter value” modes. 7 Activates/Deactivates bypass of plug-in insert that is currently being edited. 8 Switches between Plug-in Assign and Plug-in Edit modes. Parameter Up & Parameter Down Plug-In Edit: shifts parameter display by the number of Parameter controls in the control surface group (usually four). USER 13 Plug-In Edit: shifts parameter display by one (parameter). Parameter control 1–4 push-switch Assignment Pan:  Parameter control 1 push-switch centers Pan or Surround Angle.  Parameter control 2 push-switch centers Surround Diversity.  Parameter control 3 push-switch centers Surround LFE.  Parameter control 4 push-switch sets Surround Mode to center. Assignment Send:  Enables/Disables Sends 1 to 4 or Mutes 5 to 8. Plug-In Assign:  Confirm insert 1 to 4 or 5 to 8 plug-in selection, selects this insert slot and enters Plug-In Edit mode. Plug-In Edit mode:  Sets value to default, or switches bi-polar parameter value on/off. Parameter controls Assignment Pan:  Parameter control 1 controls Pan or Surround Angle.  Parameter control 2 controls Surround Diversity.  Parameter control 3 controls Surround LFE.  Parameter control 4 controls Surround Mode. Assignment Send:  Control Send 1 to 4 or 5 to 8 Level. Plug-In Assign:  Assigns insert 1 to 4 or 5 to 8. Plug-In Edit mode:  Sets value to default. Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 229 LCD TRACK ARMING Section Display Assignment LCD Displays parameter details, plug-in selection or plug-in parameters. TIME CODE Active if counter is displaying time code. FEET Not assigned. BEATS Active if counter is displaying bars/beats/format/ticks. Time display Displays time code or bars/beats/format/ticks. SELECT ASSIGN Displays the Encoder assignment as follows: Pan, Snd1 to Snd8, S1As to S8As, In, Out. Control Assignment 1 to 24 Enables/Disables Record Ready. USER 5 Disables Record Ready for all tracks. MASTER Disables Record Ready for all tracks. 230 Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 AUTOMIX Section Control Assignment DISPLAY While held, the Channel Strip displays show the automation mode of selected track. REC Sets selected track to “Write” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Write.” USER 5 Sets all tracks to “Write” automation mode. ABORT/UNDO Sets selected track to “Touch” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Touch.” USER 5 Sets all tracks to automation mode “Touch.” AUTOREC Sets selected track to “Latch” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Latch.” USER 5 Sets all tracks to automation mode “Latch.” RETURN Sets selected track to “Read” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to” Read.” USER 5 Sets all tracks to “Read” automation mode. RELATIVE — TOUCH SENSE Sets selected track to “Off” automation mode. While held down, channel Strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Off.” USER 5 Sets all tracks to “Off” automation mode. OVERWRITE [FADER] Enables/Disables volume automation playback and recording. OVERWRITE [PAN] Enables/Disables pan automation playback and recording. OVERWRITE [EQ] Enables/Disables Plug-in parameter automation playback and recording. OVERWRITE [ON] Enables/Disables mute automation playback and recording. OVERWRITE [AUX] Enables/Disables Send level automation playback and recording. OVERWRITE [AUX ON] — Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 231 USER DEFINED KEYS Section Control Assignment DISPLAY Opens/Closes the Audio window. 1 Opens/Closes the Transport window. 2 Shifts channel strips by one bank to the left. 3 Shifts channel strips by one bank to the right. 4 Shifts to second meaning of some buttons (see descriptions of other buttons). 5 While held down, value change mode is set to “full”: any relative value changes will “jump” to their minimum or maximum values. 6 Enters Group Edit mode:  The upper line in the DSP edit section displays the currently edited group number and name.  Parameter control push-switch buttons 1 to 4 switch the properties of the group currently being edited (names shown in lower line of display).  When INSERT/PARAM is off, DSP Edit Scroll Encoder scrolls through the group properties. Otherwise, it selects the currently edited group.  The SELECT buttons activate/deactivate group membership of the track. USER 4 Switches to Track View. 7 Activates/Deactivates the Group Clutch (disables all groups). USER 4 Switches to Extended Track View. 8 Creates a new group and enters Group Edit mode (see above). USER 4 Switches to Global View. 9 Switches between the Arrange and Track Mixer windows. 10 Shifts channel strips by one channel to the left. 11 Shifts channel strips by one channel to the right. 12 While held down, the Group Clutch is engaged (all groups are disabled). 13 While held down, value change mode is set to “fine”: relative value changes work at maximum resolution. Also see descriptions of other buttons. 14 — 15 Performs Undo. USER 4 Performs Redo. USER 5 Opens Undo History window. 16 Saves the song. USER 5 Save As…: saves the song under a different name. 232 Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 LOCATOR Section Control Assignment DISPLAY Opens/Closes the Marker List window. 1 to 8 Recalls markers 1 to 8. USER 4 Switches to Global View and enables: 1: MIDI Tracks. 2: Inputs. 3: Audio Tracks. 4: Audio Instruments. 5: Aux Tracks. 6: Busses. 7: Outputs and Master object. DISPLAY HISTORY [FORWARD] Selects tool: 1: Arrow. 2: Pencil. 3: Eraser. 4: Text edit. 5: Scissors. 6: Glue. 7: Solo. 8: Mute. AUDITION — PRE Sets left locator. IN Sets Drop In locator. OUT Sets Drop Out locator. POST Sets right locator. RETURN TO ZERO Navigates to the left locator. END Navigates to the right locator. ONLINE Enables/Disables internal/external sync. QUICK PUNCH Enables/Disables Drop mode. Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 233 Channel Strips Transport/Cursor Section Control Assignment Level Meters Displays momentary and peak levels. Encoder Adjusts parameter selected in the AUX SELECT section. Encoder Push- Switch Pan selected: sets Pan to center if MATRIX 1 on Send 1 to 8 selected: edits Send Pre/ Post, activates/deactivates Send Mute or sets Send Level to default value. Send Assign, Input, or Output selected: confirms selection. AUTO Cycles through automation modes. With an automation mode button held down, sets this automation mode. SEL If ENCODER MODE [ASSIGN 4] off: selects track. If ENCODER MODE [ASSIGN 4] on:  BYPASS off: selects track for plug-in selection.  BYPASS on: switches bypass status of currently selected insert slot. USER 4 Sets volume to unity level. MATRIX SELECT 1 Sets volume to unity level. SOLO Enables/Disables Solo. USER 5 Disables Solo for all tracks. ON Enables/Disables Mute. USER 5 Unmutes all tracks. Channel strip display Displays track name, or Send, In, or Out assignment. Fader Adjusts volume, or duplicates Encoder in Flip mode. Control Assignment REW Shuttles backward. FF Shuttles forward. STOP Stop PLAY Play USER 4 Pause REC Record DISPLAY HISTORY [BACK] — DISPLAY HISTORY [FORWARD] Selects the next tool. While held down, numerical buttons select a specific tool. SCRUB Enables/Disables Scrub mode. SHUTTLE Enables/Disables Shuttle mode. 234 Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 Parameter Wheel Default: move SPL by one bar. Scrub: scrubbing. Shuttle: Shuttle mode. DEC Default: leaves Folder. Goto Marker: cancels dialog. USER 13 Opens/Closes Audio window. INC Switches between Cursor and Zoom mode. Cursor Up Cursor mode: equivalent to computer keyboard up arrow key. Zoom mode: zooms out vertically. USER 4 Zoom mode: Individual track zoom in. USER 13 Page Up. USER 5 + USER 13 Scroll to top. Cursor Down Cursor mode: equivalent to computer keyboard down arrow key. Zoom mode: zooms out vertically. USER 4 Zoom mode: Individual track zoom out. USER 13 Page Down. USER 5 + USER 13 Scroll to bottom. Cursor Left Cursor mode: equivalent to computer keyboard left arrow key. Zoom mode: zooms out horizontally. USER 4 Zoom mode: Individual track zoom reset for tracks of the same type. USER 13 Page Left. USER 5 + USER 13 Scroll to left border. Cursor Right Cursor mode: equivalent to computer keyboard right arrow key. Zoom mode: zooms in horizontally. USER 4 Zoom mode: Individual track zoom reset of all tracks. USER 13 Page Right. USER 5 + USER 13 Scroll to right border. ENTER Enters folder of selected track. Control Assignment 235 A Appendix A Logic Control—Specifications Logic Control (Base Unit) This appendix describes the specifications of the Logic Control unit. Display  55 × 2-digit (LCD) backlit multi-function display for detailed parameter information and metering  Built-in screensaver function  2-digit, 7-segment display for mode displays  10-digit, 7-segment display for song position information in either SMPTE or bar/ beats/ticks  1 × button to toggle the LCD between parameter name/value and to activate the level meters.  1 × button to toggle the 7-segment display between SMPTE and bar/beats/ticks.  2 × LEDs show the current 7-segment display status.  1 × LED shows the current Solo status. Per Channel (8 Channels)  1 × motorized 100mm touch-sensitive Penny & Giles faders with 10Bit resolution (1024 steps)  1 × V-POT: digital endless rotary knob with position indicator and integrated push button for parameter adjustments of pan, EQ, send levels, and so on  4 × buttons with integrated colored LED for channel functions such as: Record, Solo, Mute, and Channel Selection  Signal Present LED indicates when an audio or MIDI signal is present. Master Fader  1 × motorized 100mm touch-sensitive Penny & Giles fader with 10Bit resolution (1024 steps). 236 Appendix A Logic Control—Specifications Controller  6 × buttons with status LED for direct selection of parameter groups for Track, Pan/ Surround, EQ, Send, Plug-In, Instrument  8 × buttons to directly select sections of Logic mixers such as audio tracks, MIDI tracks, inputs, busses, and so on  4 × buttons to shift the displayed mixer channels to the left and right, either one channel at a time, or in banks  1 × button with status LED for the channel fader/V-POT flip: swaps the assignments of fader and V-POTs  1 × button with status LED to toggle between Mixer View and Global View  4 × buttons with status LED to activate automation modes such as Read, Write, Touch, and Latch  4 × buttons to select utility functions such as: “Save Song,” “Undo,” “Cancel,” or confirmations in dialogs  4 × buttons to access additional functions through modifier keys  8 × freely definable user keys  2 × currently unassigned buttons for future use Transport Controls  5 × Transport buttons with status LED for Forward, Rewind, Stop, Play, Record  1 × Jog/Scrub wheel for precise location of any song position and audio scrubbing  1 × Scrub button with status LED to activate the scrub function  1 × Marker and 1 × Nudge button with status LED to extend the functionality of the Forward/Rewind buttons (Nudge functionality only available in Logic Pro)  4 × Navigation buttons to quickly navigate through plug-in slots and parameter pages  1 × Zoom button to switch the navigate buttons to zoom Internal Processor  High-speed RISC micro controller  Firmware can be updated via MIDI dump. Connections  1 × MIDI in, 1 × MIDI out.  2 × assignable foot switch inputs to control Start/Stop and Punch In/Out, for example  1 × assignable external control signal input to connect a volume pedal.  Power supply jack Appendix A Logic Control—Specifications 237 Power Supply  International (100–250V) external power supply for standard power cords  Rear-mounted power switch Weight and Construction  Logic Control weighs 5.05 kg (unpacked).  High quality, sturdy 1mm steel chassis and case  Comfortable, durable wrist rest Dimensions Logic Control XT (Extension Unit) Display  55 × 2-digit (LCD) backlit multi-function display for detailed parameter information and metering  Built-in screensaver function Per channel (8 channels)  1 × motorized 100mm touch-sensitive Penny & Giles faders with 10Bit resolution (1024 steps)  1 × V-POT: digital endless rotary knob with position indicator and integrated push button for parameter adjustments of pan, EQ, send levels, and so on  4 × buttons with integrated colored LED for channel functions such as: Record, Solo, Mute, and Channel Selection  Signal Present LED indicates the presence of an audio signal Internal Processor  High-speed RISC micro controller  Firmware can be updated via MIDI dump. 238 Appendix A Logic Control—Specifications Connections  1 × MIDI in, 1 × MIDI out  Power supply jack Power Supply  International (100–250V) external power supply for standard power cords  Rear-mounted power switch Weight and Construction  Logic Control XT weighs 3.45 kg (unpacked)  High quality, sturdy 1mm steel chassis and case  Comfortable, durable wrist rest Dimensions 239 B Appendix B Logic Control— MIDI Implementation The following information is important for software vendors who wish to create a level of software integration for the Logic/Mackie Control/XT units. This documentation covers firmware version V1.0. Note: All numbers are in hexadecimal format. Variable bytes are shown in italics and use characters other than a-f as a placeholder. All channel messages use running status messages. Once an initial 3-byte message has been sent, the status byte is dropped from proceeding transmitted channel messages, in order to conserve bandwidth. SysEx Message Header The following documentation uses the place holder “” whenever the SysEx header is transmitted or received. It has the following form: F0 MIDI SysEx status byte 00 00 66 Mackie 3-byte SysEx manufacturer ID ii Model ID 10 Logic Control 11 Logic Control XT A device ID is not required, as each unit needs a dedicated MIDI cable. 240 Appendix B Logic Control—MIDI Implementation Global Control Messages Host Connection and Initialization Received: 00 F7 Device Query 02 ss ss ss ss ss ss ss rr rr rr rr F7 Host Connection Reply 0F 7F F7 Go Offline Transmitted: 01 ss ss ss ss ss ss ss ll ll ll ll F7 Host Connection Query 03 ss ss ss ss ss ss ss F7 Host Connection Confirmation 04 ss ss ss ss ss ss ss F7 Host Connection Error ss = Serial number (7 bytes ASCII text, non null-terminated) ll = Challenge code (4 bytes) rr = Response code (4 bytes) Offline Mode: Logic Control employs a query system to maintain a connection to the host software. When Logic Control is initially powered up, it defaults to Offline mode. In Offline mode, Logic Control’s faders move to their lowest setting, and the LCD reads “EMAGIC LOGIC CONTROL -- by MACKIE.” After power-on, Logic Control also transmits a system exclusive Host Connection Query message that is used (by the host) to detect a connection, and what type of device is connected (Logic Control/Logic Control XT). Communications Initialization: When the host software receives a Host Connection Query message (containing a serial number and a random challenge code), it should transmit a Host Connection Reply command within 300ms to initialize Logic Control. The command must contain the same serial number and the correct response code for the challenge code. Here is the algorithm (l1 to l4 = challenge code bytes 1 to 4, r1 to r4 = response code bytes 1 to 4): r1 = 0x7F & (l1 + (l2 ^ 0xa) – l4); r2 = 0x7F & ((l3>>4) ^ (l1+l4)); r3 = 0x7F & (l4-(l3<<2) ^ (l1|l2)); r4 = 0x7F & (l2-l3+(0xF0^(l4<<4))); Logic Control will, in turn, respond with either:  a Host Connection Confirmation message that contains the serial number, and switch to Online mode—where it will await further instructions from the host, or  reply with a Host Connection Error message, if the response code was wrong. Appendix B Logic Control—MIDI Implementation 241 Online Mode: Once the connection between Logic Control and the host software has been made, Logic Control stays in Online Mode until it receives a Go Offline message. Firmware version request Received: 13 00 F7 Version request Transmitted: 14 vv vv vv vv vv F7 Version reply vv 5 ASCII bytes containing version string, e. g. “V1.0”. Note: When Logic Control receives a version request message, it sends the version reply message. Reset Messages Received: 61 F7 Faders to minimum (Sends all faders to the bottom of their throw) 62 F7 All LEDs off (Turns off all LEDs on Logic Control) 63 F7 Reset (Re-Boots Logic Control into Offline mode) Transmitted: No Configuration Messages Received: 0A tt F7 Transport button click 0B ll F7 LCD back light saver 0C mm F7 Touchless movable faders 0E ii ss F7 Fader touch sensitivity Transmitted: No tt 00 = no transport button click 01 = transport button click (default) ll 00 = LCD back light off 01 to 7F = LCD back light on, with time out in minutes (default: 0F = 15 minutes) mm 00 = fader movements are only transmitted if the fader has been recognized as touched 01 = fader movements are also transmitted if the fader has not been recognized as touched (e. g. with fingernail or pen) ii Fader ID (00 thru 07; Master = 08) ss Fader touch sensitivity (00 to 05; default: 03) 242 Appendix B Logic Control—MIDI Implementation Common Control Messages Faders Received: Ei, ll, hh Move fader to position Transmitted: Ei, ll, hh Fader moved by user i Fader ID (00 thru 07; Master = 08) ll Fader position value low 7 bits (00–7F) hh Fader position value high 7 bits (00–7F) Example: E0, 40, 55 = Fader Ch. 1, position (55 << 7) + 40 Note: Message format for transmitted fader position is the same as for received position. Only the top (high) 10 of the 14 transmitted bits are required. Positions 0 to 1023 (decimal) are transmitted as 0000 to 03FF (Ei 00 00 to Ei 7F 7F). Switches Received: None Transmitted: 90, ii, ss Switch pressed/released by user ii Switch ID (See “Logic Control—Control Surface Layout and IDs” on page 251.) ss Switch State 00 = switch or fader relead 7F = switch pressed or fader touched Example: 90, 0F, 7F = SOLO Ch. 8 is pressed 90, 0F, 00 = SOLO Ch. 8 is released Note: LEDs and switches use the same control message. This approach means that an LED has the same ID as its corresponding switch. LEDs Received: 90, ii, ss Set LED status Transmitted: None ii LED ID (See “Logic Control—Control Surface Layout and IDs” on page 251.) ss LED State (7F = on, 00 = off, 01 = flashing) Example: 90, 08, 7F = Turn LED 08 on 90, 08, 00 = Turn LED 08 off Note: Switches and LEDs use the same control message. This ensures that an LED always shares an ID with its corresponding switch. Appendix B Logic Control—MIDI Implementation 243 V-Pots Received: None Transmitted: B0, 1i, XX V-POTs turned by user i V-POT ID (00–07) XX delta value in the form of (0 s v v v v v v) s direction bit: 0 = clockwise, 1 = counter clockwise vv number of ticks Examples:  B0, 10, 01 = V-POT Ch. 1 is being turned clockwise by one tick.  B0, 17, 47 = V-POT Ch. 8 is being turned counter-clockwise by 7 ticks. V-Pot LED ring Received: B0, 3i, XX Set LED ring display Transmitted: None i V-POT number (0 thru 7) XX V-POT display control byte in the form of (0 p x x v v v v): p V-POT display center LED state (1 = on, 0 = off ) xx V-POT mode (00 thru 03; see diagrams below) vv V-POT display position value 00 = all LEDs in ring off; 01 thru 0B see diagrams below Example:  B0, 31, 06 = V-POT 2 display shows LEDs at position 6. Note: In any V-POT display mode, a received LED position value of 00 will turn off all of the V-POT LEDs. 244 Appendix B Logic Control—MIDI Implementation V-POT Display modes available: Appendix B Logic Control—MIDI Implementation 245 External Controller Received: None Transmitted: B0, 2E, vv External Controller changed vv External Controller position value (00–7F) Example:  B0, 2E, 07 = External Controller value = 07 Jog Wheel Received: None Transmitted: B0, 3C, XX Jog wheel turned by user XX delta value in the form of (0 s v v v v v v) s direction bit: 0 = clockwise, 1 = counter clockwise vv number of ticks Examples:  B0, 3C, 01 = Jog forward.  B0, 3C, 41 = Jog reverse. 246 Appendix B Logic Control—MIDI Implementation LCD Received: , 12, oo, yy, …, F7 Update LCD Transmitted: None oo Display offset to write from: 00 thru 37 for upper line, 38 thru 6F for lower line. yy Data: ASCII equivalents for display characters—written from left to right— and including line wrapping between upper and lower lines. Up to 100 data bytes may be sent in one message. Example:  The following message writes “Hello” to the top left of the LCD on a Logic Control master section. F0 00 00 66 10 12 00 48 65 6C 6C 6F F7 Notes:  There are 7 displayed characters per channel, with the exception of channel 8, which is limited to displaying the first 6 characters. Internally however, the LCD stores 2 x 56 characters.  In most cases, you will use the LCD in a scribble-strip fashion (text above each channel). In this scenario, you should only use the first six characters per channel, thus allowing for spaces between the text of each channel.  The lower line can be switched into meter mode. See “Metering” on page 249 for further details.  While the LCD switches between horizontal and vertical metering modes, it ignores LCD messages. You should delay LCD messages for at least 600 ms after sending an LCD metering mode change message. Appendix B Logic Control—MIDI Implementation 247 Time Code/BBT Display Received: , 10, yy, …, F7 Update multiple characters B0, 4i, yy Update single character Transmitted: None i Digit ID: 0 = right-most, 9 = left-most yy Data bytes representing character to be written (See “7-Segment Display Character Table” on page 248). Up to ten characters can be sent in the SysEx message. Examples:  The following message writes “109.02.01.126” to the Time Code display (note decimal points). F0 00 00 66 10 10 36 32 31 71 30 72 30 79 30 31 F7  B0 40 30 41 31 = writes “10” into the last two digits. Important: The digits in the Time Code and Assignment displays are written RIGHT-TOLEFT, which helps to conserve bandwidth. Assignment 7-segment display Received: , 11, yy, yy, F7 Update multiple characters B0, 4i, yy Update single character Transmitted: None i Digit ID: A= right, B = left yy Data bytes representing character to be written (See “7-Segment Display Character Table” on page 248). Two characters can be sent in the SysEx message. Example:  B0 4B 10 4A 4E = writes “Pn.” to the Assignment display. Important: The digits in the Time Code and Assignment displays are written RIGHT-TOLEFT, to help conserve bandwidth. 248 Appendix B Logic Control—MIDI Implementation 7-Segment Display Character Table Hint:  Characters @ (40h) thru ` (60h) = (ASCII value) − 40h  Characters ! (21h) thru ? (3Fh) = ASCII value Note: The decimal point on each 7-segment character can be lit by adding 40 Hex to the value of the data. Appendix B Logic Control—MIDI Implementation 249 Metering Received: D0, XX Peak level , 20, ii, mm, F7 Channel meter mode , 21, yy, F7 Global LCD meter mode Transmitted: None XX Meter level in the form of (0 h h h l l l l): hh Channel to be addressed (0 thru 7) ll Meter level: 0 thru C = level meter 0% to 100% Overload not cleared! E = set overload F = clear overload ii Channel ID (0 to 7) mm mode bit map in the form of (0 0 0 0 0 l p s): l Enable level meter on LCD p Enable peak hold display (horizontal only) s Enable Signal LED yy 00 = horizontal; 01 = vertical Notes:  There is only one level meter per channel. For stereo tracks, use the maximum of left and right levels.  Only transmit peak levels. Logic Control automatically decreases the level meter bars, and switches off the Signal Present LED (over time). This approach ensures that MIDI bandwidth takes only a fraction of that required by implementations where the current level (and peak level) is transmitted constantly.  Decay rate is approximately 300ms per meter division (1.8 seconds to fall from 100% to 0%).  The LCD meter value and the duration of the Signal Present LED are controlled by the same data byte.  While the LCD switches between horizontal and vertical metering mode, it ignores LCD messages. You should delay LCD messages for at least 600 ms after sending an LCD metering mode change message. 251 C Appendix C Logic Control— Control Surface Layout and IDs ID Switch LED Function 00 • • REC/RDY Ch. 1 01 • • REC/RDY Ch. 2 02 • • REC/RDY Ch. 3 03 • • REC/RDY Ch. 4 04 • • REC/RDY Ch. 5 05 • • REC/RDY Ch. 6 06 • • REC/RDY Ch. 7 07 • • REC/RDY Ch. 8 08 • • SOLO Ch. 1 09 • • SOLO Ch. 2 0A • • SOLO Ch. 3 0B • • SOLO Ch. 4 0C • • SOLO Ch. 5 0D • • SOLO Ch. 6 0E • • SOLO Ch. 7 0F • • SOLO Ch. 8 10 • • MUTE Ch. 1 11 • • MUTE Ch. 2 12 • • MUTE Ch. 3 13 • • MUTE Ch. 4 14 • • MUTE Ch. 5 15 • • MUTE Ch. 6 16 • • MUTE Ch. 7 17 • • MUTE Ch. 8 18 • • SELECT Ch. 1 19 • • SELECT Ch. 2 252 Appendix C Logic Control—Control Surface Layout and IDs 1A • • SELECT Ch. 3 1B • • SELECT Ch. 4 1C • • SELECT Ch. 5 1D • • SELECT Ch. 6 1E • • SELECT Ch. 7 1F • • SELECT Ch. 8 20 • V-Select Ch. 1 21 • V-Select Ch. 2 22 • V-Select Ch. 3 23 • V-Select Ch. 4 24 • V-Select Ch. 5 25 • V-Select Ch. 6 26 • V-Select Ch. 7 27 • V-Select Ch. 8 28 • • ASSIGNMENT: TRACK 29 • • ASSIGNMENT: SEND 2A • • ASSIGNMENT: PAN/SURROUND 2B • • ASSIGNMENT: PLUG-IN 2C • • ASSIGNMENT: EQ 2D • • ASSIGNMENT: INSTRUMENT 2E • FADER BANKS: BANK Left 2F • FADER BANKS: BANK Right 30 • FADER BANKS: CHANNEL Left 31 • FADER BANKS: CHANNEL Right 32 • • FLIP 33 • • GLOBAL VIEW 34 • NAME/VALUE 35 • SMPTE/BEATS 36 • F1 37 • F2 38 • F3 39 • F4 3A • F5 3B • F6 3C • F7 3D • F8 ID Switch LED Function Appendix C Logic Control—Control Surface Layout and IDs 253 3E • GLOBAL VIEW: MIDI TRACKS 3F • GLOBAL VIEW: INPUTS 40 • GLOBAL VIEW: AUDIO TRACKS 41 • GLOBAL VIEW: AUDIO INSTRUMENT 42 • GLOBAL VIEW: AUX 43 • GLOBAL VIEW: BUSSES 44 • GLOBAL VIEW: OUTPUTS 45 • GLOBAL VIEW: USER 46 • SHIFT 47 • OPTION 48 • CONTROL 49 • CMD/ALT 4A • • AUTOMATION: READ/OFF 4B • • AUTOMATION: WRITE 4C • • AUTOMATION: TRIM 4D • • AUTOMATION: TOUCH 4E • • AUTOMATION: LATCH 4F • • GROUP 50 • • UTILITIES: SAVE 51 • • UTILITIES: UNDO 52 • UTILITIES: CANCEL 53 • UTILITIES: ENTER 54 • • MARKER 55 • • NUDGE (Logic Pro only) 56 • • CYCLE 57 • • DROP 58 • • REPLACE 59 • • CLICK 5A • • SOLO 5B • • REWIND 5C • • FAST FWD 5D • • STOP 5E • • PLAY 5F • • RECORD 60 • Cursor Up 61 • Cursor Down ID Switch LED Function 254 Appendix C Logic Control—Control Surface Layout and IDs 62 • Cursor Left 63 • Cursor Right 64 • • Zoom 65 • • Scrub 66 • User Switch A 67 • User Switch B 68 • Fader Touch Ch. 1 69 • Fader Touch Ch. 2 6A • Fader Touch Ch. 3 6B • Fader Touch Ch. 4 6C • Fader Touch Ch. 5 6D • Fader Touch Ch. 6 6E • Fader Touch Ch. 7 6F • Fader Touch Ch. 8 70 • Fader Touch Master 71 • SMPTE LED 72 • BEATS LED 73 • RUDE SOLO LIGHT 76 • Relay click ID Switch LED Function 255 D Appendix D Logic Control— MIDI Implementation Chart Mode 1: OMNI ON, POLY, Mode 2: OMNI ON, MONO, O: Yes Mode 3: OMNI OFF, POLY, Mode 4: OMNI OFF, MONO, X: No Function Transmitted Recognized Remarks Channel, Default: Changed: 1 1 1 1 Each Logic Control unit should be installed on a separate MIDI port. Mode, Default: Messages: Altered: X X X X X X Note Number True Voice: O 0–127 X O 0–127 X Velocity, Note On: Note Off: O v = 1–127 X v = 00 O v = 1–127 X v = 00 After Touch, Keys: Chan’s: X X X O Pitch Bend O O Used for motor faders Control Change O O Program Change True #: X X SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE: O O SYSTEM COMMON: X X Soundtrack Pro 2 User Manual K Apple Inc. Copyright © 2007 Apple Inc. All rights reserved. Your rights to the software are governed by the accompanying software license agreement. The owner or authorized user of a valid copy of Soundtrack Pro software may reproduce this publication for the purpose of learning to use such software. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted for commercial purposes, such as selling copies of this publication or for providing paid for support services. The Apple logo is a trademark of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Use of the “keyboard” Apple logo (Shift-Option-K) for commercial purposes without the prior written consent of Apple may constitute trademark infringement and unfair competition in violation of federal and state laws. Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate. Apple is not responsible for printing or clerical errors. Note: Because Apple frequently releases new versions and updates to its system software, applications, and Internet sites, images shown in this book may be slightly different from what you see on your screen. Apple Inc. 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, CA 95014–2084 408-996-1010 www.apple.com Apple, the Apple logo, Apple Cinema Display, AppleScript, DVD Studio Pro, Final Cut, Final Cut Pro, Final Cut Studio, FireWire, iPhoto, iPod, iTunes, Logic, Mac, Macintosh, Mac OS, QuickTime, and Soundtrack are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Finder and Apple TV are trademarks of Apple Inc. AppleCare and Apple Store are service marks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. iTunes Store is a service mark of Apple Inc. Dolby Laboratories: Manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories. “Dolby,” “Pro Logic,” and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories. Confidential Unpublished Works, © 1992–1997 Dolby Laboratories, Inc. All rights reserved. NeXT is a trademark of NeXT Software, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Other company and product names mentioned herein are trademarks of their respective companies. Mention of third-party products is for informational purposes only and constitutes neither an endorsement nor a recommendation. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the performance or use of these products. Production stills from the film “Koffee House Mayhem” provided courtesy of Jean-Paul Bonjour. “Koffee House Mayhem” © 2004 Jean-Paul Bonjour. All rights reserved. http://www.jbonjour.com 3 1 Contents Preface 11 An Introduction to Soundtrack Pro 11 Overview of Soundtrack Pro 13 Using Soundtrack Pro in Your Post-Production Workflow 15 Notable Features in Soundtrack Pro 18 Resources for Learning About Soundtrack Pro 18 About This Soundtrack Pro Onscreen User Manual 19 Apple Websites Chapter 1 21 Setting Up Your System 21 System Considerations 23 Connecting Equipment 24 Video and Audio Input and Output Devices 25 Video and Audio Interfaces 25 External Audio and Video Monitoring 27 Example Hardware Setups 32 Setting Up a System for Stereo Mixing 32 Setting Up a System for Surround Mixing Chapter 2 33 The Soundtrack Pro Interface 34 Soundtrack Pro Window Organization 37 Project Pane 38 Toolbar 38 Transport Controls 39 Timeline 43 File Editor 44 Mixer 46 Multitake Editor 47 Conform 48 Bin 49 Meters Tab 50 Recording Tab 51 Browser 52 Search Tab 4 Contents 54 Favorites Tab 55 Video Tab 55 Project Tab 57 Details Tab 60 Effects Tab 61 Tracks Tab 62 Actions Tab 63 Analysis Tab 64 HUDs Chapter 3 65 Setting Up Soundtrack Pro 65 Two Kinds of Projects 67 Setting Up Your Workspace 71 Playing Projects 75 About Changing Values and Timecode Entries 78 Locating and Adding Audio Files 91 Previewing Audio Files 93 Using Undo and Redo 94 Using Snapping 96 Reconnecting Media Files 97 Setting Soundtrack Pro Preferences Chapter 4 105 Working with Multitrack Projects 105 Creating and Opening Multitrack Projects 106 Creating a Multitrack Project from Final Cut Pro Clips or Sequences 106 Closing Multitrack Projects 106 Setting Project Properties 110 Setting the Project Length 111 Saving Multitrack Projects 112 Setting Default Locations for Saving Media Files 113 Adding Files to a Multitrack Project 114 Viewing and Editing Clip and Track Properties 124 Tracks, Busses, Submixes, and the Master Bus Chapter 5 127 Working in the Timeline 127 Working in the Timeline 128 Moving Around in the Timeline 135 Working with Tracks, Busses, and Submixes in the Timeline 147 Selecting Audio Clips in the Timeline 149 Selecting the Entire Contents of a Track 150 Selecting Partial Contents of One or More Tracks 151 Cutting, Copying, and Pasting Audio Clips 153 Spotting Clips to the Timeline Contents 5 154 Moving Clips 156 Snapping Clips to Clips on Adjacent Tracks 156 Resizing Audio Clips 157 Changing the Offset of an Audio Clip 158 Creating Fades and Crossfades in the Timeline 162 Truncating Overlapping Audio Clips 162 Editing Audio Clips in the Multitrack Timeline 164 Using the Timeline Editing Tools 165 Timeline Editing Tools HUD 166 Editing in Place 166 How Clips Are Affected by Media File Editing 166 How Source Audio File Editing Works in a Soundtrack Pro Multitrack Project 167 Modifying a Clip Without Affecting Its Source Media 168 Using the Multitrack Timeline and the File Editor Together 170 Spotting Sound Effects from the File Editor to the Timeline 170 Splitting and Joining Audio Clips 174 Editing with the Timeslice Tool 179 Using the Lift and Stamp Tools 183 Working with Markers 185 Using Markers with Video 188 Working with Tagged and Looping Clips 189 Replacing the Source Audio in a Clip Chapter 6 191 Editing Audio Files 193 Audio File Projects 193 Editing Audio Files Directly in a Multitrack Project 195 Editing in Place 195 How Clips Are Affected by Media File Editing 196 How Media File Editing Works in a Multitrack Project 196 How Source Audio File Editing Works in an Audio File Project 197 Modifying a Clip Without Affecting Its Source Media 198 Editing Audio Files in the File Editor 198 Opening Audio Files in the File Editor Tab 199 Playing Audio Files in the File Editor 199 Soloing an Audio File in the File Editor 200 Linking the File Editor Selection and the Cycle Region 200 Scrubbing Audio Files 202 Selecting Part of an Audio File 206 Cutting, Copying, and Pasting in the File Editor 207 Zooming In and Out in the File Editor 208 Editing Audio Files Graphically with Waveform Editing Tools 212 Choosing the Sample Units in the File Editor 212 Editing Multichannel Files 6 Contents 214 Using Frequency Spectrum View 219 Processing Audio Files 230 Working with Actions 236 Analyzing an Audio File 240 Using the File Editor Project View Chapter 7 251 Using the Multitake Editor 251 About the Multitake Editor 252 What Is ADR? 252 Multitake Clips 252 Creating Multitake Clips 253 Overview of the Multitake Editor 254 Editing in the Multitake Editor 255 Slipping Take Regions 256 Adding and Deleting Takes 256 Renaming Takes 257 Reordering Takes 257 Example: A Multitake Editing Workflow Chapter 8 261 Basic Mixing in Soundtrack Pro 262 Steps in Mixing 263 Structuring an Audio Post-Production Project 263 What Is a Submix and How Do You Use It? 263 Basic Signal Routing in Soundtrack Pro 266 Example: Mixing a Project with Dialogue, Music, and Effects Submixes 270 Using Sends and Busses 273 Using the Mixer 273 Working with Channel Strips in the Mixer 284 Working with Effects in the Mixer 286 Working with Sends and Busses in the Mixer 288 Setting the Overall Project Volume Level 290 Using the Master Bus 290 Listening to a Temporary Mono Mix 291 Recording Audio in the Mixer 291 Recording Automation in the Mixer 292 Creating Multiple Mixes 292 Things to Keep in Mind While Mixing Chapter 9 293 Mixing Surround Sound 293 What Is 5.1 Surround? 294 Creating a Surround Project 294 Setting Up for Surround 294 Setting Up Soundtrack Pro for Surround Contents 7 298 Surround Speaker Placement 299 Using Surround Panners to Create a Surround Mix 299 The Mini Surround Panner 300 The Surround Panner HUD 303 Surround Panner Automation 303 Modifier Keys for Moving the Puck 304 Surround Metering 306 Surround Mixing Strategies 306 Mixing Surround Files 307 Converting a Stereo Mix to 5.1 Surround 309 Placing Dialogue and Voiceover in a Surround Mix 310 Placing Stereo Music in a Surround Mix 310 Using the Center Channel 310 Using Surround Channels 311 Using Surround Effect Plug-ins 311 Limitations of the LFE Channel 312 Accommodating Stereo Playback 312 Exporting and Delivering 5.1 Surround Projects 312 Mixdowns 313 Project Files Chapter 10 315 Working with Video in Soundtrack Pro 315 Supported Video File Formats 316 Adding a Video to a Project 317 Playing the Video 320 Viewing Video Details 321 Working with a Video’s Audio 321 Using the Time Display and Time Ruler with Video 322 Scrubbing and Spotting with the Multipoint Video HUD 325 Removing a Video from a Project Chapter 11 327 Working with Audio Effects 327 Processing Effects and Realtime Effects 330 Working with Effect Presets 331 Audio Effects Included with Soundtrack Pro 343 Working with Realtime Effects 353 Working with Processing Effects Chapter 12 355 Working with Automation 355 Working with Envelopes 365 Recording Automation Data Chapter 13 367 Recording Audio in Soundtrack Pro 367 Getting Ready to Record 8 Contents 368 Recording Audio in the Timeline 374 Recording Audio in the Mixer 375 Recording Audio in the File Editor Project View Chapter 14 377 Creating Podcasts in Soundtrack Pro 378 Podcasting Media Production 379 Using the Podcast Track and Podcast Markers 379 Displaying the Podcast Track and the Details Tab 380 Podcast Marker Information in the Details Tab 381 Adding Markers to a Podcast 384 Adding Images to a Podcast 387 Exporting Podcasts 387 Exporting Audio Podcasts 388 Exporting Video Podcasts 390 Using Post-Export Actions for Podcast Production Chapter 15 391 Using Control Surfaces with Soundtrack Pro 391 Connecting Control Surfaces 392 Adding and Deleting Control Surfaces 393 Premapped Controls 393 Mapping Commands to Control Surface Buttons 394 Recording Control Surface Automation Chapter 16 395 Exporting Multitrack Projects 396 About the Export Dialog 397 Exporting and the Cycle Region 397 Exporting a Master Mix 414 Exporting Tracks, Busses, and Submixes Separately 415 Exporting Multiple Mono Files 416 Using Post-Export Actions 418 Using Export Presets 419 Exporting to AAF 419 Saving Multitrack Projects 419 Distributing a Multitrack Project and Its Media Files Together Chapter 17 421 Using Soundtrack Pro with Other Applications 421 Using Soundtrack Pro with Final Cut Pro 421 About Soundtrack Pro Audio File Projects 422 Methods for Sending Audio from Final Cut Pro to Soundtrack Pro 422 Sending Individual Audio Clips from Final Cut Pro to Soundtrack Pro 428 About Soundtrack Pro Multitrack Projects 428 Creating Soundtrack Pro Multitrack Projects from Final Cut Pro Clips or Sequences 432 Using Soundtrack Pro with DVD Studio Pro 434 Using Soundtrack Pro with Motion Contents 9 435 Using Soundtrack Pro with Third-Party Applications 435 Exchanging OMF and AAF Files with Other Applications 437 Exporting Audio Files Chapter 18 439 Using Conform with Final Cut Pro 439 About Conforming Manually 439 Using Soundtrack Pro Conform 444 Reviewing and Approving the Changes in the Conform Result Project Appendix A 449 Soundtrack Pro Keyboard Shortcuts 449 General and File 450 Layouts, Tabs, and HUDs 451 Navigating the Timeline 451 Project Playback 452 Cycle Region 453 General Editing 453 Editing Audio Clips in the Timeline 454 Moving Audio Clips and Envelope Points 455 Viewing the Timeline 456 Timeline Tools 456 File Editor Project View Tools and Commands 457 Processing and Editing Audio Files 458 Tracks, Busses, and Submixes 459 Markers 459 Selecting Audio Clips in the Timeline 460 Video Out 460 Recording 461 Using Arrow Keys to Move the Playhead 461 Working with Timeslices Appendix B 463 Audio Fundamentals 463 What Is Sound? 463 Fundamentals of a Sound Wave 465 Frequency Spectrum of Sounds 467 Measuring Sound Intensity 469 Signal-to-Noise Ratio 470 Headroom and Distortion 470 Dynamic Range and Compression 471 Stereo Audio 473 Digital Audio 474 Sample Rate 474 Bit Depth Appendix C 477 Working with Professional Video and Audio Equipment 10 Contents 477 About Video Interfaces, Signals, and Connectors 477 Video Interfaces 480 Video Signals and Connectors 485 About Audio Interfaces, Signals, and Connectors 485 Setting Up an Audio Interface 490 Audio Connectors, Cables, and Signal Formats 494 About Balanced Audio Signals 496 Tips for Choosing Speakers and an Amplifier 497 Frequency Response and Dynamic Range 497 Self-Powered Versus Passive Speakers 498 Amplifiers and Signal Levels for Unpowered Speakers 498 Connecting Professional Video Devices 498 Connecting Professional SD Video Devices 501 Connecting Professional Component Analog Video Devices 501 Connecting Consumer Analog Video Devices 501 Connecting Non-DV Devices to a DV Converter 503 Connecting Professional Audio Devices 503 Connecting Professional Digital Audio Devices 503 Connecting Consumer Digital Audio Devices 503 Connecting Professional Analog Audio 504 Synchronizing Equipment with a Blackburst Generator 506 Synchronizing Soundtrack Pro to External Timecode Appendix D 509 Working with Apogee Hardware in Soundtrack Pro 510 Global Parameters 511 Units Parameters 514 Setup Buttons Appendix E 515 Solutions to Common Problems and Customer Support 516 Solutions to Common Problems 517 Calling AppleCare Support Appendix F 519 Using Apple Loops Utility 519 What Is Apple Loops Utility? 520 The Apple Loops Utility Interface 526 Opening Files in Apple Loops Utility 527 Tagging Files in Apple Loops Utility 528 Working With Transients 530 Saving Changes to Files 530 Removing Files From the Assets Drawer 531 Apple Loops Utility Preferences 532 Apple Loops Utility Keyboard Shortcuts Index 537 11 Preface An Introduction to Soundtrack Pro Soundtrack Pro gives you the tools you need to create high-quality soundtracks for your film and video productions. Most experienced film and television producers know that “audio is more than half the picture.” The art and techniques of sound recording, dialogue editing, sound effect recording and placement, mixing, and sound design play a substantial role in how audiences perceive the (visual) quality of a film or video. Soundtrack Pro is designed to serve the art of motion picture sound post-production. Like the other applications in Final Cut Studio, Soundtrack Pro was created for the film and video industry. Soundtrack Pro gives you many specialized tools and powerful features that you can use to create high-quality audio. Overview of Soundtrack Pro Soundtrack Pro provides film and video professionals streamlined workflows for editing everything from individual audio files to large multitrack sound projects, including synchronizing audio and video, editing sound in place, working with automatic dialogue replacement (ADR), analyzing and fixing common audio problems like clicks and pops, and creating stereo and surround sound design. Add interoperability with the other applications in Final Cut Studio to this list of features, and you have a professional-quality audio application designed to meet the needs of the most discerning audio editors and mixers. Soundtrack Pro features two types of projects: audio file projects and multitrack projects. You use audio file projects to edit individual audio files. This is sometimes known as waveform editing. However, unlike most waveform editing applications, Soundtrack Pro allows you to edit your audio files nondestructively by keeping track of the actions you have performed on your audio file. You can edit down to the file’s individual sample level and perform tasks ranging from audio repair to sound design. You can perform edits nondestructively using actions, which include processing effects and other operations. You can analyze audio files for a range of common audio problems, including clicks and pops, hum, and phase issues, and automatically fix problems that are found. 12 Preface An Introduction to Soundtrack Pro Multitrack projects look and function similarly to Final Cut Pro projects. You arrange a multitrack project’s audio clips on the tracks in the Timeline. Multitrack projects contain the features you expect from a high-performance and professional-quality audio editor, including features to synchronize audio and video, work with ADR and multitake editing, and automate volume, pan, and other changes over time using envelopes. You can record over multiple channels to the Timeline or the File Editor or to multiple tracks in the Timeline. Most audio applications focus on multitrack editing or waveform editing, but not both. Furthermore, most waveform editing applications handle media destructively—making permanent changes to your media files. Soundtrack Pro provides the best of both worlds: nondestructive waveform editing while working in a multitrack project. You can edit audio clips in a variety of ways in the Timeline. You can select, cut, copy, and paste clips; move, resize, transpose, split, and join them; and edit them in other ways. You can also apply any actions to and process menu operations for any clip directly in the Timeline. You can organize your multitrack project for the final mix by creating busses and submixes, adding realtime effects and actions, and adding surround panning. When you’re ready to mix, you can mix in the Timeline or in the Soundtrack Pro Mixer. The Mixer models a traditional hardware mixing board and includes a channel strip for each track, bus, and submix in the project. Soundtrack Pro includes a large library of stereo and surround sound effects and music beds that you can use for Foley effects, background ambience, sound effects, and music transitions in your audio and multitrack projects. Soundtrack Pro also includes a generous selection of professional-quality effects plug-ins, like Space Designer and Channel EQ that you can add to tracks, busses, and submixes. You have numerous options for exporting your project. You can export your mix (or selected tracks, busses, or submixes) in a variety of audio file types including WAVE, AIFF, MP3, AAC, Dolby Digital Professional, and as a QuickTime movie. You can export your mix with Compressor, Apple’s high-performance encoding application. You can also pick from a variety of post-export actions that automatically open the mix in a Final Cut Pro sequence, or export it to Motion, Logic, or Waveburner. Preface An Introduction to Soundtrack Pro 13 Using Soundtrack Pro in Your Post-Production Workflow On its own, Soundtrack Pro is a powerful audio editing application. As part of Final Cut Studio, Soundtrack Pro becomes an integral part of your post-production workflow. You can easily share media projects between Final Cut Pro and Soundtrack Pro. When you send a sequence from Final Cut Pro, your audio files and a compiled video file arrive in a Soundtrack Pro multitrack project, ready for you to edit. After editing and creating your final mix, you can automatically send a mixdown back to the original Final Cut Pro sequence. The Soundtrack Pro Conform feature allows you to quickly sync up the picture editor’s cut with the sound editor’s version of the same sequence. Unlike many audio editing applications, Soundtrack Pro was created specifically to produce sound for motion picture audio projects. This means it has many specialized tools and features that simplify and enhance the sound-for-picture editing process. Here are some examples of how you can use Soundtrack Pro to enhance your motion picture sound editing and mixing experience:  To quickly synchronize a sound effect with the picture using the Multipoint Video HUD For more information, see “Scrubbing and Spotting with the Multipoint Video HUD” on page 322.  To edit audio dialogue replacement (ADR) recordings, combine them with production sound files, and create perfect voiceover narration For more information, see Chapter 7, “Using the Multitake Editor,” on page 251.  With the Soundtrack Pro Conform feature, to quickly merge two versions of the same sequence: the picture edit (from Final Cut Pro) and the sound edit/mix (from Soundtrack Pro) For more information, see Chapter 18, “Using Conform with Final Cut Pro,” on page 439.  To perfect and clean up individual audio files. You can go straight into a clip’s waveform to correct a click or pop or add an effect. Soundtrack Pro makes it easy for you to move between editing individual clips and arranging your overall multitrack project for a quick back-and-forth workflow. To learn more about editing individual audio files, see “Editing Audio Clips in the Multitrack Timeline” on page 162 and Chapter 6, “Editing Audio Files,” on page 191.  To lift effects from one clip and apply them to other clips using lift-and-stamp tools and the Sound Palette, and to create palettes of sound processing for future use For more information, see “Using the Lift and Stamp Tools” on page 179.  To organize your multitrack project for professional sound effect editing and mixing For more information, see “Basic Signal Routing in Soundtrack Pro” on page 263 and “Using Sends and Busses” on page 270. 14 Preface An Introduction to Soundtrack Pro  To prepare your multitrack project for distribution and final delivery, such as foreign language versions (for example, to create separate submixes for dialogue, sound effects, and music) For more information, see “What Is a Submix and How Do You Use It?” on page 263 and “Example: Mixing a Project with Dialogue, Music, and Effects Submixes” on page 266.  To use advanced editing techniques and tools in the multitrack Timeline for streamlined sound editing For more information, see “Using the Timeline Editing Tools” on page 164, “Moving Around in the Timeline” on page 128, “Selecting Audio Clips in the Timeline” on page 147, and “Editing with the Timeslice Tool” on page 174.  To create a podcast from a video edited in Final Cut Pro For more information, see Chapter 14, “Creating Podcasts in Soundtrack Pro,” on page 377 and “Exporting Video Podcasts” on page 388.  To create stereo and surround mixes for the same project For more information, see “Mixing Surround Sound” on page 293 and “Converting a Stereo Mix to 5.1 Surround” on page 307.  To set up your sound-for-picture editing system to display video on an external video monitor or use Digital Cinema Desktop on the Apple Studio and Apple Cinema Displays For more information, see “Setting Up a System Using a Video Output Device” on page 30 and “Video Out Preferences” on page 103.  To adjust the selection for an action. For example, you may have applied an effect to a portion of a file, and you might like to move that effect to a different portion of the file. For more information, see “Selecting Part of an Audio File” on page 202, “Editing with the Timeslice Tool” on page 174, and “Working with Actions” on page 230.  To use the resizable Timecode HUD to display the current project timecode (for a client sitting across the room) For more information, see “Timecode HUD” on page 64.  With the Frequency Spectrum view and the Frequency Selection tool, to make selections of frequency ranges as well as copy, paste, delete, and adjust the amplitude of frequency selections These tools help you visually pinpoint specific frequencies, for example, some noise that you want to remove. For more information, see “Using Frequency Spectrum View” on page 214.  To send a mixdown back to Final Cut Pro automatically Soundtrack Pro can send a new copy of the Final Cut Pro sequence that looks just like the original sequence but has additional audio tracks that contain your mixdown. For more information, see “Sending a Mixdown Back to Final Cut Pro Automatically” on page 430. Preface An Introduction to Soundtrack Pro 15  As you drag clips to the Timeline, to separate the channels of stereo and multichannel clips into individual clips, or combine separate clips into single stereo or multichannel clips For more information, see “Separating Channels by Option-Dragging” on page 122 and “Combining Separate Clips to Create Multichannel Clips” on page 123.  To arrange background music or add FX and Foley in stereo or surround sound For more information, see Chapter 18, “Using Conform with Final Cut Pro,” on page 439. Combining these Soundtrack Pro features creates your sound-for-picture project, a balanced sound design that enhances your video or film project using tools that look like and function similarly to the tools you know from using Final Cut Pro. Notable Features in Soundtrack Pro Soundtrack Pro provides a powerful set of tools for your motion picture sound editing and mixing projects, including the following features. Audio editing features:  Powerful audio editing: You can edit audio files nondestructively in Soundtrack Pro. You can edit audio files graphically with sample-accurate precision and process files using actions, which can be reordered and turned on or off individually.  Analysis and repair of common audio problems: You can choose which problems to analyze the file for, then fix the problems detected by analysis either individually or in a single operation. Selected problems are highlighted in the waveform display for easy viewing.  Multitake Editor: Use the Multitake Editor to edit multitake and synced audio that is created by performing multitake recording (such as in automatic dialogue replacement, or ADR).  Edit in place: Edit and process a file’s waveform directly in the Timeline and hear the changes in the context of your whole multitrack project. Simply select a clip in the Timeline and it appears in the File Editor tab below. Any changes you make to the media file are updated in the Timeline immediately.  Ability to add professional-quality effects: Soundtrack Pro includes high-quality effects plug-ins from the Logic Pro effects library that you can use in your projects, including the Space Designer convolution reverb. You can also install third-party effects in the Audio Units plug-in format.  Frequency Selection tool and Spectrum View HUD: Use the Frequency Selection tool in the Frequency Spectrum view to make selections of frequency ranges as well as copy, paste, delete, and adjust the amplitude of frequency selections. The new Spectrum View HUD provides extensive controls. 16 Preface An Introduction to Soundtrack Pro  Tape-style scrubbing: The Scrub tool provides detailed scrubbing that realistically approximates the “rock-the-reels” scrubbing on analog tape decks to help you quickly find a particular sound or event in a long audio file.  Multichannel support: You can edit up to 24 channels in a single audio file, and play back and record up to six channels in a single audio file in the Timeline. Soundtrack Pro 2 supports the following types of multichannel files: AIFF, WAVE, Broadcast Wave, QuickTime, CAF, and single folder/multi-mono file AIFF. Multitrack project features:  Advanced multitrack editing features: Soundtrack Pro includes the ability to lock/unlock, enable/disable, and color-label clips and tracks in the Timeline; an advanced Timeslice tool for marquee time selections; enhanced marquee clip selection; Final Cut Pro–style J-K-L transport controls; the ability to spot clips from various media tabs to the Timeline; the ability to move clips numerically; blade tools for splitting clips; region markers; and a mode for selecting and moving envelope points with clips.  Record and edit automation tools: You can record movements to sliders and other onscreen controls, play back the automation, and edit it in the Timeline.  OMF and AAF support: Soundtrack Pro can use these industry-standard project interchange formats to import the editing decisions from other video and audio editing applications. You can also export a multitrack project from Soundtrack Pro as an AAF file.  Sophisticated export options: You can export an entire project, or selected portions of it, to a mono, stereo, or multichannel audio file using the following audio file types: AIFF, WAVE, NeXT, Sound Designer II, MP3, AAC/Podcast, and Dolby Digital Professional (AC-3). Soundtrack Pro has a direct link to Compressor, the Final Cut Studio transcoding application, for exporting to numerous other audio and video formats. Other options include a variety of post-export actions, the ability to add your own custom AppleScript actions using the Export dialog, as well as custom export presets.  Lift and Stamp tools and the Sound Palette: Soundtrack Pro includes time-saving tools for applying work you have done on one clip to one or more other clips. Use the Lift tool to copy properties from selected clips. Create a processing template in the Sound Palette that can be applied to other clips with the Stamp tool. Final Cut Studio workflow features:  Send clips: You can send clips from the Final Cut Pro Timeline to Soundtrack Pro and edit the clips in the File Editor. When you save the clip, it is automatically updated in your Final Cut Pro project. Soundtrack Pro includes similar support for Motion and DVD Studio Pro.  Send sequences: You can also send clips or entire sequences to a Soundtrack Pro multitrack project to complete your final mix, adding additional tracks of sound effects, voiceover, and music. Both stereo and surround sound mixing are supported. Preface An Introduction to Soundtrack Pro 17  Conform: You can use the Conform feature in Soundtrack Pro to quickly merge two versions of the same sequence: the picture edit (from Final Cut Pro) and the sound edit/mix (from Soundtrack Pro).  Automatic mixdown return: When you export a mixdown of the multitrack project originally sent from Final Cut Pro, you can choose to open a new copy of the Final Cut Pro sequence that looks just like the original sequence but has additional audio tracks that contain your mixdown. Mixing features:  Advanced mixing capabilities: You can mix multitrack projects in the Mixer, which displays a virtual mixing console for a project. Using the channel strips in the Mixer, you can adjust levels, mute and solo tracks, and add realtime effects. You can create submixes using busses, and send audio to multiple physical outputs using submixes.  Surround editing and mixing: Soundtrack Pro provides an elegant and easy-to-use toolset for creating and adjusting projects in 5.1 discrete surround audio including surround panning, mixing, and automation; unparalleled flexibility with surround sources; and the ability to easily switch between stereo and surround mixes.  Support for control surfaces: In addition to recording movements of onscreen controls, you can connect a supported control surface and record automation of control surface movements.  Synchronized video display: You can add a video to a project and view it in the Video tab or display the video on an external video monitor. Audio/video synchronization is accurate both onscreen and on the external monitor, up to HD resolutions. You can accurately place audio clips to sync with specific frames or points in time in the video. Other features:  Audio recording capability: You can record audio directly into multiple tracks in the Soundtrack Pro Timeline, including recording multiple takes.  Powerful Inspector tabs: These include the Tracks tab for easily viewing, selecting, and grouping tracks, busses, and submixes, and the Bin, a hierarchical display of information about all open projects.  HUDs: Heads-up displays (HUDs) are semi-transparent floating windows with controls and displays that you can use to accomplish specific tasks. The HUDs include the Fade Selector HUD for quickly applying and adjusting fades and crossfades, the Multipoint Video HUD for providing visual context when you are positioning audio clips in a video-based project, and the Timecode HUD, which displays the current project timecode.  Podcasting: With Soundtrack Pro, audio creators can quickly and easily produce extremely high-quality audio and video podcasts directly from their Soundtrack Pro projects. 18 Preface An Introduction to Soundtrack Pro Resources for Learning About Soundtrack Pro This manual describes the Soundtrack Pro interface, commands, and menus, and gives step-by-step instructions for creating Soundtrack Pro projects and for accomplishing specific tasks. It also includes information on setting up your system and on audio basics. It is designed to provide the information you need to get up to speed quickly so you can take full advantage of the intuitive interface and powerful features of Soundtrack Pro. If you want to start by learning how to set up audio hardware to use with Soundtrack Pro, read Chapter 1, “Setting Up Your System,” on page 21. If you want to learn about the features and controls in the Soundtrack Pro interface, read Chapter 2, “The Soundtrack Pro Interface,” on page 33. If you want to jump right in and start using the application, skip ahead to Chapter 3, “Setting Up Soundtrack Pro,” on page 65. If you want to read about editing audio files, turn to Chapter 6, “Editing Audio Files,” on page 191. If you want to start using the multitrack Timeline, read Chapter 5, “Working in the Timeline,” on page 127. Soundtrack Pro provides several different sources of support. About This Soundtrack Pro Onscreen User Manual The Soundtrack Pro onscreen user manual allows you to access information directly onscreen while you’re working in Soundtrack Pro. To view this information, choose Help > Soundtrack Pro User Manual. The Soundtrack Pro onscreen user manual is a fully hyperlinked version of the Soundtrack Pro User Manual, enhanced with many features that make locating information quick and easy.  The homepage provides quick access to various features, including Release Notes, the index, and the Soundtrack Pro website.  A comprehensive bookmark list allows you to quickly choose what you want to see and takes you there as soon as you click the link. In addition to these navigational tools, the Soundtrack Pro onscreen user manual gives you other means to locate information quickly:  All cross-references in the text are linked. You can click any cross-reference and jump immediately to that location. Then, you can use the Preview Back button to return to where you were before you clicked the cross-reference.  The table of contents and index are also linked. If you click an entry in either of these sections, you jump directly to that section of the user manual.  You can also use the Find dialog to search the text for specific words or a phrase. Preface An Introduction to Soundtrack Pro 19 Apple Websites There are a variety of Apple websites that you can visit to find additional information. Soundtrack Pro Website For general information and updates, as well as the latest news on Soundtrack Pro, go to:  http://www.apple.com/finalcutstudio/soundtrackpro Apple Service and Support Website Go here for software updates and answers to the most frequently asked questions for all Apple products, including Soundtrack Pro. You’ll also have access to product specifications, reference documentation, and Apple and third-party product technical articles. To access the Apple Service and Support webpage, go to:  http://www.apple.com/support To access the Soundtrack Pro support webpage, go to:  http://www.apple.com/support/soundtrackpro To access the Soundtrack Pro discussion webpage, go to:  http://discussions.info.apple.com Other Apple Websites Start at the Apple homepage to find the latest and greatest information about Apple products:  http://www.apple.com QuickTime is industry-standard technology for handling video, sound, animation, graphics, text, music, and 360-degree virtual reality (VR) scenes. QuickTime provides a high level of performance, compatibility, and quality for delivering digital video. Go to the QuickTime website for information on the types of media supported, a tour of the QuickTime interface, specifications, and more:  http://www.apple.com/quicktime FireWire is one of the fastest peripheral standards ever developed, which makes it great for use with multimedia peripherals, such as video camcorders and the latest high-speed hard disk drives. Visit this website for information about FireWire technology and available third-party FireWire products:  http://www.apple.com/firewire 20 Preface An Introduction to Soundtrack Pro For information about seminars, events, and third-party tools used in web publishing, design and print, music and audio, desktop movies, digital imaging, and the media arts, go to:  http://www.apple.com/pro For resources, stories, and information about projects developed by users in education using Apple software, including Soundtrack Pro, go to:  http://www.apple.com/education Go to the Apple Store to buy software, hardware, and accessories direct from Apple and to find special promotions and deals that include third-party hardware and software products:  http://www.apple.com/store 1 21 1 Setting Up Your System The way you set up your system depends on the audio equipment you plan to use. You can use your computer’s speaker or headphone jack to monitor the audio output from Soundtrack Pro. For better results, you may want to connect external monitors or speakers to your system, so that you can monitor the audio output at a higher level of quality. You may want to connect other external audio equipment such as an audio interface or a mixer, particularly if you plan to record your own audio in Soundtrack Pro.  For information on system and hardware requirements, see the Read Before You Install document on the installation DVD.  For information on installing the software, see the Installing Your Software booklet. System Considerations To achieve the most effective results, you should consider the following issues when setting up your system. Processor Speed and RAM Digital audio files require intensive processing by your computer. If you plan to work on longer or more complex projects, or use multiple effects plug-ins in your projects, a computer with a faster processor can facilitate your productivity. Soundtrack Pro is optimized for use with computers that have a multiprocessor architecture. Working with Soundtrack Pro projects on a multiprocessor-equipped computer can make your workflow more efficient, especially when creating longer or more complex projects. If you plan to work on large projects, it’s useful to have extra random-access memory, or RAM, installed in your computer. Additional RAM allows you to play back more files simultaneously, use a greater number of effects plug-ins, and keep several multimedia applications open at the same time. 22 Chapter 1 Setting Up Your System Hard Disks It’s also a good idea to have a large hard disk with plenty of available space to store the media (audio and video) files you use with Soundtrack Pro. As you work with the application, you’ll likely want to acquire a large collection of sounds to use in your Soundtrack Pro projects. Hard disk performance is a critical aspect of your editing system: the storage capacity and data rate of your disks must match or exceed the requirements of the audio (and video) formats you are using. If you store media files on an external hard disk, make sure the disk has a fast enough seek time and a high enough sustained data transfer rate for use with video and audio files. Consult the manufacturer’s specifications. Dedicated Hard Disk Every minute of stereo digital audio (recorded using a 44.1 kHz sample rate and 16-bit depth) requires roughly 10 MB of hard disk space. If you plan to record large amounts of audio in Soundtrack Pro, you may want to record to a hard disk dedicated to storage for your Soundtrack Pro projects. Setting the Audio Input and Output You can set the default input and output devices for Soundtrack Pro with the Audio MIDI Setup utility. To select a default output device: 1 Double-click Audio MIDI Setup in the Utilities folder. 2 Choose the device from the Default Output pop-up menu. Note: Optionally, you can choose Apple menu > System Preferences, click Sound, then click Output. Select the audio interface in the list that appears. To select a default input device: 1 Double-click Audio MIDI Setup in the Utilities folder. 2 Choose the device from the Default Input pop-up menu. Note: Optionally, you can choose Apple menu > System Preferences, click Sound, then click Input. Select the audio interface in the list that appears. Chapter 1 Setting Up Your System 23 Audio MIDI Setup The Audio MIDI Setup utility is a program that comes with the Mac OS X for adjusting a computer’s audio input and output settings and managing MIDI devices. You can select audio channel input and output devices, configure output speakers, set clock rates, and control levels. You may also be able to open a configuration utility provided by your audio device. For more information, go to: http://www.apple.com/macosx/features/coreaudio Adding Audio Units Plug-ins to Your Computer Soundtrack Pro includes an extensive set of professional-quality effects plug-ins. Soundtrack Pro uses effects in the Audio Units plug-in format, the native plug-in format of Mac OS X. Audio Units plug-ins are also available from third-party manufacturers. When adding third-party effects to your computer, be sure to read the documentation, including any Read Me and installation files, that came with the plug-in. Supported Audio Units effects plug-ins appear in the Effects window under the manufacturer’s name. Soundtrack Pro does not support VST, ASIO, MAS, or RTAS effects plug-ins. Connecting Equipment You can use a variety of audio equipment with Soundtrack Pro for both recording and playback. For information on connecting a specific piece of equipment to your computer, read the documentation that came with the equipment. Final Cut Studio editing systems can be configured to meet the most demanding professional requirements. An advanced editing system can be built by expanding the basic system described in the Final Cut Pro User Manual. The following list includes equipment commonly used in Final Cut Studio editing systems:  Macintosh computer with Final Cut Studio installed: The core of your editing system  Professional video and audio devices: For capturing footage and outputting finished projects. (For more information about video and audio devices, see Appendix C, “Working with Professional Video and Audio Equipment,” on page 477.)  External video and audio monitors: For viewing and listening to your program in its final image and audio quality  Video and audio interfaces: For connecting professional and non-FireWire devices to your editing system  RS-422 serial device control interfaces: For remote device control during capture and output 24 Chapter 1 Setting Up Your System  Video, audio, and remote device control cables: For separate video, audio, and remote device control connections. Unlike a basic DV editing system that uses a solitary FireWire cable to transfer video, audio, and remote control signals, many professional configurations require separate cables for each of these signals.  Additional scratch disks: One or more internal or external hard disks, a RAID, or a connection to a storage area network (SAN)  Control surfaces: Hardware controls that let you mix and edit your projects with greater flexibility and precision than using a mouse to move onscreen controls Video and Audio Input and Output Devices An input device is used to transfer footage into your computer. For output, you record your finished movie to an output device. Basic editing systems use a DV camcorder or deck as both an input and output device. Professional editing systems may use multiple video decks to capture and output to different video formats. While Soundtrack Pro does not support video capture from devices such as camcorders or VTRs, it does support recording from a variety of digital audio devices. To connect non-FireWire devices to your computer, you also need a third-party video or audio interface. For more information, see “About Video Interfaces, Signals, and Connectors” on page 477. Video Device This is a VTR or camcorder you connect to your computer to capture and output media. The connectors and signal format on your video device determine what kind of video interface your computer needs to connect to your device. Audio Device This is a device, such as a digital audio tape (DAT) recorder or multitrack audio recorder, that lets you capture or output audio independently from video. Note: When using external audio devices, it’s a good idea to connect them before opening Soundtrack Pro. Chapter 1 Setting Up Your System 25 Video and Audio Interfaces An interface is a device that adds physical video or audio connectors to your computer so that you can connect your Final Cut Studio system to other professional equipment (such as video or audio decks and monitors). Interfaces provide input and output connectors that aren’t included with your computer. For example, if you want to output multiple audio channels to an analog audio mixer or digital multitrack, you need an audio interface that has XLR, 1/4” tip-ring-sleeve (TRS), AES/EBU, or ADAT Lightpipe output connectors. You may also want to consider adding a third-party interface to your system if:  You need to capture or output many audio channels at once  You are integrating Final Cut Studio into a professional broadcast environment that requires SDI, HD-SDI, or other non-FireWire video and audio connections  You need to capture, edit, and output full-resolution, uncompressed video signals instead of DV video (which is compressed)  You are digitizing video from an older analog VTR (such as a Betacam SP deck) that does not have digital video outputs or remote control via FireWire Third-party video and audio interfaces can be installed in one of your computer’s PCI slots, connected to the USB port, or connected via FireWire. For more information about selecting and connecting an audio interface for use with Soundtrack Pro, see “Setting Up an Audio Interface” on page 485. External Audio and Video Monitoring In the final stages of post-production, external video and audio monitors are essential to ensure the quality of your movie. Editing systems focused on these final phases of post-production are often called finishing systems. External Audio Speakers and Monitors You can play back audio through your computer’s speakers or headphone jack, but the audio output may not be high enough for you to evaluate your music at a professional level of quality. Connecting external speakers or monitors to your system allows you to hear the audio output with greater fidelity and a wider dynamic range. During the final mix, it is important to monitor your audio so that it matches the listening environment where the final project will be shown. For detailed information on connecting external speakers to your audio interface, see the documentation that came with the speakers. 26 Chapter 1 Setting Up Your System Setting Up a Proper Audio Monitoring Environment Room shape and material are just as important as the quality of the speakers themselves. Every surface in a room potentially reflects sound, and these reflections mix together with the sound originating from the speakers. Rooms with parallel walls can create standing waves, which are mostly low-frequency sound waves that reinforce and cancel each other as they bounce back and forth. Standing waves cause some frequencies to be emphasized or attenuated more than others, depending on your listening position. When you mix in a room that creates standing waves, you may adjust certain frequencies more than necessary. However, you may not notice until you play back your audio in a different listening environment, in which those frequencies may sound overbearing or nonexistent. Π Tip: A much cheaper alternative to building new walls is to mount angled pieces of material to the existing walls to eliminate parallel surfaces. If the material in a room is very reflective, the room sounds “brighter” because high frequencies are easily reflected. Mounting absorbing material (such as acoustic foam) on the walls can reduce the brightness of a room. A “dead room” is one that has very little reflection (or reverberation). Try to cover any reflective surfaces in your monitoring environment. Amplifiers If you are recording audio from microphones and are not running the microphone’s signal through a mixer with a microphone pre-amplifier, you need to connect an amplifier to boost the microphone’s signal before sending it to the computer. If you are connecting monitors or speakers that are not self-powered, you also need to connect them through an amplifier. Mixers Connecting a mixer to your system allows you to record audio from multiple microphones or instruments simultaneously, to play back the output from your computer through connected monitors or speakers, and to control the volume levels of both the audio input and output. Professional-quality mixers have a number of additional features, including equalization (EQ) controls, auxiliary sends and returns for adding external effects, and separate monitor and mix level controls. Mixers may also include inboard pre-amplification for microphones, making the use of a separate amplifier unnecessary. Control Surfaces Soundtrack Pro supports control surfaces that use the Mackie Control and Logic Control protocols. For information on connecting and using control surfaces, see Chapter 15, “Using Control Surfaces with Soundtrack Pro,” on page 391. Chapter 1 Setting Up Your System 27 External Video Monitors When you design and edit a video soundtrack, it’s ideal to watch the video on a monitor similar to the one you will use for the final screening. An external video monitor can display color, frame rate, and interlaced scanning more accurately than your computer display. (For information on connecting professional video devices, see “Connecting Professional Video Devices” on page 498.) If you are working on an NTSC or a PAL project, you should watch it on an external video monitor that shows the video interlaced. For more information about external video monitoring, see the Final Cut Pro User Manual. Example Hardware Setups The following sections provide several examples of different hardware setups. Setting Up a System Using Powered Speakers With this setup, you can monitor the audio output through a set of connected powered speakers. This setup uses the following equipment:  Your computer and display  A set of powered speakers, including speaker wire and a power adaptor Computer Speakers Speaker cables Power cables 28 Chapter 1 Setting Up Your System Setting Up a System Using a USB Audio Interface With this setup, you can record audio input from microphones and musical instruments, and monitor audio output, through a USB audio interface. This setup uses the following equipment:  Your computer and display  USB audio interface (from 2 to 8 channels) with USB cable to connect to your computer  Microphone  Musical instruments (guitar, bass, and keyboard)  Cables to connect microphones and instruments to the audio interface  Set of monitors or speakers Monitors Audio interface USB cable Speaker cables Microphone Computer Instrument Power cables Chapter 1 Setting Up Your System 29 Setting Up a System Using a FireWire Interface and a Control Surface With this setup, you can record audio input from several sources simultaneously and monitor audio output channels independently, through a mixer connected to a FireWire audio interface. This setup uses the following equipment:  Your computer and display  FireWire audio interface with FireWire cable to connect to your computer  Control surface and MIDI interface with USB cable to connect MIDI interface to your computer  MIDI cables to connect control surface to MIDI interface  Set of powered monitors or speakers  Speaker cables Monitors Control surface Audio interface FireWire cable Speaker cables Computer Power cables Midi interface 30 Chapter 1 Setting Up Your System Setting Up a System Using a Video Output Device With this setup, you can play video and audio through an external video output device. Because using a video output device can result in increased latency, you may want to combine this setup with an audio-only setup (as shown in the preceding pages), and switch between the two setups. This setup uses the following equipment:  Your computer and display  Video output device (FireWire device or PCI card)  High-quality video monitor  Audio monitors Computer Video output device FireWire cable Audio monitors Speaker cables Mixer Video monitor Chapter 1 Setting Up Your System 31 Setting Up a System Using a PCI Video Interface Card with Breakout Box Many PCI cards aren’t big enough to fit all of the necessary video and audio connectors. In these situations, a breakout box is connected to the PCI card via a multipin connector on a long cable, and the connectors are accessible on the breakout box instead of on the back of the PCI card. A breakout box is also useful because it allows you to place the connectors somewhere more convenient than the back of your computer, such as on an equipment rack or a desktop. This setup uses the following equipment:  Your computer and display  Video interface (PCI card with breakout box)  High-quality video monitor  Audio speakers Computer Analog or digital VTR (with PCI card) Breakout box BNC connector 32 Chapter 1 Setting Up Your System Setting Up a System for Stereo Mixing By default, Soundtrack Pro is set up for stereo mixing. Stereo Speaker Placement and Listening Position Most video editing suites use nearfield monitors, which are speakers designed to be listened to at fairly close range. Speakers should be at least a foot or two away from any walls to prevent early reflections of sound that combine with and muddy the original sound. Position the speakers as far from your listening position as they are from each other (forming an equilateral triangle). For example, if the distance between the speakers is six feet, you should place yourself six feet from each speaker. The apparent width of the sound stage, or stereo image, increases as the distance between the speakers increases. However, if the two speakers get too far apart, sound information appearing in the center (between both speakers) starts to disappear. Setting Up a System for Surround Mixing For complete instructions on setting up the surround mixing tools in Soundtrack Pro, see “Setting Up for Surround” on page 294. 2 33 2 The Soundtrack Pro Interface In Soundtrack Pro, you work in multiple windows and tabs that you can arrange to suit your workflow. Soundtrack Pro is designed to handle every aspect of creating audio for a video or film project, from multitrack recording to advanced audio processing and mixing. You can use Soundtrack Pro together with Final Cut Pro as a complete audio post-production solution that is powerful, yet also elegant and flexible. Video tab Details tab Toolbar Standard layout Meters tab Browser tab Mixer tab Transport controls 34 Chapter 2 The Soundtrack Pro Interface Soundtrack Pro Window Organization The Soundtrack Pro window is arranged into several areas: the project pane and three surrounding panes: the left pane, the lower pane, and the right pane. The project pane is reserved as the central “canvas” for the multitrack Timeline and for individual audio file projects. Use the transport controls at the bottom of the window to play back projects that you open in the project pane. Task-specific tabs are docked in the left, lower, and right panes. By default, the tabs are grouped by function and are laid out for a streamlined audio post-production workflow. Nonetheless, you can easily rearrange the tabs and resize the panes to suit your needs and then save the custom layouts for future use. Showing and Hiding the Panes The tabs are grouped by function to optimize your workflow. For example, the media I O-related tabs (Meters, Recording, Search, Browser, and Favorites) are located in the right pane by default. When you are finished with media input, you can close the entire right pane by choosing Window > Toggle Right Pane, and thereby allow more horizontal space for the project pane and the lower pane. Left pane Project pane Lower pane Transport controls (project pane) Right pane Chapter 2 The Soundtrack Pro Interface 35 Or, for example, you may wish to work exclusively in the Timeline or the File Editor project view and dedicate the entire Soundtrack Pro window to that view. 36 Chapter 2 The Soundtrack Pro Interface Because hiding and showing different panes of the Soundtrack Pro window is so convenient, you will probably use this feature frequently during the course of a project. Here are the keyboard shortcuts for hiding and showing the various panes. Rearranging Tabs At any time, you can rearrange the layout by tearing off individual tabs and docking them in other panes, or simply have them float over the Soundtrack Pro window. There are numerous possible combinations. Mix and match the tabs to suit your particular workflow needs. Note: At any time, you can revert to the default layout by choosing Window > Layouts > Standard, or pressing F1. Also, you can save any custom layouts you create. For more information on managing layouts, see “Using Project Layouts” on page 68. Pane Keyboard Shortcut Left pane Lower pane Right pane control A control S control D The Meters, Search, and Browser tabs have been moved from the right pane and docked in the left pane. Chapter 2 The Soundtrack Pro Interface 37 Project Pane The project pane is the central “canvas” where you work on your projects in either the multitrack Timeline or the File Editor project view. Use the Timeline (shown below) to arrange audio clips in multitrack projects. Use the File Editor project view for individual audio file projects.  Toolbar: Includes tools for common functions. You can customize which tools appear in the Toolbar.  Tabs: You can switch between any projects open in the Timeline or File Editor project view.  Transport controls: Control playback and the position of the playhead, and turn recording on or off. (For more information, see “Transport Controls” on page 38.)  Monitor Volume slider: Adjusts the overall monitor volume when you play the project. The volume level defaults to 0 dB when you create a project. Adjusting the Monitor Volume slider does not affect the mix signal or the export volume.  Mono Mix button: Click to listen to a temporary mono mix of the project.  Playhead Location value slider: Displays the current playhead position. You can move the playhead by clicking the arrows, dragging, or typing a value.  Selection Length value slider: Displays the length of the current Timeslice (in the Timeline) or selection (in the File Editor). You can change the Timeslice or selection length by clicking the arrows, dragging, or typing a value. Tabs Playhead Location value slider Monitor Volume slider Mono Mix button Transport controls Toolbar Selection Length value slider 38 Chapter 2 The Soundtrack Pro Interface Toolbar The Toolbar is located at the top of the Soundtrack Pro window. When you first open Soundtrack Pro, the Toolbar includes buttons for creating a new project, creating a new audio file, creating a new track, and other common functions. You can customize the Toolbar, adding buttons for functions you want to access frequently. For information about customizing the Toolbar, see “Customizing the Toolbar” on page 69. Transport Controls You use the transport controls to control playback, set the position of the playhead, start recording, and activate the cycle region.  Playhead Location value slider: Displays the current playhead position. You can move the playhead by clicking the arrows, dragging, or typing a value.  Record button: Starts and stops the recording process, and arms tracks for recording when no tracks are pre-armed.  Play from Beginning button: Starts playback from the beginning of the project.  Go to Beginning button: Moves the playhead to the beginning of the project or to the beginning of the cycle region if it is active.  Play/Pause button: Starts playback at the current playhead position. If the project is playing, stops playback.  Go to End button: Moves the playhead to the end of the project or to the end of the cycle region if it is active.  Cycle button: Activates the cycle region, if one is set in the Time ruler. If no cycle region is set, loops the project.  MIDI Sync button: Synchronizes playback with incoming MIDI Clock and MIDI Timecode (MTC) signals. Record Go to End MIDI Sync Play from Beginning Play Playhead Location value slider Selection Length value slider Go to Beginning Cycle Chapter 2 The Soundtrack Pro Interface 39  Selection Length value slider: Displays the length of the current Timeslice (in the Timeline) or selection (in the File Editor). You can change the Timeslice or selection length by clicking the arrows, dragging, or typing a value. For information on using the transport controls, see “Controlling Playback with the Transport Controls” on page 77. Timeline The Timeline gives you a visual representation of a multitrack project, showing the position of clips, the playhead, and other items in time. The Timeline is organized into three groups of horizontal rows called tracks, busses, and submixes, as well as a video track, a podcast track, and a Master bus. You can add and arrange audio clips in the audio tracks, use sends to create auxiliary busses, and route audio to physical output channels using submixes. You can control the sound of each audio track, bus, and submix using the controls in its header.  Previous and Next Selection buttons: Move backward and forward through Timeslice selections you’ve made in the waveform display.  Timeline editing tools: Select items using the Selection (arrow) tool, make time-based selections with the Timeslice tool, split audio clips using the Blade and Blade All tools, copy and paste attributes with the Lift and Stamp tools, and scrub the Timeline with the Scrub tool. For more information, see “Using the Timeline Editing Tools” on page 164.  Automation Mode pop-up menu: Choose the mode for recording automation using either the onscreen controls or an external control surface. Timeline controls Scroll bar Audio tracks, busses, and submixes Project controls Track area Timeline editing tools Time display Global Timeline view Time ruler Show pop-up menu Track headers Automation Mode pop-up menu Previous and Next Selection buttons 40 Chapter 2 The Soundtrack Pro Interface  Project controls: Set the project’s sample rate and other properties using these controls.  Show pop-up menu: Choose whether the video track, podcast track, audio tracks, busses, submixes, and master envelopes are visible in the Timeline.  Global Timeline view: Shows a miniature view of the entire Timeline and the playhead position, and lets you move quickly to different parts of a project.  Time display: Shows the current playhead position in both Time-based and Beats-based formats. You can set the playhead by typing a new playhead position in the time display.  Time ruler: You can precisely position clips, the playhead, and other items to a specific point in time (minutes, seconds, frames) or to a musical beat using the Time ruler.  Track area: Includes horizontal rows for tracks, busses, and submixes. Also includes the playhead, envelopes, and markers.  Headers: Each track, bus, and submix has a header with an icon, name, volume slider, and other controls. (For more information, see the next section.)  Timeline controls: Include controls to show the master envelopes, turn snapping on or off, set the track height, and zoom in or out. (For more information, see “Timeline Controls” on page 42.)  Scroll bar: Moves the Timeline horizontally so you can see different parts of the project. Headers Each track, bus, and submix in the Timeline has a header that includes the track name, track icon, and a set of track controls.  Color label: Indicates the track color, which is applied to any clips on the track (unless you choose to override the color for individual clips).  Icon: You can choose an icon for the track, bus, or submix, making it easy to quickly distinguish it in a large project.  Name field: You can type a new name for the track, bus, or submix in the name field. You cannot rename the Master bus.  Bypass Effects button: Select this button to hear the track without any of the applied realtime effects. Name field Mute button Color label Submix pop-up menu Envelopes Solo button disclosure triangle Panner Icon Arm for Recording Bypass Effects Input Routing buttons Volume slider Input menu Chapter 2 The Soundtrack Pro Interface 41  Arm for Recording button: Enables (or disables) the track for recording when you click the Record button. Only tracks have Arm for Recording buttons, not busses or submixes.  Mute button: Mutes (or unmutes) the track, bus, or submix.  Solo button: Solos (or unsolos) the track, bus, or submix. Soundtrack Pro supports both multiple solo and exclusive solo.  Envelopes disclosure triangle: Shows the track, bus, or submix envelopes in the area directly below the track.  Volume slider: Sets the track, bus, or submix relative volume in the overall mix.  Submix pop-up menu: Choose a submix for the track or bus from the menu. (Tracks and busses only.)  Input Device pop-up menu: Use the Input Device pop-up menu to choose the recording input device, and its Channels submenu to choose t